Contemporary Social Problems Weeks 1-5
Contemporary Social Problems Weeks 1-5 SO 1103
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This page Bundle was uploaded by Jordan255 on Friday March 18, 2016. The Bundle belongs to SO 1103 at Mississippi State University taught by Jennifer Cheek in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see CONTEMPORARY SOCIAL PROBLEMS in Behavioral Sciences at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 03/18/16
Contemporary Social Problems 11216 11916 Jennifer Cheek Mississippi State University Two aspects of social problems Varies over time Objective view of a social condition geography Subjective interpretation of that social condition as a social problem beliefs etc 0 Typically viewed as harmful to society 0 May not an issue that isn t agreed upon agenc An achieved status is when your actions lead to a personal identity An ascribed status is a personal identity you are born into one that you have no control over A master status is your most signi cant personal identity it is based on both social and personal opinion Norms Folkways customs of so iety 0 Laws formal rules Violations can result in sanctions Mores moral code Theoretical Perspectives Structural Functionalist Perspective 0 System of interrelated parts to balance society Stemmed from Parsons and o Examines two types of functions Healthy aspects Manifest intended function Latent unintended function 0 Also examines two types of dysfunctions Social pathology sickness in society Social disorganization sickness cause by society changing too fast Leads to anomy lack of norms Con ict perspective 0 Emphasizes con ict between social groups Contemporary Social Problems 11216 11916 Jennifer Cheek Mississippi State University 0 Marxist con ict theory economic inequalities in a capitalistic society causes social problems Leads to alienation powerlessness o NonMarxist con ict theory people who oppose valuesinterests of society cause social problems Symbolic Interaction theory 0 Behavior in uenced by de nitions and meaning produced byin social interaction Social problems must be agreed on as a problem For a social problem to be considered as such it must be labeled 0 Social Constructionism There is more than one truth or reality based on expedence OO Blumer s Stages of a Social Problem Societal recognition anecdotes Societal legitimation media education Mobilization of action plan to correct problem Implement plan laws Contemporary Social Problems 12116 12616 Methodology Formulate a research question Review literature on the subject De ne variables dependent and independent Formulate a hypothesis Collectanalyze data Report results P P FP NE Qualitative Case study Ethnographyparticipant observations 0 Interviews 0 Focus groups 0 Content analysis 0 Use of secondary data Quantitative Surveys 0 Experiments Content analysis Use of secondary data Health state of complete physical mental and emotional wellbeing Life expectancy varies by time society economy education etc 0 Mortality rate 0 Infant mortality death of live born children under 1 year old 0 Maternal mortality death from pregnancy or childbirth complications Globalization increased interconnectedness among societies 3 health consequences Spreading of infectious disease Harmful pollution Medical tourism people going overseas for medical procedures Mental illness 0 Mental health successful performance of mental function 0 Mental illness Mental disorders abnormal thinking mood or behavior accompanied by signi cant distress Finability to function 0 1 in 4 will experience mental illness at so e point we need to rethink and o 1 in 20 will have a chronic mental illness destigmatize mental illness 0 Mental illness can limit education vocation societal normalcy and opportunities Contemporary Social Problems 12116 12616 Leads to incarceration 35000 die from suicide every year Mental illness increases when rights are being infringed on Most college kids with a mental illness won t report it to the coHege Sociological theories on mental illness 0 Functional how social institutions affect health and vice versa 0 Con ict how pro ts are gained in healthcare Symbolic interactionism focuses on interactions within healthcare Also examines how disese and people are stigmatized personal failure OOOO Medicalization studied by symbolic interactionalists how we label illnesses and how they re treated by doctors and in society Disease as a social contruction how symbolic interactionalists view disease Instead of it being biological it can be focused elsewhere like heart medicine targeted at African Americans Sexist diagnosis LGBT etc Contemporary Social Problems 12816 2216 Heath 0 Social factors 0 Socioeconomic status incorporates education prestige income stress etc 0 Gender 0 Raceethnicity Before Obamacare 45000 people died each year because of not having healthcare 0 The poor have 8x more stress than middle and upper classes 0 Education is