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Notes for Exam 1

by: Mary Alexis Kerman

Notes for Exam 1 History 1100

Mary Alexis Kerman
GPA 3.9
Survey of United States History to 1865
Dr. Rost

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Notes for Dr. Rost's class for Exam 1
Survey of United States History to 1865
Dr. Rost
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This 17 page Bundle was uploaded by Mary Alexis Kerman on Sunday September 20, 2015. The Bundle belongs to History 1100 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Dr. Rost in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 112 views. For similar materials see Survey of United States History to 1865 in History at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 09/20/15
HIST 1100 Going West to Go East Key Terms Ottoman Empire Canary Madeira amp Azores Islands Christopher Columbus Treaty of Tordesillas 1494 Columbian Exchange How did Columbus arrive in the New World Exploration Before Columbus Chinese Vikings Africans Islander 0 Land Route to the East Ottoman Empire Feudalism Mercantilism Water Route to the East Portuguese Spain 0 Christopher Columbus 0 Treaty of Tordesillas 1494 Columbian Exchanges HIST 1100 Facing East Native Americans in a Colonial World Key Terms Squanto Pocahontas Noble Savage Praying Towns Squanto New England perspective He appears out of nowhere when the pilgrims arrive in Plymouth and knows English He gives them practical ideas on how to survive He becomes a stand in for friendly Native Americans and is an image of that What we see is that he has a longer legacy than just knowing English He is from a huntergatherer society familiar with English bc he s met the Europeans before A while ago he was the only survivor to get through a disease and while he explores the coast he is picked up by an English eet and brought to England Somehow he escapes and returns to the New World On his return he finds a further destruction of tribes around New England which then these pilgrims arrive This story is interesting bc there s a previous encounter with Europeans allowing him to assist these pilgrims Pocahontas Virginia perspective Her real name is Amanute but like Matowaka She gets her legacy bc of the confrontation of her dad and John Smith We all know kind of the story how she saves Smith and all but in reality the relationship was because of an arrangement to help the English and Native get along At the time this happens Pocahontas is 12 years old and is one of the main daughters of Pohantan After this meeting she is captured by the English and taken to Jamestown detained by local officials converted to Christianity and educated in English Rebecca becomes her new name and marries John Ralf After a peace comes about the English send Ralf and Pocahontas to England for a promotional tour 16161618 She is a figure of civilitvcolonization to show cooperation and Indian conversion While in England she gets a disease and dies at 21 Come Over Here and Help Us Massachusetts bay colony seal 0 Noble Savage a term Europeans place upon the Natives because of noble They compare them back to the nobility of England and see their attire as amboyant like European nobles wore Also they see Native men as hunters and in old England the nobles went out and did leisure activities like hunt Their agricultural practices lead to the world savages The women do the work in the field and community which is not what the Europeans are used to Their belief system opposite of Christianity also is seen wrong Europeans assume Native men oppress their women and they want them to adopt work by using the plow O Praying Towns at the same time Europeans want to convert Natives to Christianity In the midst of colonization praying towns are set up along trade routes This is to also change them culturally These serve as a dual role and a central purpose for Native Americans so that they can go somewhere because they are the last after epidemics need for trade or bc they were kicked out By the 1670s 2000 Natives lived in these towns 39 Conversion Narratives officials wanted to write these down to compare their old lives HIST 1100 O Captive Conversion these are from war and debt I Harvard set up to be a theological school for the training of New England ministers Also for Europeanization of Native americans If there was debt the chiefs had to send their son to attain knowledge puritan culture and religion The key idea is to ease trade debt and by making Native sons more friendly to Europeans when thev take power I Captivity and Conquest mourning wars bc for Natives there s a sense of rekindling the past They try and search for captives Killing other tribe s members to replace their own who were killed 0 Opechancanough he is Pohantan s brother He watches 2 attacks on the Virginians I 1622 Surprise attack on James town IA of that population is killed Colonist declare war on Native tribes and just go and attack many villages One tactic