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Rachel Anisman Rabbinics Test 3 Tues Feb 14 2012 A Border of Two Worlds God blessed the woman and gave her great abilities that will affect the man in many ways The man will see all of the woman s qualities and through the relationship he will find all of the good qualities in her that will affect him in goodness in his life Such qualities include hope honesty trust love confidence etc All the man s life the woman will be leading him spiritually and she will always be in his mind and he will always be thinking of her The woman represents the mother of the world because she brings life to the world she is the symbol of life for him because as a man he cannot experience this She will see a man who is troubled with daily worries and God will give the woman part of his own qualities beauty mercy and charm which will help her raise up the man because he will see her and he will forget all of his troubles God created the system like this so the man will look at her and see her charm then he will forget all of his troubles to give him harmony in his life Even if the man will be deep in bad sins and impure situations he can be saved if he has 49 or less levels of sin Once he reaches 50 he has reached the maximum impure situation he can be in and he cannot be saved from it God will give the woman the ability to take him out of this low and impure status She has the qualities to improve his situation So we can see now that her qualities can help the man If the man doesn t want to see the woman s beauty and he soul and he just wants to see her back he doesn t want to see her essence he just wants to see her physically this relationship will become a curse on him because she has a great potential to be his ultimate partner and solution but if he will reject this and just look for physical stuff she will be like a curse upon him He will never be satisfied and he will always be in an unstable position This is not going to be a stable and real relationship without strong essence it will just be physical He will always be jealous hating etc because he rejected his wife He will never be content and he will never have harmony It will always be a war with himself and jealous of everything His life will have a lot of games competition jealousy etc She will beat him intellectually and he will Rachel Anisman become an airhead The woman has 2 kinds of abilities great abilities to enhance the man and negative abilities in which she can destroy the man if he is not honest with her and does other bad things If the relationship isn t in harmony she will catch him in her trap and it will not be an honest and harmonious relationship He will be crazy for all of these days Every time he will look for a new woman because he will never be able to have a real and honest relationship So he will buy a new mistress prostitute every day because he will never be in harmony God will put hostility between the woman and the man for all of the days The man will kill your spirit and the woman will poison each moment of his life The man will never win He will be with many women but he will never truly see her he will never see her essence and her possibility All his life he will want to but he will never see the beauty of the woman and he will never be satisfied He will never know What is Love Thurs Feb 23 2012 Movie 1 Does the movie encourage intermarriage 2 What are the difficulties of intermarried couples 3 What are the characteristicsvalues of the characters 4 Is it worthwhile to show this movie to CHAT students Explain 1 No the movie does not encourage intermarriage It highlights all of the issues and problems that the couples face in how to raise their children For example there is debate about baptism versus bris holidays to celebrate and what values and traditions to instill in their children In fact you can see the tension and strong feelings of each of the couples towards their individual religions and these opposing feelings are something that they have to deal with their entire life 2 There are many difficulties of intermarried couples The main issue is how to bring up their children Christian or Jewish or a mix of the two This decision itself may never even be made and can cause a life time challenge What values from what religion Rachel Anisman do they keep and teach their children and what traditionsvalues must they sacrifice in order to preserve peace and harmony in the household and between each spouse To which community are their children involved in Do they undergo a brit milah or are they baptized When they grow up do they have the option of choosing their religion Another complication of intermarried couples can include family acceptance for example the mother or father of one of the intermarried spouses can be wholly against intermarriage This can affect the relationship they have with their children 3 All of the Jewish people in the movie no matter how observant all felt a close connection to Judaism and there is no question whether they want their kids to be raised Jewishly The Christian interviewees also felt very strongly towards Christianity and often tried to teach their Jewish spouse about Jesus and Christian traditions There were some people who were willing to split the religions in their house and teach their children the common Christian and Jewish commandments as the values they want to instill in their children are peace and harmony Yet many of the individuals were not willing to take no for an answer and were set upon raising their children whichever religion they were 4 I