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Week 1 & 2 Notes

by: Ashley Alexander

Week 1 & 2 Notes Grmn 101-03

Ashley Alexander

GPA 3.7
Elementary German 1

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About this Document

These are notes from class during weeks 1 & 2! Hope my explanations are helpful!
Elementary German 1
75 ?




Popular in Elementary German 1

Popular in German

This 11 page Bundle was uploaded by Ashley Alexander on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Bundle belongs to Grmn 101-03 at University of Montana taught by in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Elementary German 1 in German at University of Montana.


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Date Created: 09/19/15
German 101 Aug 31 2015 Pronouns Singular Plural Ich I Wir We Du Sie You InformalFormal Ihr Sie You all InformalFormal Er Sie Es He She It Sie They Ich heiBe I am called a way to introduce yourself Woher kommst du where do you come from Ich komme aus I come from Sept 1 2015 m Nominative 9 subject Genitive 9 possessive Dative 9 indirect object Accusative 9 direct object each case is specified in the German language by a specific suffix system Example Peter gives the cake to Susan Peter is the subject so the case of words associated With him are in the Nominative case The cake is the direct object so it is the Accusative case Susan is the Indirect Object so words associated With her are in the Dative case English is a fixed language because we do not specify cases so in order for a sentence to maintain its intended meaning words must be in a specific order German is more exible you can put the indirect object can go in front of the direct object and the sentence Will still make sense Without adding additional words Sept 2 2015 Articles Singular Plural Der Masculine Die Die Feminine Das Neutral There is no logic behind assigning a word a gender it is something that must be memorized Often words ending in er are masculine and words ending in in are feminine but not always There is no suffix in German to determine between adjectives and adverbs Verbs Sein to be irregular Ich bin Wir sind Du bist Ihr seid Er Sie Es ist Sie sind Kommen to come Ich komme Wir kommen Du kommst Ihr kommt Er Sie Es kommt Sie kommen Sept 3 2015 Article Review Der Mond mouth Die Sonne sun Das Meer lake In German you capitalize all nouns Pronoun Review Ich I Wier we Du you Sie formal you Ihr You all Er He Sie forma1 you Sie She Sie They Es It Sept 4 2015 m gehen to go gehen 9 infinitive form or base form Ich gehe Wier gehen Du gehst Ihr geht Er Sie Es geht Sie gehen geh 9 stern Wie gehts du how are you Ausgezeichnet perfect Sehr gut very good Gut good Prima good So la la okay Nicht besonders gut not very good Sehr Schlecht awful Na Wie geht s and how are you Sept 9 2015 Alphabet amp Pronunciation a ah n enn a aumlaut sharpa b beh o oh 6 oh umlaut sharp o c tseh p peh ii uh umlaut long u d deh q kuh 3 ess tsett sharfesess sharp s e eh r err f eff s ess g geh t teh h hah u uh i ih like e V fau j jotje W weh like V k kah X iks l ell y upsilon m emm z tsett Verbs Stehen to stand Ich stehe Wie stehen Du stehst Ihr steht Er Sie Es Steht Sie Stehen Sept 10 2015 Numbers 1 eins 6 sechs 11 elf 2 zwei 7 seiben 12 zwolf 3 drei 8 acht 4 Vier 9 neun 20 zwanzig 5 funf 10 zehn 30 dreiBig No spaces in large numbers Guten Tag good day GriiB dich greetings Morgen morning Nacht night Alf Wiedersehen good bye formal 4 German speaking countries Germany Deutschland Switzerland Schwiez Austria quotsterreich 100 einhundert 105 einhundertundfunf 13 dreizehn 21 zweiundzwanzig Liechtenstein Sept 112015 Personal Description Vorname first name St pronounced scht GroBe height Nachname last name Stern star Geburtstag Birthday Teich pond Staatsangehorigkeit nationality Augen eyes Woher liebst du Where do you live Farbe color nett nice arbeite to work freundlich friendly geborgen born faul lazy Gebortsort birthplace Gesundheit bless you Horschullehrer professor Aus from Wohnen to live Aber but German 101 Sept 14 2015 Pronunciation Aussprache English is a stresstimed language German is a syllabletimed language Example English hypothesis the po syllable is stressed the other syllables are squeezed around the important syllable German hypothese All syllables are given equal stress No squeezing Other things to remember Ch at the beginning of a word K sound Double consonant short vowel Drop the h sound after a vowel Sp schp sound St Scht sound at the begining of a word When an adjective describes a woman always add the in feminine suffix Sept 15 2015 Verbs Arbeiten 9 to work Wohnen 9 to live Studieren 9 to study Machen 9 to make Splielen 9 to play Conjugations Arbeiten Ich arbeite Du arbeitest Er Sie Es arbeitet Wohnen Ich wohnen Du wohnst Er Sie Es wohnet m Ich studiere Du studierst Er Sie Es studiert Machen Ich mache Du machst Er Sie Es macht gm Ich spiele Du spielst Er Sie Es spielt Wir arbeiten Ihr arbeit Sie arbeiten Wir wohnen Ihr wohnt Sie wohnen Wir studieren Ihr studiert Sie studieren Wir machen Ihr macht Sie Machen Wir spielen Ihr spielt Sie spielen Sept 16 2015 Was ist ir Beruf What is your job Was arbiete und sie What work do you do How to apologize Sorry very informal Es tut uns leid more formal and weighted Entschuldigung very formal Sept 17 2015 How to say you enjoy an activity macht SpaB is fun Ich gerne I enjoy Ich Pferd fahre gerne I enjoy riding horses Study Guide for Kapitel 1 Test Q Wie geht s dir 9 Use dir because it is third case dative Don t use du in this case A Gut und dir Know numbers Numbers 1 eins 6 sechs 11 elf 100 einhundert 2 zwei 7 seiben 12 zwolf 105 einhundertundfiinf 3 drei 8 acht 13 dreizehn 21 zweiundzwanzig 4 Vier 9 neun 20 zwanzig 5 funf 10 zehn 30 dreiBig No spaces in large numbers Drop the s when joining eins and another number to say 21 say einundzwanzig Especially know that dreiBig is not spelled dreizig Know how to pronounce special letters A short a sound close to apple 0 long 0 sound close to look if you hold the oos U similar to short ew sound 3 short sharp s sound slightly softer than a z sound ie eeehh sound ei eye sound Always remember follow correct capitalization and punctuation rules All same as English except capitalizing all nouns Know descriptive adjectives Most are very similar to English some are not such as FleiBig hard working Ernst serious Langweilig boring Lusti g cheerful Ruhig quiet Faul lazy Nett nice Remember patterns in verb conjugation Sing111ar m Ich I e Wir We en Du you st Ihr you all t Sie formal you en Sie formal you en Er Sie Es he she it t Sie they en Articles Der masculine Die feminine Das neutral


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