The colonies in the 1500s/1600s
The colonies in the 1500s/1600s HIST 1100 - 01
Popular in American History to 1865
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HIST 1100 - 01
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
This 7 page Bundle was uploaded by SC_Grace Dillon on Friday September 18, 2015. The Bundle belongs to HIST 1100 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by michelle morris in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 62 views. For similar materials see American History to 1865 in History at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 09/18/15
Europe 1 Characteristics of the geography of Europe a Relative location i Located in the land hemisphere or Northern hemisphere ii Europe has 3 boarders 1 The Atlantic Ocean North 2 Mediterranean Sea South 3 Separation between Europe and Asia East a Lack of a clear boarder b Causes tension b Environmental variety i 40 degrees on latitude 1 Middle of America amp southern part of Europe ii Has a moderate climate 1 North Atlantic Drift Gulf Stream a Warm water that that comes from the gulf of Mexico and travels by Europe b If the Drift got weaker then it could cause environmental problems i Cause Europe to cool down c Population i 1 of 3 global population clusters 1 Europe East Asia India ii 530M people in Europe in more then 40 countries 1 Depends on where you place the boarder line between Asia and Europe iii About twice the population of the US but with half the amount of land 1 High population density iv Tends to be very wealthy v Tend to be very Urban vi Tend to be very educated vii The wealth urban education all decrease when moving from west to east viii Negative population growth 1 The birth dearth or lack of births 2 Particularly western Europe 3 Trying to attract young people to migrate into Europe d Home of the key economic revolutions i Economic revolution that begins in Europe 1 Agricultural revolution early 1700s a Change in farming i Rotating crops ii Fertilizer 2 Industrial revolution late 1700s a Machinery started to replace human labor i Speed up process ii Clothing ships e Present and future integration i Main political processes 1 Devolution When countries split into multiple countries a EX Scotland 2 Unification countries come together and form alliances a EX EU b EX NATO 2 EU a Introduction i Countries coming together to form one organization b Historical Framework if integration i WW1 1 Destroyed Europe 2 3 countries decide to from an alliance BENELUX a Belgium b Netherlands c Luxemburg ii WW2 1 1951 ECSC is formed a European Coal and Steal Community b 6 countries i Belgium ii Netherlands iii Luxemburg iv Italy V West Germany vi France c Freely trading coal and steal products between ECSC member countries d Turns out to be very successful 2 EEC 1957 a European Economic Community Changes into EC eventually b More countries wanted to get involved because ECSC was so successful c 12 member countries d Includes the free trade of all products e As it gets older they start to do non economic things i EX Create an European president 1 Creates an European legislator 2 Creates a court system c Implications of the European Union 1992 include 28 countries i Still free trade between EU member 1 IA of the worlds economy ii Best know for doing noneconomic things 1 EX Created a borderless Europe a No need for a passport for the most part iii Euro Euro Zone 1 Not all countries opted into the euro a Felt like they were giving up too much economic control iv Official day of Europe Europe Day 1 May 9 2 Have an official Europe song ode to joy V European Flag 1 Blue ag with yellow stars in a circle vi Created a fund to help the poor countries in the EU vii European wide goals viii Makes people feel more united 1 I m European instead of saying I m French 3 Eight ways England has shaped the world a Exploration i Great location in the Land hemisphere ii John Cabot 1 Italian then moved to England 2 Responsible for exploring the coast of north America in the 1490s a Allowed England to claim much of north America for the colonies iii Sr Francis Drake 1 He is the first English man to sail around the world 2 Made a living raiding Spanish ships iv Henry Hudson 1 Found the Hudson river around NYC 2 Founded Hudson s bay Canada b NeoEurope s i Exploration led to colonization 1 As they traveled they recreated home a Tried to create New Europe s c Settlement patterns i New England town in NY county like unit I 1 Open space in the middle of the town is a common or green 2 Surrounding is the church or meeting house Thursday September 17 2015 1 Stealing New England a quotRadical English protestants get lost and end up in the