CM week 4 and 5
CM week 4 and 5 1060
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This 14 page Bundle was uploaded by Taylor Martin on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Bundle belongs to 1060 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Joseph Kidd in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 129 views. For similar materials see Classical Mythology in Classical Studies at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 09/30/15
Classical mythology Week 4 chapter 9 Understanding the Ancient Greek psyche What is an 39honor shame39 culture Statues and appearances among peers is of the most importance Competing and winning is important The shame of losing can be beyond devastating often resulting in suicide Getting even can redeem you Aphrodite and Eros Aphrodite roman Venus Goddess of sex love beauty and fertility Symbol dove myrtle tree red roses aphrodisiac Husband Hephaestus Birth from the sea after the castration of aphros means sea foam Attended by the graces and horae Important cult sites Corinth Cythera Cyprus Epithet pandemos for all ourania heavenly cypress of Cyprus Appearance stereotypical Barbie type beauty and almost always shown nude The Three Graces Beautiful goddesses that act as handmaidens to Aphrodite and just hang out with her 0 Splendor o Mirth 0 Good cheer Famous Lovers Ares Daughter harmonia Anchises Her first mortal lover Aphrodite makes a boast that everybody is subject to her spells Zeus decides to teach her a lesson and makes her fall in love with the first mortal she sees She spies Anchises and gets all dressed up to see him She disguises herself as a maiden and confronts him Though he is suspicious of her he sleeps with her The next morning the spell is broken and she can39t believe she slept with a mortal As well she is also pregnant already When Anchises Wakes up she tells him she39s pregnant and that their child will be raised by nymphs When he becomes a man she says he will presented to the Trojan court 0 Son Aeneas Adonis Adonis mother is myrrha who was in love with her father and ask Aphrodite to help her sleep with him and she helps her Her father finds out and tries to kill her but before he can Aphrodite turns myrrha into a tree Before or after she give birth to Adonis and he is said to be so handsome he is better looking than the gods When he becomes a man he becomes a hunter and Aphrodite39s lover Aphrodite tells him to not hunt one day and he ignores her He is killed by a boar and Aphrodite is too late to save him She cries out to the fates that he will be reborn and celebrated every year She transforms him into an anemone Creation of red rose When she runs to Adonis dead body she pricks her foot on a white rose and the petals turn red Institutionalize sex Ritual prostitution in Aphrodite39s temples 1000 temple slaves called pornai meaning prostitute lived here 0 They would have sex for money and it would go to Aphrodite39s sanctuary Who were the hetaera The Servants of Aphrodite Equalization of escort Selected at a young age for bursts and brains Educated beyond normal women Schooled in arts of love Respected and coveted role for a woman in Ancient Greece Groomed as companies and entertainment for upper class men The sculptor Pygmalion When Aphrodite first comes to shore on Cyprus all the man love her and all the women are jealous and don39t want to worship her So she turns them to prostitutes Pygmalion who lives in Cyprus ls disgusted by the prostitutes and wants a pure woman so he makes a statue of his idea women He prays to Aphrodite to give him such a woman like his statue and she make the statue come to life Famous Love poets Sappho of Lesbos the world lesbian comes from this Female poet 9 books of love poetry Son of Aphrodite Pnapus 0 god of fertility 0 His pendants were said to cure infertility o Infertility was said to be a curse 0 Most curses were sexual Eros roman Cupid God of love often associated with same sex desire Symbol bow Explained to be one of the original gods from chaos or Aphrodite39s son Shown to be a young man at first but is later to shown as child when Aphrodite became more popular Cult sites none Eros and Psyche Psyche is a beautiful princes and one of four sisters Her sisters are evil and jealous of her beauty Aphrodite is also jealous and curses her by turning all the man away from her So now no one wants to marry her and her father is worried Aphrodite sends Eros to check on her and Eros falls in love with her Her father decides since she39s cursed him going to sacrifice and takes to a mountain for a beast to eat Eros saves her takes her to a palace and seduces her However he never shows her his face but tells her his is the god Eros Her sister s find out she had escaped the monster and finally they find her and beg that she let them see her Eros allows it but tells her she can39t tell them who he is Her sisters convince her he is actually a beast and she is worried because she39s never seen his face So one day when Eros is sleeping she lights a lamp and takes a peek Excited to see he was telling the truth she accidentally spills wax on his body and he wakes He tells her it39s over and goes back to Olympus Aphrodite sees his burns and swears revenge She takes Psyche to Olympus and gives her impossible labors Other gods take pity on her and help her with each task 0 She must sort a huge pile of seeds 0 She must retive a Golden Fleece 0 She must fill a flask with water from the River Styx which was guarded by monsters 0 She must go to Underworld with a box to retrieve a piece of beauty from Persephone She Is told not to opens the box but she does and goes into eternal sleep Eros steps in and revives her with a kiss He takes her to Olympus and begs Zeus to call of his mother and to give Psyche eternal youth along with immortality Zeus also marries