Sociology Notes Sociology 100
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93014 Notes Note read ch 23 24 COS Intro 12 Assignment 2 due 1024 Midterm 117119 Urban soc urban changegrowth and 11 1521 23 2529 COS You know vou re from when Urbanization size density heterogeneity Looking at where you re from So like for example STL The culture tells us about a city or where you come from Now let s blend dating with the city I Hitch the movie It s how what you are looking for translates into a relationship with you There are a couple things here While there are millions of people it s difficult because of how much you are strangers with them In a city people are willing to pay for help to date As we become busier and when we use technology those jobs have been out sourced So how do we get together with so much stuff in our way One of the things is all the traveling around People are in all these different spaces In the city you find our most developed stratification wealthiest and poorest With this urban life light there s con ict You need to be smooth and have game bc it s a competitive world So dating in the city is diff then dating in a small town This comparing is at the heart of the history of sociology Recall the first study was the University of Chicago Urbanization the changes resulting from people moving into cities and other densely pop areas Over 50 of Americans lived in cities until the mid 90s Now most live in the suburbs It s a shift of jobs There is size density and heterogeneity The cities aren t just a physical space It s a changing social and physical organism An equilibrium and disequilibrium Society with a big S changed From farming to industrial From small to big town From natives to immigrants From familiar to strange gemeinshaft Gesellshaft One of mv favs Louis Wirth urbanism as a way of life 1938 Talked about a social structure police etc stratification separation ethnically racially etc and power interests that are served A city is a relatively large dense and permanent settlement of heterogeneous individuals Size large numbers account for individual variability the relative absence of intimate personal acquaintanceship the segmentalization of human relations which are largely anonymous superficial and transitory and associated characteristics Density involves diversification and specialization the coincidence of close physical contact and distant social relations glaring contrasts a complex pattern of segregation the predominance of formal social control and accentuated friction among other phenomenas Heterogeneity tends to break down rigid social structures and produce increased mobility instability and insecurity and the affiliation of the indiv w a variety of intersecting and tangential social groups with a high rate of membership turnover Although there are diff groups and status positions we find somewhere we fit in finding our place in this stratified area The Good Employment opportunities Culture Diversity Energy pace and fun The Bad Deviancecrime Stratification homelessness or the rich Segregation Sprawled outsocial isolation The Ugly Inequality racial educational and neighborhoods 10214Notes Urban Sociology Studying the cities in the USA is diff then abroad meaning there s a need to do it everywhere Cities have diff cultures depending on where they sit in the global economic hierarchy At the University of Chicago in 1914 people came from small western towns and are mesmerized by the huge city In the department of sociology and anthropology Robert Park laid out the agenda for the school and opened it up with the notion that a city isn39t simply a space They need to understand how the city has impacted social life City vs Rural quotThe city is not merely a physical mechanism and an arti cial constructionquot If we take a look back at the de nition of size we see that there can be some troubles like fear or segregation When you put people into groups we talk about it as a heuristic we make short cuts when reading people We don39t trust immediately Are you safe For example NY people are known for being mean unlike the western parts Now we look at density Con ict and competition Example would be those who sit at a table for more than one and you going to go sit next to them without asking We are territorial This has to do with informal social control You want social control by boundaries that are policed As for heterogeneity we have a need to break down how people make it We try to move around through the diversity Part of this has to do with pay We want more money etc We have haters If we were all the same we wouldn39t need to compete But this competition shows who has more and who has less This creates the turnover Overall we wanna look at what these things can lead to in social outcomes So what39s our hometown like Landmarks Boundanes Points of interest tourist attractions Freewaysstreetstransportation Without thinking about it we have a visual picture that maps our hometown Think about the community footprint 0 How often do you help others in need How often do you wave to neighbors Name 2 of your neighbors Do you see neighbors when you shop How often do you pass on good news to neighbors Imagining Connects you to your city As time goes on your map gets more detailed and bigger The city exists in our imagination the size density heterogeneity the feel the people landmarks etc all based on your experiences Finding a Home Who s your realtor What kind of home are you looing for Condo Single dwelling How do you purchase a home Taxes Paystubs Credit Herbert Gans39 Compositional theorv Looked at how the city operated culturally Density and heterogeneity and inequality lead to ethnic enclaves so people can stay themselves In Chicago there was an area polish folks lived and spoke polish Instead of becoming American they just made it Poland There39s group competition to help one another Also strati cation about haves and have not s39 Ultimately tells us how con ict operates Claud Fisher talks about a subculture theory Says worth is a determinist saying that if you have this cause it will lead to this affect People don39t have their own individual thought but an environment will shape outcomes We are cultural dopes Says Gans is a compositionalist believes that the urban environment was made growth When you go to the big city you can nd others like you bc of sub cultures It can be a place to strengthen you There are two points the city has culture peculiarities and affects how people see themselves connect and go about The city is a place that has more than the physical buildings It is constantly changing These things generally intersect 10714Notes The city The city was rst studied in an ecological way Robert Burgess created a circle People would start of in the rst zone middle of the circle and with more mobility this expanded settling outside of the center on out This process is what we have categorized as the natural process of immigration People believe that it is safer because it is less dense as the size decreases outside of the center You lessen heterogeneity This then creates less con ict In order to get in and out of the loop you need mass transportation which requires money So going back this is about industrialization When we move to factories and assembly lines you lose the connection with your work product There are only temporary work relations This has to do with the Wirthian Theory Says how size density and heterogeneity leads to bad things Gans39 major point says that there is not one style of urbanization Based on composition it may lead to ethnic enclave group competition strati cation and con ict Park s contact modelracerelations cycle contact competition accommodation and assimilation This is the immigrant story The process of urban social integration is natural People initially t with ethnicracial groups but w mobility gradually become less quotethnicquot or quotracialquot Recall the movie My Big Fat Greek Wedding The main character was becoming more American We come here as something but come out of this Some people say this doesn39t work It depends on where you are going or are from So like at the university we won t answer quotAmericanquot Every place has their own unique identity but saying you are quotAmericanquot throws you into a huge pot Can everyone assimilate And How Ethnicity is a social creation tied to national origins How does race impact one s ability to assimilate While we often say that blood is thicker than water when we look at our history of race relations this isn39t true Ex the story Passing Ethnography qualitative and the systematic study of culture Urban ones go into the city and nd unique groups and try and understand how they meet the demands of life Grouos in our countrv Part of size density and heterogeneity comes group formation Gender is a natural means of distinguishing one group from another With groups what it leads to is a question of power Strati ed for whom Becoming a part of a group is becoming a part of something exclusive It must be distinguishable The increasing strati cation is what was found in urbanization With a great increase there are multi backgrounds Now there are all of these strangers and competition forms So strati cation increases With this we see power ability to in uence others and resist the in uence of others If someone can resist your power that can be seen as the ultimate form of power For example the recession group Mill39s model 1956 talks about the power in the hands of groups There39s a pyramid Domhoff s Model 2006 talks about the networks of organizations Interest groups work on the behalf of large corporations to in uence policy and legislation to favor their interest It s a Venn diagram with social upper class corporate community and policy formation organizations 10914notes Why study inequality race and ethnicity Life Chances The whole reason for studying this is bc with an increase in urbanization we split ourselves into groups This impacts our life chances It has to do with historical circumstances If you are a female your chances are impacted bc your master status is a female and society will