ARTHI 130A: Midterm Study Guide
ARTHI 130A: Midterm Study Guide
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Date Created: 06/07/14
ARTHI 130A Deborah Spivak Vocabulary Separated by Unit Mesoamerica Veracruz and Tabasco Olmec Jalisco West Mexico Guerrero and Morelos Chalcatzingo Oaxaca Zapotec Chiapas lzapa Maizebeanssquash 3 sisters Maize grows up while beans grow along the maize branches and squash grows in the soil PreclassicClassicPosclassic Preclassic 1500 BCE 150 CE Classic 150 900 CE Post Classic 900 1521 CE Tlatilco Known for its burials in the Valley of Mexico Pretty Lady figurines Represent fertility because of exaggerated sexual features Acrobat figurines Shamanistic trance Duality The liminal state of being neither here or there shamanistic trance El Manati Veracruz anaerobic environment preserved things well Formal Analysis Medium space placement shape line color composition Celt axe Greenstone not from the heartland represented life and wealth lconography depiction of an idea with a symbol rather than a situtation Axis mundi axis that pierces underworld earth and upperworld Shamanism religious rulers not seen in Monte Alban Autosacrifice bloodletting Werejaguar shamanism Tuxtla Mountains Volcano that produced basalt rock Earspool earrings that represented status San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan Olmec apogee Rulership Liminal neither here or there Quincunx four objects with one in the center cosmogram or axis mundi Pars pro toto something representing the whole thing Cranial modification status representation StelaStelae large basalt columns with basrelief Sarcophagus tomb basalt column tomb in La Venta Oxtotitlan Cave drawings of man in birdsuit Juxtlahuaca Cave drawings of man holding rope to child like figure lineage Teopantecuanitlan sunken courtyard with monoliths Chalcatzingo monument nine and one representing fertility Quatrefoil pars pro toto of cosmogram Basrelief stone engravings Shaft tomb Native to Ancient West Mexico Huitzilapa unlooted shaft tomb Los Guachimontones Jalisco circular pyramids with axis mundi poles danza de los voladores lzapa Chiapas Late Preclassic Plazas with storyboard stelas Stelaaltar complex La Mojarra lsthmian script stela found underwater ARTHI 130A Deborah Spivak Isthmian script a cross between two languages and acted as a translator MixeZoquena language of the Isthmian culture Hieroglyphic writing if you don39t understand what it is Pictographic writing emulation of the object San Jose Mogote Oaxaca Monument 3 depicting person dead Precursor to Monte Alban Monte Alban Apogee of the Zapotec Danzantes slabs of intimidation Dainzu death and ballplayers Logograph conquest slabs Depict a place
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