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Bundle of a weeks worth of notes

by: Samantha Work

Bundle of a weeks worth of notes CLAS 160D2 - 002

Marketplace > University of Arizona > Classical Mythology > CLAS 160D2 - 002 > Bundle of a weeks worth of notes
Samantha Work

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About this Document

Mostly about Zeus and Hera
Classical Mythology Lecture
Michael Teske
Teske, mythology, Zeus, hera
75 ?




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Popular in Classical Mythology

This 11 page Bundle was uploaded by Samantha Work on Monday March 7, 2016. The Bundle belongs to CLAS 160D2 - 002 at University of Arizona taught by Michael Teske in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 55 views. For similar materials see Classical Mythology Lecture in Classical Mythology at University of Arizona.


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Date Created: 03/07/16
Divine Consorts of Zeus Dr. Teske lecture at 2pm Divine consorts of Zeus ● Zeus m. Mnemosyne “Memory” to produce the 9 Muses (Pierides), inspirational  patronesses of arts ● Often they are given special area of expertise: ○ Calliope ■ epic poetry ○ Euterpe ■ lyric poetry ○ Erato ■ love poetry ○ Melpomene ■ tragedy ○ Thalia ■ comedy ○ Clio ■ history ○ Urania ■ astronomy ○ Terpsichore ■ choral dancing ○ Polyhymnia ■ sacred songs ● For the Muses, no need to learn their individual names/specialities ● In origin, they are probably water spirits ○ which inspire  ○ the muses are frequently linked to springs of water ■ such as Castalian spring at Delphi ● Zeus m. Themis “Justice” to Produce the 3 Fates (Moirai) ● Clotho ○ the Spinner ■ she spins out the thread of life ● Lachesis ○ the Apportioner ■ she measures out the thread ● Atropos ○ the Inflexible ■ lit. Not turning from her task ■ she cuts the thread and ends a man’s life ● she is often represented as the  smallest and most hideous of the 3 ○ sometimes with her  shears ● For these, know all 3, their names and functions ● Notion of fabric of destiny is suggested ● ● But 2 other powerful ideas emerges besides fate or predestination ○ personifications of abstractions, not connected directly to Zeus in  birth or origin ● Tyche (Fortuna) “Chance, or Luck” ○ a random force acting in the universe ■ sometimes the concept is depicted as the Wheel of  Fortune representing the vicissitudes of life ● Ananke “Necessity” ○ the notion the some things happen because they must ■ at first akin to Destiny, or Moira, but later develops  into a kind of constrained free will for mortals ■ the language of ananke creeps in when men are  faced with critical choices  ● though either choice may be a  destructive one ● Example: Agamemnon’s decision to sacrifice his eldest daughter Iphigenia to  Artemis to get favorable winds to sail to Troy ● ● Hero (Juno), Queen of Gods, Zeus’ Wife ● Hera is the stern upholder of morality and the sanctity of marriage ○ difficult when married to a playboy like Zeus ● She is mostly seen in reaction to Zeus’ marital infidelities: ○ angry and trying to get revenge on these playmates of Zeus, or  their offspring ● Prayed to at weddings, and could be called upon to help women in childbirth ● Principal divinity honored at Argos, and in general regarded as an earth­mother  goddess ● Homer describes her as “ox­eyed” and “white­armed”  ○ apparently both epithets denoting beauty ● The peacock was her sacred bird ○ and supposedly got its “eye­like” adornments on its tail­feathers  from Argos’ 100 eyes ● Besides her wrather at Zeus’ flings, she is defined by her enduring hatred of the  Trojans ○ which is explained by the Judgment of Paris The Judgment of Paris ● all the gods and goddesses were invited to the wedding feast of Peleus (a mortal)  and Thetis (an immortal), except Eris “Strife”, the goddess of Discord, was excluded.  ○ Eris crafted a golden apple inscribed “for the fairest” and hurled it  into the festivites ● 3 major goddesses fought over the apple, each believing it was meant for them ○ Her ○ Athen ■ the warrior goddess ○ Aphrodite ■ the goddess of love ● Zeus, not wanting to judge the beauty of the 3 ○ since his wife Hera is one of them ○ has Hermes lead them to Mt. Ida near Troy where a young  shepherd, the Toja Pris ■ will choose who is most stunning ● THe beauty contest becomes akin to a bribery contest ○ Hera ■ promises Paris rule over Europe and Asia ○ Athena ■ says that she will make Paris the most formidable  warrior on eath ○ Aphrodite ■ offers him the most beautiful woman in the world ● Queen Helen of Sparta ● Paris chooses Aphrodite and awards her the golden apple ○ The “Judgment of Paris” ■ and later he will run off with Helen, though she is  married to Menelaus, and cause the Trojan War ● Because Aphrodite was picked as the most beautiful, she will always favor the  Trojans ○ Hera and Athena, who were slighted, will despise the Trojans and  do all they can to back the Greeks and bring about Troy’s destruction. ● ● ● Offspring of Zeus and Hera ● Eileithyia  ○ Lucina ○ goddess of childbirth ● Hebe ○ youthfulness ○ 1st cupbearer of the gods ■ later replaced by Ganymede ● Ares ○ Mars ● Hephaestus ○ Vulcan ● Eileithyia is sent by Hera to prevent Hercales’ birth, but she is tricked by  Alcmena’s maid and Heracles is born nonetheless ○ though the maid Galanthis is turned into a weasel ● Hebe is dishonored by Zeus by being replaced as cupbearer by the youthful  Trojan Ganymede ○ who is stolen up to Olympus by the god’s eagle and becomes Zeus’ boy­toy ○ Later Hebe becomes the bride of the deified Heracles ● Hephaestus ● lame and ugly god ● divine metalsmith ○ and works at his forge under volcanos with the Cyclopes as his  helpers ○ god of creative fire ● married to Aphrodite, though she soon cheats on him with his brother Ares ● Ares and aphrodite are caught in their infidelity ○ by a net of invisibly spun wires ○ and held on display for the other gods to laugh ● Ares (Mars) ● An emblem of war in its ugliest aspect ● A divine butcher/a merchant of death ● When he meets Athena on the battlefield ○ he is regularly defeated by her ■ since she represents war’s higher  functions/strategies, and moral/ethical concerns ● Zeus has no sympathy for the wounded Ares when he comes to Mt. Olympus to  complain to him ○ in Iliad ● Mars is Progenitor of Roman Race ● Mars rapes Rhea Silvia, a Vestal virgin, and she begets the twins ○ Romulus and Remus ● Rhea Silvia abandons the twins in a basket by the Tiber River  ○ a she­wolf comes down from the mountains and suckles and  nurtures them ○ Then they are taken in a raised by shepherds ● When as young men they are beginning the city of Rome ○ Remus leaps over the foundations and Romulus slays him ■ for this perceived act of aggression ○ Romulus then becomes Rome’s 1st king ● ●


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