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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Carly Notetaker on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Bundle belongs to PHI 192 at Syracuse University taught by Ryan Hubbard in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Intro to Moral Theory in PHIL-Philosophy at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 10/04/15
PHI 192Introduction to Moral Theory Value Theory Reading Chris Heathwood Faring Well and Getting What You Want Issues 1 Instrumental Valuevaluable only insofar as it brings us something else that s valuable 2 Intrinsic Value valuable in itself Theories of WellBeingAfter what is Intrinsically Valuable The Question of Welfare What things in life are ultimately to our bene t 9 valuable things that bene t us 9What makes a life good for us Subj eetivism about Welfare Something in life bene ts us when and only when we have an interest in it or want it or have some other positive attitude towards it 9 DesireSatisfaction Theory about Welfare Welfare consists in the satisfaction of our desires If you get something that you are happy about you are receiving a desire satisfaction 9According to DesireSatisfaction theory what makes a life go well is satisfying your desires 9 Problems with Desire Satisfaction Theory Impoverished Desires Having a desire to do something that will neither help nor hurt you Paradox of Harm According to Desire Satisfaction Theory Harmfrustrating our desire 9If someone desires to harm oneself they desire to frustrate ones desire Disappointment With a fully informed desire that you end up feeling empty about Ignorance of Desire Satisfaction A desire is satis ed but the person is unaware Desire Based on False Belief If something is a desire but is based off of false information Other Regarding DesiresDisinterest Wanting something that is completely unrelated to you Not knowing you wanted something Small Children and the Mentally Handicapped Obj eetivism about Welfare Maintain that at least some of the intrinsically bene cial things in our lives are good for us even if we don t want them don t like them don t care about them or fails to get us something else we want in return Hedonism A life if good to the extent that it is lled with pleasure and is free of pain 9Bene ts of Hedonism Incorporates a lot of different ways of living You get to decide what bene ts you speci cally want There are many paths to a good life 9Problems with Hedonism Happiness Based on False Belief The Experience Machine reading The Two Worlds Objection Multiple Harms Life s Trajectory Evil Pleasures The Importance of Autonomy 92415 Jean Kazez Necessities 9 Gives a pluralistic theory account of what makes a life go well Up until this reading we have only read about theories that a monistic According to Kazez 5 Things Needed to Make a Life Go Well 1 Happiness 9 States happiness is good period Happiness is necessary to live a good life but it is not sufficient to make a life go well 2 Autonomy 9 Control over your body choices and principles When people don t have control over them selves they are not happy 3 Identity 9 This is especially prized in Western Civilization Having a sense of ones self 4 Moral Virtue 9This is good because it makes us feel less alone 5 Progress 9People feel the need to be constantly moving up in their lives
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