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Chapter 2- Methodology

by: Aimee Castillon

Chapter 2- Methodology PSYC379

Marketplace > George Mason University > Psychlogy > PSYC379 > Chapter 2 Methodology
Aimee Castillon
GPA 3.61
Applied Cross-Cultural Psychology
Eric B Shiraev

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About this Document

Whoever missed class this week or didn't get all of the lecture notes, here it is!
Applied Cross-Cultural Psychology
Eric B Shiraev
75 ?




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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Aimee Castillon on Tuesday September 22, 2015. The Bundle belongs to PSYC379 at George Mason University taught by Eric B Shiraev in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see Applied Cross-Cultural Psychology in Psychlogy at George Mason University.


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Date Created: 09/22/15
PSYC 379 0 Fall 2015 acastil7amuedu quot l Two strategies in crosscultural research applicationoriented attempt to establish the applicability of the research findings obtained in one country or culture to other countries or cultures ie Fred Bemak and Rita Chung developed a new method of counseling to help victims of natural disasters cop with the consequences of their traumatic experiences will this method be effective in other countries comparativist study primarily on similarities and differences in certain statistical measures in a sample of cultures ie Elker Weber from Ohio State compared thousands of American and Chinese proverbs and popular expressions to study wisdoms related to risky behavior and risk aversion She assumed initially that in Chinese culture the number of proverbs related to the individual s cautious behavior will be significantly greater than in the West Results Chinese language that are related to risktaking behavior are more prevalent than similar expressions in Test translation English sexual harassment Obstacles in crosscultural research privacy test translation Shame and embarrassment ie try translating sexual harassment privacy and shame and embarrassment in another language cultural applicability ie Children from which groups are unlikely to understand the following question My neighbor has just received some singular Milgram experiment studied visitors He received one after the other a doctor a lawyer and a obedience priest What is going on my neighbor39s Alfred Binet applied cultural bias crossculturally ie in selfassessment surveys three national groups consistently mark themselves as hardest working Ethiopia Tanzania and Zimbabwe respondents from China Korean and Japanese samples evaluate themselves among least hardworking in the world one of the major concerns is equivalence experiment Independent variable conditions controlled by the experimenter gt dependent variable something you study Michael Persinger s experiment Persinger s study hasn t The Koren Helmet generates very weak fluctuating magnetic fields been replicated studies show that the poor if they have extra money tend not to spend all of them on food They spend a lot on alcohol tobacco and festivals The poor do not eat any more or any better when their incomes go up Democracy is linked to wellbeing and political and social stability Singapore and Denmark are the happiest countries in the world religious and nonreligious people nonreligious dreamlike experiences feeling strange dizzy or very comfortable religious seeing God feeling God observing spiritual beings or living past lives Sample selection in crosscultural research convenience sampling based on location systematic sampling based on particular idea ie comparing marriages random sampling most desirable equal chance of being selected Research Methodology in Crosscultural psychology three types of studies descriptive studies scientific observation clinical interview cargo cult ie celibacy building planes f Hellglfvus Obtaining bene ts 1gt Belief gt SVStEm Pursuing certain individual I BUtFOmES bV Behavior 39 mimicking behamors associated with such surveys are the most common research techniques in psychology In a typical survey the researcher asks the subject to express an opinion regarding a particular topic issue or issues individuals also answer questions about themselves their experiences feelings or behavior correlational research determines the degree to which two or more variables are related ie research on happiness subjective well being correlates most strongly with health wealth and access to basic educa on


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