think it is very worthwhile to show this movie to CHAT students It holds a very strong and important message After all of these years of Jewish study and learning and maintaining a strong Jewish identity how is it possible to just throw everything away by intermarrying Once we enter the real world and go to university and continue on with our life we are going to meet and interact with nonJewish people It is highly important that we are aware of the consequences Friends can turn into best friends which can turn into dating then serious relationships and finally marriage We all must be cautious of who we associate with and what our relationships with others can become Having nonJewish friends is ok but you never know what the future holds one day it is very likely that you fall in love with a close friend Therefore it is very important that not only CHAT students but all Jews understand the consequences and are ready to put their life into perspective Rachel Anisman Mon Feb 27 2012 Forbiddances of Sex rm ntvm Dos and Don ts of Sexual Relations 1 Incest Sexual relations within the family or VJquotN nwx 39 gt A very strict forbiddance in the Torah that its punishment is n13 most strict from spiritual point of view He also must die 2 It s forbidden to have a nm prostitute in the Israeli nation page 89 last section Before Matan Torah if a man wanted he could meet a woman pay her money fulfill sexual relations and go There was no obligation to get married This is called nw139r7 With Matan Torah God asks Israel to be special to be his people and not to behave like other nations Therefore if a man from the Jewish nation goes to a prostitute and uses her for sexual relations with money not in a way of love and true connection then he is doing a sin because it is forbidden God expects us not to be like other nations Until Matan Torah a man was able to fulfill sexual relations with a woman from the Israeli nation by way of paying When the Torah was given to Israel this became forbidden as it says 5N1I1Jquot IIIJJJ nm nvrrp nvnn Nb nwyn N5 1lDquotN mb now mpbn Mn wmm mmnn Page 95 N 3 According to the Jewish religion quotVJl Iquot7 is a spiritual term not a physical term Therefore there is no option to get married to a nonJew In English however you can say this It is forbidden to have sex with a nonJew as it says DJ tnnnn Nb 39 gt A forbiddance from the Torah 1201 that the punishment is to Inpbn lashes Even though it isn t that severe from a punishment point of view it isn t death don t take it lightly Don t say that because it is just lashes that it s fine because one of the Rachel Anisman consequences is more severe than the other sins One of the consequences from the Jewish point of view is more severe that the child will not be a Jew This is worse than a mm because a Wmn from incest is still Jewish and has obligations Sexual relations with a nonJew can lead to leaving the Jewish nation and assimilating make our Jewish community smaller Since you are not allowed to marry a nonJew it is obvious that you are not allowed to have sexual relationships with them U111 31 113K izrnp nan nnbn wmn vmn my hm mm nan nnbn mm Rabbi Jonathan said If there is a Wmn who is a sage a smart student and a Cohen Gadol Ymn By that is ignorant you should respect the Wmn more The fact that you have the potential does not mean that you get immediate rights It all depends on how you use your potential Take the truth from whatever person there is nunub n139rmm D1311 mm nwm Page 96 Cohens are not allowed to go near or deal with bodies zmunb This is because they must be holy when working in vrrpnn nu However if there is someone who dies and there is no body around to take care of his body you must take care of it and respect it as it is a mum rm Even if it is during Yom Kippur he must take care of the body if there is no one else to do it There are seven people that are closest to the man mother daughter brother sister son daughter and wife In these circumstances the Cohen is allowed to be near them if they died deal with them They are also not allowed to hurt themselves when they are in mourning this is in fact particular to all of Israel They are told to be holy for God and not to curse God s name because they are working as the servants of God There are many other special commandments which Cohens must follow regarding death vmbxb Nl wrrp 1 npv Nb nwzm nwmi nwm npv Nb nbbm nm nvJzlt Rachel Anisman 1There is a tradition in Israel that a mu does not refer to a prostitute Rather it refers to someone who has had sexual relationships at least once with someone whom she is not allowed to eg A nonJew Cohens are not allowed to marry these types of women 2 Cohens are not allowed to marry the daughter of another Cohen who did not follow the rules of being a Cohen 3 Cohens are not allowed to marry those who have been previously divorced The Cohen Gadol is not allowed to marry widows nmbx l J139quot71 H5111 gt This is what a wedding ceremony is called In Judaism when a man wants to marry a woman he must vJ r7b her So you make her exclusively his or him exclusively hers separate from other men Kidushin is a spiritual act not a physical one Therefore according to Judaism if a Jew vJ r7b a non Jew or vice versa this has no meaning and they are not kidskin because this is only between Jews Because of that the consequence of an intermarriage is that if you want to get a divorce you don t need a chalachic divorce DA because in the beginning there was no legitimate act and they re not actually married Rachel Anisman Three Stages in the Process of the Wedding 539 mum umu