Weeks 1-4 Notes
Weeks 1-4 Notes ESS 104
UW - L
Popular in Dance Appreciation
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Physical Education
This 10 page Bundle was uploaded by Frankie Bjork on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Bundle belongs to ESS 104 at University of Wisconsin - La Crosse taught by Kathy Gorman in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Dance Appreciation in Physical Education at University of Wisconsin - La Crosse.
Reviews for Weeks 1-4 Notes
I had to miss class because of a doctors appointment and these notes were a LIFESAVER
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/04/15
Functions of Dance 1 Dance as an emblem of cultural identity 2 Dance as an expression of religious worship Ex Africans and South Americans a The Shakers 3 Dance as an expression of social order and power Ex Ballet a Dancing well higher position in court 4 Dance as an expression of cultural norms Ex Modern Dance a classical ballet was too restrictive 5 Dance as a performing art 6 Dance as a medium for cultural fusion Two cultures coming together to form one 7 Dance as a social or physical outlet 8 Dance as an indicator of who we are and where we re going Ex Modern Dance a depicts what s going on in our society Nine Styles of Dance Gone over in class 1 0quot NP P PPP Ballet JazzHipHop Tap BallroomSocial Modern FolkEthnic Musical Theater Dance Exercise Dance 1 aerobics zumba jazzercise Other Allied Movement Forms 1 sports figure skating synchronized swimming gymnastics martial arts Qualities of a Dancer Technique P PP39 999939 PPP PostureAlignment Balance Rhythm Grace 1 smooth connection between steps Control Strength PassionExpression 1 facial expression 2 bodily passionexpression Confidence Flexibility Memory Coordination Choreography questions during critique use elements of dance to answer 1 2 Does this dance maintain my interest Do I understand the message of this dance and if so what is it Elements 1 Space 1 Levels Low rolling medium kneeling or dancing on the ground high leaping 2 Shape round sadness angular joy straight 3 DimensionSize small sadness to large 4 Direction forward might suggest aggression backward fear sideways comedy because it look awkward Points on Stage 5 is the strongest because audience needs more space between them and the dancers 8 is the second strongest 4 and 6 are the weakest spots 6 Floor Patterns more powerful to come towards the audience than to retreat away most powerful movement is from point one to point nine people like to see movement right to left because it s how we read straight line means aggression circular means relaxation zig zag means confusion b Time 0quot TemposSpeed slow to fast must be a variety Rhythm evenuneven Stillness Audio Accompaniment does the music match the moves 5 Repetition might repeat same moves b ForceEnergy 1 Movement Dynamics should be at least two or three in each performance Sustaininglot of energy all even no accent much like tai chi Percussivelike a punch Swingingmoderaterelaxed energy Suspending moment before someone gives into gravity and falls Collapsing 6 Vibratingshaking when people are nervous Dance in ancient cultures before the Middle Ages didn t use dance to meet people or exercise 0 used it for religious reasons Four types of religious dance 1 Dances of Imitation Native American tribes 2 Medicine Dances The Serpent Ritual lndia used to heal people or prevent misfortune 3 Commemorative Dances The Apache Mountain Spirit Dance can be used for rites of passage coming of age 4 Dance for Spiritual Connection The Ancestors Dance of the Yoruba Tribe in Western Nigeria dancers become possessed by their god or dead ancestor usually father or grandfather aimed to bring a message back from the afterlife b Bharata Natyam performed in Hindu temple PWNT P PWNT tells stories of Hindu mythology Dance of four ancient cultures 0 Ancient Egypt Hieroglyphs 0 Religious worship 0 Entertainment 0 Dance dramas told story of Egyptian mythology 0 first time dance was used for entertainment o Ancient Hebrews 0 Religious worship 0 had 12 verbs to describe dancing o Ancient Greeks 0 Religious worship each god had their own feast day where they would dance for that god 0 educa on emphasized arts music dance drama also used to train soldiers for battle The pyrrhic dance Fire Dance acted out war 0 theatre every play had dialogue singing dancing 0 entertainment Ancient Romans 0 Festivals our holidays are based on roman holidays 0 Theater pantomime