chapter 3, Regional Geography of the World
chapter 3, Regional Geography of the World Geog 2013
Arkansas Tech University
Popular in Regional geography of the world
Popular in Geography
This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Ryan Dodd on Saturday March 5, 2016. The Bundle belongs to Geog 2013 at Arkansas Tech University taught by Dr. Patrick David hagge in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 70 views. For similar materials see Regional geography of the world in Geography at Arkansas Tech University.
Reviews for chapter 3, Regional Geography of the World
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 03/05/16
Chapter 3 North America Physical Geography North America Boundary of North America Realm is between the U.S./Mexico Countries: U.S. and Canada (many links) Physiographic Regions Regional landscapes defined by physical features and characteristics Ex: Rocky Mountains Climate Dry West, Humid East Dry West (other than the Pacific Coast), Humid East (rain) “C” and “D” climates good for farming Effects of Continentality Rain Shadow Mountain ranges near ocean separates moist areas (coast side) from the dry areas (inland side) Helps explain why the Great Plains are so dry Natural Resources Minerals: lots of gold, silver, iron, nickel, copper, uranium, diamonds, lead, zinc, molybdenum Fossil Fuels: oils, naturals gas, coal Human Geography of North America Cultural Traits Urban Landscapes Mobility Religion (mostly Christian) Language (mostly English and French Quebec) Politics: stable Population Clusters Canada Most within 200 miles of the U.S. border Canada and United States Majority live in “Half” of the realm USA had more people than Canada USA grew faster than Canada (immigration) Cultural Pluralism People of different cultures live adjacent to each other but cultures do not disappear ( or even mix) Canada= English and French language USA= ethnic diversity Urban and Suburban North America America’s Urbanization Industrial Revolution Urbanization Factories/labor/cities Rural to Urban American Manufacturing Belt North American Core: majority of industry (New York, Chicago, Toronto) Specializations- Detroit (cars), Pittsburgh (steel) Suburbanization Automobiles + Highway System + Cheap Land + New Home= Suburbs Residents live farther away from central business district (downtown) Change from compact city to dispersed metropolis Eventually, outer city= business Central City diminished Suburbs: houses leave downtown Malls: shopping leaves downtown ???: jobs leave downtown Outer City / Edge City Clusters of shopping and offices at outer edges of metro areas, often near big highways intersections Edge cities represents the third wave of leaving Polycentric Cities Modern U.S. or Canada city… many “downtown”- like centers far away from the historic downtown Information Economy and Cities What about the Central Downtown? Falling apart Abandoned Not much hope Deindustrialization If an inner city has been in decline, one solution has been a public-private partnership of “REDEVELOPMENT” Gentrification Small-scale residential redevelopment taking place slowly, neighborhood-by-neighbor Wealthier, middle-income people move into, renovate, and restore dilapidated housing/ business to a “better state” Who is gentrifying? Young singles Young couples- no kids LGBT population Artists/ “Creative Communities” Problems Pushes out original residents (housing prices rise to high for original residents); original residents usually move to worse neighborhoods Increases services demands: new residents demands better services or better parks/ schools/ police, etc. costs more Conflict between old and new residents… prices rise, taxes rise (old services seen as undesirable) Advantages for the city Increases tax revenue Lowers crime rate Improves appearance of neighborhoods Native Americans or “First Nations” European Settlement: dominated by Britain and France Religion High degree of religious belief Civil religious display Christianity majority religion Baptists: U.S. Southeast Lutherans: U.S. Upper Midwest Mormons: Utah Roman Catholics: Canada, U.S. Northeast, Southwest Political Geography Straight-line boundaries Physical features for boundaries- rivers, mountaintops Canada-10 provinces and 3 territories Political Geography of Canada French Quebec English Ontario and everything else Regions of North America Canada’s Region s Canada-second largest state on Earth Ontario-largest province Quebec-French-speaking province Nunavut-native Inuit territory in extreme Artic North Extreme south: cross-border affinity with U.S. cities (Toronto-Buffalo; Vancouver- Seattle; Detroit-Windsor) North America Core Historically most important region National capitals, largest cities Dominance declining with Deindustrialization South Modern era: “New South”… migration of people and business to Southern cities Core-region companies locate satellite offices: Atlanta, Charlotte, Miami, Nashville Why growth Lots of reasons: end of legal segregation, air conditioning, weaker labor unions, cheaper land, taxes, climate, etc. New facilities Technopole State-of-the-art, high technology centers; based on computers/IT Dallas-Houston-San Antonio Triangle Pacific Hinge San Diego, California to Vancouver, Canada (Pacific Coast) New economic links to Asia (China, South Korea and Japan) Information above is provided by Dr. Hagge
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'