b rn mm nwxn 39 nbnb mnm 1 11311111 because she still You make an didn t make a quotDl39lquotN obligated and f0Fma aC f engaged maker serious decision to Can Still marry get married anyone The woman is a 2 pgpn nwyn J N l39l JN When the man Therefore she lS gives a ring to the forbi gfe frgg the woman and vrrpn W W her except from her husband But PwW397 WJW397 PDWN sages say that it is not respectful to fulfill sexual relations until there Banmn 3 nsnn The public action that shows that the She is forbidden ma 3 the from the world and 1 1 1 1 1 5 r VOrEandare d f allowed to her 1 NM J 1 NM J nn 397 njizneylnacfignsvthg h b d Us an husband does to show the public that the woman becomes his wife gt In the Middle Ages people would wait half a year to a year between the 2nd level to the 3rd level This was a very problematic timespan Today we do these two ceremonies together in the same night Rachel Anisman Page 97 Halacha A Theoretically in Israel a man can give a woman money or money equivalent and say that they re married There are other ways of fulfilling this change of status like Bedouins can give a camel This doesn t mean they re married this is just an act that proves they are separated This act is necessary to prevent many problems to show this buying act representing change in status The man is not actually buying her though Give the woman money or money equivalent as a formal act that represents marriage it is a clear arrangement that shows the change in status Halacha r The custom in Israel is to have a wedding band without a diamond or an expensive stone just a simple band This is because if there is an expensive stone the woman will assume that it is expensive so they will want to get married but then later they will realize that it is plastic This is so the woman knows exactly what she is getting Thurs Mar 1 2012 A married woman whose husband disappears and we don t know if he died or is not called nmy nluy l my anchor nsnn After in the wedding when you do a mph nbws with the ring you do a nmn Once they would do the nmn g after quotJ7 nbws During the year the husband would care about a place to live to save money and would send his wife msbmv gifts so that the woman will be patient calm down her nerves throughout the year Only after a year they did a public ceremony that is called a nmn In this ceremony they would iimbrJ escort the wife in song and tune to the house of her husband Only in this Rachel Anisman step the partners finally change to a marriage Escorting the wife is a mitzvah called n53 nman IITTXYJ when you bring her to the husband s house in a canopy lquot1DN 39 gt This happened 500 years ago but is cancelled nowadays Why does this mitzvah not exist today Sages saw that this waiting year caused many problems For example the man that l1JT397 a bride in one place could just leave maybe something can happen to the groom he can disappear die The woman can t get married to someone else and can t get a divorce Therefore it is cancelled Today you pay for 1 wedding and get 2 ceremonies 1 husband gives ring 2 nmn custom that we escort the bride to the nmn taking her to her husband Mon Mar 5 2012 Page 100101 nmn In the past the ham ceremony was when they would take the bride and escort her from her parents house to her groom s house n53 nman nmm A few hundred years ago sages decided to cancel this time gap between mph nwyn and ham and today we do the two ceremonies together The purpose of the nmn is to show the public that the man and woman are a couple And there is an argument as to what the formal act is that you must do in order to make a ham to show they re a couple 1 When the man and wife are together found alone in one room without anyone else gt represents that everyone now understands that they re husband and wife There is no such thing as a man and woman that are together in a room and are not a couple 2 The act is that the bride and groom are found under T1 nyw a piece of fabric on the nmn OR that the groom W115 spreads his talit on the woman 3 Cover the face of the bride with a veil nmrn The Law According to Ashkenazis Rachel Anisman Because we don t know what the right act is according to Ashkenazis we do all three things 1 The groom covers the bride s face 2 Both of them stand under the nmn 3 At the end of the ceremony the two go to nn Tm gt showing they re a couple It is not customary for Sephardim to do the third act because they think it is vulgar They only do the first two T J7 TWJVYJ HJIDDH l39lN 17 H5111 The purpose of the nmna is to guard the rights of the woman It is forbidden for a man and woman to live together without a nmna gt this ensures that the woman s rights are guarded If the house was burnt downnmna was lost immediately the husband must go to a rabbi and get a new one The fact that they found a nmna from thousands of years ago shows that Judaism always wanted to guard the rights of the woman Mon Mar 12 2012 Things That You Need in Order to Wed a Man and Woman There are 6 things that you need in a wedding 3 are from the Torah mmx 1v ry mupn nwyn 3 are added by sages quotl1JlT397 Inabnn Nquot7Jl1J 11 1WJJzlt mwy run quotDlT39N I131 3 Things According to the TORAH 1 Act of Proof vupn nwyn the act that the man vJ r7n a woman Rachel Anisman 39 gt There are 3 ways to vJ r7n a woman Money 1DD This is the way that you would vJ r7n a woman today The husband gives the wife a ring and says to her nwn 1113 it IUJJDJ 5 nvJ n7n rm quot1 5N1l Jquotl At the moment that that woman gets the ring she is nvrrpn Contract 1Dw Just like when the woman gets a divorce with a DA a contract also she