treat you differently There are wage education arrest and life differences The minute something draws our attention we realize that it has deviated from the norm Our ability to be treated the same is unequal Urban Transition Creation of the ghetto a transition and crisis and then gentri cationgrowthredevelopment What we have seen more recently since the 19505 we see how it has changed The ghetto was an employment sector attracts people of different racesethnicities and classes who compete for work and mobility We must understand that there were laws about who could own property The game is not even homestead act only whites could own a home The urban transition is about how people moved in and out of the city There is con ict and competition Post W our nation became more multinational Those who had money left the cities Those in the cities were poor and had to stay What39s the golden rule in investing Buy low and sell high With the transition and the city getting worse and worse the property is going down and making it a prime target for investment When it hits rock bottom businesses are lured back in bc of a promise of little to no taxes Subsidized Now these areas need to be cleaned up This leads to gentri cation and redevelopment You let the city hit rock bottom but you go in and create a new city There are three perspectives 1 Class social position marx 2 Racial dubois 3 Cultural sharedlearned behavior glazerMoynihan Cultural poverty Poor folks are poor bc the act poor and do the things poor people do and therefore remain poor We discount those and focus on one behavior This has to do with monopoly Todav39s tooics William Julius Wilson when we look at inequality we need to look at the truly disadvantaged group urban hyperconcentration and social isolation They are the most affected group They live only with other folks that are poor so when you need a job you need someone to be of higher status to help but these people don39t have that Who you live with shape your opportunities in life Bourdieu social and cultural capital effects The French social theorist describes social reproduction He says that through the process of socialization class is reproduced In class you have forms of capital socialcultural Note there s also nancial Social has to do with networks and cultural has to do with information If you are from a particular class you are taught by your parents about your background You are also taught how to make it based upon your class standards This has to do with money With social reproduction capital reproduces economic class and inequality There39s a naturalness habitus of what you learn through class socialization affects perspective and construction of reality Often what goes on is we operate in spaces homogeneity Class starts to t into this We will take notice of when we are different than others 101414Notes Ferguson Why was Michael Brown shot running away from the car This underscores the main thesis of COS It breaks down into several parts we have police meaning we have an expectation for crime and danger in our society Once we get to inequality with heterogeneity we have have and have not39s This creates competition which is psychological When you put these things together in this Wirthian Theory we see that without heterogeneity we had small communities Wirth says that the breakdown of social structures competition and creation of diverse and even deviant social groups occurs Gans says it leads to communities ethnic subcultural etc Fischer says it leads to opportunities for islands and blending and segregation Societies began in the need to come together and defend against others With this we need a military We need protection We live in a society that underneath lies a presumption of inequality and a need to protect certain interests Disorganization theory Deviance is attributed to absence or breakdown of communal relationships and social institutions There is an quotusquot and a quottheyquot We get quotblaming the victimquot It can explain the sociological mind We can understand arrest rates drop outs violence and drugs There is a differential race when it comes to arresting someone and with this we expect certain policing Some will look more like criminals than others This is what gets to the previous question Tells us about society inequality competition and the different groups of people who are marginalized Being a part of that group you get treated differently Black men in the streets chapter in COS If you don39t have a strong tax basis becomes the incomes are low it will be harder to have enough resources to cover a group of folks So some cities won39t have school buses and they have to take public transportation Makin39 lt Plain Structural changes have to do with the declining wages a jobs as well as people individually There is an economic dislocation econ shift goods producing to service providing BA to MA as basic reqs for white collar work movement from cities to suburbs Social and psychological impacts This is a MACRO thing A middle class exodus says that greater mobility opps for a segment of an ethnic group happens It becomes a place that is more segregated by class and race Our notion of deviance is the behavior that violates the standards of conduct or expectations of a group or society Study began in the 19205 on the poor ethnic groups Going away from the norms which may or may not be formalized law Has to do with a particular society at a particular time Note that income is your salary Wealth is what you own There39s a single basis of wealth that39s been the foundation of our country inheritance If you can purchase land and property you can build a home that can be passed down We have to have assets Income is nice but it won39t get you other people39s money loans Low credit This is the backdrop With companies leaving you get a truly disadvantaged people stuck in inner cities Kids then have to walk by blood COS says that when civil justice is weak then social justice is strong An eye for an eye Anderson says that you can t trust institutional representatives Civil justice is police and attorneys that make up our justice system When we do not trust them we take matters into our own hands This behavior is then seen as deviant Fear of Violent Crime Behavior is the result of one s socialization and structural constraints and opps available at the time Decisionmaking and salience We are conditioned to be afraid You are more likely to die from something mundane and boring like age or stress Actual violent crime has decreased but we do not believe this Fear comes about bc of stories we hear There is the notion of strangerdanger when children are being socialized Labeling deviance has to do with the dread suspicion of those who look behave or speak differently from yourself These ultimately make the world seem unfamiliar and dangerous As police it can be tough when you39re not in interaction with those outside of your community There is a construction of reality that we take for granted It isn39t grounded in factual numbers but rather perceptions Watching tv adds to this culture of fear Mass incarceration Why should we care about the criminal justice system We do not look at all the consequences How does this operate on the ground level It involves a loose confederation of all the agencies and programs designed to address the problem of crime Three sectors include the police courts and corrections 103 014notes Tea39s Lecture Life After Prison US Incarceration About 60 of incarcerated persons are people of color making 40 black 22 Hispanic and 33 white More than 50 of Federal prisoners and about 17 of State prisoners are incarcerated for drug offense most are lower level Reentry a broad term that refers to the issues related to the transition of exoffenders from incarceration to community 600000 people return to communities each year but is probably an underestimation Most return to their same environments There is a disenfranchisement not allowing them to vote They also have a hard time to nd employment and do not receive much nancial aid if any Housing discrimination occurs creating homelessness Prisonization an inmate39s assimilationacceptance of prison norms values and behaviors In prison they have to try and nd a groupgang to get through their time there Tea wants to know how they in uence their experience of reentry She asked 11 black males ages 2243 from northern Cali A lot of them experienced anxiety as they came home quotwalking on egg shellsquot Ex Brian and Jay Other concepts had to deal with reestablishment of oneself worthlessness and spirituality People said that they wanted education and the experience social of being able to go to school Others wanted basic training like building a resume Dr Brooks RehabH a on This is a process Those active pushing for social justice are concerned about this reentry You can39t just have rehabilitation in the prison but you need it outside As we become harsher in punishment we have moved away from this and the stigma leaves little opportunity for folks Race at Work The stigma of race even supersedes criminal record Race and ethnicitv on TV When you look back on television you can see how it s changed over time Asians in movies gender race and class stereotypes of Asian Americans in the media especially those depicted in popular movies give the impression of what they really are like to other Americans and well as Asian Americans themselves Because Asians make a small percentage of our population you are less likely to know how exaggerated these stereotypes are Asian women and white men are coupled She s a china doll or dragon lady The males are evil not street smart undesirable as a partner and yellow Uncle Tom Ex Jeremy Lin de es these stereotypes Race is a social construction It39s man made and started around WWII During the politics we cast Asians in particular alike and we saw them as suspicious 101614notes Life Chances When we study differences in race and ethnicity we see how groups in the city are impacted differently from different events We study diff bc it tells us human processes of dividing inclusion vs exclusion