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chapter 3, Regional Geography of the World

by: Ryan Dodd

chapter 3, Regional Geography of the World Geog 2013

Marketplace > Arkansas Tech University > Geography > Geog 2013 > chapter 3 Regional Geography of the World
Ryan Dodd
Arkansas Tech University

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Regional geography of the world
Dr. Patrick David hagge
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This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Ryan Dodd on Saturday March 5, 2016. The Bundle belongs to Geog 2013 at Arkansas Tech University taught by Dr. Patrick David hagge in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 70 views. For similar materials see Regional geography of the world in Geography at Arkansas Tech University.

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Date Created: 03/05/16
Chapter 3 North America Physical Geography  North America  Boundary of North America Realm is between the U.S./Mexico  Countries: U.S. and Canada (many links)  Physiographic Regions  Regional landscapes defined by physical features and characteristics  Ex: Rocky Mountains  Climate  Dry West, Humid East  Dry West (other than the Pacific Coast), Humid East (rain)  “C” and “D” climates good for farming  Effects of Continentality  Rain Shadow  Mountain ranges near ocean separates moist areas (coast side) from the dry areas (inland side)  Helps explain why the Great Plains are so dry  Natural Resources  Minerals: lots of gold, silver, iron, nickel, copper, uranium, diamonds, lead, zinc, molybdenum  Fossil Fuels: oils, naturals gas, coal Human Geography of North America  Cultural Traits  Urban Landscapes  Mobility  Religion (mostly Christian)  Language (mostly English and French Quebec)  Politics: stable  Population Clusters  Canada  Most within 200 miles of the U.S. border  Canada and United States  Majority live in “Half” of the realm  USA had more people than Canada  USA grew faster than Canada (immigration)  Cultural Pluralism  People of different cultures live adjacent to each other but cultures do not disappear ( or even mix)  Canada= English and French language  USA= ethnic diversity Urban and Suburban North America  America’s Urbanization  Industrial Revolution  Urbanization  Factories/labor/cities  Rural to Urban  American Manufacturing Belt  North American Core: majority of industry (New York, Chicago, Toronto)  Specializations- Detroit (cars), Pittsburgh (steel)  Suburbanization  Automobiles + Highway System + Cheap Land + New Home= Suburbs  Residents live farther away from central business district (downtown)  Change from compact city to dispersed metropolis  Eventually, outer city= business  Central City diminished  Suburbs: houses leave downtown  Malls: shopping leaves downtown  ???: jobs leave downtown  Outer City / Edge City  Clusters of shopping and offices at outer edges of metro areas, often near big highways intersections  Edge cities represents the third wave of leaving  Polycentric Cities  Modern U.S. or Canada city… many “downtown”- like centers far away from the historic downtown  Information Economy and Cities  What about the Central Downtown?  Falling apart  Abandoned  Not much hope  Deindustrialization  If an inner city has been in decline, one solution has been a public-private partnership of “REDEVELOPMENT”  Gentrification  Small-scale residential redevelopment taking place slowly, neighborhood-by-neighbor  Wealthier, middle-income people move into, renovate, and restore dilapidated housing/ business to a “better state”  Who is gentrifying?  Young singles  Young couples- no kids  LGBT population  Artists/ “Creative Communities”  Problems  Pushes out original residents (housing prices rise to high for original residents); original residents usually move to worse neighborhoods  Increases services demands: new residents demands better services or better parks/ schools/ police, etc. costs more  Conflict between old and new residents… prices rise, taxes rise (old services seen as undesirable)  Advantages for the city  Increases tax revenue  Lowers crime rate  Improves appearance of neighborhoods  Native Americans or “First Nations”  European Settlement: dominated by Britain and France  Religion  High degree of religious belief  Civil religious display  Christianity majority religion  Baptists: U.S. Southeast  Lutherans: U.S. Upper Midwest  Mormons: Utah  Roman Catholics: Canada, U.S. Northeast, Southwest  Political Geography  Straight-line boundaries  Physical features for boundaries- rivers, mountaintops  Canada-10 provinces and 3 territories  Political Geography of Canada  French Quebec  English Ontario and everything else Regions of North America  Canada’s Region s  Canada-second largest state on Earth  Ontario-largest province  Quebec-French-speaking province  Nunavut-native Inuit territory in extreme Artic North  Extreme south: cross-border affinity with U.S. cities (Toronto-Buffalo; Vancouver- Seattle; Detroit-Windsor)  North America Core  Historically most important region  National capitals, largest cities  Dominance declining with Deindustrialization  South  Modern era: “New South”… migration of people and business to Southern cities  Core-region companies locate satellite offices: Atlanta, Charlotte, Miami, Nashville  Why growth  Lots of reasons: end of legal segregation, air conditioning, weaker labor unions, cheaper land, taxes, climate, etc.  New facilities  Technopole  State-of-the-art, high technology centers; based on computers/IT  Dallas-Houston-San Antonio Triangle  Pacific Hinge  San Diego, California to Vancouver, Canada (Pacific Coast)  New economic links to Asia (China, South Korea and Japan) Information above is provided by Dr. Hagge


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