correlated with better health outcomes Problems with US Healthcare 0 Medicaid being restricted in many states Vets aren t able to see doctors fast enough 0 Inadequate coverage 0 The US doesn t provide healthcare if provided the government can negotiate prices They would own and run places with healthcare 0 People can t afford private healthcare 0 Lack of preventative care 0 Poor people often go without to pay medical bills Inadequate mental healthcare 0 lnstitutionalizing those with mental illnesses has decreased 0 Counseling is often only offered during the day 0 Those with mental health issues may end up in jail before seeing help Allopathic Medicine drugs and doctors Homeopathic Medicine herbs acupuncture etc Solutions 0 Comprehensive includes societal factors Selective includes only lifestyle factors 0 Reproductive services family planning 0 International outreach 0 Women and education 0 Dietetics Alcohol and Other Drugs Drug anything mood altering sociologically has effect on user and others 0 Global views very around the world through time and place 0 Alcohol 50 use it cheap and easy to get Contemporary Social Problems 12816 2216 0 Cigarettes 20 use Surges to 80 use in undeveloped countnes o Marijuana more Americans pursue this drug than any other country US and drugs 0 1920 s reefer madness and prohibition 0 Recently War on Drugs and PSAs quottough on crimequot Disproportionally affects blacks and Hispanic communities Drug use and drug abuse are different also different than addiction 0 Abuse causes many hardships loss ofjob house nancial aid 0 Other countries are putting actions into place to help with the health of users and addicts Alcohol and heroin are the two most addictive drugs Sociological perspectives Functionalists as society becomes more complex we enter a state of normlessness which causes more drug use 0 Con ict power differences between those who do drugs and those who write the law Because of inequality those who are oppressed are more likely to use drugs Symbolic Interaction you view yourself based on how society labels you which can increase drug use as you accept that label There are both biological and learned reasons for drug use and abuse Frequently Used Drugs 0 Legal drugs 0 Alcohol 20 binge drink Greek like is more likely to drink When you start drinking affects whether you ll have issues later on 0 Tobacco 27 use tobacco proucts Users are typically less educated lHegaldrugs o Marijuana racially based campaigns against its use Gateway drug Important to differentiate between drugs based on safety 7 of Americans use 0 Cocaine 6 population use Made illegal in 1914 1980 s crack epidemic Crack is baking soda water and cocaine Blacks and poor whites use this more often laws are harsher on crack than cocaine Contemporary Social Problems 12816 2216 0 Meth highly addictive stimulant 002 population use mostly poor whites Very dangerous hallucinogenic Causes lack of sleep 1224 hours Heroin opiate Used for pain 01 of the population uses 0 Prescription drugs 26 use when not prescribed Extremely easy to get Prescription drug use has increased by a lot over the past few decades 0 Synthetic drugs party drugs Ecstasy synthetic marijuana bath salts LSD Use of these drugs is increasing and often dangerous 0 Consequences of Drugs and Alcohol Effects on others and self 0 1 in 10 children live with a drug user who needs treatment 0 More likely to have inhome con icts 0 Everyone who lives in these homes are more likely to suffer abuse or neglect 0 Children who live with a user are more likely to have a mental iHness 0 Children often suffer academically 0 Users and those who live with them are more likely to end up in the justice system 0 1112 drive intoxicated 0 Most crime is committed under the in uence 0 Many die due to alcohol use by others 500 billion dollars are spent annually on drug use treatment in the US o 90 is used on consequences of drug use 0 Only 2 goes to prevention Alcohol kills 4 every year that s 800000 people 211000 die from illicit drug usage Most who die from drugs are younger For every 1 pound of meth made 56 pounds of toxic waste are produced Deforestation pot coke opium crops result in 20 of the deforestation in Peru Treatment Inpatient safer detoxes Outpatient go to a facility to slowly detox Also allows work to continue family access cheaper than inpatient and therapy is often involved Drug court treatment instead ofjail time or have record expunged Contemporary Social Problems 12816 2216 0 Deferred prosecution where a prosecutor agrees to grant amnesty in exchange for the defendant agreeing to ful ll certain requirements 0 Postadjudication jail time is required Solutions very complex 0 Economic incentives taxes Regulations laws Legal action against tobacco companies Prevention advertising changes cost increase etc Contemporary Social Problems 291621116 Consequences of drugs and the war on drugs Undermines character and causes con ict in relationships