COMS 2060 Chapters 1-3 Outlines
COMS 2060 Chapters 1-3 Outlines COMS 2060
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This 6 page Bundle was uploaded by Emily Swanson on Friday September 18, 2015. The Bundle belongs to COMS 2060 at Ohio University taught by Charee Thompson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 82 views. For similar materials see Communication in Interpersonal Relationships in Communication Studies at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 09/18/15
COMS 2060 Interpersonal Communication Chapter 1 Outline About Communication I Why We Communicate Meets physical needs it helps us stay healthy Meets relational needs it helps us form and maintain important relationships Meets spiritual needs lets us express our beliefs and values Fills identity needs helps us see how others think of us Serves instrumental needs and basic functions 0 Scheduling a meeting 0 Ordering coffee II The Nature of Communication 0 Through various models scholars developed communication to be 0 An action 0 An interaction 0 A transaction 0 Communication relies on multiple channels Passes through perpetual lters 0 Given meaning by the people who use it o Meanings are in peonle o Literal and relational implications Sends intentional and unintentional messages Governed by rules 5 about Communication Everyone is an expert at communication Communication can solve any problem Communication can break down Communication is inherently good More communication is always better 3 Myt lll How We Communication lnterpersonally Interpersonalcommunication o Occurs between 2 people 0 Evolves over time within their relationship 0 Helps people negotiate and de ne the relationship Interpersonal Communication is pervasive 0 Has bene ts for our relationships and our health IV Building Your Communication Competence Communicating competently means communicating effectively and appropriately Competent Communicators 0 Typically have high selfawareness Adaptability Empathy Cognitive complexity High ethics OOOO COMS 2060 Interpersonal Communication Chapter 2 Outline Culture amp Gender l Understanding Culture amp Communication 0 Culture is a system of shared symbols language values and norms that distinguish one group of people from another 0 Cultures vary in their symbols language values and norms CoCultures 0 Groups of people who share values customs and norms related to a mutual interest or characteristic Communicating with cultural awareness o Paying attention to one s own cultural values and biases o Remembering that others don39t always share the same values and norms as you do ll How Culture Affects Communication lndividualistic Cultures o Emphasize important of individuality and personal achievement Collective Cultures o Emphasize needs of family and community LowContext Cultures o Expect language to be direct and explicit HighContext Cultures o Rely more on contextual clues to interpret verbal statements LowPower Distance Cultures 0 Power is more equally distributed among people HighPower Distance Cultures 0 Most of the power is held by relatively a few people Masculine Cultures 0 Value competition and achievement 0 Maintain largely different expectations for men and women Feminine Cultures 0 Value nurturing behavior 0 Do not enforce rigidly different expectations for men and women Monochronic Culture 0 Time is considered to be an a nite commodity Buy sell and waste time Polychronic Culture 0 Time is considered to be more in nite and circular Cultures vary in uncertainty avoidance o Aversion to novelty and uncertainty 0 Communication Codes 0 Cultures differ in their communication codes 0 Ex Idioms jargon and gestures o Often have meaning only to people in a given culture Ill Understanding Communication amp Gender 0 Gender roles include Masculinity Femininity Androgyny 0 Their meanings evolve over time 0 Biological Sex 0 Genetic characteristics that distinguish males and females 0 Sexual Orientation 0 Sexual attraction to members of the other sex same sex both sexes or neither sexes Some writers have argued that women and men communication as though they come from different planets or at least different cultures 0 Other writers have asserted that those metaphors and exaggerations 000 IV How Gender Affects Communication 0 Gender In uences verbal communication 0 Expressive and instrumental talk 0 Power and linguistic styles 0 Gender in uences nonverbal communication 0 Touch and body movement 0 Emotional communication 0 Nonverbal affection COMS 2060 Interpersonal Communication Chapter 3 Outline Communication and the Self l Understanding the Self Self Concept 0 Your SelfConcept consists of your perceptions about who you are SelfConcept o Is multifaceted o Partly subjective o Enduring but changeable In uence amp Development of Self Concept 0 Personality 0 Cultural and gender roles o Re ected appraisal 0 Social comparison SelfMonitoring amp SelfFul lling Prophecy 0 Two pathways which selfconcept can shape communicative behavior ll Valuing the Self SelfEsteem SelfEsteem 0 Your subjective evaluation of your value and worth as a person 0 Having high selfesteem both a bene t and liability Ethnic groups differ in selfesteem o In the US women report higher selfesteem than men among ethnic minorities but non among nonHispanic Caucasians Control 0 Humans have fundamental needs for control inclusion and affection Selfesteem is affected by the extent to which those needs are met 0 Need for Control Our need to maintain some degree of control in a relationship 0 Need for inclusion Our need to belong to a social group and to have positive contact with others 0 Need for Affection Our need to feel loved and appreciated by others lll Presenting the Self Image Management 0 Image consists of the way you want others to perceive you 0 Most people manage multiple images in collaborative and complex ways Humans have three kinds of face needs 0 Fellowship face Our need to have others like us and accept us 0 Autonomy face Our need not to be imposed upon by others 0 Competence face Our need to be respected for our intelligence and abilities Behaviors that impinge on face needs are called facethreatening acts IV Communication amp the Self Self Disclosure SelfDisclosure o The deliberate act of giving others information about ourselves that we believe to be true and think that they don39t already have or know lt39s intentional and involves information Varies in breadth and depth Varies among relationships Usually follows a process and is reciprocal Serves many purposes In uenced by sex and culture 0 Bene ts of SelfDisclosure o Enhancement of relationships and trust 0 Probability of reciprocity and emotional release 0 Provision of assistance to others Risks of SelfDisclosure o Rejection The chance of obligating others Potential to hurt others Violation of another person39s privacy Some risks of selfdisclosure are made more likely when selfdisclosure takes place online 0000
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