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HIST 308 Notes Feb.22-Feb.26,2016

by: Audra Oul

HIST 308 Notes Feb.22-Feb.26,2016 HIST 308

Marketplace > California State University Long Beach > History > HIST 308 > HIST 308 Notes Feb 22 Feb 26 2016
Audra Oul
Long Beach State

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Painter v. Bannister Flood v. Kuhn Implicit Bias
Law and Civilization
Martha Kadue
Law and Civilization
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This 7 page Bundle was uploaded by Audra Oul on Wednesday March 2, 2016. The Bundle belongs to HIST 308 at California State University Long Beach taught by Martha Kadue in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Law and Civilization in History at California State University Long Beach.


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Date Created: 03/02/16
Monday, February 22, 2016 Judges how are judges are selected? How societal assumptions affect their role  How Federal Judges are selected Appointed by President  Appointed by President Confirmed by Senate by Senate impeachment  Impeach if Judge engage in bribery  Not subject to whim of population  Get into judiciary have to appointed by executive branch. Confirmed by the legislative branch Confirmed by people who are elected How State Judges are selected  Elected   Appointed  Blended/merit  Blended/merit: sometimes people will give name to the governor  Appointed by governor  Elected: elected by party affiliation or non­bipartisan basis  Issue of influence on judges when elected  Try to balance Competing issue Dirty politics to ask for money  She can send thank you letter, her name at the bottom of the letter  One will be knowledgeable  Better sense to evaluate them  There are separate judges  Do not want judges to seen as politicians want to keep them removed from that  Varies from state to state by non­bipartisan Still to be more or less impartial  Does society think judiciary is operating in far away? If system lose faith in judiciary, going to be a problem Judiciary system compliance to court ruling  People choose to ignore court ruling… He gave money to the judge than all the other contributions together  Appeal to the Supreme Court U.S. Supreme Court do not decide to appeal for judges  Between judge’s verdict and appeal that overturn the ruling  Connection to campaign on contribution and outcome is something court do not consider  *Florida ruling­judicial candidates free to discuss rules on legal issues  It makes it political  Judge run as Democratic or Republican  Pro­choice Pro­life Judges have ideologies  Applying to rule as it is  The judge have some discretion­Is more likely to give a second chance? Goes back to appointment to fulfill things  Evaluated on what gets done It is very subjective  Difficult to evaluate on how do people are a good judge? Governor says a good judge  Editorial these are the people that can be judges  How California’s Judges are Selected  Superior (trial) courts:  Elected on non­partisan bias  Courts of Appeals and California Supreme Court Appointed by Governor subject to approval by Commission on Judicial  Appointment after public hearing subject to voter retention election  Commissioner to keep the process moving  Do hearing Do fact finding  Federal Courts called magistrates  Public hearing­everyone can vote for and against the appointee Commissioner approves then become a judge  Do wish to retain the judge, yes or no? What voters actually know about judicial? Run for Congress, things are for or against Judges tend to not do a lot of campaigning Want them to lower themselves  Can get them elected  What kind of a attribute to be a judge? Fair, flexible, open minded  Be able to communicate clearly  Not being closed minded Hear what people’s arguments are  Demeanor­calm, collected To not be too much leader or too much of a push over. Be able to make a decision Reflect different background and gender Want the middle age  Want a balance  Decide the best person  There are many qualified can do the job  Best person is the smartest­subjective  Diversity­good thing in judiciary  Can say what circumstances applies  Group Activity: “9” justices not but now we have “8” Pretend if the president of the United States  Appoint another Judge, the 9  one Elect new judge;  Flexible­based on situation  Capable, fair, impartial, not bias  Harvard Law, Yale Law  Judge a trial court­to see records  Works at lower court before this to see if can work under pressure  Know civil law procedure  See how they could rule  Look at character and not odd Lawyers can study them  Wanted the public interest on behalf to have authority  Can see both sides to living documents and originalist  Have a textualism­go by the context of the constitution  Can see balance  Need to practice law before appointed as a judge  Back to lecture: Judge assume someone very competent  Impartial  Ethnically diverse not white  Balanced liberal, conservative  More in tune with president ideology  