they did was attack in the fall before the harvest This in turn starved the Natives I 1644 the same group attacks them again This time they kill 500 colonist yet it wasn t the same set back as before Jamestown officials have Natives sign a treaty of subordination to stop these attacks 0 Pequot War occurs in New England 1630s serves as the first major war bw Native and English They demanded the Pequot give wampom give up hostages and fur traders were killed They don t agree so war breaks out At first Pequot is successful and the colonist rely on other Natives to help back them After colonist set Pequot village ablaze they kill 500 Natives are captures and executed or sold into slavery O Pueblo Revolt 1660s 1670s in New Mexico area drought hits them and undercuts harvest causing starvation On top of this many Spanish officials demand labor and production from these Pueblos There s a Pueblo revival in 1675 by Pope and advises that good times will return as they destroy Catholics So in 1680 a rebellion breaks out killing 20 of New Mexico s population of the Spanish A brief time of Pueblos rule exists after and their culture is reestablished By 1696 the Spanish reclaim and conquer their land back I King Phillip s War Metacom as his native name he s a leader of the Wompanon The English call him King Philip bc they see him as a leader This war comes out of the execution of three of his tribesmen for killing another Native American and colonial official in a praying town The Wompanon go and raid villages around Central New England and a warfare is attributed to King Philip yet it s a larger rebellion due to other tribes There s early success by these Native Americans leading to colonial anxiety As they had done earlier with the Pequot the colonies call upon subordinate tribes to help them As Europeans turn the tide of the war Massachusetts begin a scalping program leading to much death against all Natives In 1676 Metacom is killed and the rebellion ends soon after HIST 1100 HIST 1100 Slavery in the Atlantic World Key Terms Triangular Trade Middle Passage Stono Rebellion Triangular Trade The brits send manufactured goods out From Americas you ve got raw materials and from Africa come the slaves Everything is going back and forth not in one pattern Making all the groups much wealthier than before and impacts the rulers of Africa being involved in the trade 17001800 4 million slaves sent to the New World during this time English 18thC French Portuguese start it off Dutch 17thC and Spanish 0 Europe England as the main shipping area Africa western coast 0 0 AmericasW est Indies Caribbean islands South America and British America 0 Atlantic Slave Trade collecting taxes in Africa off of this trade The one group that doesn t participate is Beinin Something interesting at the beginning is the slaves arriving are already familiar with the New World language religion and customs Most go to the West Indies first creating a familiarity Middle Passage how the slaves get to the New World It s the middle leg of the triangular trade This is the shipment on boats from the Mid Atlantic Crammed on boats for mass profitability So much disease killing lots of the slaves before they even arrive 5 reach America Others go to Brazil or South America Regional Slavery law culture religion and politics are impacted from this early variance of slavery in these regions A shift from a society with slaves to a slave society has occurred now as we saw in our last lecture The plantation revolution is occurring Changes the planter class lower farming class and slave population Restricting laws against the slaves O Chesapeake develops first from 1607 on tobacco In 1619 the first slaves arrive in Jamestown and bought by John Raulf Most of these arrivals come from the West Indies By the end of 1699 there were close to 3000 slaves coming to the colony Enslaved people knew English participated in religious revivals and exposed to the Anglo cultures The working condition were around the masters and slaves worked closer together Other cash crops were rye oats and wheat 0 Southern Colonies based upon South Carolina and Georgia Their crops are based around rig and indigo In South Carolina there s a diff system of labor that impacts work arrangements Task System indiv slaves did daily jobs like a quota When they completed this they could use the rest of the day for themselves There are not a lot of people here so slave society is able to retain their culture because there isn t as much Anglo African cooperation With the disease here many of the plantation owners aren t there Bv 1770 S Carolina has HIST 1100 100000 slaves This allows the slave population to be the majority Two communities are the rice plantations frontier area who keep African heritage and the cities s CarolinasavannaGeorgia who are more European Northern Colonies New England New York and Pennsylvania The economies of these colonies based on subsistence family economy just making enough for