them What was a Greek symposium 0 Drinking party 0 Wives and daughter weren39t allowed 0 Prostitutes were allowed Plato39s symposium The opposing nature of love spiritual or physical Seven symposia have gathered to celebrate a best playwright victory The discussion turns to love and they each give they each give their opinions o Phaedrusaristocrat o Pausaniaslegal expert o Eryximachus a physician o Aristophanes comic playwright o Agathon a tragic poet host of the banquet which celebrates the triumph of his first tragedy o Socrates philosopher and Plato39s teacher 0 Alcibiades general Important speeches Aristophanes on the sexual side Originally 3 sexes male female and hermaphrodite conjunged togeter they had four hands four legs two heads two sets of genitals and so on They could move both fonNard and backward and would run by cartwheeling like on all eight limbs They were very powerful and the gods feared that so Zeus split them up Because they longed for their original nature people kept trying to find their other half and reunite with itWhen we find our other half we are ovenvhelmed with affection concern and love for that person Socrates speech Ladder of love Love is desire for things not possessed Love cannot be beautiful or good but this does not mean he is ugly and evil Rather he is something inbetween The Ladder of Love which by steps leads from the love of beautiful bodies to the love of all physical beauty to beautiful habits and institutions to beautiful doctrines and eventually to supreme beauty itselfquot CM Chapter 10 Artemis Artemis roman Diana Goddess of the hunt wilderness and moon patron of young girls and childbirth acts as a midwife Replaces Selene as moon goddess Virgin Apollo s twin daughter of Zeus and Leto Symbols bow stag moon Important Cult sites Delos Ephesus brauron 0 Violent worship such as beating and maybe human sacrifice Epithets Cynthia ephesia brauronia Character and appearance 0 Dangerous known to attack when angered and unpredictable o Blond and beautiful Delos sea washed 0 Artemis and Apollo were born here and both their sanctuaries are located her 0 Mother Leto gave birth at my Cynthia o Hera angered at her for sleeping with Zeus delays her birth and threatened everyone not to help her and curses her saying she cannot give birth to stable ground Brauron 0 Young girls called little bears were forced to serve Artemis at a certain age and bring animal sacrifices to her temple 0 Ephesus located in turkey Regional differences 0 Greek version shown in Tunic running with animals 0 Asia Minor version Egyptian like mummified statue with animals on it 7 wonder of the ancient world 0 Great temple of Artemis at Ephesus o 60ft tall 425 ft long 0 Burned down Famous myths Artemis and Apollo massacre the children of Niobe The women want to worship Leto and Niobe boost she is not great because she only had 2 kids and Niobe has 14 Artemis and Apollo avenge their mother and kill her children 0 Apollo kill all the boys one day and on the second day 0 Artemis kills all the girl except one who becomes Artemis priestess o Niobe is turned to a rock forever weeping for her dead children Artemis and the revenge against Actaeon He is a hunter who accidentally sees Artemis bathing and her turns him into a stage and sick s his own dogs on him who kill him Zeus and the doomed Callisto Zeus develops a crush on Callisto and takes the form of Artemis to get to her He sleeps with her and she tries to hide her pregnancy She and Artemis band go to bath and she won39t get undressed and the girls strip her and her pregnancy is found out then she is kicked out Hera finds her and turns her into a bear As a bear she gives birth to a human baby but he grows up and they get separated He becomes a hunter and encounters her but doesn39t recognize her He goes to shoot her but Zeus comes at the nick of time and puts the in the constellation o Constellation o Ursa Major and Ursa Minor The bizarre birth of Orion Zeus Hermes and Poseidon visit Hyrieus Hyrieus is not aware that his guests were gods but he is generous and serves them the only animal he has an ox The gods reward Hyrieus Generosity by granting him a wish Hyrieus39 biggest desire was to have a child The gods told him to bury the hide of the ox he had sacrificed to them and they pee on it After nine months a boy named Orion is born When Orion is grown he encounters Artemis in wood and is said to assault her and she has a scorpion bite him 0 The Constellation Scorpio is created from this story 0 Orion is added to the constellation as well Euripides Tragic playwright Famous Play Hippolytus Characters 0 Hippolytus illegitimate son of Theseus o Theseus king of Athens 0 Phaedra Theseus wife and Hippolytus stepmother Gods that appear in the story 0 Artemis o Aphrodite o Poseidon Story Hippolytus is asexual and wants to be a virgin follower of Artemis Aphrodite is angered because she can39t attract him and vows revenge by killing him and his step mother She makes Phaedra attracted to Hippolytus and she is ashamed and depressed and confesses to her servant her feelings and the servant tes Hippolytus who misinterprets it thinking the servant is trying to hook him up with his step mother Hippolytus is disgusted goes into an angry rant and curses women and sexPhaedra is even more depressed after this and hangs herself but before she does vows revenge on Hippolytus for shaming her She leaves a note for Theseus claiming Hippolytus raped herTheseus believes the note and exiles Hippolytus and prays to Poseidon who is his father to kill Hippolytus Poseidon sends a sea monster to kill Hippolytus While Hippolytus is riding away the monster frighten his horses and he is dragged by them almost to death Artemis enters the story and gives Theseus a tongue lashing for how he treated his son but does not kill him for his ignorance Artemis