can get nvJ r7rJ with a 39lll J In the contract it is written that the man marries the woman The man gives the contract to the woman and says bzltwJn nwn JTD nr ww vb IIVJTTTJYJ rm quot39l Sexual Relations nN1 Theoretically you could get married by having sexual relations The man would say to the woman that he intends to marry her through this act But even 2000 years ago TlTquotIW IWJ sages forbade this way because it is not appropriate And whoever vJ r7n a woman this way gets punished Despite this that according to the law this isn t a legitimate way to get married there was a meaning in this way of marriage in context of civil marriage you would still need a DA 2Witnesses Dquotl39I In order to get married you need two kosher nnwa witnesses For example if the witnesses are relatives of the groom or of the bride or one of them they are notkosher ntbtvs witnesses for witnessing The two witnesses have to see the act of quotl1JlT397 3 Saying n1mlt The man must say to the woman that he wants to get married to her in this act The sentence that is customary to say is bN39ivJn nwn 11 fr nvD1 vb nvrripn rm n But if the man says this in a different way or in a different language this sentence with his intentions in the right way The woman is nvJ r7rJ Rachel Anisman Remember These three things are from the Torah If you don t have one of them the 11vJ1 r17 is nothing Therefore if a man gives a ring to a women and there are no witnesses the woman is not nvJ39r7rJ at all There is no hafmarriagehalfstatus But if there is one of these 3 things and one of the sages things are missing then the woman lS l39ll J39l7YJ Tues Mar 13 2012 Review There are 6 things that you need in a wedding 3 From the Torah Meaning is that if one is missing there is NO11w139r17 3 From Sages Meaning that if one is missing 1vJ139r17 still works But of course you need in a normal wedding all 6 things 3 from Torah act of proof witnesses saying 3 Things According to the SAGES 1Minyan 111313 Sages commanded that you need to have 10 people in order to prevent 1nD 1vJ1 r17 hidden marriage So to prevent a man from marrying a young girl without 1111124 111719 public inspection Sages decided that one of the 10 people must be from the family of the bride representative of the family that he makes sure the interests of the bride are guarded that it s a fair wedding and that no one uses the naivet of the bride There must also be a representative of the congregation usually the Chazan that recognizes all of the families no one is taking advantage of the naivet of the bride Another reason to publicize the wedding that people will know that this woman is already married no longer single npm a girl who NEVER got married there is a worry that if the woman marries hidden then no one will know that she is married and there can be consequences if she marries in the future with someone else Rachel Anisman 2A Specialist Rabbi nnmn 31 Because of the the severe significance of l1JquotN nvJN it is really important that there won t be mistakes in the wedding process Therefore sages made it mandatory that on a rabbi that is a nnnm in the laws of quotl1JlT397 deals with getting married gt Sages declared that only a rabbi that is knowledgeable an expert on the halachot of marriage can perform a wedding This is because if there are problems with the wedding this can lead to bigger damages For example a rabbi who does not know how to ask the witnesses the proper questions is not a valid rabbi 3 Blessing of Engagement vvnmn 31313 Page 98 Sages added a special blessing that you bless at the time of a wedding In this blessing were are praising Gd that made us holy through that he gave us special laws of nww quotl1JlT397 Addition of the blessing nmyn by lJlT39Xl vnmmn lJl1JT397 39wJzlt nbfyn brJ lJquot7lbN n nnx nu So we are not allowed to commit incest and of course l1JquotN nwx nnbnxn rm ub mm The meaning of quotl1Jl lquot7Tl nvJyn after the woman gets the ring it is not appropriate for the woman to be with her husband until the chuppah quotl1Jl lquot7l nmn 11 by ub ImltwJJn rm ub mnm We thank Gd who allowed us the woman and that with her we get married quotl1JlT397l nmn 11 by bmwv my vrrpnn n mm 1111 Status of Woman Engaged allowed to marry anyone Act of Proof Not allowed to anyone because she is an l JquotN nvJzlt She is also not allowed for her husband because it is not appropriaterespectful to be together before you do a chuppah Chuppah Forbidden to marry everyone in the world Allowed for her husband Rachel Anisman MDDLE STATUS NOT ALLOWED FOR ANYONE Thurs Mar 15 2012 The Rights and Responsibilities of Women Today woman have equal rights However in the past woman had less rights Therefore the Torah and the sages created specific rights for woman In total there are 10 rights for woman 3 from the Torah 7 from sages In the Torah it is written that every man must mm Nb nnmm n139nD3 m2ltvJ This is written in 1 2lt 3 nmw The Torah orders the man 3 things 1The man must take care of providing food for the woman n1Nw 2 The man must take care of providing clothing for the woman However this also includes things such as makeup cosmetics and jewelry nmva 3 Onata see later on There are three rules regarding the standard of nrnvm mNvJ 1The woman has the right to the level of food and clothing that the man would give himself If he eats 1000 worth of food every month then she gets 1000 every month If he eats meat every day then she is allowed meat every day 39 gt According to the husband s way of life 2 The woman has the right to the level of life that she is currently living in If the community lives