and their consequences This happens when we talk about gaps in educ wealth health media etc Marx talks about this inequality and difference It39s been a problem before when there was feudalism in the middle ages The beginnings were when we were split into males and females This has to do with how it impacts our interaction The diff don39t have to occur in the way that we make them like male and female It could have been by height for ex He talks about bourgeoisie which is like the middle class The other group he talks about is proletariat is the working class Marx makes a distinction between the owners and the workers when talking about means of production This creates the concern that the working class is exploited and will become slaves to the middle class The working class has the greatest numbers Ideology and consciousness is brought up The ideology covers the whole system by keeping the proletariat in check Marx is pushing for power to go to the masses and are operating under a false consciousness of hope by continuing to work Yet this is really the beginning of a class structure Weber is who we talk about when we talk about ideology He sees how we39ve always had capitalism but there s something diff in 18005 So he studies the protestant ethic Lutheran and Calvinism reform to see how it supports the notion of making money When looking at this religious doctrine he sees duty and calling Pro t making rather than being sustainable goes along with an increase in Christian faith and theory and doctrine This faith is an ideology that supports capitalism We applaud those who make money bc it ts in the Christian faith of being called to do this The study of culture is seen through this Our country was founded on this and it has to have some ideological force underneath it to keep us moving through life We have other duties like noblesse oblige obligation of the nobility They should give back to the poor So this culture is supporting differences A moral justi cation comes out of Weber39s analysis and it39s justi ed Durkheim gets at the idea of life chances He coins this concept He looks at social class in terms of the groups you are a part of This gets us closer to cultural capital You can nd patterns on how groups impact your daily life to be motivated and your life will be diff These groups are not equal in terms of experiences and life chances So recalling Michael Brown is the notion of stigma This can be positive and negative It s about identity personal and social We are managing this identity You may have an identity you don39t want others to know What we see bw the police of cers is the neg stigma Why is race a dif cult topic There are old wounds from history In 16002014 we are talking about 400 years The emancipation proclamation didn39t happen till the 1863 In 1608 there was Jamestown and in 1609 the rst 20 slaves from Africa are brought 1964 was the civil rights act ending in 1954 with Brown vs Board of Education 90 of our history is seen through this making the topic of race very important We also see this with gender equality Levels of lnedualitv Social situational and personal We complaint about these levels and treat them the same This discounts all of the history we have been through Not only should we take count of the history but the processes of this continuing on Social is structuralbroad discrimination through diff experiences across class Situational has to do with mistreatment like calling someone an idiot but it would be seen as diff if you call a female one Personal deals with interpersonaldisrespect Inequality becomes more personal and less based upon social grouping This impact also decrease greatly as you move down levels The urban crisis if you recall deals with the lack of resources when people left the cities creating inner cities with poor people Time is lllmatic Urban migration to the north Following jobs is a common thing and he goes to Europe to nd work This means his family moves to a housing project and their lives are downgraded There is a reality of history and what happens with his family that impacts them This has to do with decent vs street and Nas grew up in a decent family No money no education If tax payers don39t have money there s little tax base With a poor tax base there s no money for education and then you get that phrase no money no education This is how you get some public schools better than some private schools but overall the public school system is corrupt The bourgeoisie has played themselves out The number one concern of parents for the public school system is their child39s safety It s about advanced socialization for better school but violence for other schools There is all this stress and strain If you are unemployed as an adult you burden your family Through this you see all of this segregation play out even in today39s society The class structure creates a segregated school The father knows this was a non caring environment and that it39ll destroy his kids emotionally because of this enduring classism and racism Struggling impacts you mentally notjust economically 102 114notes Nas39 Time is lllmatic His story is a typical inner city story Drug use and alcohol use go up based upon stress So it doesn39t just happen in inner cities but other places as well There is a disregard for life and us and a quotthemquot The police is a quotthemquot Then you have different people from gangs We create a value system within our communities or groups There is a togetherness creating the quotusquot and quotwequot The creation of perceptions give you power For example going to college We have a goal in mind once we graduate This has to do with the American Ethos But know that everyone has diff baggage to carry and get to their goals Nas had a NY way of mind He lived through a grimy life but he still found hope When you listen again and again you here the griminess but underneath it there is always that hope Rap songs heavily use the quotI amquot statement It39s a selfproclamation Violence sex and drugs have gripped our culture and started to de ne American culture Hiphop re ects this Nikki Jones writes Between Good and Ghetto The fasted incarscinated group are young black women People didn39t believe women could be cruel or bad That39s why when we punish women they get a different sentence but then if they actually do something awful we throw the book at them Immediately we judge them as crazy There is an interpersonal con ict Identity like saying quotI39m a ghterquot Young men identify themselves as this while they are in a certain environment Some have grown up in a family of ghters which is their pedigree Fair ghting one on one We make sure that it is fair and it can be a simple con ict resolution and is supervised Situational avoidance has to do with the young women scared or don39t want to ght Living in the culture of violence jones says this is some of their strategies She also high lights power differences We see parental power as well as domestic violence What people have at their disposal is this balancing power Domestic Violence There is a process You get hit by your partner Do you report this So if you make the call do you then press charges This then sets into motion a whole other thing Without pressing charges you may not be able to rely on the police in the future bc it39s like quotcrying wolfquot Dr Jones says there are cultural con icts Based on consequencesrelationship when you call the police and press charges you are seen as snitching There39s a cultural aspect to this and it would be betraying your community This is proof of the code When people call the police they are put in jeopardy bc maybe they have a past from high school or even middle school Dr jones also says when the police are called even if you press the charges CPS may be called and your children can be taken away So you risk losing your kids by protecting yourself Yet say this is a middle class white environment Will the white middle class woman call the police There is a community role here You are an individual and you don39t want all the attention pointed on you so there is a snitching aspect but you39re more worried about just your family The system advantages certain groups based upon context The victim is blamed and said to be sel sh In many ways we see the power operated culture 1 1414 Notes What has been the major point of studying urban sociologywork We moved through dating where we talked about socialization There was a nature vs nurture where we come in here open to learning It starts at the home and then grows outside of that We become something and our identity develops Cooley said the more interaction we have the more we learn about our social identity who we are to others This makes us human Sociology is all about this becoming through understanding grounded in our interactions and encounters with other social institutions through regular patterns WorkCareer Stages There is hiring compensation and mobility Mobility has a vertical horizontal transitioning working with peers and evaluation stages After mobility there is exiting We have been looking at heterogeneity diversity and size and what the impact is Gans and Writh show is counter points When we move into work the idea starts at the sense of slavery and agriculture What we typically do when we talk about the 19005 is ground our economic foundation to the city factories immigrants etc The economy has to do with job changes and when those left the city that is suburbanization Vertical mobility job and job changes Linked to heterogeneity Looking for more ways to be upwardly mobile Social mobility is the movement It s about the change in your life because it impacts your everyday life There is an upward or downward movement promotion or demotion Stigma and criminal record has a race coded channeling which directly applies to mobility This is an instant form of upwarddownward mobility Horizontal movement jobs you take that are equivalent of another job you already have They don39t change the amount of money you have but may change in title and can be a symbolic kind of thing You may look different than others around you