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Date Created: 07/10/14
APUSH Ch 112 Exam Review 1 During the Revolutionary War all of the following men were important American military leaders George Washington Benedict Arnold Nathanael Greene Horatio Gates Friedrich von Steuben and a couple of French guys 2 During the American Revolution the US received military and nancial assistance from France 3 The Proclamation of 1763 was supported by the Indians and was meant to close off the west to the colonies 4 During the American Revolution the real center of authority was the state governments 5 The 1777 victory that marked the major turning point of the Revolutionary War occurred at the Battle of Saratoga 6 During the nal phase of the American Revolution General Cornwallis was surrounded and forced to surrender his entire force at Yorktown Virginia 7 The most characteristic of American geographical forms in the westward settlement was the rectangular grid 8 Three weeks after the American Revolution began in 1775 delegates from all colonies except Georgia met to discuss possible courses of action at the Second Continental Congress 9 During 1777 British General Burgoyne attempted to implement a plan for dividing the colonies by capturing the North and the South 10 The American War for Independence has been characterized in all the following ways except a modest war 11 During the early 17 80s the authority of the national govemment was vested in the legislative branch 12 In 17 81 the states ratified a plan for a decentralized national government of the US that was called the Articles of Confederation 13 In response to the suspension of their colonial legislatures many colonies convened new assemblies and a collective assembly met in September 17 74 under the name of the First Continental Congress 14 The three groups who fought in the Seven Years War were France Spain and Britain 15 During the 1700s the most powerful group of Native Americans in North America was the Iroquois 16 Appointments to the position of the royal governor customs collector or naval officer were usually made as a result of bribery or favoritism 17 During the entire time of the Atlantic slave trade European and colonial slavers transported from Africa to the Americas about 11 million Africans 18 Between 1500 and 1550 exploration of the New World was dominated by the Spanish 19 In the English colonies of North America the group that had the least access to education was slaves 20 The religious dissatisfaction that ultimately propelled English Separatists into the New World can be traced to the 1517 protest of the German priest Martin Luther 21 Henry VIII started the English Reformation because he wanted to divorce his first wife 22 The first European country to launch long ocean voyages of exploration was Portugal 23 The basic unit of social life in colonial New England was the family 24 For James the Duke of York to take possession of the colony granted to him by his brother Charles II he had to use military force against the Dutch 25 After James received the charter for New York he split off part of it to create a new colony that became New Jersey 26 The first enduring European settlement in New England was established by the pilgrims congregation of Puritan Separatists 27 All of the following groups were active in the slave trade in large numbers the Americas the English the Africans qo pQ G P 8 1 fT7Q1 Q1 f 1quot1 fI39111fQ f39 1 Q YT PfZ 0 Z 28 Dflay s Rebellion strengtneneo LIIC movement LO produce a new I139clL1OI139cll COIISLILULIOII 29 The pamphlet Common Sense was instrumental in gaining support for the idea of independence from Great Britain 30 As the Revolutionary War began most Americans believed they were ghting for redress of grievances against the British Empire 31 In response to the Alien and Sedition Acts Thomas Jefferson and James Madison contended that state legislatures could declare federal laws unconstitutional This view appeared in the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions 32 To protect the nation from the tyranny of the people the original US Constitution provided that the people would directly elect only one part of the national government the House of Representatives 33 In the election of 1796 the man who won the presidency was John Adams 34 Alexander Hamilton s programs and in uence led to the creation of an opposition group known as the DemocraticRepublican Party 35 The event that resulted in the Quasi War between the United States and France was the XYZ Affair and the US not aiding revolutionary France against the English 36 The men who wrote the Constitution resolved the question of sovereignty by deciding that in the US political power rested ultimately with the people 37 For the new US Constitution to go into effect it had to be ratified by all of the states 38 When Thomas Jefferson looked to the future he hoped that the US would become a country dominated by independent owners of small farms 39 The Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798 resulted in the Federalist administration convicting ten Republicans of criticizing the government 40 By 1786 even those who feared a strong centralized government agreed that the Confederation needed the power to pass taxes 41 In the election of 1800 the man who won the presidency was Thomas Jefferson 42 The Federalist Party enjoyed widespread support in the commercial centers of the northeast 43 The authors of The Federalist Papers wrote them for the purpose of getting the Constitution ratifiedwritten with a strong central government 44 In response to the Whiskey Rebellion in 1794 President Washington sent 15000 troops 45 The Napoleon s Continental system was designed to reduce British trade with Europe 46 All of the following were effects of the invention of the cotton gin except decrease in the use of slave labor in the south 47 The Jefferson administration asserted greater control of the judiciary system by repealing the Judiciary Act of 1801 48 In reality Jefferson accomplished the Republican ambition of limiting the power of the federal government 49 During the War of 1812 the US achieved victory at all of the following locations the seas the Great Lakes York Toronto