like India then she will live like in India If the community lives like Canada then she will live at the Canadian standard 39 gt According to the community s level of life 3 There is a rule n39n11 mmi mu nb1v This means that that the woman can always repair only her life with her husband She can only improve her quality of life and not lower her quality of life If the man does not have enough money he works harder to give the maximum that he can Rachel Anisman Section of the duty of nnwa living conditions nnun gt Just like a man has to make sure she has clothes he has to make sure she has izmfm He must live with his wife and give her a EPWIAYJ which is nice just like the criteria of the house he is living in The nInD3 is a rule which also considers includes where the man and woman are living and not only jewelry clothing etc The status place of where the man and woman are living also follows the rules The man is the one who must chose where they should live Therefore the place where the man is living is the fixed place where they both will live However after they get married the man cannot change the place that they are living without the agreement of the woman bznwv ymb nvby There is a special law if either the man or the woman want to go to move to Israel but the other does not want to This is the same if either the man or the woman want to move to Jerusalem from Israel but the other does not want to If this happens they must move However if they would need to depend on charity they cannot move This is because the woman is still worthy of the higher status of life and that cannot be put into jeopardy by moving to Israel However if one of them either the man or the woman want to move to Israel but the other does not they could ask for a divorce HDJLV A man has a responsibility to have sexual relations with his wife similarly to a normal couple For example if one day a man decides to be a sailor meaning that he will not be home for many months the woman can force him not to go because he would not fulfill the obligations of this mitzvah isnmn nmanw nmarn 7 Rights the Sages Added Rachel Anisman nmn 1711 Sages decided that a man has to make an agreement with the woman that if they get a divorced or if he dies she will get at least 200 Zooz So she has a type of security in that any case she can survive This agreement 200 Zooz is equal to the currency of the times and is for one year In addition to this amount there is also a nmna nsmn So there is a custom in Israel that every man adds additionally any amount that he wants to owe gt respects woman A woman that already got married in the past so she is divorced or a widow receives in the nmna only 100 Zooz man owes her only 100 Zooz 5 The man must heal his wife and care about taking her to doctors uwn 11119 The man must pay money to release his wife from captivity This was common in the middle ages Nowadays it is relevant for example a man must pay for his woman to have freedoms For example he must help a woman escape a country which will not let her leave The man must release her from arrest There is an argument between sages about whether the woman is guilty and therefore is in jail does the husband have to pay There are sages that argue no because it is HER fault There are sages that argue yes because the wife is not taking care of her health and she is sick and in all of this it s the husband that has to take care of her n11I7u If the woman dies the man must make sure that the woman has an appropriate and respectful burial place in accordance to the society they live in ma bynnw nnn nnum bum mm 11391N Wrm nmm Rachel Anisman The woman has the first priority of living off her husband s will when he dies A woman has the right to live in the house which she was living in with her husband for the rest of her life until she dies So she will live in the same house The woman has the right to get pay for food from her inheritance money The woman has the first priority over her children However if she remarries then this inheritance stops nvrbvn nmm The man has to pay for food for him children with the money from his will until they get married nnmn nu 13110111 nwnn bw Dunn For example if a man has children from two different wives and one of the wives died they law says that the money should to her children The Rights of the Man The man has four rights 1 W11 nwyn 2 nnwzm 3 El l39lJ quotDDJ nwws 4 nnm wnxb nnww 1The man must take care of the financial aspects providing for his family This is because in the olden days the men would go to work while the women would stay home with the children The man was solely responsible for bringing money to the house Therefore sages said that all the money that the woman gets must go to the family s account therefore going into the man s account The woman could get money from anything that she makes by hand eg Knitting sweaters If the woman finds something money or object etc also goes to the family account Rachel Anisman 3 The man has the right to the money that comes from the property that once belonged to the woman For example if the woman had a field with apples that she got from her father when the woman gets married all the money that come from the apples go to the husband 4 The man is entitled to the woman s inheritance except the nmna that goes to the children Thurs Mar 22 2012 Before the wedding the Ashkenazi tradition was that the partners would not meet during the week There are some people that don t even talk on the phone Order of the Kidushin and the Chuppah Stage 1 vvnmn nan The pair stands under the chuppah the rabbi blesses