but you really are not Feminist Persbective adding power They want women to have more rights As this has grown it39s become much more nuance and the study of gender has become broader When we talk bout this perspective we aren39t saying women aren39t treated fairly but rather the notion that men and women should be treated equally The term equality is where people vary equality of opportunity given a shot equality of outcome given the same pay It has become a lot more about equality of outcome bc just opportunity doesn39t eliminate the probability of equality The understanding is generally not malicious and not what we thought them to be We become more concerned about the qualitative differences eddie murphy People are treated differently in certain spaces Granovetter talks about getting a job The best way to get a job through secondary networks It is the weak ties You are primarily bonded with people in your household but that is a limited network If you can39t nd a job the likeliness of them helping you nd a job is not great But when you increase the network that will help Kmec talks about gender and racial composition Her research focuses on equality of outcome and she found that when people work in women39s job they get lesser pay as well as a women work group The channeling piece operates when early on the criteria they label is skewed Sexual harassment Occurs when submission to or rejection of sexual advancement is a term of employment is used as a basis for making employment decisions or if the advances create hostile or offensive work environment Sexual advances were labeled when they were perpetrated by a person who exploited power of a different race or sexual orientation The Weberian perspective has to do with the ability to in uence and resist other39s in uence It all falls into the realms of hegemonic norms and there39s hierarchies Blumer Sense of group position There are distinct groups a sense of superiority inferiority and actions to maintain position This creates what is normal There is a distinction between racist ideas and differences in races There39s a gap in experiences of claim of harassment Women are nding themselves in increasingly higher forms of power and when they complain they nd there are differences There is compulsory heterosexuality It39s like when a women doesn39t like when a guy will say she39s beautiful but she is wearing something that invites those comments Who has the power to label what is normal and isn t Labeling is a process whereby those in power de ne behavior as deviant Men engage in this more often than women These are ways we do gender The kind of talk women and men do their jobs forms this This is that doing gender Behaviors are learned to cope in a particular situation This is an example of power and control Men are said to be the natural rulers and women are emotional It s all set up by ideas of how men and women are different Oppression silences It comes in a form of violence There is a sense of invisibility objecti cation ridicule and homophobia We want to know how they deal with domestic violence An organization Abercrombie and Fitch This institution has a formal authority with rules and guidelines We must look at the hiring practice They are looking for the quotAll American imagequot This is part of the job description 102 314notes Matt39s Lectures Sport and Public Fundino On Aug 1 2007 the Mississippi River Bridge collapsed and killed and hurt people One may believe that it s simply just a natural disaster but in 2004 engineers rated bridges and they said it was de cient So there were already alerting dangers The bridge didn t have the funding to get the structural components to keep it from collapsing Target Field was supposed to open the next day and was publicly funded like most stadiums and was 300000000 plus tax dollars You would think people would think about how dangers happened yet we still wanted to build a stadium and not x a bad bridge Recently the Vikings built a new stadium In New Orleans 2005 Hurricane Katrina happened In 1965 the engineers deemed the levies unstable but only 60 of the rebuilding got done by 2005 This was due to no federal funding They were also built inappropriately So after the disaster many people moved to the super dome publicly funded and then into the Astro Dome So we see public funds being moved to private funds After Katrina there rst thing that happened was the rebuilding of the Super Dome instead of the neighborhoods that were hit hard 185000000 So there are a lot of families who don39t have a house Another disaster was the Metro Train that went off of its tracks and ran into another train in 2009 They gured out that the tracks weren39t being inspected for any dangers and found seven more tracks that were 39sketchy The year before the Nationals Park in DC was built A bunch of taxes were put towards it and was 100 tax payer funded 61 of stadiums from 19092012 were publically funded There have been 186 stadiums from tax paying funded with 65 already demolished and 66 75 publically funded Football got the most funding 8 of Pro teams are publically funded The Packers are the only publically owned national sport team to this day If you look at their model you see they have share holders Urban Renewal There is a point where we switch from private to public This policy in 1949 wanted to move people back into the inner cities At the same time they were building middle income apt Gentri cation when property value goes down and people come in and rebuild and sell it for more It is the process by which higherincome people move in suf cient numbers to lower income communities renovate existing housing and transform the neighborhood to t their style of living patterns Hutter 250 There is a demand sidesupply side to why this happens Demand has to do with the yuppies and dinks moving into the neighborhoods Supply wise there s a rent gap theory saying there39s a value in the land that is much less than what it39s valued at So if you x something up you can sell it for more making your property value higher The rich whites move in bc when property values from surrounding housing increases your taxes go up based up the value 99 Problems but a dome ain39t one Gentri cation is supposed to quot xquot It s localpublically owned and nonpro t You can t move and so you generate a pro t But what39s stopping this Philly has a program that will freeze your taxes The reason NFL teams don39t do this is bc sports have pass laws saying you can39t publically own an institution Dr Brooks Age and Aging Why should we care about aging and the elderly What leads to increased life expectancy Right now we have the bene t of our elderly generation being the oldest With the baby boom that occurred WWIWWII there was a growth in the number of kids being born Over time people are also living longer People would start to hide our age and hide the gray hair America has an obsession with the youth Who de nes the age categories We look at our presidents and see what the quotright agequot is Ageism discrimination or prejudice against a person on the grounds of age For example if you hire someone younger they get paid less bc they have less experience With this there have been legislative changes Con ict theorist say that there are competing groups competing for these jobs With economic down turns we have lost money that we needed to take care of the elder folks meaning they are becoming a drag on our society Our perceptions of older people become skewed In 1936 there was the KC heatwave 113 degrees It was multiple days of this heat What matters is whether or not you are prepared and able to x this When you have these natural disasters we can39t really help things that occur but what we can x is how we go about xing it Do we have the recourses to help and if not why It is all about preparedness Eric Klineberg He studied the social environment at the time of the Chicago heatwave He pieced together why people die When you are older and your families don39t pay for an old folk home you are left on your own This then creates an isolation which creates suffering when disasters hit The poor black were even worse off They were already living in a bad condition But if they had positive social networks that could help them The communities addressed rst are the ones with the higher tax basis 111114 Sport Olympics and black men Sports are about national identity The Olympics represent national pride Sociologist can look at this with a critical eye it39s more than just a player there39s the process underneath Recall the idea of quotbecomingquot through socialization Many of us participated in sports when we were younger and now we need to think about how this happened We had to have our parents help us by having an idea of what sport we will play and then they signed us up These sports shape you as a person We devalue sport and there s an increase among academics to get rid of intercollegiate sports 30 of the Berkley faculty signed a petition to get rid of them but as we see there isn39t much of a change It starts with the notion of how sport impacts us as individuals How have our parents in uenced this How does this in uence our national identity We look particularly at this socialization Winning is Key Ex softball girls Ex babies 111814notes Sport is a fundamental part of our culture It s a community building socializing and learning life skills area We nd cracks in sports with involvement like badly behaved parents Not only does sport bring us together but it divides us as we stratify ourselves Strati cation What do we see It39s about making money As humans we only see part of the world and so then we take things for granted Note that there are patterns within this society For example when a player gets cut that player will be hurt Coaches create their own idea for what a good player is What you see on the oor as a coaching stand point is skewed ln media we have journalist whose perspective is skewed They sell stories and they make the audience believe in it and so it conforms to certain ideas Ex women39s tennis Sharapova and Azerenka grunting A feminist may feel like