Popular in History of Animation
Popular in Film
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
HIST 1020 - 004
verified elite notetaker
This 7 page Bundle was uploaded by Lindsey Irizarry on Wednesday March 16, 2016. The Bundle belongs to 365 at San Francisco State University taught by Karl Cohen in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see History of Animation in Film at San Francisco State University.
Reviews for CINE 365
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 03/16/16
Week 1 Luminaris: about the guy who steals little marbles and then chews them to make light bulbs Technique for first videopixelatio usually w/ people Stop motion usually without it. Animation is about imagination, takes people to new places Animation Time (Vince Collins): ● Chaotic, random ● pushing people out of their comfort zone ● vivid & wild ● 2D Computer 3rd VIDEO: young animator surprising about the holocaust, about to get shot in the forest but Russians save the mother and daughter. Catalyst Video: created by Bill Plympton, drawn animation hits you over the head, about daughter graduating college and parents have been waiting for this moment and told her to strive for the best but in a man’s world she will always be a step behind making less than a man with same qualifications Some Other Kat: Mark Kausler, drawn pencil animation Drunker Than a Skunk Bill Plympton, 2013, drawn “Ingrid Pitt: Beyond the Forest,” designed by Bill Plympton, drawn by Perry Chan age 11 Tango: stop motion, woman doing the tango around a car, VW Skoda ad, Michael Langan Plato by Leonard Cohen, about the cube, simple but complex, demonstrates stop motion & drawn, black and white Enrique Wrecks the World comical, basic art style background different than characters ● gruesome ● graphic/ violent ● funny ● ends on a happy note even though he killed about every animal Behind My Behind : shift in personality, colorful, creative, poem/rhyming, two styles of art Bound for Glory: 2015 Animate to bring to life (things that can’t move for themselves), make it move1 ➔ the 3 above are all by David Chai Cosmic Flower Unfolding: 2013, Ben Ridgway, super trippy animation, bringing a flower to look like it’s alive A Tangled Tale : sand animation (+digital processing) about the two fish trying to get off the line, tale of love and entanglement Possessions: Shuhei Marita (a segment from the feature “Short Peace,” Japan) CG based on an 18th Century story, about the man that gets lost in the forest and stays in a hut with objects that come to life Gerty the Dinosau r created by Winsor McCay, 1914 hand drawn, animation cell had not yet been developed, jiggles all over the place, cell animation means better backgrounds ● Always had interest in drawing ● Worked for a printing company and billboard painter ● Wanted animated pictures to be apart of his vaudeville acts (speed drawing) McCay’s first film= “Little Nemo in Slumberland” 1911, hand colored Felix the Cat silent era’s biggest star, first cartoon character created and developed for on screen and mass merchandised, for Pat Sullivan Studio; created by Otto Messmer american animator, interested in the entertainment industry, went to art school, inspired by McCay ● “Astronomeows” director for Sullivan, producer, 1928 02.05.16 Subconscious password created by Chris Landreth 2013, mixed media animated, about the guy trying to remember his old friend’s name John Dilworth (striped shirt created courage the cowardly dog) Sheila M. Sofian “Waving the flag” animated documentary, script of composited writings, US was at war, fed up w/ America sending back body bags but we got to act like nothing happened Silent Voices: created by Jeeyoon Na color pencil, sketches animated, girl is silenced because adults don't listen, hung out with alleged child molester. Summer Dream : Peter Parr founder of animation program at The Arts University College at Bournemouth; figure of man moving through painting Combustible: Katsuhiro Otomo, Japan 2012; playing with fire, Waka let's fire burn and destroys her town Surrealism: going beyond realism, limitless (Felix the cat can do anything he pleases made by pat sullivan, #1 character star in silent era) Hays Code used to censor films, made in 1928 by the Hays office, 1930 people were pushing the limits not a mandatory code (had no legal authority), they enforced it because Hollywood was worried