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Foust Lecture Notes #2

by: elizaamaro

Foust Lecture Notes #2 history 1301

GPA 3.04
History of the United States to 1865
Richard Foust

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I know sometimes you can't make it to Foust Lectures, but I took the time to upload them for You!(: These notes will help you with your Midterm and Final!
History of the United States to 1865
Richard Foust
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This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by elizaamaro on Monday September 14, 2015. The Bundle belongs to history 1301 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Richard Foust in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 67 views.


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Date Created: 09/14/15
The Gilded Age The Gilded Age the period between the end of Reconstruction 1877 and the progressive Era 1901 was a volatile period dominated by big business values political corruption and extremes of wealth and poverty During this era the United States changed from a predominantly agrarian nation to an Urban and Industrial power Rise of American Industry An abundance of Natural resources developments in technology new inventions and adequate labor supply a growing domestic market and federal support for industrial projects contributed to this rapid industrialization And by 1890 the value of Industrial goods and services for the first time exceeded that of agricultural products Urbanization Within this new industrial order the city brought into focus all of the nations dynamic economic forces vast accumulations of capital business and financial industrial railroads factories and multitudes of annual and clerical workers In fact by 1890 30 of Americans lived in urban areas yet overcrowding and unsanitary conditions led many to demand increases in city services New Immigration 18 million immigrants arrived in the US between 1880 and 1910 Yet unlike earlier immigrants who mainly came from northern and western Europe there New immigrants were generally either Catholic or Jewish and came largely from southern and eastern Europe or China Thus because they were not protestant and were culturally foreign they were not welcomed by all in America In fact intolerance resulted in the immigration act of 1924 which instituted a deliberately discriminatory system of national quotas Social Darwinism Darwin on a simplified understanding of Darwinian Science many social thinkers believed that the growth of large business at the expense of small enterprise as well as the wealth of a few alongside the poverty of most was merely an indicator of the concept of survival of the fittestquot Social Darwinism also provided an intellectual justification for laws and social practices that regarded African Americans Indians Certain immigrants and women as secondclass citizens Unionization In an era when the federal government pandered to big business and wealthy capitalist blamed poverty on an individuals race or culture the working class began to organize in order to fight for better wages and treatment For example the American Federation of labor sought to increase wages reduce hours and improve working conditions for shilled workers Yet American labor history was beset by significant violence such as what occurred during the Great Rail Strike of 1877 of the Haymarket Riot of 1886 Populism At the end of the 19th century farmers also faced difficult prospects and their grassroots efforts eventually crystalized into the Populist Party Populist leaders called on the people to rise up seize the reins of government and tame the power of the wealthy and privileged Their cause was further energized by the financial panic of 1893 which was followed by a 4year depression And though the populist lost momentum after the election of 1896 many of their proposals were enacted into laws in the 20th century Foust Lectures


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