Look at the person  Different education background look at the career  Look at if grew up in New York or Boston to have knowledge of U.S. Someone from Harvard All or Catholic of Jew Perhaps religious leaders Scalia­a Catholic  More understanding  More diverse social economic  Sexual orientation  Judicial experience  *Do not have to be an attorney to become a judge  Senator who have governors  Dealing with laws it affects people How it affects the economy  Kennedy­only are substantial practices  Earl Warren­prosecuted for governor  th ­­30  Governor of California  3 judges  *No minimum age for judges   Elena Kagan­most recent appointment ­­Associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States  Wednesday on what Judges do? Wednesday, February 24, 2016 Test would be short answer and short essays  Choose 2 out of the 3 Short answer (30% of the grade)  If answer the question do not write a paragraph  Grammar need not be bad Answer the questions Look at the end of each reading 1. In Painter v. Bannister (the 1960s) Iowa child custody case  What was one of the societal values that influenced the court? (T F) Under the code of Professional Responsibility, ethical rules for lawyers, a lawyer can  only advise her client on matter if law  Tees will three short essay questions  In Kelo vs. City of New London (2005), the requirement for eminent domain (the power of  the government to take private property with fair compensation. What were the  compelling societal values that arose in determining what type of eminent domain law  California should have?  Name one method of selecting judges, and discuss the societal values that support or validate  that method.  California Court System Trial Courts Court of Appeal­ Supreme Court  These are capital criminal cases  Trial Court­civil cases: defendant and plaintiff Lawyers put evidence to what happened  Jury determines what the facts are  *Jury determines what the facts are  Court of Appeals claim some part of trial there was error of the law  Look at written record to see if error of law Turn to trial to see if do right the first time State courts enforce California law  California Supreme Court –only arguing is U.S. Constitution is relevant  Only apply at federal not state  Need to be federal to move up  Hear cases based on federal law  Federal court and state court have specific roles  U.S. Supreme final say on federal based on Congress  Criteria  Based on experience/expertise  Experience—personal opinion­subjective Role of Judges  Judges are umpires  Judges as representatives of community   Judges as individuals  Umpires calling calls or strikes  Sometimes rules do not give a clear answer  Even trial court sometimes have to decide what the law is. Sometimes not a clear answer to appellate court  Look at warrant—look at consequences  Pager vs. Bannister Best interest of the child=legal standard Money support  Emotional support  Stable environment  Inspire that is constantly intellectual thoughts  Preference for paternal Buddhist. He is more creative  He left for his grandfather for a while The mother will require a will­not binding court take consideration but best interest of the child  Grandparents  Educational background Supported education  Been with them  Experienced 3 daughter call came out okay  Issue see Mr. Bannister as father figure They were established in the church, stable to jury to raise children as part of the community  *grandfather in Iowa *Case in Iowa 1966 California can be seen as a bunch of hippies  Have custody to the grandfather  Develop well in a stable environment  California v. Iowa Child Custody Dispute Grandparents live in Southern California   Have resources to expose Johnny’s art, music, theatre, arts, multicultural  environment  Dad is Iowa Farmer  Johnny would chase before and after school during vacations   Close knit community good work ethic Maybe differen twork ethic to be around a diverse types of people  Perception of Football Farms v. Non­Paris  Brian damage from concussion  Ray Ric (NFL) Jamar Winston (NCAA) Johnny Manziel (NFL)  Implicit Bias­affect how public do a job  It is the judges  It is not a matter of race  Reserve clause –If sing contract with team A, player team A how long as want to.. Hart­violation of anti­trust law 1992­held professional baseball not a business  Court decide whether earlier ruling should be on baseball Justice Blackmun­ he would fan of American past time  Might think baseball boring  Legal rationale­Congress can amend laws and choose not to rely on precedence  There is a legal rationale  His love for baseball to influence to look at case Appear on justice implicit bias colors the case  Justice Thurgood Marshall­one that argue for Brown v. Education  Look at the experience of looking at the world One team tell you one to another  Judge Products of world of experience  What they have seen  Questions are on the line  Judges called for strikes when it is unclear 


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