on the wine and afterwards says this blessing page 98 on the right side at the top Stage 2 vupn nwyn 1l J139I3917 vvnmn The man gives the woman the ring and says to her Harei at mekudeshet li batabaat zo kedat moshe veyisrael Stage 3 nmnan nxnp In order to make a break between JT nwyn and the chuppah it is customary to read the Ketuba In the past they would wait 12 months today they only wait 5 minutes Rachel Anisman it s not necessary to read it but it is the custom in order to spread out the two ceremonies Stage 4 H9111 The purpose of the chuppah is to show everyone that the man and wife are now changed to be a couple There is an argument as to what the acts are that need to be done for the sake of security we do all of the customs The groom covers the bride s face with a veil The bride and groom stand under the chuppah and a talit is spread above them The groom wraps wynn himself with the talit and spreads it also on the bride After the ceremony the bride and groom go to rest in a private room gt shows everyone they are a couple The Sephardim don t have this custom Stage 5 7 man There is a custom to bless the 7 brachot during the partyhappiness of the bride and groom Not only in the wedding ceremony but also in the 7 days after the wedding 98 Rachel Anisman Blessing on all of creation Blessing on the creation of man Praise G d for the uniqueness of man Blessing that the Israeli nation will return to Israel Blessing to the bride groom that they will have love like Adam Eve Merit the names of the wedding in Israel G0es from general to specific Rachel Anisman Mon Mar 26 2012 vwnu Divorces In Jewish tradition we recognize that it s necessary to give couples who want to marry the option to get a divorce Against Catholicism main stream of Christianity that do not give the option of divorce In the Torah it describes the way that a man gets a divorce and we learn most of the laws of divorce from these Eiquot7lDD2 D113 W2 N 79quot3 J l 3 iU39N 79D N539DN W101 iW2 3 iJ N WW i39lL7 quot3 N Wm HUM m21rm WJ D 121 n21r121ut Devarim chapter 24 pasuk 1 Sages learned from these nfmvs the following laws 1 We learn from the sentence that a divorce must be done in writing l39il39iquot1Q up 2 It seems from the sentence that the husband does not have to ask his wife for permission This is right but divorce rabbis from the light of the diaspora fixed that it is forbidden to divorce a wife without her permission 3 The man divorces in his free will You cannot force someone to get a divorce We learn this from the words vgtyg ifi N fJ139i N5inlt Sometimes 4 The get must be written especially for this wife as it is written n 11321 So the get is written from the start with her name and his name 5 The get must be passed on to the woman by hand not email as it says n11 11341 you can give a get and take one through sending 6 The get must be written in a very clear way that from now there is no more connection between the two as it says l39i139iquot1Q up In Hebrew Imab is to completely clean away the connection 7 The man must give the woman the get and not that she gets it herself as it is written H112 um Rachel Anisman 8 Sages compared the wedding process to divorces just like in a wedding we need 2 witnesses also we need 2 witnesses for divorce We learn this from the words nxzm nnvm We need a reason for the divorce we will check this when we continue our notes Edition of the Get Dan man The get must pmb the connection between the man and woman Therefore the edition must be completely clear Today it is customary to write the get in one edition in 12 lines of the get Tues Mar 27 2012 pwnu Continued We learnt about the main laws of divorce from the pasuk mentioned above that deals with divorce DA nus Source on loose sheet One of the important laws was the law that the man divorces according to his will you cannot force him to get a divorce Rambam says that if court decides that a man must get a divorce from his wife and he refuses you can whip him until he says I want to The Rambam asks but a get has to be out of free choice Rambam answers to force someone the meaning is that the man does something that he doesn t want to do But in this case we assume that from the man s nature he is good and therefore we only help him to discover his true and good will mmnb DA Because the topic of quotl JlT397 is very serious and if you make a mistake then the consequences are very severe Therefore sometimes you give a get for the sake of security Rachel Anisman For example If a man and woman get married in a showplay according to all the rules you give a get because of this doubt Reasons for Divorce nnnnn nbu 139rn bu 1139r rmbn zvnw nnnx b All love that is based on one thing this love is voidcancelled For example if you love a woman for her looks but she gets into a car accident you won t love her anymore If you marry someone because they re rich and one day they lose their money you won t love them anymore There is an argument regarding what is the essence of marriage and it will reflect what the good reason is to get a divorce Bet Shamai gt Says only if there is a cheating problem Bet Hillel gt Says they are fighting about everything Rabbi Akiva gt He is romantic He expects a perfect and complete love Therefore even if he starts to think about the prettiness of another woman then this is not a good sign Mon April 2 2012 Passover Laws Regarding to the Holiday mm vnuv This is when you give poor people money to buy flour There is a commandment to give money to the poor as charity Burning Hametz Differences between being kosher all the time and eating not kosher