your family there isn t a need for slaves Slaves in rural areas work on small farms and laws were restrictive but not as numerous like other areas They work on docks homes and merchant shops in the bigger cities Under Dutch control salves could select their owner and own property The rise of free black communities Western Frontier roots of the cotton kingdom Looking at Louisiana and up until about 1830s the West was restricted to the Mississippi River Slave trading here comes right from Africa not the West Indies Coming in through New Orleans Tobacco and indigo are major cash crops In the late 18th C sugar and cotton start to dominate the region A system of laws called the Code Noir related to enslaved population and free black population Required slaves to defer to their owners prevented interracial marriage and free black can be more punished than whites Like the Dutch they did have rights like enjoy legal rights as others 0 Resistance and Rebellion 0 Resistance various levels like armed or silent sabotage breaking tools faking illness intentional idleness or escape Many plantation societies like Georgia there s danger of Florida The Spanish controlled Florida so if slaves escaped there rights were very different New rights impacted the African population As we move into the 18th C the Spanish begin a program refuge if they convert to Catholicism Rebellion Stono Rebellion Early slave uprisings in New York City Ties together resistance and Spanish Florida Begins in 1739 An attempted exodus of enslaved people from S Carolina Some had said they were military officials in Africa so they knew what they were doing Perused by colonial militia of S Carolina HIST 1100 Bacon s Rebellion and Its Aftermath Key Terms William Berkeley Bacon s Rebellion Anthony Johnson 0 Colonial Corruption When the English first arrived in Virginia there were lots of Native settlements in 1607 but by 1670 there are very few Factors that in uence this rebellion is land policy issues over free men and colonial corruption 0 William Berkeley the governor of Virginia Things that can offset his power are assemblies In 1661 he refuses to allow elections to take place for assemblies meaning they can t overpower him He also has a high salary while the average farmer makes 10 pounds a year and he gets 1000 pounds a year Heavy taxes are put in place against the colonist 0 Planter Class lots of supporters for Berkeley They help keep Berkeley in power They don t get taxed These are large scale farms and plantations around coastal Virginia and Carolina They re pretty wealthy dominating the tobacco industry and push small farmers toward less valuable land 0 Bacon s Rebellion with these new free men used to be indentured servants they can t gain a sense of standing in the community Women are in a shortage so they can t build a family 0 Frontier Land I Native Americans fights about land with the natives creating insecurity I Freemen no longer indentured servants 1670s it was even harder for them to gain land Tobacco at this time begins to have a stagnant time so prices depress Thinking back to the Navigation Acts will impact this market 0 Corruption in the wake of this clash the freemen turn to Berkeley and the government to get the Natives out of the land There is a fort system as protection against the Natives but it really isn t doing anything 0 Nathaniel Bacon he is pretty wealthy and tied to William Berkeley in some way in the social sphere 29 years old Becomes a leader of the frontier He defies Berkeley s orders against the Natives and openly clashes with them Then Bacon is tried for treason O J amestown trade relations are corrupted between the Natives They want a slow colonial market so that they aren t competing After being said to be of treason bacon storms Jamestown and creates a petition Berkeley rejects the demands and Jamestown is burnt to the ground Berkeley ees The rebellion lasts for 7 months and spreads to the southern farmers At the end in 1676 Bacon dies 2 legacy factors are that the gov of England sees the problems that exist and so they act and express concern over Berkeley s power HIST 1100 0 Royal Intervention Berkeley reestablishes himself once the rebellion is put down So they take berkeley s power away again American SlaveryAmerican Freedom slavery comes out of this because of several things Virginia is an unhealthy place to live because of water and diseases They don t have success yet by the 1660s and 70s they ve started to rise Life is increasing it s healthier and families are there Indentured servants are also paying off their servitude So at the beginning of Virginia slavery just wasn t a good investment It becomes more necessary to have slaves for a permanent labor force First slave ships come in 1619 and really kicks up in the 1670s Slavery comes to be a defining term It promises greater productivity 0 Slavery by Race shift from class to race So all farmers are now respectable no 0 matter how wealthy you are because