Notes on the Four Theorists of Religion
Notes on the Four Theorists of Religion REL 100
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This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by Adriana Notetaker on Tuesday September 15, 2015. The Bundle belongs to REL 100 at Missouri State University taught by Lora Hobbs in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 55 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Religion in Arts and Humanities at Missouri State University.
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Date Created: 09/15/15
lntro Religion 100 Notes on the Four Theorists Rudolf Otto The Idea of the Holy A Beyond Rational Concept unique to the sphere of religion 1 The idea of the holy is transcendent yet unexplainable 2 The holy may be an object a force a person or any supernatural element B Category of Interpretation 1 Humans believe the holy is an ethic or a condition of morality 2 Otto claims the holy is above and beyond goodness unspeakable The Numinous Experience A An encounter with the holy 1 This interaction with the holy cannot be forced to happen it will naturally happen to you 2 One may place themselves in a situation that may cause one to have the experience such as in a church or in nature B Mysterium Tremendum the emotional response from interacting with the holy 1 A matter of interpretation from that individual can feel calm horri c intoxicating etc 2 The emotions one may possess are limitless Otto s de nition of religion is An overwhelming powerful existence that you encounter and the human experience you gain from that Karl Marx The Creation of Religion A Humans created god religion 1 Man made god to explain the suffering and oppression of the world 2 People are fascinated with this idea of perfection a quotperfect human essencequot so they created God B What God Religion Really is 1 An illusion a false reality we let our world surround 2 Opium of the People gives a sense of relief but once it wears off the oppressed are still oppressed Problems with Religion A Disillusions humanity B Fuels those in power Freud 1 Government authorities use religion as a justi cation for their controlling ways 2 The oppressed allows this to happen because they believe they will be rewarded in the next life C Unequal Society 1 Social statuses begin due to religion 2 Society will not be equal as long as religion remains Alternatives to Religion A Abolish this fantasy B Stand up to the oppressive government C Humans become the supreme being Marx says religion is an illusion that provides temporary relief to the oppressed and controls everyone who believes in the fantasy quotReligious World Viewquot A Assures protection B Provides ultimate happiness C Answers Origin questions quotGodquot A Humans created god 1 Immature adults seeking a parental gure created god the quotfatherquot 2 These adults cannot deal with reality so they create a false one instead B Religious People 1 Unhealthy neurotic 2 Mentally Ill Scienti c World View A Natural Disasters don39t discriminate between the religious and non religious B Origin of the Universe Theory of Evolution disproves intelligent design C quotMiraclesquot 1 Disproved by scienti c observation always an explanation for why things happen 2 Human minds rationale have evolved people do not believe in miracles anymore Tillich Freud says religion is a false reality that immature neurotic adults created because they struggle with a severe need for an adultlike gure to protect them quotThe Ultimate Concernquot A Highest Priority in life 1 Willing to sacri ce for it 2 Every person has this B Examples of Ultimate Concern 1 Family centering your life around your husband wife kids etc 2 Career putting all efforts and attention into yourjob Promises Demands A The Ultimate Concern has demands 1 Each person is required to meet such demands 2 Ex Your career demands many hours put into the job B When demands are met promises are ful lled Faith A Idolatrous Faith 1 Disrupts the idea of the ultimate concern 2 Meets demands but leads to existential disappointment B Authentic Faith 1 Requires courage and risk 2 Based on a certain amount of knowledge Tillich says religion is nding that ultimate concern to which gives your life meaning and completely centering your life around it in order to gain total ful llment
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