Lecture 6A, 6B, with Class Readings
Lecture 6A, 6B, with Class Readings HIS 121
Popular in United States History 1914-1945
Popular in History
This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by Jordan Rouse on Thursday March 3, 2016. The Bundle belongs to HIS 121 at University of Kentucky taught by Lacey Sparks in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see United States History 1914-1945 in History at University of Kentucky.
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Date Created: 03/03/16
Week 6 Notes: Russian Revolution: A Lasting Consequence of WWI Russo-Japanese War and Revolution of 1905 Russia Lost (humiliating) Cause Russian Revolution (peasants turned against landlords) Before WWI, Russia trying to recover from 1905 Tzar Nicholas II o Granted Constitution to Russia o Parliament called Duma o Attempted to satisfy popular demand Russia trying to become dominant, 2x size of US o Appealed to religion as support o Stressed nationalism Russia had biggest size army Still poor: 80% lived in peasant villages Standard of living is lox When war comes, men leave, since Russia is poor, even harder than Marie and Paul’s situation Women demonstrated bread and peace Petragrad 1917 Lennin o Socialist o April Theses: Russia is in imperialist war and called for end of war and immediate satisfaction Russia announced Democrat but still in war Demanded abdication of war 1917 1917- street gatherings, start of Revolution Archbishops blessing women soldiers Alexander Karensky- vowed to keep Russia in war; head of provisional government Bolshevic supporters storm Winter Palace to overthrow provisional Government to make if Communist Lenin and Trotsky leaders of Communist party Had to fight “Civil War” (disorganized) US and Allies intervene 1918 Bolshevea wins Successful propaganda “Beat Whites with Red Wedge” Lenin hope workers stop fighting other countries workder Stalin is successor Communist regime and permanent war between workers, proletariats until Capitalism was destroyed Split between Capitalist and Communist Soviet Union Readings: The ABC of Communism: Bukharin and Preobrazensky Inevitable for imperialist policy cause nations collision War caused by workers “fraud” which was necessary to enable bourgeoisie to force soldiers to battle To say some imperialists are either “aggressive” or “defensive” is to fool workers Powers begun with aggressions upon lesser people Capitalists hoped to subject warld to financial capital of their country World suffered from few capitalist crimes British and French natives and colonies suffer Imperialist war is different from other wars because of – devastating effects and every country is engaged Previously Bourgeoisie could carry them by providing funds WWI affected so much, money did nothing Essential for factories to devote to war Greatest hope of victory who best funded factories State capitalism uniting and organizing bourgeoisie weakened the working class, turning them to white slaves o Deprived right to strike o Anyone against war was traitor o Forbiddent to transfer enterprises Capitalism let to war between classes because lack of resources Opressed v.s. opressors= civil war due to revolutions Civil war opened by revolution of other countries Class Notes: All Quiet on the Western Front Even hospitals are harsh and have suffering Soldiers being mistreated/ subject to experimentation Paul is shocked at hospital treatment Paul had more issues coming back home because of lack of life prior to war unlike older men Death room=”special care” room where soldiers go to die Boots serve as a memory Paul realizes that leaders send poor people to fight in the name of nationalism Nationalism is no longer important and more on self-survival Quality and quantity of food are low/drastic effects Soldiers last to get food Not as much food being sent from home like Marie Germany running out of supplies Russia POW’s starving WWI = War of attrition, who can wear out the other faster Paul has lost his best friend Kat “final piece of the puzzle” since war has changed him Dies right before the war ended on what was called All Quiet on the Western Front, no one had moved that day Pauls individuality is lost
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