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The Fundamental Unit of Life-Isomers

by: Jasmond Notetaker

The Fundamental Unit of Life-Isomers BIO 210 - 01

Marketplace > La Salle University > Biology > BIO 210 - 01 > The Fundamental Unit of Life Isomers
Jasmond Notetaker
La Salle
Cell Bio and Genetics
David S. Zuzga

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About this Document

An overview of various subsections spanning from the cell and the different types of isomers.
Cell Bio and Genetics
David S. Zuzga
75 ?




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This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by Jasmond Notetaker on Monday September 28, 2015. The Bundle belongs to BIO 210 - 01 at La Salle University taught by David S. Zuzga in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Cell Bio and Genetics in Biology at La Salle University.

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Date Created: 09/28/15
Bio 210 Day 6 September 16 2015 The Fundamental Units of Life 0 The cell is the simplest unit of life 0 All organisms are made of cells 0 Cells can differ substantially from one another but share common features deconvolute Comparing Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells 0 Basic features of all cells 0 Plasma membrane 0 Semi uid substance called cytosol 0 Chromosomes carry genes 0 Ribosomes make proteins Prokaryotic cells are characterized by having 0 No nucleus Eukaryotic cells are characterized by having 0 DNA in a nucleus that is bounded by a membranous nuclear envelope 0 Membranebound organelles The plasma membrane is a selective barrier that allows sufficient passage of oxygen nutrients and waste to service the volume of every cell Bio 210 Day 7 September 18 2015 Cell signaling processes information and controlsregulates cell processes Concept 63 The eukaryotic cell s genetic instructions or recipes for proteins are housed in the nucleus and carried out by the ribosomes O The nucleus contains most of the cell s genes and is usually the most conspicuous organelle The nuclear envelope encloses the nucleus separating it from the cytoplasm O The nuclear membrane is a double membrane each membrane consists of a lipid bilayer Bio 210 Day 8 September 21 2015 Carbon The Backbone of Life 0 Living organisms consist mostly of carbonbased compounds 0 Carbon is unparalleled in its ability to form large complex and varied molecules Concept 42 Carbon atoms can form diverse molecules by bonding to four other atoms The Formation of BoncLs with Carbon 0 Four valence electrons carbon can form four covalent bonds with a variety of atoms as well as double bonds The Birth of Organic Chemistry 0 Vitalism was the belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physical and chemical laws 0 Proved wrong when chemists were able to synthesize organic compounds 0 Urea was the first compound to disprove vitalism Molecular Diversity Arising from Variation in Carbon Skeletons 0 Carbon chains form the skeleton of most organic molecules Hydrocarbons 0 are organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen 0 Can undergo reactions that release a large amount of energy Isomers 0 are compounds with the same molecular formula but different structures and properties have different covalent arrangements of their atoms have the same covalent bonds but differ in spatial arrangements 0 are important in the pharmaceutical industry 0 Differing effects of enantiomers demonstrate that organisms are sensitive to even subtle variations in molecules Concept 43 A few chemical groups are key to molecular function 0 are the components of organic molecules that are most commonly involved in the chemistry of life The seven functional groups 0 Hydroxyl group 0 Carbonyl group 0 Carboxyl group 0 Amino group 0 Sul iydryl group 0 Phosphate group 0 Methyl group ATP An Important Source of Energy for Cellular Processes 0 An important organic phosphate is


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