goldquot b Background info i In 1519 the year Cortes set out from Cuba all of western Europe was CathoHc 1 Martin Luther has nailed his 95 theses to the church door a But have not broken with the church yet ii England initially remained catholic and the pope names henry viii quotdefender of the faithquot 1 In 1534 henry had decided that it was best to lead the English church himself a Debated and thought out all over Europe iii Puritans reject to anything about catholic 1 Don t all what the same thing the just all knew what they don39t want a Many wanted to abolish the church monarchy i Want a primitive Christianity iv Pilgrims 1620 ended up in the New England area 1 Separatists believed that the church of England was so corrupt that it could not be puri ed a Many left England and moved to the Netherlands i Netherlands tolerated a lot of people puritans and others 1 Believed their children were being corrupted ii William Bradford decided to move to the Americas 2 Voyage to Plymouth 1620 a Wanted to have their own land to do what they would like b Obtained a patent from the Virginia Company to settle land within their jurisdiction i Wasn39t given nancial backing c Agrees to work for the Merchant Adventures of London joint stock company in exchange for nancial backing i Had to bring a group on nonpilgrims strangers 1 The strangers made up more then half the group 3 May ower was blown off course and out of the Virginia jurisdiction a Led to the rise of representative government in New England b May ower compact 21 November 1620 Non pilgrims on board refused to submit to the pilgrim government 1 The patent had been for Virginia not where they landed Agreement to enter into a quotcivil body politicquot to create laws and of ces to abide by them 1 Signed by 41 men a Over 100 passengers b Non signers were probably woman children and servants 2 Remained in force until the Massachusetts bay colony in 1692 4 Polymath in the early years a The rst winter the colony was cut in half b Hay a healthful spot vi Received help form Squanto 1 Planting 2 Introduction to Massasoit Squanto was a Spanish captive and spoke uent EngHsh 1 Travelled back up to the New England area and joined a new lndian group Able and willing to plant corn More familiar climate 1 More similar to England compared to Jamestown Free from the semitropical disease found farther south In some parts of New England the life span was almost 70 c The rst thanksgiving 1621 Probably a harvest festival 1 Pilgrims had a reason to celebrate ii No turkey or cranberries 1 Venison and waterfowl iii About 90 Wampanoag Indians and 50 English 1 Relationship were peaceful and came together to celebrate a Peaceful up until the last quarter of the century 2 They ate and played contests and games together v Massachusetts Bay 1 Neighbors to the polymath colony 2 Puritans vs pilgrims a Puritans settles in Massachusetts Bay b Both wanted to practice their religion c Nonseparating puritans of the Massachusetts Bay i Considered themselves part of the Church of England ii Wanted to reform the Anglican Church d Puritans were a much larger group i Great migration 16301640 1 About 20000 people 3 Unlike the Chesapeake colony Virginia and Maryland a Relatively healthy i Mostly family that came over b Were expected to fa rm c Not a get rich quick colony d Not all settlers were puritans but puritans dominated both culturally and in terms of government 4 Government under the puritans a Loophole allowed to bring their English charter with them i They were governed locally b Governors magistrates and delegates all elected colony government i Voting restricted to adult male church members c Local town meetings i Voting restricted to adult men who owned property in the town d Separation of church and state i More strictly observed then in England or in the Chesapeake ii Ministers were prohibited from holding of ce iii Courts enforced morality and required residents to attend church 1 Sabbath breaking 2 Sexual offences 3 Blasphemy heresy 4 Voting restricted to church members e Relations to local Indian groups i When the puritans got to new England many Indian groups have been desolated by European disease ii Puritans weren39t very concerned with converting the Indians 1 The real problem is the heretics within their own ranks f Heresy i Protestant revolt 1 Rejected the role of good works in salvation 2 Believed in priesthood of all believers a Individuals should read and understand the scripture themselves 3 Liberty of conscience a Outside of core doctrines people should be able to interpret the bible themselves and live according to their consciences
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