Chapter 1 Outline
Chapter 1 Outline Dance 101
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STAT 1102 - 003
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This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Mackenzie Shapiro on Monday September 21, 2015. The Bundle belongs to Dance 101 at University of South Carolina taught by Diane Valle in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 173 views. For similar materials see Dance Appreciation in Dance at University of South Carolina.
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Clutch. So clutch. Thank you sooo much Mackenzie!!! Thanks so much for your help! Needed it bad lol
-Dr. Reba Weimann
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Date Created: 09/21/15
Dance 101Chapter 1 Outline 1 Impulse to move a A fetus has a natural impulse to move b Beauty is in the eye of the beholder 2 Cambodia a 9th15th century Khmer Empire ruled from its capitol of Angkor b elaborate headdresses and skirts c emerging foam like from the sea to prosper on land d King Jayavarman paid honor to his dead mom and dad by adding over 3000 dancers to the temples in his realm e Angkor was abandoned for a time but the dancers remained f Until 1970 the kings dancers an all female dancing group lived in the kings palace in the capitol of Phnom Penh g the star of the troupe was the daughter of Prince Sihanouk h classical dances of Cambodia involve slow hypnotic movements i The Khmer rouge captured Phnom Penh in 1975 j Royal dancers were hunted and killed k The Khmer Rouge was overthrown by Vietnamese forces and dance was restored l 35 royal dancers who survived started a group in the US m the dancers are sewn into their costumes before each performance 3 Weddings a Dance is separate from ceremony b The new married couple usually does the waltz c AtJewish weddings the bride and groom get lifted in chairs while dancing d Distinction between sacred and secular usually has little meaning 4 Tahiti a Wallis instructed his men to stay on the boat while the native women threw things at them b Captain James Cook visited soon after and described their dances with more detail c quotTo the accompaniment of a chanting man beating on a shark39 skin enrbe drum barebreasted women wrapped in anklelength bark cloth skirts moved their hands and arms in elegant gestures while shaking their hips in rotatory motions 39with a velocity that excited our astonishment quot Cook thought the young dancers 810 were considered indecent Thought the way they moved their lips was demonic Danced for appreciation as gratitude and for fun Had an elaborate dance theatre h A bunch of canoes carried a crew called arioi who were devoted to the cult or Oro Gd of rain and fertility i Some canoes has spots for dancing so they could begin before reaching land Mime shows of sexual intercourse k London Missionary Society showed up during 1797 and began converting the principal chiefs and local priests The arioi were suppressed By the 1820 s dancing was considered immoral Began dancing in private In 1842 when the French took over dance began making a comeback quotAccording to the Tahitians themselves the message of the dance can be paraphrased as follows 39I am young healthy and attractive I know who and what I am and I am happy with myself quot I 93339 quot0 5 Ballet From renaissance Italy and France Early form was kings and queens danced while listening to poetry Frequent balls established social status by the order of who danced Louis XIV helped establish ballet Uplifted body and unbending torso Sometimes being seen in the theater was important During the 19th century people were impressed at the effect of weightlessness in toe shoes Ballet schools of today are linear descendants to schools of Baroque era Dancers begin training at 9 or 10 Have to go to class everyday k Get ballet inspirations from Greek mythology and European folk tales This century has begun with plot less ballet which is harder on the dancers 3 LP WDPPP39P I I 6 Hopi a Energy ows back and forth bw audience and dancer b Hopi calendar has revolved around dancing c Dance to bring rain to crops d Snake dance dance with live snakes while others chant e Fringe represents rain gourds are shaken to sound like rain f Snakes are released hoping they will go back and bring rain 7 19th centuryIndians a went to reserves and depended on US handouts for food b didn t get enough and got angry c Authorities banned dance d the Ghost Dance appeared in the late 18805 The Ghost Dance was linked to a messianic prophecy by a western Paiute leader named Wovoka e some dances connected you with spirits or ancestors f Ghost dance brought together people in tribes who were once enemies g Government authorities thought the ghost dance was a threat h Started killing the people i Government officials continued to discourage ceremonial dance until the 1930 s j At the new powwows the traditional dances were passed on to younger generations k In traditional North American Indian dances knees are bent and the body is tilted forward Head movements can be elaborate and they chant as well as use bells and rattles and drums Trance a Found in some Native American dances but not in powwow b Trance may be equated with drunkenness sleepwalking or hypnogs c When surveyed 437 out of 488 said they had some kind of altered state proving it not to be abnormal d Sometimes food drinks smoking materials and exercise is involved e Choreography is involved f quotThrough dances of different types Korean shamans and African fetish priests and evangelical Christians and Indian outcastes and Javanese Muslims open channels of communication with the powersthatbequot Can bring info about past or what s to come and good health and good fortune India a 0quot rhme 3amp0 Kerala has been in uenced by other countries without losing their personal identity Caste systemreputation for independent thinking and a tolerance for new ideas established in 1500 bc Shiva lord of dance was worshipped Older Gds can bring disease and infertility To protect against this ill fortune dance rituals were performed The people who perform this is an outcaste group called the PuHavas Not allowed to enter Hindu temples Ritual can go up to 12 consecutive nights They construct a ritual space that consists of 4 stripped banana tree trunks hung with palm fronds owers and origami birds 10 Paint mandalas in the ground that shows 8 cobra hooded snakes The mandala is a dance creating many people come to watch Mandala is a feast set up for the Gds A Priest blesses the offerings by dancing barefoot and bare chested circles the mandala clockwise carrying owers then a aming wick while listening to music repetitive sounds played on local instruments Then a young pullava man performs the re dance around the mandala Some of the moves look like martial arts The climax of the performance is when two young girls come out and get possessed by the serpents During this members of the sponsoring families may go into trance The girls move around erasing the mandala When its erased the Gds can return to their grove De ning Dance Plato and Aristotle grouped dance in with the mimetic representational arts Aestheticians say the rst duty of dance is the creation of beauty Throughout sub Saharan Africa dance is de ned as life because it Is a part of their daily life In India dance is considered a part of a larger dance drama with transcendental ambitions Roger Copeland says dance should be de ned as quotAny movement designed to be looked atquot Joan Keali de nes it as quotDance is a transient mode of expression performed in a given form and style by the human body moving through space Dance occurs through purposefully selected and controlled rhythmic movements the resulting phenomenon is recognized as dance both by the performer and the observing members of a given groupquot During the 19th century the zezuru found a way of military that involves dance They called it dance mbende which means mouse that runs fast Today the jerusaleme is featured in performances of the National Dance Company of Zimbabwe At jerusaleme clubs people dance close to each other but never touch
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