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Week 4 Notes

by: Alyson Hankins

Week 4 Notes Classical Mythology

Alyson Hankins
Greek Mythology

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Great notes from this week's lecture!!! All the info you need to know right here!!
Greek Mythology
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This 7 page Bundle was uploaded by Alyson Hankins on Friday September 18, 2015. The Bundle belongs to Classical Mythology at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see Greek Mythology in Classical Mythology at University of Missouri - Columbia.

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Date Created: 09/18/15
Monday September 14 2015 Aphrodite Outline Birth recap Characteristics amp attendants Aphrodite s power Two myths Anchises Adonis Plato on the origin of love Birth of Aphrodite Sprung from foam aphros around Ouranos severed genitals Floats near island of Cythera and goes ashore on Cypros Married to Hephaistos Characteristics Goddess of beauty love sex desire and harmony Artistic representations often often emphasize sensualsexual aspects Often depicted as riding elegant birds swans geese doves Hera was artistically depicted as a very regal woman and shown clothed Aphrodite of Praxiteles 4th cent BC First sculptor to depict Aphrodite nude Clothes in one hand other hand covering herself Aphrodite Callipygos Beautifulassed Bathingcrouching Aphrodite Different than any other sculptors because she s reacting to the viewer in her pose instead of ones of HeraZeus just sittingstanding Monday September 14 2015 Attendants of Aphrodite The graces Personifications of charm and beauty The erotes eros desire Winged attendants AKA cupids young men Personifications of love s swiftness and fleetingness Cupid son of Aphrodite love and Ares war Power of Aphrodite Sophocles 941 In her is everything active everything serene everything that leads to violence She sinks deep into the hears of everything that lives Power even over Zeus Homeric Hymn 5 to Aphrodite Three goddesses over whom Aphrodite has no power Athena wisdom and war Artemis hunting amp wildlife Hestia hearth fire All virgin goddesses To put an end to her boasting Zeus causes Aphrodite to lust for a mortal man Anchises Handsome unsuspecting herdsman near Troy Aphrodite bathed and dressed by the Graces Disguise her as a young woman Goes to Mt lda near Troy Animals begin to mate as she passes by Monday September 14 2015 Aphrodite and Anchises Anchises believes she s a disguised goddess Aphrodite invents a story claims she s a mortal Hermes told me to marry you and have your children Anchises says OK Aphrodite reveals her identity Anchises is terrified No man lives in strength who has slept with a goddess Men who sleep with goddess destroysruins them Aphrodite reassures him with the story of Eos amp Tithonos Eos and Tithonos Eos goddess of the dawn Eos falls in love with the mortal Tithonos Begs Zeus to allow Tithonos live forever Zeus grants Eos wish but she forgot to ask for eternal youth Tithonos is overcome by old age Eos stays away Eos shuts him away in a chamber Only his voice remains but his body shriveled up Back to Aphrodite and Anchises Now humbled Aphrodite will stop mocking the other gods for sleeping with mortals Aphrodite will bear a mortal son Aeneas Aphrodite will return Aeneas to Anchises in 5 years Anchises must not brag or reveal the identity of Aeneas motheror else Zeus will smite youmake you pay The Else Monday September 14 2015 Hyginus 94 Many years later Anchises gets drunk blurts out secret to drinking buddies Zeus blasts him with a thunderbolt amp he s gone Other version some say he died of natural causes Wednesday September 16 2015 Aphrodite and Adonis 1 The story of Smyrna 2 Birth and death of Adonis The story of Smyrna King Theias and Queen Cenchreis have a beautiful daughter Smyrna Cenchreis boasts that Smyrna is more beautiful than Aphrodite herself Aphrodite punishes Cenchreis by cursing the innocent Smyrna Smyrna rejects all potential husbands Reveals her secret to her old servant Hippolyte Smyrna has a terrible passion for her father Hippolyte s fateful plan Hippolyte tells Theias that an aristocrat s daughter wants to sleep with him in secret Theias fine with me After many encounters he realizes the woman is pregnant Hides a light to find out her identity amp both are filled with shame and humility Theias is then filled with rage Smyrna prays to Zeus for deliverance The Smyrna tree Zeus changes her into a tree calls it smyrna myrrh Tree weeps resin Theias kills himself Her baby will live amp is cut out of the tree Their son Adonis Aphrodite and Adonis Hunter Adonis beloved by Aphrodite Dies young killed by a wild boar Wednesday September 16 2015 Bleeds out and dies Sent by a jealous Ares who was filled with jealousy The rose and the anemone Etiological myths Adonis blood rose Aphrodite s tears anemone Plato on the origin of love Plato 4th century BC Athenian philosopher Wrote dialogues featuring his teacher Socrates The Symposium dialogue about a drinking party men only with escorts What is love where does it come from it s power it s nature Philosophical question about love Aristophanes myth the origin of love p 373375 Originally three kinds of human beings Male female amp both Double and completely round 2 faces 2 sets of arms 2 sets of legs round body Female on both sides male on both sides female on onemale on one They attack the gods Zeus what to do If we wipe them out we will not get sacrifices Zeus splits us in two Apollo turns heads and limbs around to face the wound pulls the skin tight belly button and smooths things out Twice as many to give sacrifices to give to the gods The people kept dying off because they aren t reproducing Wednesday September 16 2015 Genitals were on their backs Finally moves genitals to the front and then they could reproduce Everyone is looking for their missing other half Men who were split from men gay Women who were split from women lesbian Womenmen who were split from menwomen Each of us desires reunion with original matching half


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