about box office clean up Hollywood's image, avoid government interference ➔ Betty Boop showed too much cleavage Max Fleischer producer, CA 1927, “Tramp, Tramp, Tramp the Boys are Marching” ● American animator, head of Fleischer Studios, created the R otoscope ○ animators trace over footage, frame by frame, for use in liveaction and animated films. Originally, recorded liveaction film images were projected onto a frosted glass panel and redrawn by an animator ● Born into a family of inventors, was cartoonist, photographer “Let’s Sing with Popeye” sound bouncing ball (makes it easier for audience to sing along) cartoon w/ Popeye & Betty Boop 1931 Koko & Bimbo in “Koko’s Earth Control” 1928 02.12.16 No Robots created by Yunghan Chang and Kim Knoll 2012; man does not allow robots in his shop and chases one into an alley where he beats the robot up, but he sees that robots aren't all that bad and takes it home to try and repair it, about prejudice 2nd clip overcoming the negative comments of others “Ghost of Stephen Foster” by Raymond Persi and Matt Nastak, th e Squire Nut Zippers (2000) Film was heavily influenced by early sound Fleischer cartoons, especially “Bimbo’s Initiation” cel 1937 supreme court adjusted labor laws ruled that you can go on strike and not get fired strikers/fleischers won case florida unions were screwed Disney’s animators went on strike in 1941 Great Walt Disney Cartoonists Strike of 1941. The Disney Strike spawned new studios, new creative styles, new characters and changed animation forever. The strike paved the way for Hollywood animators to earn pensions, medical insurance and the highest standard of living in the animation world. Walt Disney’s first feature length cartoSnow White and the Seven Dwarfs Fleischer “Play Safe” 1936 table top animation one with lil boy (he like trains) and dog taking care of him ● rotating table that's how they got the backgrounds to move, camera used wide angle lens, hard word on cell and behind it is moving 3D set homage to bilbo Walt Disney born in Illinois, 17 he wanted to be apart of WWI lied about his age, got a job with the ambulance with red cross, came back from europe and went to art school, 1920/1 had wild idea he was going to become his own boss started animating with Ub Iwerks he would be the artist while Walt would be the businessman The Walt Disney Studio (1st studio opened in 1921), development and changes in their series, Disney's use of sound and color and his concern with the illusion of life. See Mickey mature “Steamboat Willie” & “Plane Crazy” 1928 directed Ub Iwerks, produced by Walt 12 Principles of Animation 1. squash and stretch (used by later mickey mouse cartoons): o give a sense of weight and flexibility to drawn objects 2. Anticipationused to prepare the audience for an action, and to make the action appear more realistic 3. Stagingto direct the audience's attention, and make it clear what is of greatest importance in a scene 4. Straight Ahead Action drawing out a scene frame by frame from beginning to end (creates more fluid, dynamic illusion of movement) Pose to Pose involves starting with drawing a few key frames, and then filling in the intervals later (works better for dramatic or emotional scenes, where composition and relation to the surroundings are of greater importance) 5. Follow Through and Overlapping Action help to render movement more realistically, and help to give the impression that characters follow the laws of physics 6. Slow In and Slow Out goes for characters moving between two extreme poses, needs time to accelerate and slow down 7. Arc can be applied to a moving limb by rotating a joint, or a thrown object moving along a parabolic trajectory 8. Secondary Action emphasize, rather than take attention away from, the main action 9. Timing refers to the number of drawings or frames for a given action, which translates to the speed of the action on film 10. Exaggeration was to remain true to reality, just presenting it in a wilder, more extreme form; depends on whether one seeks realism or a particular style 11. Solid drawing taking into account forms in threedimensional space, or giving them volume and weight 12. Appeal corresponds to what would be called charisma in an actor; the important thing is that the viewer feels the character is real and interesting 02.19.16 Power of Monalisa about guy having a nightmare and the characters