AFAMAST1121 Quiz 1 Notes and Review
AFAMAST1121 Quiz 1 Notes and Review
Popular in Course
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
This 15 page Bundle was uploaded by Rebecca on Friday September 12, 2014. The Bundle belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 112 views.
Reviews for AFAMAST1121 Quiz 1 Notes and Review
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/12/14
Thursday August 28 2014 African American Civilizations History What is it Subject matter of history events people society past time ideas we spend most of our lives coming out of the past and into the present Historical Interpretation Objective what is collision Subjective what we think about what is media culture past experiencesraising religionmorals gender age politics marriage class accident Important relationship between people events ideas agriculture interconnection Objective and subjective combined is the search for truth Define history the reexamination of change over time and space history becomes a weapon deal more deeply with the definition of history contradiction fuels change and history the unity and conflict of opposing forces in society as they come together they conflict which drives history Thursday September 11 2014 African American Civilizations Study Guide Review 22 questions historical tools of analysis what is history be able to define have understanding of historical interpretation how change takes place in history of human societies those that are the primary motivating force for change in history how change is fueled takes society from lower to higher forms physical environment of Africa the climate environment that human beings had to confront differences in climactic zones of Africa process in confronting the environment development of culture define challenges that physical environment present to human beings different scientific models that were put forth discuss these models genesis of human society and its migration distinguish between them conguering the environment foraging have idea of what it was tools language measure maturity of early African society Thursday September 11 2014 What human beings came together how had to work together to confront nature how confronted nature conclusions of how confronted nature translated into society what were the first relationships how established to confront obstacles and challenges of environment Thursday August 28 2014 African American Civilizations History What is it Subject matter of history events people society past time ideas we spend most of our lives coming out of the past and into the present Historical Interpretation Objective what is collision Subjective what we think about what is media culture past experiencesraising religionmorals gender age politics marriage class accident Important relationship between people events ideas agriculture interconnection Objective and subjective combined is the search for truth Define history the reexamination of change over time and space history becomes a weapon deal more deeply with the definition of history contradiction fuels change and history the unity and conflict of opposing forces in society as they come together they conflict which drives history Thursday September 11 2014 African American Civilizations In Class Chapter 3 win a living from environment culture 2 different parts human beings struggle with environment humans struggle with other humans environment trial and error gt learn and die from environment gradual change on human thinking faraging lay environment for future whatever can get from environment to fuel themselves gt whatever land offers up results tool production development increase effectiveness and efficiency stone iron bone fish hooks boats language is a tool communicate broad spectrum of ideas used to trace development understand originate understand what groups are related people move gt traced through language distribution kuoysan speaking group Thursday September 11 2014 clicking sounds first language southern part of Africa Niger Kongo africans from America come from here bantu speaking group Nilo Saharan middle possibly the first group to migrate outside of Africa AfroAsiatic Northern tools used to migrate close to Asia separated by red sea Societal Organization struggle with other humans emergence of egalitarianism helps relationship with environment faults relationship with humans all people are equal and should have equal opportunity significance not much inequality land collectively and share land successfully then live successfully equilibrium first concluded couldn t move forward with inequality Thursday September 11 2014 African American Civilization Reading Notes Chapter 2 Africa is the part of the world where most or even all of critical stages of human evolution took place how people have understood human history has all too often been influenced by the conception of race Early Perspective Human Origins and the Notion of Race belief that races were linked to certain systems of cultural behavior or intelligence and morality seems to have developed fairly recently in history didn t start until perhaps the 18th century first taking shape in Western Europe questioned because bible stated all from Adam and Eve some believed racial differences were spiritual distance from God Western Europeans thought they were better Evolutionary Perspective on Human Origins Carl Lemmaeus one of the first to suggest humans were related to primates Charles Darwin on the origin of species earth was home to host species that changed over large time span Thomas Huxley evidence as to man s place in nature Darwin the descent of man scientists