you are white Citizenship and personhood is defining a person now as well Slavery by Birth 1640s free black were barred from serving in the militia and a poll tax is posed upon African women but not white women Soon after baptism wasn t going to free slaves by birth A white woman s child who was born of a black man was considered black Restricting birth due to marriage they use a social constructive system of men the rights Slavery by Law before the 1660s free blacks could sue and testify in court acquire land and purchase indentured servantsslaves 1680 racial differences seen in the law into the 18th century Slave code slaves defined as property and can be bought and sold as the master saw fit By the 1700s no African American person could own weapons or own servants By 1723 Virginia revokes voting privileges As the colonies move from 17th18th C thev go from a societv with slaves to a societv of slaverv Antonio a Negro defined in census 1625 I Anthony J ohnson enslaved person brought to Virginia in 1621 but ends up free with this own slaves A unique figure of colonial Virginia Comes to V in 1621 and is referred to as a servant not a slave Marries African American woman named Mary and have 4 children They across the Chesapeake Bay Own on land and cattle and indentured servants and slaves In 1665 they move to Maryland and have a 300 acre plantation In 1670 he dies in Maryland With the dividing up of his land the colony says the gov can seize it His family doesn t get it As the time winds on his sons and daughters and grandchildren lose all the rights they used to have HIST 1100 The Real Goodwives of Colonial America Key Terms Goodwife Feme Sole Feme Covert Anne Hutchinson Golden Age represented for women but isn t entirely true New England was especially due to status English women didn t have the same amount of rights as the Dutch Tobacco Brides in VOF A way to bring women to Virginia to offset the balance of gender roles in 1619 Need to promote a selfsufficient society Men can petition for a wife by offering tobacco Women were allowed to claim ownership to land In 1620 there were about 90 women and later on more were asked for When they arrived they had to be housed lodged and given food until married It would be 120 lbs of tobacco to get a wife and so the women went to free men of these farms Whose Wife She Is looking at the role of women in colonial society They are defined by this quote bc it had to do with her association and who her husband was The idea of a good woman who was hard working quiet pious and submissive to their husbands They don t work in major jobs rather than confined to the homefarm to produce agriculture Thev are to reproduce the labor force and train those kids If the husband was away the wife could take on the role of a deputy husband Midwives delivered cared for mothers and they decided paternitv situations with unknown father Decided in the most intense part of labor Outside of the home women had to be quiet in the public eye 0 Indentured Servant different than midwives Someone pays their way to colonial America and once they re free they can get land Women are different bc if she gets pregnant within her service two years was added on They were not treated any better than men who were indentured servants O Goodwife the good women They were the ones to provide a moral home through the church Society promoted this Women do get a veto right to marry a man but the family must approve the other man she wants to marry Women can gain up to 13 of the household when it comes to property rights 39 Scolds in religion women are equal and seen as saints in the Puritan structured Yet they don t have a say in the administrative part If you were not a good wife and seemed to scold your husband you were seen as bad Society says they are in need of correction and the poor isolated or widowed women are defined as scold Later on they are seen as witches One punishment to curb scolding women was the dunking stool O Feme Sole a part of the role in the marriage More in the New World A woman can be defined as single in business relationships So if you re married and have a business on the side your wages go to you not the husband HIST 1100 O Feme Covert counterbalanced with feme sole Women are seen as needed to be Drotected by their husbands Relates to the scolds seeing they don t have a man to look over her Rights go from her to her husband It s like a legally binding control Contracts can t be made no ownership over wages and no ownership of property This had also been seen in the old world and was transferred to the new world in turn causing the push for feme sole One of the positives that comes out of this is bc they are limited they don t have a debt Anne Hutchinson she is a puritan woman moving to New England with her husband and minister from the old world She liked the religious community and structure within the church When they get to the new world she has a negative relationship with the new