for Passover Passover Rachel Anisman Kosher all the time Severitypunnishment Being cut off from the nation Lashes Can it be in your home It cannot be seen or in your home It can be at home as long as you don t eat it 160 ratio no If the milk to meat ratio is 160 then it can still be eaten There is a commandment n the Torah that says there should be absolutely no Chametz during Passover Not only can you not eat it but you cannot see it There are two different ways to get rid of the Chametz The first being to find it and burn it and then secondly you declare that you disown the bread and that don t have any more Why do we need to do those two things The reason being that we cannot be 100 sure that we ve found all of it so we have to disown it Also if you only disown it there is a chance that by mistake someone will eat it Also the man may not want to disown these things because they have value to him Tues April 3 2012 vnn 111 There is a commandment that it is forbidden to have any chametz during Passover not only not to eat it but also not to seefind it There are two ways to cancel chametz 1 Clean the house and burn the chametz 2 If you declare that you disown this chametz declare that you disown the bread and that don t have any more Rachel Anisman Question Why do we need 2 activities is one of them is not enough 1 It could happen that by accident something was not cleaned and therefore you also need to cancel it through saying 2 If you only cancel the chametz by mouth there is fear that someone by mistake eats from the chametz on Passover 3 There is fear that a man can not truly intend to cancel it because he doesn t want to lose a lot of money vnn 3111 A man who has a lot of chametz for example he has a food store he sells his chametz through a rabbi and at the end of the holiday he can take out his chametz from the place that it was Tron bib nmm There are two mitzvahs from the Torah 1 Eating matzoh A mitzvah to eat like an olive 33 grams approximately one full matzoh But sages added also an olive that you eat with maror and an olive that you eat with the Afikoman eat 3 matzot but if this is hard just eat one like it says in the Torah 2 And tell your sons A mitzvah to tell this story of the Exodus from Egypt and to pass it on from generation to generation Thurs May 3 2012 TYJLVTI 311151 There is a mitzvah in the Torah to count the days between the second day of Passover and Shavuot as it says mvnn nmmn DTDJVJ yaw nvs bw nwm nvb 11313 nnwn mnrm 1135 nmsm So it s counting 49 days Rachel Anisman Therefore every evening in shul you count the days from Passover until Shavuot for example today is the 26 day of the Omer These days are very happy for the Jewish Nation because it is the beginning of spring and you cut the new harvest The count is between the 2 sacrifices that you d sacrifice in the Belt Hamikdash from the first harvest of barley to the first harvest of wheat During Passover you would sacrifice barley from what grew in the field During Shavuot you would sacrifice wheat from what grew in the field Death of Rabbi Akiva s students In this period 24000 students of Rabbi Akiva died Because of this tragedy and to remember the mitzvah of loving your friend like you love yourself it is customary to mourn and not to get married in this period N W710 WNW mm 33 A b 11117 n nwuw nos zlt IDU 1 9 T T T quot7 1 Hurting Ashkenaz Jews In this period in the year 1096 the first Crusades the Jewish community was really hurt and therefore the Ashkenazis added some mourning customs not to cut your hair not to shave and not to listen to music Customs of Mourning During the Omer Even though these days are happy there are customs of mourning that were formed because of tragedies that happened to the Jewish Nation during this period The First Reason It is written in the Gmara that between Passover and the 33rd day of the Omer 24000 students of Rabbi Akiva died and almost all of the Torah was forgotten After Rabbi Rachel Anisman Akiva taught 5 more students that passed the Torah to the next generation The reason that they died because they did not respect one another In order to remember this tragedy and the message of loving others like you love yourself the Jews started using the custom of mourning not to get married during this time The Second Reason Approximately 1000 years ago during the time of the Crusades 1096 there were pogroms in the Jewish communities in Ashkenaz leorech the Rhine River exactly in the time of Sfirat Haomer Therefore Ashkenaz Jews added mourning customs for example don t cut your hair don t shave and don t listen to music Additionally in the years 16481649 Praot taf hey and taf tet also hurt thousands of Jews in Poland during this time Therefore the further you are from Ashkenaz the less customs of mourning you have Mon May 7 2012 wmyn n11iD Review A count that is between Passover and Shavuot A count that occurs between 2 sacrifices sacrifice of barley nmyw Passover and sacrifice of wheat nutn Shavuot A count that is between leaving Egypt and Matan Torah Homework Read Megalith Ruth in English and answer the following questions 1 Chazal says that Megilat Ruth includes chessed Write a list of the Chassidim in the Megilah and who does chessed and with who 2 Why in your opinion do we read Megilat Ruth on Shavuot Shavuot Rachel Anisman Names of the Holiday There are a few names for Shavuot nwnw an Because you count 7 weeks 1311131 an They used to bring the first fruit to Bet Hamikdash and this was called l2iquot1DquotJ nmm nwm um an Because according to tradition on this day happened Matan Torah vxpn an Because