Week 1-2 Notes
Week 1-2 Notes Biology 233
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BIOLOGY 105 - C09C Lecture
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This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Chantelle tolbert on Tuesday September 29, 2015. The Bundle belongs to Biology 233 at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh taught by Teri Shors in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 190 views. For similar materials see Microbiology survey in Biology at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh.
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Date Created: 09/29/15
Date 9 11 Film Microbes in Everyday life Watched a Film had to take notes on the different kind of microbes in the video I suggest checking the video out at the library since my notes may be different from everyone else Date 9 14 Film Is the US ready for catastrophe Watched the film and had to take notes on 3 types of disasters 1 Virus outbreak 2 Earthquakes and other natural disasters 3Nuclear bombl terrorist attack I suggest finding this video and watching it Again my notes may be different from yours Date 918 Notes Microbes in the News 0 Blastomycosis in WI associated with rafting down the Wolf River in New london 0 Respiratory illness caused by fungus O 33 cases as of Sept 16th 34 possible cases 0 Symptoms cough fever chills muscle aches joint pain and chest pain 0 Develops 215 weeks after exposed to blastomyces dermatitidis O 50 of people infected will not show symptoms 0 Gulf Coast Bacteria O Galveston bay Texas ocean beach is like swimming in a toilet O Bacteria above standards at 17 of the areas 52 beaches 0 Fecal matter from farms pets and sewers washed into bay by rainstorms 0 HIV epidemic in Austin Indiana 0 linked to injection drug use 0 Generations of families inject Dpana or heroin together 0 WORST HIV epidemic in state history 0 Needleexchange program to try to reduce the number of HIV infections80 of cases also have HGV infection hepatitis C virus 0 Heroin needles found in the park in Menasha WI Beginnings of Microbiology 0 Anton van Ieeuwenhoek O Describes quotanimalculesquot in 1674 0 credit for discovering the microscope 0 Ground 247 lenses O Constructed 247 simple microscopes 0 Could magnify to 270x 0 Observed microbes for 50 years I bodies of insects and bugs I stomach contents I feces I semen from other animals I stagnant pools ofwater I people39steeth I spoiling food 0 Transition Period 0 Does life generate itself spontaneously I Basis ofthe doctrine I Beginnings of experimental science I Pasteur39s swanneck flask experiment 0 1862 louis Pasteur proposes germs cause infectious disease 0 Yeastand fermentation O the germ theory of disease 0 Aseptic technique 0 ended the spontaneous generation controversy 5 Medical Innovations of the Civil War 1 life Saving Amputation a Daniel E Sickles i eccentric commander ii leg amputated just above the knee after shattered by a confederate shell iii paved the way for many other procedures iv Donated his severed leg to the Army medical museum in Washington on b saved more lives than any other wartime medical procedure c took about 6 min d Union surgeons became the most skilled limb hackers only lost 25 of their patients e techniques invented cutting as far from the heart as possible and never slicing through joints 2 The Anesthesia Inhaler a Dr Julian John Chisolm i invented a 25 in inhaler to prevent the loss of chloroform ii dripped through a perforated circle on the side onto a sponge in the interior as the patient inhaled through tubes vapors mixed with air iii required only k of an ounce of chloroform 3 Closing Chest Wounds a Benjamin Howard i found by closing the chest wound with metal sutures followed by alternating layers of lint or linen bandages and a few drops of collodion to create an airtight seal ii this became the standard treatment survival rates quadrupled 4 Facial Reconstruction a Dr Gurdon Buck i considered the father of modern plastic surgery ii Used dental and facial fixtures to fill in missing bone of Carleton Burgan39s face until it regained shape face deformed after contracting gangrene iii 1st to photograph his progress of his repairs and to make gradual changes over operations 5 The ambulancetoER system a Jonathan tetterman i created the system to evacuate and care for the wounded in just 6weeks ii established caravans of 50 ambulances each with a driver and two stretcher bearers to ferry the injured to field hospitals Date9 21 9 23 Notes Microbes in the News 0 Bird quotwhoopingquot whooping cough gasping for breath serious in babies Vaccine 70 effective Caused by a bacterial infection spread to nose and throat O quotbarkingquot cough croup chords caused by a virus that swells the vocal chords 0 Dry cough caused by flu asthma Pneumonia influenza 0 Wet cough caused by bronchitis pneumonia 0 Concept of herd Immunity 0 if the majority of the herd population is protected from a disease the chance of a major epidemic is unlikely to happen Epidemiology lens support to disease 0 Semmelweis 1860 ish 0 Know for starting HandWashing O Mothers dying of childbed fever in the hospital 183 O Mothers that delivered at home were fine 0 Young doctors were going from autopsies in the quotdeath housesquot to delivering babies 0 Ordered doctors and nurses to wash hands in chlorinated water before delivering babies death rates down to 12 Chapter 1 Identifying the Challenge Read each chapter from your text the professor doesn39t cover everything in lecture Some of the material from the book will be on exams 0 Characteristics of Microbes O organism can39t see with the naked eye 0 capable causing illness andlor death 0 beneficial and essential for human health 0 microscopic and single celled O 5types O Bacteria O Viruses O Protozoa C Fungi O Algaeunicellular I Prions makes six 0 no DNA or RNA genome composed entirely of protein 0 Factors of Emerging Infections 0 Population growth 0 urbanization O Ecological disturbances 0 Climate changes 0 Natural disasters 0 Airtravel O migration 0 Blood transfusion O Microbial evolution and adaptation 0 Human behavior and attitudes O Etc look at Table 12 page 8 in your textbook 0 Types ofTransmission 0 Person to person 0 Biological vector mosquito tick fly to human 0 Zoonotic animal to human 0 Urbanization 0 More of the world39s pop is becoming concentrated in cities I More people easier to spread disease O poverty challenges sanitation standards and hygiene I Table 14 pg10 in textbook 0 SubSaharan Africa home to 68 of the world39s people living leIV I elderly 30 of HIV cases 0 Cities lacking in sanitation safe drinking water and public health infrastructure become quotgraveyardsquot O Ecological Disturbances O deforestation and human intrusion into remote ecosystems contribute to emergence of infectious diseases 0 increased contact with animals and insect vectors I exHIVIAIDS O migration of displaced animals and vectors into villages I ex Chagas39 disease rabies O Zoonosis and species leap 0 Climate Changes 0 global change cause ecological disturbances increasing the incidence and disturbance of infectious diseases 0 Natural Disasters O floods hurricanes drought etc 0 Technological Advances O ability to fly 0 Nosocomial infection hospital acquired blood and blood products source of infection 0 organ transplants or invasive medical procedures
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