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History 111 Notes

by: Tara nolan

History 111 Notes Hist 111

Tara nolan
GPA 3.0
American History from 1877 to the present
instructor Atkins

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American History from 1877 to the present
instructor Atkins
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This 7 page Bundle was uploaded by Tara nolan on Tuesday September 22, 2015. The Bundle belongs to Hist 111 at Washington State University taught by instructor Atkins in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see American History from 1877 to the present in History at Washington State University.


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Date Created: 09/22/15
History 111 August 21 2015 Black Activism Unions Many worked with whites and blacks together Organized by political interests and ideas Involvement in politics and political movements Women Long term success African American women 0 Black women were not seen as threatening the way black men were Educational movements Selfimprovement groups Holy organizations Voter registration drives Accomplished more because they were able to go through society easier Ida B Wells Journalist in Memphis African American newspaper Editorials Condemning violence Condemned poor schools Controversial editorials Fired from her teaching job because of the editorials Full time journalist which made her more open and honest 1892 friend lynched because whites wanted to shut down his store and he protested Attacked the evils of lynching in her newspaper and encouraged blacks to leave town 0 Mob destroyed newspaper o Took her anti lynching campaign to England where she was welcomed o Embarrassed the US Eluidity of Race Relations 0 Were not static o Segregation lynching problems 0 Some whites and blacks continued to work together and held cordial relationships 0 Depended on time o Depended on individuals Some white individuals were willing to work with African Americans some were not The rise of Jim Crow OOOOO 000000000 0 0 African American are politically and culturally losing their rights through Jim Crow laws 0 Probably came from a minstrel show Stereotype of a particular kind of African American Mandated segregation o How did this happen White backwash Whites did what they could to undermine the participation of African Americans in society Concern of African Americans and whites mingling as 0 equals Severe economic depression was another concern for the whites Punished blacks and blamed them for the loss of the war Making Segregation o By force Rhetoric of violence 0 By law Laws were more voluntary in the North whereas the South had very strict laws segregating whites and blacks Plessy vs Ferguson 1896 0 Homer Plessy African American Bought a 1St class ticket Refused to leave his 1St class car was arrested and argued that he paid a rst class fare Went to Supreme Court Supreme court ruled that the railroad was not violating any of the amendments 0 Jim Crow Laws Separate but quotequalquot 1900 segregation was extended to almost all public facilities Economic segregation Became segregated in the workplace as well 0 Deskilling of black labor African American men were excluded from good jobs unions lost their labor protections lost jobs Disenfranchisement 0 Poll Tax Required citizens to pay to vote Disenfranchises poor people Secret Ballot 0 Changed colors on the ballots to confused illiterate people and made them accidentally vote for the wrong party 0 Literacy Clause Made voters explain part of the constitution and decided then and there if they should vote or not 0 Grandfather Clause You can vote if you are over the age of Segregation by Consensus o Stereotypes of African Americans that presented them as inferior The Growing UrbanRural Divide o More people are living in rural areas than urban areas New Immigration Ellis Island New immigrants were catholic or Jewish 1901 1914 13 million immigrants came to the U S Why did they come to the US To find freedom and prosperity Wanted to attain a new life Religious freedom September 2 2015 0 OOO Labor in the Age of Big Business 0 Class Divisions Rise and fall of the knights of labor 0 Terence V Powderly Bring together workers regardless of skill level Emancipation from wage slavery o Reform Focused on larger social reform Graduated income taX those who make more should pay more taxes 0 Inclusiveness Gender Equal pay and equal work for men and women African American workers Did not want Chinese workers Haymarket Riot 0 May 1 1886 350000 workers walked off their jobs 200000 were successful in convincing their employers to lessen their hours Growing confrontations between workers and police Dangerous and unAmerican No longer recognize unions Homestead Strike 0 American Federation of Labor 0 Samuel Gompers founder and leader of AFL Believed the only way the AFL would succeed was to hire the best workers Ignored unskilled workers Did not want racial minorities in the AFL Did not want immigrants Thought they would do more harm than good for the cause Believed women belonged in the home Paid men enough so wives could stay at home Farmers in the Age of Business 0 Southern Farmer s Alliance Response to challenges farmers faced Organized chapters all along the south Bought cooperative stores and began to merchandise crops cooperatively o Colored Farmers Alliance 0 Northern Farmers Alliance The People s Party Populists o 1892 0 Platform Election of 1896 o Populists 0 quotFree Silver Populism s Last Campaign 0 William Jennings Bryan 0 quotCross of Gold September 14 2015 josiah Anastasi Teddy Roosevelt Bully Pulpit Square deal Trust busting o Essentially using the federal government to dismantle trusts and big monopolies Conservation 0 Tripled the size of federal reserves 0 150 million acres of reserve land 0 Wildlife refuges William Howard Taft Easily won republican nomination Taft pursued trust busting Federal income taX 16th amendment made it possible to expand the power of the government Election of 1912 Bull Moose Party 0 00000 Teddy Roosevelt wanted to be president again Did not take this lying down Started a progressive party Said he felt as strong as a quotbull moose Ambitious platform Party stood for Women s suffrage 8 hour work day Prohibition of child labor Minimum wage for women Regulation of large corporations World War 1 Final reform movements of progressivism The causes of world war 1 Making the world safe for democracy Woodrow Wilson New Freedom 0 O O O FTC o 0 Political platform He wanted to reduce the in uence of big corporations and government He didn t want to trust bust He wanted to use the government to more powerfully regulate the economy Federal Trade Commission Maintained regulated prices Federal Reserve 0 O O O 0 Created by Wilson Reorganize the nation s banking and currency systems through the creation of 12 national banks Regulate currency Lent money to private banks Central bank that loans money to private banks 0 Reduced the power of private banks to make sure there was a central governing bank Tariff 0 Tariff reform 0 Tax on imported goods 0 Made it very difficult for people to buy foreign goods 0 Reduced the tariff to create a more free market place 16th Amendment 0 Implemented the 16th amendment 0 First personal income tax 0 1 tax on people who made 400020000 a year 0 Rose gradually to 6 if you made more than 500000 a year Foreign Intervention Dollar Diplomacy 0 As American corporations expanded abroad they would have a positive outcome Moral Imperialism 0 Using Americas moral righteousness to transform other nations 0 Believed the US should recognize latin America Mexican Revolution Pancho Villa 0 Emerged as a symbol of de ance in America 0 Bring the US and Mexico to the verge of war The Great War Origins o Triple Alliance 0 Central powers 0 Germany Austria Hungary and Italy Triple Entente o Allies 0 Great Britain France Russia Archduke Franz Ferdinand o Heir to the throne of the Austria Hungarian empire 0 Assassinated while visiting Bosnia 0 Killer was a Serbian nationalist 0 Germany told them they need to retaliate American quotNeutralityquot Trench warfare 0 Soldiers would dig trenches Unrestricted submarine warfare Zimmerman Telegram Instructed the German ambassador to work with the Mexican government to declare war against the US Making the World Safe for Democracy Speech was the most effective in American history The challenge was the win over the American public that they needed to go to war


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