they are being attacked by society because no one is telling men not to grunt This highlights how we perceive women when it comes to sport Women occupy a position where they are said not to be real athletes and are just armatures Sports land There is a pro t that drives sport stories This includes a conventionalization There39s a paired down and selective view of the world It is something we can understand and is intelligent It comes in a particularnormal form These things like joy of victory agony of defeat teamwork and struggle are themes that we see in movies ldeologically driven themes gives hope to society There are 3 components the story gesture and compositional devices looking at what is inout of focus This is part of photo journalism Even journalist know it is skewed Media helps construct reality and none of it is actually what is really true These stories sell as a good vs evil story ex tiger woods Dr Harry Edwards says sport recapitulates power within itself the character structure and dynamics of human and institutional relationships win and bw societies and the ideological values and sentiments that rationalize and justify those relationships This is why we rank each other in sports The character structure and dynamics like our sexism racism and capitalism plays out in how we chose and rank people Then this leads to jokes about sexuality Sexism when we look at the female tennis players we see how men look at women Men say that there is a femininity that we are supposed to t into Women are not taken seriously There is a lack of female in leadership management and ownership when big money is involved For example there is Title IX that brought loss to female held coaching positions We really question this because if we look at Serena she may be the best female player but isn39t paid the most Tea39s lecture Media and Representation Mvths of the Black Male Representations of the aggressive black male throuoh black athletes Before the 19405 Blacks were not allowed to play sports with white men So there were separated racial leagues After WWII lots of people of color who fought were not receiving rights they fought for so they advocated for an integration of equality in sports After 1945605 teams were integrated and was a way for both races to play with each other As blacks began to rise in sport they began to purport the attainability of the American Dream They were held in higher esteem and a credit to their race Children all around began to see them as role models Along with this role model status blacks were overly scrutinized in the media So when they did something wrong their story would be blown up Stereotypes A x over generalized belief of a group or class of people Because we do this we think of things that aren39t particularly true This then creates a social categorization Historical stereotypes include bestial animalistic brute aggressive and violent Dominant images we get of black males in the media are on total opposite ends of a spectrum either super wealthy or successful or a gang member Although black athletes only make up a small percentage of the black population they are greatly represented through media Sport is a space of hyper surveillance There39s a covert racism These men are commoditized and criminalized through these stories With the most popular stories it will reinforce the public perception of other people Ex Richard Sherman who ranted after a game one day Immediately he was seen as a thug and just a negative person In the NFL nearly 70 black and in the NBA 80 So black males will be the majority of those reported behaving badly Recall incarceration In the newsroom about 89 of people reporting on these stories are white people This is problematic bc these white people will be prejudice in different ways Maybe it s conscious or unconscious This has to do with media in uences which will in uence society and how they see the world and serves as an important function of de ning race In conclusion black males must contend w this experience that anything they say or do can con rm toxic stereotypes about being black They must tread lightly Theorizing on how sport journalism operates Things need to make sense so that the photos pair down reality It39s about what happens as being a part of our society Recall the imitation image of King Kong 121 114Notes Guttman 0 Secularism 0 Equality 0 Specialization 0 Rationalization 0 Bureaucratization 0 Quantification spend all this time doing number stuff Analytics 0 Records Shropshire Four quadrants ownership management the athletes and the external parties vendors suppliers sponsors fans etc Owners make the decisions that will have impacts that ll lead us to things like thinking that black men are the best kind of bball players It was their decision The assimilation process was that we had a separate and unequal process for the basketball process Blacks played in a parallel world We have to look at the roles these quadrants play Sportsland and photojournalism conventionalization intelligible images and skewed perspective Media wouldn t operate the way it does today if we didn t have this stuff Sports industrial complex talks about a cartel that is monopolistic They are the owners of production who are usually white like the universities A hidden curriculum brings about the issue of private vs public owners and who profits or not One of the major leagues Dr Brooks writes about is as we talk about this sport and the collegiate arms race we see how segregated our country is we must see black athletes as different Their experience is very different There is a microbio process Title IX in 1972 shows an assimilation of the integration problem 1 12 014notes Causal relationship there is a cause and effect At this point we are looking at Tea39s lecture It39s not that there is not a systematic institutionalization it39s that you can39t just say because of this that means this 12914notes Matt Knudston Lecture39s The Sociology of Fantasy Sports Women39s basketball is the only nonfantasy sports in fact there are no women39s fantasy teams In 1960 a Harvard sociologist named William Gamson kinda made the rst one But 1976 created a Rotisserie baseball one and by 1999 there was the rst major online league The Marxist Theory quotfetishism of commoditiesquot This has to do with fandom Marx says that it39s about the economic labor market taking on a mind of its own Everything that is produced requires labor and there is a value to this But what happens is that there is an exchange value and we see something for like 2 instead of the production value This ties into this sport thing bc we talked about the play and spectacle of sports to the point people measure sport by statistics There are objective truths universal ideas economic systems and there s a uni ed system Postmodernism everything here becomes fragmented What you study becomes a sign about something else you are seeing It becomes more about symbols and those systems In this we only interact with the signs like the matrix So we see sport change from the modern to the postmodern It doesn39t even matter who wins but rather score and points Guilianotti says that fandom is in four categories supporter fan follower aneur On the chart going from left to right there are traditional fans to the consumer fans Up and down there are the hot fans and then the cool fans Dr Brooks Sports has changed greatly over time It started with the Ivy Leagues but now we don39t pay attention to that anymore There was a push for safety and regulation to stop the corruption with ringers coming in and that was the formation of the NCAA We don39t realize that this is a voluntary organization The NCAA is like a cartel but they are losing their power Lecture notes 9214 Da ng Nature psvcholoov vs Nurture socioloovl Coolev From the early 19005 Recall sociology was founded with the industrial revolution The earliest known theorist is Cowloon We have scripts already in our head which is psychology Sociologist believe we re born with a blank slate Without human interaction what39s the purpose and how do we learn So sociologist believe in nurture From social transmission through environment come all the stimulation and teaching which cause these tendencies to develop in a de nite form This further leads us to speak a particular language to develop one set of ideas or kind of ambition rather than another and to feel patriotism for America rather than England or ltaly Everything in the way a speci c function must be learned in this way no matter what ability we have As in we learn our ethnicity We learn how to speak our language Sociologists say there is no natural ability to make something No one is born to be a lawyer teacher poet or counterfeiter So it is our environment that helps in uence us going to college You nd out what you can do through college It39s not that ability is insigni cant it39s that it doesn39t tell the full story We are shown that we can take a particular path Unless we know about something we will not pursue them the movie Dave about a human body ship with aliens It looks like the captain and they wanna take resources They fall in love with the real human beings The point is that they rst had these negative views but then they learned to be humans themselves Societv and the Individual The self is viewed as a social construct We interact with other people over a life time This has to do with socialization process by which indiv internalize the values beliefs and norms of a given society Culture the things you need to know to get along All this starts in the womb The baby hears sounds like music their mom or their dad Forces include peers families work edu and media Ex Dr Brook39s daughter Primary socialization is the family This is where we learn communication symbols and meanings through our interaction Herbert Blumer talks about living in a world with symbols that we interact we through our culture We know what things are by how we act upon them So we know we write on a desk because we use it to write stuff A chair is a chair because we sit on it But in other societies it may not be used as the same things The chair