minister over the structure of religion in the new church Argued the minister was practicing the covenant of works predestined to be God s people but you can do things on Earth to improve your standing so you get to Heaven She didn t like this so argued for pure predestination She begins to hold prayer meetings in her home Men and women were in the home at the same time which was controversial She pushes John Wheelright who is her brother in law A concern for Antinomian Crisis movement of a lot of people to New England not just Puritans who may take power away So people try to prevent immigration to Boston During this time she is arrested for speaking her opinions and stepped beyond the rhelm of being a good wife Heresy was saying the true way was having a convo with God and says she has done that leading to her trial In jail she gives a stillbirth and it s seen as evil Found guilty and banished along with her followers and she goes to Rhode Island where we will see Roger Williams Witchcraft Salem Witch Trials 1692 Goes along with Ann Hutchinson late 17th century There s a rise of concern with witchcraft and the idea that revolves around the superstitious societv People believing satan has control and seen through dreams sick animals deformed births and unusual events Evidence suggest that some sought ailments in a cult of holistic medicine Accusers had experienced unexplainable events who questioned these women s character in their society Witchcraft was seen for poor women other women and scolds Before this New England had investigated less than 100 and executed 16 The number of women during this time found were in Salem village and a total of 18 women and 1 man is executed Europeanization was seeming to happen meaning New England was turning into the old England Concern in decline of colonial commitment New commodities were taking over the importance of religion HIST 1100 Commodities and Colonization Key Terms Frontiers of Inclusion Part 2 Navigation Acts Mercantilism about the economics Why are these colonies coming to the new world to expand power and wealth How this quest impacts native American culture Going from formal cultural practices to a society driven by commodity and trade with Europeans How is this all impacting the environment New France this is the first group Today they are in parts of Canada and the Ohio River Valley They come over like the brits and Spaniards to find gold Just like the English they look for a NW passage to Asia They find the St Lawrence River and so they can go farther into the nation than other countries Exploration Samuel de Champlain finds Quebec as a major city Jacques Marquette and Louis J oliet go west to see the Mississippi river and are the first to map it Marquette is a Jesuit priest and J oliet is a fur trader Colonization New France wasn t that successful There was a low population because of the elements like weather An ag stability is unattainable About 19000 people lived in New France so a small number A positive though is that they are far from the Spanish so there is no worry of competition There s also ample fur trading opportunities while discovering water ways Catholicism Jesuits Bringing religion to the new world to convert the Native Americans Same kind of religion like the Spaniards Better suited for conversion bc it s similar to the native s religion already The Jesuits were better financed with more man power Frontiers of Inclusion relates to the significance of the fur trading with a small colony structure which allowed for many trading posts Because of this the French found the key to trade was close cooperation and alliances with tribes They avoid the five nation Iroquois The inclusion comes from not just a relationship but male fur traders who intermarry with the native women to solidify things Offspring that result are called m New Amsterdam second major group is the Dutch This is in and around New York Pennsylvania which is all smaller in size compared to the brits French and Spanish This is bc they come for trade not conquest Exploration finding trade routes Colonization Dutch West India Company henry Hudson goes up river Hudson River in 1609 He ends up finding Native Americans willing to trade So the Five nation Iroquois join the Dutch A partnership is created as Albany in 1614 By this early portion of the 17Th Century the Dutch have become the major trade power New Amsterdam is the city they establish and the New Netherland is their colonization 0 Manhattan this is their first colonization 1624 by the Dutch West India Company Attracts a diverse population of Swedish French Protestants and Germans and Jews from Iberia This is bc they have freedom of HIST 1100 press religious tolerance women had more rights than English counter parts women could keep maiden name legal identity under marriage and had the right to own property The Dutch also begin to dominate the slave trade when that starts happening in the colonies The exports are also