Battle of Thames Battle of Horseshoe Bend Battle of Plattsburgh and Battle of New Orleans 50 The Jefferson administration took all of the following actions except P 51 President Jefferson was reluctant to accept the treaty for purchasing the Louisiana Territory because he worried it was unconstitutional 52 In negotiating the Florida question John Quincy Adams was able to obtain the cession of Florida when Jackson seized the Spanish forts of St Marks and Pensacola 53 The election of 1828 was characterized by the election of John Quincy Adams despite the popular vote going to Andrew Jackson 54 Those who accused John Quincy Adams of a corrupt bargain maintained that he made a deal with Henry Clay to keep Jackson out of office 55 The dominant political party of the 1800s was the Republican Party 56 The Marshall Court established the power of the federal government in the regulation of the economy 57 The era of good feelings became a popular label for the administration of James Monroe 58 The controversy over whether Missouri would be admitted as a free states or a slave state illustrated growing sectionalism 59 In 1807 the federal government appropriated money for the construction of National Roads 60 The principal crop of the Southwest of the early 1800s was cotton 61 In Worcester v Georgia the Supreme Court ruled that the Indians were not subject to state law 62 One immediate effect of the Monroe Doctrine was that it encouraged nationalism 63 The greatest problem with the cotton economy of the Old South was the expenselabor involved with picking and deseeding the cotton Then Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin 64 The president who was the last of the Virginia Dynasty was James Monroe 65 Under the Missouri Compromise the entrance of Missouri as a state of the Union was paired with the admission of Maine 66 In 1832 Henry clay was the presidential candidate of the Whig Party 67 Increased voter participation in the 1840s can be attributed to fewer restrictions on who could vote 68 The theory of nullification was based on the writings of Jefferson 69 The oldest political party in the United States is the Democrats 70 Andrew Jackson could be described as a frontier aristocrat 71 During the presidency of Andrew Jackson the spoils system was used to replace one out of five federal office holders 72 Significant con ict arose between Jackson and his cabinet over the Peggy Eaton Affair 73 The most significant proponent of the Nullification Doctrine was John C Calhoun 74 The creation of a second party system in the 1830s produced competition between the Whigs and Democrats 75 The author of the Compromise Tariff that ended the Nullification Crisis was Henry Clay 76 In 1828 the only state not to choose its presidential electors by popular vote was South Carolina 77 After Harrison s death the office of president was taken over by John Tyler 78 The Indian tribe that most successfully resisted removal was the Seminole 79 The most important legislation passed during the Van Buren administration was the sub treasury system bill 80 To defeat Van Buren and the Democrats in the election of 1840 the Whigs accused Van Buren being aristocratic 81 Martin Van Buren won the election of 1836 because he was able to capitalize on J ackson s support of him 82Which statement would most likely have been said by a supporter of nullification The states should not adhere to federal law deemed unconstitutional 83 The rise of the factory began in the Northeast 84 The labor shortage that retarded the growth of the factory system in the 1820s and 1830s was alleviated by the decline of agriculture in the Northeast 85 The early railroads of the 1820s and 1830s primarily served as a way to connect water routes 86 In general nativists believed that immigrants were corrupt and took jobs away from American citizens 87 All of the following men contributed significantly to the improvement in communications and journalism in the 1840s and 1850s Samuel Morse morse code Richard Hoe James Gordon Bennett and Horace Greeley 88 Compared with the working conditions in the early 1800s the condition of workers in 1840 had become increasingly worse 89 The least common form of black resistance to slavery was rebellion 90 The greatest unifying force in the South was race 91 The group in white Southern society that most objected to the institution of slavery was the hill people 92 In the 1850s the price of a prime field hand slave was about 15000 93 The most important crop in the South of the 1850s was cotton 94 The percentage of white Southerners who were members of slaveowning families was approximately 25 percent 95 An instrument that had its origins in Africa is the banjo 96 For dangerous tasks many plantation owners used immigrant labor 97 Which practice continued in the South long after it had vanished in the North slavery 98 By the 1850s the South had large numbers of turnpikes P 00 Qlnvec develnhed their num A1 r1 r nnAn19r1 r nn v9rQ1 nnQ nfnll nfthe Fnllnxxzino miltnrnl F1 11 1Q gtJ1cLV D l V 1U1J l Lupu uvvu Anlcau Amcucau versions or an or L11x LU11UVV1118 u1Lu1cu LU1111D music religion language and family traditions 100 The Mormons based their ideas for society on the importance of the Book of Mormon 101 The founder of the Mormon faith was Joseph Smith Jr 102 Walt Whitman expressed his love of American democracy and individuality by means of poetry 103 Antislavery sentiment underlay the formation in 1840 of the Liberty Party 104 Before the Civil War the movement for women s rights was particularly strong among the American AntiSlavery Society 105 The early Mormons responded to the hostility that they encountered by migrating to the West 106 Harriet Beecher Stowe provided the most effective piece of abolitionist propaganda with her novel Uncle Tom s Cabin 107 The reformers of the 1840s and 1850s believed that the best answer for the future of Native Americans was relocation 108 Horace Mann was the chief leader in the movement for education reform 109 The most prominent black abolitionist of the 1850s was Fredrick Douglass 110 Nathaniel Hawthorne wrote scathingly of the dangers of individuality in such novels as The Scarlett Letter
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