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Date Created: 08/28/14
US History Final Exam Review 1 Foreign Policy Positions 0 George Washington wanted neutrality a policy of not choosing sides in a war or dispute between other countries o Thomas Jefferson hated war but hated paying tribute more He put an embargo on the country so that France and Britain would leave Americans alone 0 James Madison started a war James Monroe wrote the Monroe Doctrine which stated that the United States would not accept European interference in American affairs 2 The Nullification Crisis 0 The Nullification Crisis was when South Carolina refused to pay the tariffs that president Andrew Jackson had set up Jackson threatened South Carolina with military force since they wouldn39t pay He then sent a huge army of volunteers to them to show he wasn39t bluffing South Carolina gave in immediately and the crisis was over 3 Who was most negatively impacted by Andrew Jackson 0 The Indians because they were forced to walk the trail of tears and were removed from their homes 4 Manifest Destiny the belief that it was America s right and duty to spread across the North American continent 5 Nation s Growth 0 Louisiana Purchase land bought from France for a total cost of about 15 million The acquisition more than doubled the size of territories controlled by the US in North America adding in the entire Mississippi River valley 0 Oregon Country Americans started moving into Oregon but they didn t want to start a war with Britain They split it in half along the Treaty Line of 1846 0 Texas Americans got into a battle called the Alamo and won In 1845 Texas was annexed to add a territory to a country Some didn t want annexation because they were afraid it would start a war with Mexico o Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Mexico gave up Texas California Nevada Utah Arizona New Mexico and parts of Colorado and Wyoming for 15 million 0 Gadsden Purchase the purchase of a strip of land just south of the Mexican Cession for 10 million 6 Abolitionism advocacy to get rid of slavery 7 Horace Mann was responsible for the education reform movement He wanted public education 8 Second Great Awakening a revival of religious feeling and belief in the 1820s and 1830s The First Great Awakening swept through the colonies in the 1700s 9 Woman s Rights Movement 0 Modeled around the Declaration of Independence the Declaration of Sentiments began We hold these truths to be selfevident that all men and women are created equal Proposal for the declaration was at Seneca Falls 10 Abolition and Woman s Movement o These two movements were closely linked White women got involved in fighting slavery and black women fought with the question Ain t I a woman Sojourner Truth Frederick Douglass Angelina and Sarah Grimke Lucretia Mott Elizabeth Cady Stanton and many more played big roles in these movements 11 The South s Natural Strengths o Crops grew well 0 Cotton sales were boosting their economy 0 Ships were a good means of transportation 12 Transportation o In the north roads ships and mainly railroads were used c The south used mainly ships 13 Why were there more immigrants in the North than the South o Immigrants traveled to the North to take advantage of the factory work available The industries were booming 14 Cotton Gin 0 Eli Whitney listened to people complain about cotton so he drew a design and soon made it into a machine It began the Industrial Revolution and made an immediate impact on the American industry 15 Missouri Compromise 0 Missouri wanted to enter the Union without slavery restrictions When Maine also requested statehood Henry Clay allowed Missouri admission as a slave state and Maine as a free state and slavery was banned north of Missouri 16 Dred Scott Decision o Dred Scott an enslaved man went to Wisconsin with his owner for a short period When he went back to Missouri he argued that his stay in Wisconsin made him a free man The case went to the Supreme Court and the court ruled that 1 He is not a citizen and only citizens can sue 2 Since you are black you never will be a citizen and 3 The Missouri Compromise is unconstitutional anyways 17 John Brown 0 John Brown planned to seize the federal arsenal He was caught and killed along with all his men Southerners were scared that they were going to be killed from a war and they thought it was scary that Northerners looked at him as a hero rather than a lunatic 18 What started the Civil War 0 South Carolina left the Union and Lincoln stated that the secession was wrong and said In your hands is the momentous issue of civil war 19 Lincoln s Anaconda Plan o The Union s war plan was to 1 surround the south by land and sea to cut off trade 2 divide the confederacy in sections so that one rebel region could not help another and 3 capture Richmond Virginia the capital of the Confederacy and destroy the rebel government 20 Emancipation Proclamation o Declared all slaves in the Confederate states to be free 21 The Battle of Gettysburg 0 Lee charged at the union line and more than 17500 union soldiers and 23000 confederate soldiers were wounded or died within three days Lee said that he would only wage defensive war on southern soil from then on 22 Surrender o Grant s terms of surrender were generous Confederate soldiers could go home if they promised to stop fighting They could take their own mules and horses but leave their swords and weapons Grant also orders that food be sent to Lee s men 23 The Fourteenth Amendment 0 This amendment says that former slaves be citizens with full civil rights The state governments could not treat some citizens as less equal than others 24 New Rights 0 All people were granted the right to vote through the fifteenth amendment which says that a citizen s right to vote shall not be denied on account of race color or previous condition of servitude o All people were allowed to hold office 25 Ku Klux Klan o Whites tried to keep blacks out of political things The Ku Klux Klan threatened black voters and officeholders If they didn t take the warning they were beaten tarred and feathered and even murdered 26 Emancipation freeing someone from the control of another 27 The Newly Freed Slaves o The slaved probably felt elated to begin with and then bewildered and confused upon being freed o They had to face segregation so some responded by leaving the south Some returned to Africa and some just went to other parts of the US But mostly they remained in the south
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