Personal health issues Human rights violations life in prison solitary con nement for nonviolent crimes Social stigma Perpetrates criminal activity Environmental issuesdeforestation Economic issues Global Context of Crime Adult men are usually suspects for criminal activity Theft is the most common type of crime Relationship between inequality and crime Link between crime and economic development 0 More development less crime Homicide rates vary signi cantly through countries measured per 100000 individuals Crime is either violent or property crime 0 Violent has intent or threat of harm or death 0 Property theft etc Transnational crime 0 Humans sex labor forced marriage organs indentured service 0 Guns 0 Drugs Types of Crime Recording UCR anytime a police of cer has contact with people criminal incidents o Downsides All crimes aren39t reported Limited by reportees Police don39t always take a case Individual bias 0 Ways that crime is measured in UCR Rates out of 100000 Actual Increasing or decreasing Clearance rate how soon someone is caught Victimization survey 0 135000 people over the age of 12 SelfReported offender survey 0 Requirements to be labeled an offender Must be caught by someone Must be reported and arrested You go through court systems Sociological Theories Contemporary Social Problems 291621116 Accept Reject Structural functional 0 How do people bene t Accept Conformity Innovation from the system 0 People commit crime when constrained by Reject Ritualism Retreatism society Rebellion o Subcultural theory subculture encourages violence ISIS gangs etc 0 Control theory Asks what keeps people from committing crime Assumes bene ts from criminal behavior Family groups School and activities Fear of punishment from criminality Morality Commitment to conventiona goals Protection Con ict theory 0 Inequality causes crime 0 Examines how race gender and sexuality affects criminals and victims 0 In uenced by power 0 Looks at the way we police and the justice system Symbolic Interactionist perspective 0 Labeling theory You de ne yourself life others de ne you becomes a self ful lling prophecy Those with power can apply labels to those with little to no power Those who are labeled a criminal often becomecommit MORE criminal acts 0 Lower selfesteem Have a hard time removing the label 0 Actions display more deviance 0 Primary deviance before being caught exploring crime 0 Secondary deviance caught and labeled Contemporary Social Problems 291621116 You are like those you spend time with Types of Crime Violent crime Nonviolent crime Murder Larceny Assault Motor vehicle theft Rape and Rape Culture Burglary Robbery Arson Contemporary Social Problems 21616 21816 Property Crime Larceny most common crime basic theft 0 Motor Vehicle Theft most likely to be reported at 95 Burglary most often happens during the day can end in violence guns are often stolen Arson often for political reasons children acting out Crime s Labels Organized Crime hierarchy for the purpose of making money 0 White Collar Crime 0 Occupational Crime bene ts individual 0 Corporate Crime bene ts company pro ts above regulation 0 Corporate Violence community experiences devastation from company 0 Computer Crime 0 Cyber Crime Hackers 0 Identity theft 0 Vice Crimes 0 Drugs 0 Prostitution 0 Illegal Gambling 0 Porn 0 Juvenile Delinquency 0 Status Offence crime because you39re under age 0 Delinquent Offence crime for anyone Transnational Crime 0 Drug Traf cking o Traf cking 0 Human traf cking Demooraphics Crime and Victimization Gender 0 Men commit more crimes than women 0 Rape is about power rather than sex 0 1519 has high spike in crime rates eventually age out of it o Younger people are more heavily policed o Blacks are 4x more likely to be arrested for drugs 0 Whites with a criminal record are more likely to be called back for interviews than blacks with a clean record 0 Young black males are more likely to be victims of crime 0 Class 0 Minorities often lack resources to get out of crime 0 Region 0 South is more violent More guns Roughhousing more ghts Contemporary Social Problems 21616 21816 Heavy drinking Victimization o The more marginalized the more likely to be victimized 0 Men are more likely to be victims of violent crimes 0 People are more likely to report violence 0 People are least likely to report sexual assault Societal Costs of Crime and Social Control 0 Crime encourages physical violence and loss of life 0 Economic cost loss of property producing illegal goods preventionprotection prison 0 Social and psychological cost depression PTSD anxiety Strategies for Action 0 Local initiatives national night out meditation boys and girls club 0 Criminal justice policies often focused on deterrence o Rehab vs incapacitation Legislative action 0 International efforts Interpol Restorative justice trying to restore relationships between offender and communityvictim
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