Week 1-5 notes
Week 1-5 notes General Education 130
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Popular in General
This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Jennifer Nowak on Friday October 2, 2015. The Bundle belongs to General Education 130 at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater taught by Heather Neimeier in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIETY (GS) in General at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater.
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Date Created: 10/02/15
Power Society and Social Science What is power at the individual level institutional level society laws workplace What makes power legitimate when the leaders and followers both agree to the rules egaity morality tradition Filmmaking metaphor anthropology setting the scene broadest lens looks historically through time Sociology the groups and institutions Psychology the close up individually focused Women and gender studies how gender plays a role from every perspective Anthropology broad study of humankind around the world and throughout time cultural and biological aspects social science and humanity gained through conquest travelers explorers focus on evolution in 1800s dominated by Europeans and Americans archaeological biological linguistic cultural Sociology study of group behavior institutional arrangement and relationships churches govt school family companies hospitals sports food industry media prisons criminal justice Sociological Perspective way of viewing world stresses social context critical evaluation and testing of ideas social experiences underlie behavior social location gender race age income social class religion personal history Psychology scientific study of behavior mental processes focus at an individual level normal and abnormal behaviors clinical treating mental disorders social the study of behavior at an individual level biological brain neuroscience immune system cognitive thoughts and feelings Women s and Gender Studies correct inattention to women s issues in many fields interdisciplinary examination of the structure of gender in society and social institutions personal troubles and public issues abuse Feminism a philosophy of change social factors include men s and women s positions in society structured inequalities in society must be changed women are as valuable as men and should be treated equally Scientific Method ideas rules techniques and approaches that the scientific community uses ask a question make an observation ook to literature hypothesis coect data analyze data rigorous review process for research replication Key terms in science data information collected according to rules or procedures quantitative data in numeric form qualitative describing using words Research Methods in Social Sciences field research descriptivedescribes instead of manipulates correlationalrelationship between variables experimental manipulation of variables Field Research Ethnography participant observation Ethnology based on cross cultural comparison identify and explain cultural differences and similarities Descriptive Research Methods Naturalistic Observation limited question real life observations Laboratory Observation people might act differently deception Case Studies limited in generalizability Surveys correlational method usually population vs sample representative vs biased random assignment Correlational Method degree of relationship between 2 variables correlations CANNOT prove causation Correlation Coefficient strength and direction of a relationship range from 10 to 10 positive or negative larger absolute value stronger the relationship Experimental Method only method that can show cause and effect independent variable manipulated by experimenter dependent variable measured by experimenter Independent Variable experimental group control group leave them alone Confounding Variables in experiments placebo effect response to treatment is due to participant s observations solution placebo condition differences between the N that may cause differences in the DV seection bias presence of pre existing differences between the groups solutionrandom assignment experimenter bias solution double blind technique demand characteristics solution filter measures and cover stories Limitations to experiments generalizability limits to manipulation ethical practical possible Psychology Schools of Thought Psychoanalysis humans only have access to a small part of the mental experience unconscious drives behavior thoughts feelings etc Freudmostly using case studies focus on sexualaggressive impulses repressed childhood experiences criticismsuntestable pessimistic lack of free will women Behaviorism founder John Watson backlash to previous focus on internal experience in psychology focus on overt behavior behavior is observable measurable primarily determined by environmental factors BF Skinner developed a learning theory called operant conditioning explains how we learn and maintain a new behavior reinforcement and punishment Humanistic Psychology positive focus backlash to Freud self driven backlash to behaviorism human beings as driven to grow not just responding to environment or unconscious Rogers Client Centered Therapy genuineness unconditional positive regard empathic understanding Cognitive Psychology response to behaviorism focus on how mental processes influence behavior thoughts and behaviors important thoughts influence behaviors and feelings interpretation is key Biological Psychology physical bases of human and animal behavior studies nervous system genetics endocrine system hormones immune system great growth with improved technologies for looking at internal processes SocioCultural Approach cross cultural perspective on human experience importance of social and cultural influences on behavior thought emotion
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