faces are sliced underneath the eyes, it's to remind us that they are puppets Silly Symphony: 3 Piggy’s, “Skeleton Dance” (dir. Ub), “Musicland” madalt Disney 1940s sequence was reanimated w/ a different looking wolf ● Politically incorrect ● Extremely popular, most requested Disney cartoon during the 1930s because of the song, it was uplifting especially since it’s during the Great Depression ● 2nd cartoon to win an Oscar Donald Duck good comic/character since Mickey couldn’t really lose his temper, these characters evolved and became actors Warner Brothers was a poverty row studi no big budgets or no big actors The Jazz Singer= known as the first talkie Leon Schlesinger made cartoons for Warner Bros (ex: Foxy which ripped off Mickey) Shot 16mm films Ub Iwerks createdFlip the Frog distributed MGM ● “The Office Boy” 1931 ● “Spooks” 1933 “To Spring” Harman Ising for MGM 1936 Hugh Harman and Rudolf Ising founded Warner Bros and MGM studios, first worked with Walt but then he moved to California so they formed their own studio, plans failed went back to Walt and worked on the Alice Comedies and Oswald contributed to the Disney style ● Universal owned rights to Oswald created Bosko (synchronizing dialogue on the soundtrack with the action on sc then Schlesinger wanted the character on his Looney Tunes “The Milky Way” 1940 dir. Ising, won Oscar Peace on Earth directed by Hugh Harman, Oscar nomination, wanted to scare people away from war, antiwar (WWII) propaganda Week 5 “Case of the Stuttering Pig,” dir. Frank Tashlin, 1937 “Porky’s Pigs Feat,” dir. Frank Tashlin. 1943 “Porky in Wackyland,” dir. Bob Clampett, 1938 “Porky’s Hare Hunt,” dir. Ben Hardaway, 1938, first bunny cartoon, black & white, pig trying to kill the hareade for Schlesinger in 1937 for Warner Bros “Elmer’s Candid Camera,” dir. Chuck Jones, 1940, is a Merrie Melodies a misdirected Bugs Bunny “A Wild Hare,” dirTex Avery , 1940 (Oscar nomination), considered the first Bug Bunny in terms of personality & plot character developed, produced by Slessinger, Merrie Melodies ● Started animation with Walter Lantz studios working on Oswald “Rabbit Seasoning,” dir Chuck Jones, 1952, Bugs Bunny ➔ Created Roadrunner, also some tom and jerrry epsiodes Avery, Jones, and Clampett worked together for Warner Bros on black and white Looney Tunes 03.04.16 Fantasy created by Emile Cohl, 1908 (silent era), cut out and drawn animation The Automatic Moving Company thought to be associated w/ Cohl but really Romeo Bosetti, 1912 Nina Paley underground animator in SF in 1990s Went East to NYC She had boyfriend troubles, was going to get married but he told her not to visit him so it ended ● Pandorama very experimental, about myth of Pandora’s box, over 2500 handdrawn images, scratched, and rubberstamped directly on 70mm film ● Lexi about her cat, experimental w/ textiles ● The Stork about overpopulation in the world, 2D animation, Flash, Photoshop, Final Cut ● Sita Sings the Blues love life, 2D animation Tom & Jerry created by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera ➔ People didn’t get tired of them because they are extremely fast pace and violent ◆ Parents objected the cartoon because it was teaching their children horrible things ◆ This caused the toning down of animation on TV Newman’s LaughOGram: created by Walt Disney, his first film 1922 cutouts, quick sketches, popular from WWI to 1920s Newman’s department store wanted an ad, things would've been different if Walt stayed on this path animation would not be the same today if that was the standard then Studio Heads= Walt Disney, Max & Dave Fleischer, Iwerks Wild Hare first Bugs Bunny 1942 Leon Slessinger was pissed so he fired Tex Avery, so he goes to MGM “Porky’s Duck Hunt”= first Daffy Duck c artoon not a MGM film, but shown to show how his work matured in the early 1940s) ➔ possessed a new form of "lunacy" and zaniness that had not been seen before in animated cartoons. Daffy was an almost completely outofcontrol "darn fool duck" ➔ Avery’s first animation (Blitz Wolf) for MGM wins Oscar ◆ WWII propaganda ◆ Resembles the 3 little pigs, sergeant Pork builds house w/ canons to protect against Nazi wolf ➔ Also created Who Killed Who & Red hot Riding Hood (1943), King Sized Canary (1947) Bob Clampett Daffy & Porky in Baby Bottleneck 1946 Apart of the Looney Tunes series
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'