HIST 110B Week 5/6/7 Notes
HIST 110B Week 5/6/7 Notes HIST 110B
Cal State Fullerton
Popular in World Civilizations Since the 16th Century
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This 13 page Bundle was uploaded by Marisol Murillo on Saturday March 5, 2016. The Bundle belongs to HIST 110B at California State University - Fullerton taught by Kate Burlingham in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations Since the 16th Century in History at California State University - Fullerton.
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Date Created: 03/05/16
HIST110B Prof. Kate Burlingham The Social and Political Effects of European and American Industrialization Film: Heaven on Earth: The Rise and Fall of Socialism Week Six A. Robert Owen th 1. What were working conditions in the early 19 century like? 1. Limited work hours, provided sick leave, restricted child labor (if working for Robert Owen) 2. In other factories, worked many hours, children worked in factories, harsh working conditions 2. How was life different if you were a worker versus a factory owner like Robert Owen? 1. If you were a factory owner, you didn’t have to worry about doing the hard work because others did it for you 2. Had more wealth compared to the workers and better living conditions 3. Why do you think Owen came to America to create his utopian community? 1. Because he believed that by changing the environment, you can change the people 2. Being in a new place would be easy to mold the community like he wanted to 4. What did Owen believe caused society’s problems and why? 1. Inequalities in society such as wealth and property 2. Religion 3. Marriage 5. Why do you think New Harmony failed? 1. It was a group of idealist in an isolated place à a lot of thinkers and not a lot of doers 2. New settlers lacked the skills needed 3. There was no incentive to do work 6. What institutions did Owen create that continue to influence how we think about work and the workplace? 1. Early innovations of labor movements in the 19 century 1. Open primary education 2. Limited work hours 3. Work compensation for the disabled HIST110B Prof. Kate Burlingham B. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels 1. What did Marx and Engels believe was the problem with the capitalist system? 1. The working class lived and worked in terrible conditions (exploitation) 2. How did they think those problems could be alleviated? 1. Workers needed to get together and take over the factory and their owners to be able to demand better work conditions 3. Why did they believe revolution was inevitable? 1. The workers would be greater than the number of factory owners in the confrontation 4. Why do you think Marxism was attractive to labor movements across Europe? 1. Eventually things would change for the workers, so they would have better working conditions 5. What does the phrase, “from each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs” mean? 1. That everyone would live and work according to what they are capable of doing and what they need 6. How did the relationship between Marx and Engels and their respective backgrounds make the creation of the Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital possible? 1. Marx depended on Engels for financial support 2. Engels would write Marx’s articles since he couldn’t speak English 3. Engels public relations work spread views through Europe 4. Enabled them to write the critique of class status 7. How do you think history might have been different if they had not met? 1. Marxism would not have existed, economic view of history would not exist C. Eduard Bernstein 1. What changed between the time when Marx and Engels wrote the Communist Manifesto and the time that Bernstein was writing? 1. The working class wasn’t getting poorer 2. What is “revisionism”? 1. Bernstein’s critique of Marxism 3. Do you think social change comes incrementally or suddenly through revolution? 1. Both incrementally and suddenly through revolution because 1. Having a revolution offers a push or a starting point to change 2. After the initial conflict of a revolution, it takes time for things to change 4. Can economies share aspects of both Capitalism and Socialism? 1. Yes because there can be social programs in a capitalist economy
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