controlled by them and by the 1660s they are kind of dominating with a population of 9000 people Navigation Acts 1650s now why don t the Dutch succeed in colonizing more It could be warfare with the French poor relation and for them it s really these Acts It requires British colonist in the New World that only English ships could trade with English colonies This then limits the Dutch s trading Certain commodities like sugar and tobacco from Virginia and the West Indies can only go TO England All goods going to the colonies must pass through English ports and they are taxed The goal was to strengthen English commerce for the crown Also it was to hurt the Dutch who controlled most trade To counter these acts the Dutch waged naval wars against the English These weaken the Dutch while making the brits stronger By the 1670s the Dutch surrendered New Netherland to the English It becomes New York and New Amsterdam becomes New York City So the brits claim colonial land from New England to where the Spaniards controlled Florida coastal regionsAppalachian mts 0 Fur Trade all these commodities change Native American culture as well and the goods they purchase Natives view these products become important and so they fall into debt with marketing As European items ood Native communities it changes the way culture is structured Work is eased and as demand for Native American products grow it results in a shift away from seasonal work to relying on killing animals for the fur Beavers were the primary fur and they become almost extinct Changes in the Land using the land provides the communities Europeans gold tobacco lumber fencesland ownership Native Americans wampum beads from shells and clams White and purple in color and it s a key commodity and only made in Long Island seasonal work seasonal fires open territory By the 1620s30s the Dutch found out about wampum and its value and tradedproduced it themselves By the 1660s wampum was so mass produced that it dries up in existence It served for meetings and relationships to empower the speaker The two major trade goods had such an impact on colonization They are trei and pigs Different trees mean different things unlike fur Trees had individual goods white oaks used for planking ships black oaks are god for the under ship cedarchestnut for elements white pine for ship mass Certain trees were so coveted by royal officials that they stamped emblems saying only officials could cut down certain trees In the process of clearing trees for commodities land and harvest most of the trees are cleared Consequences come out 1 a field of stumps that retained nutrients from the tree 2 as you deforest there s an increase in ooding and colder temperatures As animals are brought to the new world there s the change to fence your land in gain more land and kill more animals for foods Yet pigs were let run wild HIST 1100 They re very aggressive They ate whatever they found Letting these pigs run wild created destruction of neighboring fields and havoc in the environment Mercantilism the role of the market place serves as a point of further exploration The colonies wanted to serve as a source of wealth for the home countries This idea said government should regulate activity to get national wealth and power Exports should exceed imports as wealth Colonies send back raw materials to be manufactured then traded and sold on the colonial market What becomes key is the rise of the triangle trade It s raw materials going to the mother country but the final portion is the movement of enslaved people into ritish and North America HIST 1100 Early English Settlement Key Terms Work to LiveMassachusettsLive to WorkVirginia Predestination May ower Compact 1620 Indentured Servant Why does American History seem to start in the early 17th Century There s a sort of legacy saying that the 17th century started American history because of Anglo perspective There is the first Thanksgiving at Plymouth 1914 Goals of English Colonization New England They were like the Spanish to settle in North America for wealth It wasn t until certain groups brought a religious aspect Initially the crown wasn t supportive of exploration so they financially supported by issuing licenses to gain gold The English also wanted to send off their surplus population A few things cause this like the enclosure movement late 1500s1600s Large parts of the country are being fenced off causing homeless who move to the cities and it becomes crowded Another group that comes out is a training ground on the Irish and conduct a warfare that sets the stage to control a population over a distant land Large estates are set up for the Protestants A lot of the settlers that come from New England are the Pilgrims Plymouth and Puritans who are followers of John Calvin 0 Religion Calvinism having to do with predestination refers to the chosen Puritans and pilgrims 5 major points of Calvinism are total depravity humans are evil limited atonement Jesus dies for