3/7-3/11 History 104
Popular in American Civilization Since 1865
Popular in History
This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Taylor Curtis on Sunday March 13, 2016. The Bundle belongs to History 104 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Kari Frederickson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see American Civilization Since 1865 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 03/13/16
3/2/16 Woodrow Wilson’s Progressive Vision for the World I. Fourteen Points speech Jan 1918, and the League of Nations Articulates his vision for the post-war world Wants all nations of the world to be self determining choses their own government Protection of neutrals No secret treaties everyone needs to know what is going on We need a new way of solving international conflicts wants to create league of nations, there would be a security council to decide if arm conflict would be a good idea if unresolvable for the league of nations Institutions could figure out problems MISTAKES The 1918 off season election Wilson strove to get democratic victors in office made the war to seem like a democratic party issue i. Wanted them to return democrats to congress Doesn’t build a coalition i. Believes that only he can get the best treaty out of this conference ii. Very arrogant when going into the treaty process with France brings no powerful republicans Moral mission II. The Paris Peace Treaty, 1919; A Progressive document for a postwar world Must sign a peace treaty once there is a end to the war Peace conference was in 1918 Wilson was welcomed as a hero in France He underestimates his British and French counterparts, they wanted revenge and Wilson did not Give Germany a 56 billion war debt to keep them from building up their army League of nations becomes part of the peace treaty United states doesn’t really officially sign and accept the peace treaty III. The fight with the Senate Article X Henry Cabot Lodge and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee i. He is going to have to approve the peace treaty that Wilson is bringing back ii. Lodge and Wilson hate each other IV. The end of Progressivism Postwar Blacklash and the Reactionary 1920s I. Economic reconversion Not great that the war is over because there were no more war contracts In a clinch because the fighting ended so soon, men are now coming back home and want their jobs back from the women, immigrants, and African Americans that took over those jobs Inflation II. Labor unrest 1919, 1920 worried about their job security, wages cut, being laid off. Didn’t want their benefits taken away so many go on strike fear that we may be in a revolutionary situation security of country is at stake there were some acts of terrorism III. “Red Scare” why is there a fear of radical menace? i. People were receiving bombs/explosives in the mail, it wasn’t common for bombs to go off ii. Radical’s were being hunted iii. Raided many places Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer and the Palmer i. Gets a package and it blows off his maids hands Immigration restriction o National Origins Act of 1924 Designed to cut back the amount of foreigners allowed into America each year 164,000 a year try to control who gets to come no Japanese no Chinese 2% of people allowed in 1890 were allowed to come over o Want to restrict immigration Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti o Italian immigrants o Arrested for murder shows a lot of what people fear in 1920 Convicted because they were deemed dangerous Died in electric chair o Sacco security guard, shoe cutter, involved in labor union o Vanzetti fish peddler o Both were anarchists political radicals IV. Prohibition One of the last reforms of progressive era Weren’t arrested if caught drinking, but arrested if you were selling/transporting Why did people support it? i. Fall under a social concern ii. Fear of immigrants Role of World War I i. Finally makes this happen because people want the best use of their resources and using grain to make alcohol wasn’t the beset ii. Didn’t want service men drinking purity Eighteenth Amendment ratified 1919, goes into effect Jan 1920 Problems of enforcement i. Failed because it was easy to get alcohol and hard to reinforce the act ii. Cuba iii. Corruption and making money iv. Enforcement agents were paid poorly and would take bribes v. Punishment wasn’t bad if you got caught vi. People made their own V. Rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan Reorganized in 1915 by William joseph Simmons thought it could be a social group Decided to climb to the top of stone mountain Georgia that has a carving of the confederate general Between 1915-1920 it stayed relatively small and the justice department gave approval Why did it prosper? i. Was given the idea that would should expand to a larger agenda because it targets more than just black people in the south 3/7/16 Era of 1920s VI. Election of 1920 Warren G. Harding (republican) Not a man of ideas He looked like a president Wins by a landslide VII. Presidencies of Harding and Calvin Coolidge Anti-wilsons Believed government should Wants business to run efficiently Business taxes cut, tariffs should be high VIII. Was this an era of prosperity? How accurate is that characterization? Economy grew enormously Some things started to decline during the end of the decade Unemployment was low IX. Who/what was responsible for prosperity in the 1920s? What were the consequences Pro-business republican policies i. Andrew Mellon, secretary of the treasury 1. Was in charge of financial policies of the country, always balance your budget, dotn go into debt, cut taxes for the wealthy because they will bring everyone up, cut taxes on business 2. He is write for about 7 years ii. Revenue act of 1926 1. Andrew Mellon authors it cuts tax on the wealthiest Americans in hopes that they would reinvest the money and end up speculating in the stock market Technology Improved marketing and advertising
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