and desk are symbols and become something based on how we use it and what we are told to use it for Infants copy people in order to nd out how to do something Anticipatory is where we poor into children ideas about the future What will you be when you get older Who will you marry It39s an anticipation Children play games that will highlight particular careers which then opens up a future idea George Herbert Mead says that it is an internal and mental process to become the self A constantly developing system of understanding and conversation Before one can speak language babies have heard thousands of conversations and they listen and absorb it It s a social not just individually rounded experience There are phases prepatory play roletaking taking a standpoint from who we seek a response game generalized other Me the l the generalized other The Me my thoughts The I How you see me The Generalized other what39s appropriate in society The expectations When we talk about dating there are at least two major points at which you are thinking about how someone will respond to you when you ask them out and when you go out It s about our awareness of others and using the info we have and how we proceed The looking glass self as to do with the imagination we perceive in another39s mind some thought of ourselves and are affected by it We are capable of stepping outside of ourselves Being selfconscious Social construction of Reality The world is constructed based upon taken for granted ideas of what is quotrealquot or natural So we grow up and just take things the way they are if they are correct Order and rules are taught to us via primary group and socialization tying your shoes We try and nd the quotcorrect wayquot Subjective reality deals with the consequences to one s construction of reality Our mind takes in things that will reinforce our beliefs Cognitive dissonance Individuals are logical and so this means scientists need to understand an indiv logic to understand behavior ACTIONS re ect beliefs values attitudes and logic We wanna understand a person39s subjective reality I someone yells there39s a huge maroon elephant coming down and pushes everyone out of the way even if there s isn39t one There are consequences In Code ofthe Street civil justices are weak and social justice is strong When I can39t depend on civil authority I have to rely upon myself and my peer group In many inner city communities the violence that we see is more instrumental A function of dealing with their daily life and meeting demands They feel fear Ferguson is a reminder of this The community doesn39t trust the police Social interaction is between individuals who are guided by their constructions and subjective realities Having to do with dating and misconception and communication Are they always intentional No But there are grey areas Like people believe 39cheating39 means different things Social constructions are the point we have laid a foundation of our roles in life So then more complicated issues like race and ethnicity come into play We start to believe other things are better than ourselves We take in our environment There are people that look different and we create what is pretty and not Gender comes into play as well Media is what controls these thoughts Our largest development happens in the early years of our life where we learn and interact and absorb the environment We become rm in our ways and this is why it makes it so hard to change later on The biggest stuff passes through nurture through family 9414 Notes Modern Family and Intimate Workings Today this is a country of immigrants When we come to this country from a different place and customs there is a process into making it work in that changed society Family is like an institution and serves a particular role So when we talk about dating and stuff that39s one way we get together we talk about how this helps society to work The example we will be referring to is My Big Fat Greek Wedding Culture The tools knowledge and resources to meet the demands of daily life There is a shared understanding of a group Culture is a product of social interaction The acquired rst in primary socialization family then through exposure to new ideas via peers media outside institutions etc she has to get married cook and clean The sister is raising her kids and taking them where they need to be Family is an institution role strain different families etc Big idea is that familes vary across cultures racesethnicities class and sexuality in terms of how they form and endure but not in their role for society Children are the important part because they carry on the generations So the family must teach the children of idea statusroles The con ict view is how families stick together As you socialize you kind of nd out how families work but aren39t taught the disadvantages and advantages of living life a certain way As a social institution they give us gender and race norms What would be accepted as normal for a gender the ideas we get basic ideas is from like our parents These institutions affect our everyday behavior parents telling what quotcutequot looks like Shapes who we may be attracted to Roles and status are huge Like in the class and out of the class teachers can determine your social status Teacher pet Theoretical perspectives functionalist con ict and interactionist All of these roles are institutionalized Men have their role and females have their roles same sex marriage What is the familv Monogamy form of marriage in which one woman and one man are married only to his family Polygamy when an individual has several husbands or wives simultaneously Polygyny marriage of a man to more than one woman Kinship is the state of being related to others So everyone in your family from immediate to extended There are bilateral descent both sides are imp patrilineal fathers side and matrilineal mothers side In the movie they are a patrilineal family The males are expected to dominate in all family decision making Patriarchy This isn39t necessarily a sign of importance The Matriarchy is when women have greater authority An egalitarian family is when the spouses are equaL Social class differences upper middle lower class Class doesn tjust have to be numbers but the way you live When we talk about social class there are temporary spaces between their classes The upper class cares about lineage and maintenance of family position lower class have one parent at home and the kids take on responsibilities The impact on everyday lives for children are different in the diff classes The middle class holds the status quo Racial and ethnic differences deal with the status of racial and ethnic minorities in the US affects family lives Basic things people take for granted come into play I movie trailer Our Family Mexican vs African American The questions come from child rearing How does your parenting impact a child With more divorce there are baby boomers retiring and are able to help take care of children Boomerang generation or full nest syndrome As we have older folks they come back home making a full nest There are family patterns like adoption We are in a culture where we switch things out which just naturally leads to break ups in relationships Domestic violence has the same impacts So it comes down to a societal problem 9914 Notes Mass Media and Attraction When we talk about attraction we talk about choosing How or who gets chosen Beino Chosen Fantastic Mr Fox clip someone shows a natural ability at the game The relevant piece is the coach who is looking at this kid When a coachperson highlights someone everyone assumes that it39s the way it is What de nition is that person using that makes that person that good Talking about attraction we take for granted what we think of as attractive and stop thinking about how we came to that idea Mass media and Dominant ldeoloov facebook TV newspaper magazines etc These communicate messages to wide spread audiences One change we see with the growth of the internet is that we have many more places and ways of getting news and have increasingly become more niched We nd stuff speci cally catered to ourselves ie advertising This is a two way thing Media is controlled by Viacom AOLTW Disney Clear Channel and News Corp Each as different levels of what they do These are the ve major companies I Direct TV gives you Sunday tickets other providers wont give you You are channeled into speci c news and directions Dominant ideology is a set of cultural beliefs and practices that helps to maintain powerful social economic and political interests Media is the constructions of reality Disney movies have certain themes to them Like there is usually some parental distress or the girl and boy always fall in love Media and Relationships Heteronormativity is the cultural bias in favor of heterosexual relationships Like Christianity is the quotnormquot in our society This makes heterosexuality the invisible norm So TV39s and stuff will assume you are Christian There are also gay stereotypes Stereotypes are de ned as unreliable generalization about all members of a group that does not recognize individual differences within the group The same thing can be said about race and attractiveness A feminist perspective will talk about the contrast We will talk about how female characters depend on male39s characters to save them Cosmo Magazine talks about how it caters to him We want to please the man This will create an idea of what really is but what may not be People believe in standards of beauty These change in cultures over time and so the quotnormsquot are social and vary With an increased globalization standards become more normalized Something as basic as symmetry starts at conception the human body develops by neatly splitting cells If every division were to go perfectly the result would be a baby whose left and right sides are mirror images Good symmetry shows that an individual has the genetic goods to survive development is healthy and is a good and fertile choice for mating A symmetrical person is a healthy person Both men and women rated symmetrical members of the opp sex as