swears vengeance for Hippolytus by swearing to kill Aphrodite39s lover supposedly Adonis and promises him that women will cut their hair in remembrance of him Near death Hippolytus is carried in by servants to his father and laid to rest Syncretismblending of two or more religious belief systems into a new system The fusion Hecate triple faced goddess o Travels at night carrying torches and her hound o goodness of witchcraft In some stories Hecate was once connected with the goddesses 0 Artemis o Selene Apollo roman Apollo God of music creativity prophecy reason enlightenment thus leader of muses and gave inspiration to poets and artists also later god of the sun Symbols bow laurel lyre dolphin raven sun Unmarried twin brother of Artemis son of Zeus and Leto Important cult sites Delphi Delos Epithets Pythian refers to Delphi Delian refers to Delos Delphinus dolphin and Phoebus bright or shining Character and appearance 0 Intelligent and realistic not known struck out a lot 0 Lots of love affair considered unlucky in the love department 0 Pretty boy Apollo can use a power Zeus is only supposed to have 0 Can dispel the rain clouds Sacred places Delphi from The Greeks beloved Delphi was Ge39s naval or the holy center of the earth Zeus wanted to know where the center of the earth was so he sent a bird east and another one Apollo slays Ge guardian snake at Delphi and takes control of her sanctuary and after he kills it he says lay there and rot 0 Ge was lefted with small sanctuary 0 Python from Gr Python to rot 0 Mount parramous 0 Know yourself and nothing in excess were inscribed on his temple wall The Pythia Apollo s psychic priestess at Delphi Seated on her golden tripod People couldn39t see her priest would give her the questions She would breath in these fumes did not live to long age mumbles out answer and the people don39t hear it the priest tell them what she said 0 Tripod is symbol for victory or used to burn coal usually Bronze 0 Outside Apollo s temple a tripod lays on snakes Apollo laureates the laurel is a symbol of Apollo it was a crown or wreath of honor for poets and heroes 0 Poet laureate o Nobel laureate o Bacca laureate 0 Now shortened to bachelor degree Famous Lovers Cassandra Apollo wants her as a lover and bargains with her telling her he would give her the gift of prophecy but she must become his love she goes back on the deal he curses her that no one will believe her prophecies this plays a part in destruction of Troy during the Trojan War when she warns people of the war no one believes her and when the city is attack she hides in Athena s temple and a Greek soldier named Ajax finds her rapes her and she is killed later on by someone else 0 Ajax was punished because it is not allowed to inflict violence in the god s temple Daphne Niered Apollo chases her and she prays to her father to help her and get rid of her beauty and her father turns her into a tree Apollo decides she will be his sacred tree Hyacinthus Was in a love triangle between Apollo and a wind God but Hyacinthus chooses Apollo The wind god makes apollo accidently kill Hyacinthus and His blood makes hynacines flower Cyparissus He is given a pet deer from apollo that he becomes deeply devoted to He accidentally kills the deer and wants to die with his deer He cries so much that he become a cypress tree Coronis A beautiful princess that cheats on him His pet Raven tells of her infidelity and Apollo is overcome with anger He shoots his lover in the heart She cries out that he has killed her and his unborn child His grieves and take the fetus out of her and gives it to the centaur Chiron He punishes the Raven by turning it from white to black 0 Son Asclepius o A cautionary tale watch you emotion or don39t do something you may regret in anger Centaur Chiron Unlike other Centaurs who were violent and savage he was famous for his wisdom and knowledge of medicine Asclepius roman Aesculapius God of health and healing Symbol snakes snake entwined staff Son of Apollo and Coronis Father of Hygeia and Panacea Important cult sites Epidaurus Athens and Kos Character and appearance 0 Kindly Jesus like figure 0 Bearded like Zeus not a pretty boy like his father Sacred place Island of Kos Blue zone If you were sick you would go to Asclepius temple for healing in his thermal springs Mysterious Epidaurus Hippocrates Greek physician ca 460370 BCE Caduceus confused with Asclepius snake uses Hermes symbol instead Ritual A priest calls up the sacred snakes Because they shed their skins they were symbol of rejuvenation Because the absorbed heat priest beloved that could adorns fevers and infection People would have to lay with the snakes on their bodies Athens Offering Struck down by hubris Asclepius is said to become so powerful that he raises a man from the dead and Zeus strikes him down because only Zeus should know how to do this The terrible fate of the satyr marsyas Athena invents double pipes but she doesn39t like the way it makes her face look when she plays it so she throws it away and marsyas finds them and she tells him he can39t have it but he takes it anyway He becomes some good at it that he boast he is better than Apollo So he challenged Apollo to contest wand loser has to do whatever the winner wants Apollo wins ties marsyas up and skins him Marsyas brother and the gods cry for him and Ge turns their tears into a river known as Marsyas River Pan and Apollo Pan challenges Apollo and makes the mountain God a judge While King Midas listens in The God says Apollo wins but Midas thinks pan was better So Apollo gives him the ears of a donkey Midas is embarrassed and only shows his hair dresser and tells him not to tell anyone His hairdresser can39t contain it so he digs a hole and buries the secret and grow and whisper quotMidas has ass earsquot
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