Chapter 2 Notes
Chapter 2 Notes POLS 2312
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This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Diloanusi on Monday September 21, 2015. The Bundle belongs to POLS 2312 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Larry Carter in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 76 views. For similar materials see Political science in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
CH 2 0 Governor Gregg Abbott Lt Governor Dan Patrick Speaker of House Joe Straus Attorney General Ken Paxton Federalism o A system in which the federal government shares power with lower levels of government 0 United States constitution divides power between Federal and State Governments 0 Original states existed at the time of the Revolution and did not want the federal government to tell them what to do 0 States created the federal government 0 Original states existed at the time of the revolution The Constitution 0 Grants two types of powers to Federal government Expressed and implied o Expressed 17 found in Article 1 Section 8 of the Constitution 0 Implied power found at the end of Section 8 which grants Congress the right quotMake all laws that shall be necessary and proper for executionquot Article VI Says that laws of Congress shall be quotthe supreme law of the landquot Supremacy clause this means that federal and state law coiding leads to federal dominating States 0 Retain signi cant powers 0 Tenth Amendment 0 Power not delegated to the United States by the constitution nor prohibited by it to the states reserved to the states respectively or to the people 0 Police powers 0 The ability regulate the health safety and morals of its citizens 0 States also de ne and regulate private property Concurrent powers 0 States and Federal government also share certain powers Full Faith and Credit Clause Article IV Section Requires States give quotFull faith and creditquot to each other s quotPublic Acts Records and Judicial Proceedingsquot Article IV Section II quotThe comity clausequot 0 Citizens from outside a given state enjoy quotprivileges and immunitiesquot granted to all citizen of that State Quiz Question Federalist countries Australia 0 Mexico India United States Article I Section lX quotNo State without the consent of congress enter into any agreement or compact with another statequot Dual Federalism 1789 1937 o A constitutional interpretation that gave the federal government exclusive control over some issues and states exclusive control over others 0 Federal government was small and dealt primarily with foreign affairs and commerce 0 Internal improvements like roads and canals o Tariffs taxes on imports patents currency 0 States performed the majority of governing over citizens dayto day lives 0 Property Law 0 Civil Law marriage divorce adoption 0 Criminal Law 0 Dual federalism allowed states to experiment with policies very different sets of rights from state to state New Deal 0 Federal government is able to use commerce clause to regulate large swaths of domestic activities 0 Congress in uence states to enact laws by promises of federal funds Grantsinaid categorical grants 0 Provided by federal government to state government for speci c purpose Cooperative Federalism The various levels of government work together to solve policy problems 0 Expansion of federal power diminishes the old paradigm of dual federalism Cooperation between state and federal government Morton Grodsins cake analogy 0 Dual Federalism Layer cake 0 Cooperative federalism Marble cake Regulated Federalism 0 Increased funding leads to federal government demanding higher standards and stricter uses for funds 0 Preemption o Allows federal government override statelocal actions in certain policy 0 Occurs when state local actins do not agree with national requirement 0 Devolution transferring responsibility from federal government to statelocal government ldea led to new federalism New Federalism Nixon Block grants less federal money and interference Reagan Federal aid to states cut by 12 remove federal government as much as possible from local matters governed by states 0 Clinton Welfare reform in 1996 grants tied to federal rules Coercive Federalism Federal regulations force states to change their policies to meet national goals 0 Americans with Disabilities Act ADA o No Child Left Behind NCLB 0 Patient Protection Affordable Health Care Act common quotAffordable Health Care quotObamacarequot Texas Joins the US 0 1845 Texas becomes the 28th state 0 1869 Texas receives four congressional districts Texas in the Progressive Era Texas single party dynamic facilities institutional and political advantages Incumbents often run unopposed Lack of party competition assures reelection Seniority in congress is easily achieved Ascent to leadership positions is due to tenures in congress Impact of the Progressive Era of Texas Wilsonera policy changes has states lose power to the federal government 0 Federal Reserve System created foremost development in federal expansion Constitutional changes 0 Senators directly elected 0 Women granted right to vote 0 Federal income tax established Texas and the New Deal Partisan power and ideological shifts begin 0 National Democratic Party Decline o 1918 Democrats lose congressional majority o 1920 Democrats lose presidency Texas and former confederate states remain solidly democratic 0 Lose in uence in executive and legislative branches Federal role expands via the interstate commerce clause National regulation of economy National interests in protecting civil rights 0 Southern states enduring resistance to extend full citizenship to African Americans 0 Federal intervention required to secure constitutionally guaranteed rights Schism within Democratic party due to 0 New Deal dividing liberal and conservative factions 0 Civil rights splitting party North vs South Texas quotShivercratsquot o Conservative Democrats vote for conservative Republican Eisenhower New Deal Era National Legislative In uence Sam Rayburn 0 Speaker of the House of Representatives 0 Longest tenure in American History 17 years 0 Lyndon B Johnson 0 Senate Majority Leader 0 Served in all four national offices House Senate Vice President President 0 In combination the two exert signi cant national policy in uence Reagan Era in Texas 0 Clear national shift conservatives have left democratic party now republican party 0 Many conservative Texans in office switch parties surge of republicans in the south 0 Republican coalition of social and economic conservatives o Emphasis on tax cuts increased state authority traditional family values and national defense Tea Party in Texas Emerges out of republican party in 2010 0 Strong preference for lesssmaller government particularly federal role 0 GOP incorporates and courts Tea Party voters Ted Cruz 0 Dan Patrick
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