you would cut the wheat in this time period Shabbat 1 Talks about when Gd finished his creation of the world he finished his creation in this day He stopped creating on the 7 day blessed this day and made this day holy because he didn t work on this day For EVERYONE gt universal message not a religiousJewish one As a society you must stop working for one day of the week Shabbat is not a Jewish thing It s a modern social law to rest 2 From 10 Commandments Commandment Remember to separate it from the other days For 6 days you will do work but on the 7 day you must strike and separate this day from the rest You your son your daughters slaves animals people that live in your society will not do work or make creations Why must you keep Shabbat Because Gd created the world in 6 days and was on strike for the 7 He didn t work on the 7 day so therefore he separated it so you should too Tues May 8 2012 Why do we read Megilat Ruth on Shavuot Shavuot according to tradition is the day that Israel received the Torah they left Egypt on Passover and after 50 days the date of Shavuot they got the Torah The same thing Ruth was a Moaavite that converted and she got the Torah Rachel Anisman The description of the Megillah is exactly the time of spring and Shavuot that is the time of Eiquotlquotl39l 11247 cutting the wheat According to tradition King David was born and died on Shavuot and the story pretty much is about the family that came out of King David his descendants In the Torah there are 2 reasons to the Mitzvah of Shabbat 1 Universal Reasonmimension gt So Shabbat belongs to all of the world Jews and non Jews because G d created the world in 6 days and on the 7 day he rested As itsays wart nnw yawn EWJT Y39nltn nm nmwn rm n nwv ElquotYJquot nww 1 Therefore from a Jewish point of view there is a great importance that a nonJew also rests on Shabbat If you have a nanny you can t give her work on Shabbat If you have a care you can t get it repaired before Shabbat and pick it up after Shabbat because it is clear that it is being worked on on Shabbat But if you give it in on a Thursday and the nonJew wants to work on it specifically on Shabbat that is ok Shabbas Goi naw 5w 11 People mistakenly think that it is allowed to give a nonJew to do everything on Shabbat This is not right You are allowed to use a nonJew only if he gets enjoyment from work 2 Shabbat is a covenant between Gd and the Israeli nation Jewish Dimension gt So Gd commands the Israeli nation to keep Shabbat and Shabbat is a covenant between G d and the Israeli nation As it says nbwb Nquot nm bmwt 1111 quotJquotJ In the Torah it has a comparison just like we left from the slavery in Egypt for freedom we go from 6 days of work to one day of rest Shabbat Rachel Anisman The mitzvah of Shabbat symbolizes the covenant between the Israeli nation and Gd Just like G d took us out of Egypt from slavery to freedom we must leave from 6 days of work to Shabbat which is a day of rest Therefore when we keep Shabbat we are actually fulfilling the covenant between the Israeli nation and Gd naxbn 53 nwyn Nb attached sheet What is the difference between resting on Shabbat and keeping Shabbat To rest is not to do n nJy To keep Shabbat is not to do naxbn As it says naxbn 53 nwyn Nbquot So it s forbidden to create new things but the question is what exactly are we not allowed to do In the Torah there are very few examples of nuxbn that you re forbidden to do on Shabbat for example it says that you cannot light fire but from where do we learn the rest of the laws There isn t a source to understand what the meaning of nzmbnl It s a challenge Chazal says that the laws of Shabbat are IIIJHYJ 11135711 DMIYJ NWPYJ DHVJ Tl39W JJ Dquotl5139I EPTIH Metaphor The laws of Shabbat are similar to mountains that depend on a single hair hanging by a thread This means that even though we do not have a lot of sources there are few 1317109 Chazal succeeded in learning many laws of Shabbat We learn the base of the laws by looking in different contexts of the word naxbn in the Torah Sages showed that in the Torah near the place where it speaks about the forbiddance of naxbn on Shabbat in the same chapter there is a usage in the word naxbn for the naxbn of the pwn same word different context But in this case we know exactly was is pwnn nuxbn All of the things that the Israeli nation did in order to build the pwn are called n132ltbrJ From here we are able to check what these nuxbn are that they did to build the pwn and from them we can know which Inaxbn are forbidden on Shabbat same logic Rachel Anisman Sages specifically saw that there are 39 D of these nuxbn that were done in the pwn they made a list of things you can t do during the building of the pwn and it s the same for Shabbat nrrbtm man All naxbn that was done in the pwn are called JN category and actions that are similar are called n rbm application For example when we built the plum we needed to use the naxbn of ny r Planting is naxbn that its purpose is to grow things therefore also if a person does a different action that helps plants grow this is a n rbm and it is forbidden on Shabbat Please note that there is no difference in terms of severity between JN and n rbm Both of them are forbidden from the Torah Example Father of Work ynr Category All things that are made for somethingsomeone to grow Inpwnb ntbm Every category has 39 categories each with about 200 applications Applications are called nrrbtn because they re like descendants Categories and applications are of the same severity in the Torah
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