a select number of people irresistible grace God s grace is given freely and perseverance of saints God gives the chosen the full power to do His will The key factor is predestination There was a break of Protestantism from Catholicism during Martin Luther s time This quest was called a New Birth In terms of religion within politics many women were equal within the church This group of people are trying to establish independence especially the ones that land in Massachusetts In 1630 m Winthrop goes to Boston So Plymouth and Boston are kinda competing O EconomyWork to Live when the puritans arrive they are in an area that was left by the natives So they have a lot there like homes and fields This helps them survive an early period of settlement These English puritans said land ownership is key to be an outstanding member of your community They divided land equally among household heads and so labor comes out of a result of this division Labor is important to survival subsistence family economy You grow enough for yourselves and family without making much excess Commodities that they do sell on the open market is lumber and fish Apprentinship comes HIST 1100 about for kids As the colonial system stabilizes the population can grow and thrive which was better than Virginia in a shorter time Politics mav ower compact 1620 States they will share political power within the community There s one man one vote for male church members The structure of Massachusetts become town meetings making a community This holds importance to debate and discuss needs of town life The development of free men A freed man is underneath their own household which is different than a free men who is the head of the household Jamestown Earlier settlement An extended period of settlement in 1607 Arrive before the pilgrims had in Massachusetts 0 Roanoke first real settlement A small amount of islands off of North Carolina Settled by Walter Rilev in 1585 There were 100 colonist and arrived to look for riches Wanted to be soldiers of fortune like the conquistadors They had not come with supplies and thought the Indians would give them food and shelter When the Native didn t do this war occurs The early settlers are pushed to the edge of the island and they are taken back to England In 1587 John White comes again and create a settlement so White goes to get supplies but gets caught in a naval battle bw brits and Spanish so can t return to England In 1590 he returns but no one is there but Croatan was etched on the tree It was an island they had named so he thought they went there instead White leaves again The second settlement is Jamestown The settlers were gov officials artisans merchants clergy men and single men trying to earn land Early on indentured servants make up 23 of the population Jamestown wasn t the best place to settle bc of disease bad leadership terrible location on the Chesapeake bay when during the year the water doesn t go out into the ocean but rather accumulate so their trash and waste gets into the drinking water and surrounded by native populations The success that saves them comes from John Smith who establishes military discipline Live to Work Jamestown is about once you gain wealth you can buy indentured servants to do the work for you So these people are living day to day by the work they have to do because it s what you have to do Unlike Massachusetts who did it for themselves These servants sold themselves to get to the new world to pay that off through labor You re given food and shelter but it s not like you re getting money By Virginia s height there s a population of 80 of unfree people Little is given back as an indentured servant and crops are sent to other people Servants and Tobacco this was the earliest cash crop Imposed by British leadership bc it s an addictive force As a commodity they must establish laws in order to get other crops grown other than tobacco 200000 lbs are produced in 1624 By 1638 three million pounds are sent back to markets in Europe The way HIST 1100 they build upon this colonization is by a head right system If you come and you are free to Virginia you re allowed 50 acres for yourself and 50 for any relativeservant you bring Also the indentured servants get land once they are done serving But the death rate is so high that man don t finish their service Beyond tobacco What saves Virginia is apple cider and apple fields It improves the lives be they aren t drinking the bad water Their lives are improved and the death rate is lessened Eventually Virginia reproduces itself to thrive HIST 1100 Eastward Migration Key Terms Bering Strait Crossing Cahokia Tenochtitlan Animism Bering Strait Crossing Siberian hunters Bering Strait Land Bridge Navaj oApache InuitAleut North America Mound Builders Southwest Eastern North America Central and South America Aztecs Mayans Incas Social and Cultural Practices Seasonal Work Gender Roles Religion


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