more attractive and in better health By questioning the study participants Thornhill also found that men with higher degrees of symmetry enjoy more sexual partners than men of lower symmetry People pay attention to one s face their smell bodily aspects etc The context in which you meet someone is important timing reference The perceptions of attractiveness are affected by prior exposure particularly when prior exposure is recent and signi cant Disposition is imp because if you39re in a good mood you feel better about people Misattribution has to do with situational Associational attractiveness in a certain setting to meet another person weddings Praise agreement similarity complementary proximity playing hard to get secret rendezvous help us nd people attractive 91614 Notes Coupling relationship cycle af liation intimacy Weiss39 needs belonging hypothesis mm quotPutting togetherquot As sociologist we look at the process of getting together Human beings are social and have a natural need for each other This is because we are social and we learn through social experience So this is more phycology We start relationships have strong emotions and thoughts about others and belonging sustains life marriage suicide and death A research said suicide was as social phenomenon Durkheim studied in France and looked at social connections those who had committed suicide Through it he saw the more socially isolated a person was the more likely they were to experience a sense of loss Questions that help us are if this is simply an individual thing why would you write a suicide note This was his rst question saying there is something else going on So it39s NOT an individual thing So this was proof for belongingness hypothesis humans form bonds easily infants develop attachments to caregivers loss of social bonds result in distress and connections provoke thought emotions and affect health Weiss had 5 needs 1 Need for intimacy compels us to share feelings 2 Need for social stuff 3 Need to be taken care of 4 Need for assistance involves another who will help us in times of need 5 Need for reassurance of our own worth requires that we are with someone who will tell us that we are imp There are two holes in this The need for af liation a desire to establish and maintain many rewarding interpersonal relationships like friends We want to be connected and are interdependent Need assistance in times of uncertainty A very general term Then there is a need for intimacy a desire for a warm close and communicative relationship with one or more persons in particular This one isn39t general You want to be special and loved People fall along a continuum of high and low af liation extrovert and introvert and intimacy waders vs jumpers I Prom clip Dancing to a slow song Institutionalized patterns can be seen in here like being a gentleman put his jacket on her and opened her car door This is assign of patterns because we learn particular social orders and then perform these things This is performance of masculinity The brotherly advice shows family institution Grooming shows hygiene With this comes an understanding of gender Advanced socialization prepares you for the future The prom represented marriage or a coming of manhood Woman and Hookino UD Before the 1960s dating was a formal process There was courtship and this brought a functionalist perspective A romantic idea is a newer thought a western thought Historically you understand that marriage was political They had to think about family interest because you had to do what was for the best Dating after the 605 civil rights antiwar etc there was a change in institutions A change in gender roles less formal dating and sex without attachment became questions and we challenged the original concepts Dating and functionalism Recreation socialization gender role work personality development sexual exp sortingselecting a partner ful ll need for love and affection re creatingreplenishing society anticipatory socialization companionship and intimacy There is con ict perspective would include recreatingreplenishing society because the wealthy stay wealthy ie norms stay the norm The idea of this is going to happen in a particular order Gender role bc we see how men and women would be different There are different expectations for men and women in a relationship Men have certain roles and women have certain roles Symbolic interaction Weber and feminist perspective Norms and Relationships We have an idea of how a relationship is supposed to go the process ow activities This is how it happens We learn all of what to do so both have an expectation of how things are supposed to go This means we can realize when something is not normal This was all learned through socialization primary secondary including media Thus there s time to consider history experiences readiness STLT external actors and pressures what friends and family have done and expect The idea of a stalker vs a crush There isn39t much of a difference There are stages impression management ladder theory and positioning friend or more wooing infatuation More than a friend DTR declaration of like engrossed quothoneymoonquot seeing a quotwequot falling in love Red ags the rst argument patterns and rituals romantic see differences compatibility wonder whether this is long or short term A quotmewe pullquot beyond love Routines that aren39t romantic lnterdependent considering costs How do you know when you39re entering or have entered a new stage You often don39t know you39ve changed stages until you39ve entered a new stage Coupling ultimately is a quotmewe pullquot When you enter there39s a quotwequot but the pull is your friends and family having other stuff for you to do The quotmequot and we isn39t a perfect thing High intimacy is a quotwequot thing and for af liation you like me The getting together is the developing of a quotwequot and uncoupling is the disentangling of a quotwequot Gaining Someone39s Attention Relationships from kindergarden to sixth grade You get into them and just act the way quotyou thoughtquot was part of a relationship We think about how we interact Erica Cook dated a lot of older guys So the boys thought they were always out of her league Dr Brooks found an opportunity to ask her out but she walks by him So he attempts again and then again Gestures Status and power are speci cally sociological When looking at getting someone39s attention we want to see the expression that they give off There are things we intentionally and unintentionally Ghoffman says we take an approach to performing We put on an act we act to be cool con dent or interested These are roles sometimes We had to learn how to take on these roles through social experience When you try to get someone to like you you think about physical emotional and attraction The main points are power social status and interaction We start off going back to the idea about the self we are twin born We don39t have our self without society When we talk about the l me and generalized other sociology says we don39t exist without others around us We are in uenced by others they create and evaluation they tell us if we are in order Our desire becomes to create an image of ourselves that we agree with and that others will also agree with We want people to think positively Status is about this measurement of where we line up relative to others It39s a social position We will strive to be comfortable self and status are connected Rules will say we interact with people similar of status Students will interact with other students then they are with professors Over time we interact with those with common interests and we seek this Frequency of contact impacts how we feel whether it39s a stronger like or dislike When we talk about having game what they really are good at is that they create the de nition of the situation They create a positive situation to be seen as a positive status whether that be funny or intelligent When you dress well you show general hygiene The outside stuff serves as symbols of what we hope is there inside I the show about mystery teaching guys to have game They let them make an avatar to gain swag This includes clothing peacocking indicators of social status accessories standing out from the herd and an edge We believe in the idea of being unique and so we look for something that will make us stand out If you wanna play the strongest suit play the card of power Underneath all of this is power quotI know that I can talk to an unattractive girl easier than I can talk to an attractive girl bc they know they have the powerquot The person who is being approached is the one with the power We often overlook this power When there39s an imbalance it impacts a relationship The person always chasing seems as the person who likes the person more they are more quotthirstyquot When people really like us it lowers your status I younger sibling looking up to the older The individual will have to act What is swag In general you can say it39s how a person is It39s the appearance style or the way one is The con dence person exudes in the presence of others It includes con dence It is a social thing This is produced by others and we synthesis things The presence of others represents a social and dramaturgical idea Con dence is an act or a show It s a negotiation because it39s two way some seems con dent to others and less to someone else What are we really looking for It39s not really con dence There39s other stuff underneath the top layer There39s humor looks fun con dence intelligence etc What is that something deeper that draws us to people emotionally If we are seeking validation from others con dent people will communicate that to us making us feel worthy to be with them It creates comfort We look for selfvalidation This means we have a con dence crisis When we are insecure we seek things to make us more secure The swagger epidemic tells us about American society right now It39s not incidental that swagger shows up In the midst of not feeling of value we pull status symbols from the material culture to exude the status This gets us back to the sociological imagination