basically usedturned these facts around used to claim superiority of european s Evolutionary Prospectives to the 1980 s evolution of modern humans could be traced back earliest ancestors were australopithecus afarensis Thursday September 11 2014 homo habilisz increased cranial capacity homo erectus human physique expanded into other regions Thursday September 11 2014 African American Civilizations Reading Notes Chapter 3 humans and the environment foraging for food big part of human story laid foundations for development of agriculture development of language developed skills and technology that allowed them to move 4 sources of information about foragers lives archaeology direct evidence about tools of foragers allows dating left small archaeological footprint cant tell only part of history inferences about ancient foragers based on modern foragers study diets social structures technologies health population density s assumes society s are static even if foraging society was unaffected by neighbors it would have had thousands of years to develop and refine technologies analysis of genetic material modern people information about ancestors shows relationships between different groups linguistic evidence Thursday September 11 2014 geneology of language may reach into the deep past Thursday September 11 2014 African American Civilization In Class Notes Chapter 2 Nations of Race Human Origins and Justification all humans develop in different ways some superior some inferior during slave trade must been inferiority Scientific Racism associate scientific analysis with notions of race still dealing with racism what advancements could be made if no separation of racial superiority little difference between races used experiments to justify still live with these notions academia in the 60 s seeming slaves were happy on the plantations Models to consider models used tojustify Polygenesis humans leaving Africa weren t to the point of being modern human beings were several creations of people each race is decedents of own different from the start MultiRegional Model homoerectus referred to as Neandertha s later migrations replace homoerectus gt homo sapiens how can they replace species establish permanently by ability to adapt to environment use of tools increased development ability to change social behavior language homo sapiens established culture bonded through language of culture groups that couldn t bring together societal structures used struggle against environment to make better popuation s developed and evolved independently and in isolation Out of Africa migration from Africa not millions of years ago more recent than multi regional time migrated causes differences waves Thursday September 11 2014 African American Civilization Reading Notes Chapter 1 Physical Features of the Continent Size Large terrain and climate vary due to the size desert grassland swamps glaciers etc North Africa mediterranean sea mild climate climate allows grapes oiveswheat barley South Africa sahara desert driest most forbidding few places support human habitation 30000 10000 years ago went through wet period was wet enough to support grass and trees site of first steps of agriculture savannah south of sahara rainfall supports grass and trees typical sub saharan environment West Africa historically covered by rain forests now much is gone and cleared for farmland Thursday September 11 2014 Very Southern Tip small pocket mediterranean climate same mild climate as north Challenges of Africa poor soils geologically inactive ancient soils leaches and weathered plant nutrients are less abundant less organic material volcanic highlands cooler ncherso higher population well suited for growing crops rainfall is all or nothing thing cant produce huge amounts intertropical convergence zone boundary between wet air and dry air disease malaria bad air mosquitoes carry it kills more kids than any other disease yellow fever mosquito borne trypanosomiasis sleeping sickness bite of tsetse fly kills cattle prevented people from keeping cattle Thursday September 11 2014 real economic loss kills horses military use pull carts etc economic loss as well The African Environment in Global Perspective challenges vary by region reflect scale and diversity of the continent similar environment as Australasia Africa has many wild and sparsely inhabited no more than North America environment is as affected by humans as any other continent Thursday September 11 2014 African American Civilizations In Class Notes Chapter 1 relationship between internal and external conditions internal processes are basis of change external processes are conditions of change speed up or slow down internal iron rusts in rain and ball would notgt because of internal processes relationship between leaders elite vs masses who primarily is in charge of change people will produce and reproduce own leadership Chapter 1 Huge development is uneven throughout some develop faster then others struggle to emerge was extremely hard Variety of Ecological Zones tremendous impact on development human civilization takes had to plan harvest around cycle of rain Sahara emerged from wetlands people migrated east and south Sahil not desert shore from desert to savannah Savannah agricultural potential Rainforest thick trees etc jungle and diseases harbor here woodland savannah before rain forest think forest grass rivers play role in civilization of Africa as well ideas and culture travel up and down the Nile River quickens development Culture two aspects of culture human struggle with environment human struggle with other humans
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'