What is Anthropology
What is Anthropology 101.0
Popular in Intro to Cultural Anthropology
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by Hannah Danho on Thursday September 17, 2015. The Bundle belongs to 101.0 at University of Alabama at Birmingham taught by Lauren Downs (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 65 views. For similar materials see Intro to Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Alabama at Birmingham.
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Date Created: 09/17/15
What is Anthropology oont d Physical anthropology is the study of humans as biological organisms as well as their evolution and variation Objects of study to study OUR physical anthropology tools technological bones fossil remains Paleoanthropology The study of the origins and ancestors of our human species Lucy best known fossil evidence dates back to 3 mil years ago Primatology The study of both living and fossil primates Closest living relatives as well as our ancestors jane Goodall best known primatoogist Forensic Anthropology an applied sub eld of physical anthropology that specializes in the identi cation of human skeletal remains for legal purposes 3 Basic Types Concepts of Culture 1 Biological 2 Humanities 3 Anthropology quotCulturequot in the Humanities Culture is seen as the cultivation of the mind and aesthetic sensibilities ex art music theater dance literature etc Culture A society s shared and socially transmitted ideas values and perceptions which are used to make sense of experience and which generate behavior Culture A blueprint for living What is Anthropology oont d Everyone will become enculturated very slow way of learning the way of life into their culture the process of learning how to become a member of their society We only need to be uncultured into 1 Characteristics of Culture 1 Culture is learned 2 Culture is shared 3 Culture is symbolic 4 Culture is integrated 5 Culture is dynamic 1 Culture is Learned All culture is learned rather than biologically inherited Members of a culture learn the socially appropriate ways to satisfy biological needs Food Sleep Shelter Companionship Self Defense Sexual Grati cation The ability for learned behavior is present in almost all mammals Primates have the highest degree of learned behavior patterns 2 Culture is shared All members of a culture will hold a shared set of understandings about Values Ideas Perceptions Standards of behaviors Culture enables individuals in a society to predict how fellow members are most likely to behave What is Anthropology oont d But it does NOT mean that everyone within a culture will think and act the exact same way 3 Culture is Based on Symbols Sounds gestures marks signs emblems andor other things that are arbitrary but represent something in a meaningful way ex peace signmeans diff things in diff cultures the flag BAMA AUBURN christian cross star of David Culture Relativism Suspending judgement of other people s practices in order to understand them in their own cultural terms Terms Society An organized group of people who share a territory language and culture Subculture Distinctive sets of standards and behavior patterns by which a group within a larger society operates while still sharing common standards with that larger society ex hippie culture of the 1960 s
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