where we are right now is in a historical context We aren39t here as individuals There39s an economic recession Achieved traits are not perfect and it hides other things narcissism wandering eye and insecurity Swag is a comparative thing because we try and keep up with others that have swag Questions include how does this trait manifest in relationships What other traits are correlated or generally accompany this trait Is this conducive for building a LT relationship How does this trait work for you in a relationship Attraction is a social thing Swag is a social thing We do these things to get attention to validate ourselves There is power in being the one of higher status You can say no more than yes Attributes are cultural are always linked to broader social concern and moments so that swag is the product of our economic recession and con dence crisis 91814 Notes Greatest Olvaics After the last Olympics in London people asked if it was the greatest Olympics The other thing besides like the Michael Phelps they shipped 300000 condoms to the village It was as if this was the hookup Olympics This is where research came into play Qualitative research to find out how many have sex It shows us that this doesn t have to be just in college The Olympics makes sex very attractive There are unique conditions like unwinding from training and very attractive What is a hookup The process to finding out about what it is has to do with who you re around It is usually older folks In doing research we had to define it sociologist say that it is some form of intimate contact between two relative strangers But then research showed you could hook up with someone more than once Equal outcomes to measure this you would interview people about the kind of sex and if they orgasmed This wouldn t tell us much because we know it s easier for men to than women to You have to go deeper and ask who is actually getting the pleasure Usually it s the men getting than women which brings up that question about women being subjective to men How many different types of romantic connections exist Dr Brooks did his own research at California There is a thought they we are always having sex and this becomes a broader societal issue It s also in response to less parental supervision So Dr Brooks asked if we were really hooking up this much because maybe the top 1020 are actually but the rest are not Now we look at the types of relationships we have People will say we are just hanging out and just friends with benefits These variations may include hooking up but are not limited to this Hooking Up There are still norms We still have ideas about femininity and masculinity These standards are gendered racialized and ethnic based as well as differ by sexuality Sanctions positive and negative penalties and rewards fro conduct concerning a social norm So if a construction worker hoots the girl will come of mad and talk bad about that person There is an inequality in this culture I wedding crashers movie They look like alpha males that lead into emotional then the physical attractiveness As we talked about emotional attraction and how things happen situationally this clip showed this emotional situation You play to these attractions There are pieces through this lecture notes talking about getting better game Going back to that guy who taught men to look better helps them play off of these female emotions There are new dating conditions more people seeking higher education more marry later want and have children and this leads to dating careers We are dating in different ways like marriage at first sight and online dating Singles Voluntary Involuntary Temporary Stable The dating careers include 0 Sexual experiences 0 More partners 0 Longer time being single 0 Management of self and dating career 0 Baggage With this social change we see more baggage Every relationship makes it perfect practice and so you know what you want by the time you do find a stable relationship You have more issues There is an idealistic question of what is love There is an overall notion of distrust growing The more experiences you had the more you have been through These are consequences of dating careers Players Players won t show you their cards They peacock a lot and build themselves up Running game a repertoire to know what is needed to hook different people A stigma is formed to manage a spoiled identity This has to do with guys not wanting to find out they are just wedding crashers Macking is like a pimp There is a distinction here A player runs from their identity and don t wanna be found out A mack is honest and will tell a person they don t want a relationship from the beginning Their goals are set up for long term with perks sex gf etc but no obligation A Mack seeks for reinforcement to feed their ego They run with a disclaimer saying that I just wanna be friends but will also say I m not good at relationships This allows them to get out of something that could go bad In most cases the other person should run and not try and be in a relationship Their game is so strong they can get you to go along with them They say they don t want a relationship but BEHAVE like that may be able to be in one when really they can t Once they get the DTR talk things get detrimental to the one being macked In turn the one being macked will go through an escalation of commitment in the face of negative facts The intentions are very dishonest though even if they are honest from the beginning All it has to do With is the phycology and sociology It comes back to power That is What cuts underneath a lot of relationships Particularly these kind Hooking up sometimes leads into macking relationships Someone Will fall for the other person When we have longer dating careers one is more likely to have gone through a range of relationships This makes it harder for someone to trust 92 514 Notes For the test Becker Armstrong Engand interracial dating in college family over time What s the main argument Hooking up Boges Macking goffman TB chapters and lecture Interracial Dating One of the underlined points is however much we see this loosening on attitudes there is a small percentage Recall that there are patterns I Asian females What does it do when you date outside of your race or ethnicity There is a social pressure that hastens the relationship When he talks of race and ethnicity operates it39s about social forces Goes back to pressure and norms The norm is dating in our group so it s perceived as deviant when we go outside of the group UncoupHng Now this is the laterally part of the relationship Coupling is a term for coming together Now we are talking about the breaking apart Dianne Vaughan studied transitions out of relationships Recall the video of the two that met on the run and went through relationship stages Going from we me Uncoupling happens in a uniform way Not only will it go in a pattern but as a set of individuals each of us must go through this process But we won t go through it at the same time usually So at the beginning there is an awareness of each other and you go through the process of nding out if you can be a couple Now you go backwards and uncouple You are trying to increase the space between the two of you Although when you try and decrease it you take them out on dates communicate feelings meet friends etc The BreakUp Movie The things we are attracted to like swag can be exactly what breaks us up We don39t really realize how this will work in our own lives They key we see in successful relationships come down to things like communication to build trust We need other people to help us get through life 92 314 Notes Race A term used by sociologist to describe a group that is set apart from others bc of physical differences that have taken on social signi cance The idea of race has changed over time It s as if there is no biological evidence of racial distinction Darker folks on a spectrum are lower on the social economic status because of the political terms race is used I jlo reps this case study bc she can play different ethnicities There are more variations within the racial groups than between or against whites and blacks Hughes created a concept of quotmasterstatusquot Race supersedes all other statuses and so does gender So when we talk about sports we usually associate it with the gender male With this said it plays itself out in romance Our practices are about social controlling through means and how they happen There is a boundary patrol from other people We also control women which is a burden of racial purity So there is a heavier stigma on women for dating outside of their race Women carry not only the burden of children but also of racial purity Misattribution of difference often hastens intensity of relationships Based upon social problems it creates often a quicker bond This doesn39t mean this bond will last but with opposition folks must de ne their relationship faster With this certain steps are skipped because of the stress that the couple deals with staring gawking talking ostracization by families etc From an outsider39s perspective when we see this violation we say that it39s just a phase they go through Group formation in opposition we may not really like each other but we dislike others more andso we have a common interestfeeling lntermarriage has to do with interracial whiteAsian and interethnic ChineseJapanese relationships Alabama kept a statelevel law until 2000 We have different perspectives on it as generations continue There was a record of 146 of new marriages in 2006 Regional differences then come up West 22 south and northeast 13 and 11 in the Midwest The nal point is that in it when we talk about the distinction bw race and ethnicity The next is understanding how this plays a role in relationships While there is a growing number there is a power The highest rate of out marriage is for asian women particularly to white men The second single group is black men They out marry with white women There are real consequences like lynching boundary patrol and laws This remains real and consequential
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