started in 22 BC people with different languages will understand the story 0 persecution of Christian martyrs was entertainment to the romans first time in history that dance started to get a bad name first major Christian church was not favorable to dance Dance in the dark ages 4001000 AD o very censored only allowed to create art dance music etc in dedication to god Early Christian Church o no dancing 0 pagans danced and it was very sexual dancing bodies were seen as sexual 0 people looked down at the body more focused on their soul Dance in the middle ages 1001450 AD Dance processions o congregation marches through the streets of the village 0 done during Holy Week 0 marched for 812 hours o viewed as acceptable because they praised God The Dance of Death Danse Macabre c not acceptable in church 0 someone dressed in black and danced around coffin to keep spirit from coming back and haunting the living 0 started when they heard myths of vampires and werewolves coming back to haunt the living Danseomania c not acceptable in church thought you were possessed by the devil 0 whole villages dance crazin o done for days without stopping not to eat sleep drink etc 0 people died after from exhaustion o psychological release 0 accounts of children participating 0 related to the Black Plague physical and mental stress Renaissance 14501750 AD 0 rebirth ballet o Started in the 15th century know for test started in Italy 0 started in the royal courts 0 used to gain power in court 0 more of a ballroomsocial dance Early Renaissance Ballet Balli Ballare 0 Ball means dance 0 Italian court spectacles Courtiers o Ballets de Cour 0 Court Ballet 0 French court went to Italy like the Balli brought them back 0 lnvented many of the steps why the ballet terminology is in French 0 Le Ballet Comique de la Reine 1581 0 largest and grandest of all ballet took over 6 hours to perform 10000 in attendance The Comedic Ballet of the Queen not preformed on stage performed on ballroom floor 0 both men and women wore heels OOOO women wore corsets both wore huge wigs limited movement 0 made geometric patterns instead of fancy footwork Louis the 14th 0 The Sun King 0 very good ballet dancer 0 thought very highly of himself 0 people must think of him as a god 0 Le Ballet de la Nuit 1653 o The Ballet of the Night 0 gave Louis the 14th his nickname 0 people associated Louis the 14th with Apollo The Royal Academy of Dance 0 established by Louis the 14th in France 0 governing rules movements 0 not an actual dancing academy o trained ballet teachers called dance masters Pierre Beauchamps 0 teacher of Louis the 14th 0 credit for the five positions of ballet first one to write them down not the first one to invent them TurnedOut Leg Position 0 rotated out from hip sockets 0 five reasons for positions borrowed from sport fencing strong stable balanced stance provides greater flexibility in the hip socket opens up body to audience creates an open environment provides for ease and facility of movement easier to move side to side less awkward Paris Opera Ballet 0 opera companies often have a ballet company too operas had a ballet component 0 first professional ballet company still exists today 0 ballet moved out of the ballroom and onto a stage started using fancy footwork and leaps 1819th Century Ballet The Paris Opera Ballet School The Loves of Mars and Venus 1717 0 presented at the Paris Opera Ballet 0 choreographed by John Weaver 0 first ballet to take out talking and signing 0 added Libretto story written out in your program Pantomime have to use literal gestures so you understand what s going on Ballet d Action 0 Ballet of action ballet that tells a story no talking and singing The Loves of Mars and Venus was first of this kind only men were allowed at first 0 men were considered higher than women Marie Camargo o noted for she could dance as well as a men quite a compliment because she had strong leg muscles and could jump high she changed ballet costume shortened skirt took the heels off of her shoes pretty much invented the heelless ballet shoe we use today she danced without a wig frowned upon because women didn t go out in public without a wig she danced without a corset inappropriate Flore et Zephyre 1796 o choreographed by Charles Didelot 0 important for started dancing on tips of toes hung by wires on the ceiling led to the invention of the pointe shoe first time we saw partnering man and women dancing together first time the dancer wore tights Romanticism o Ballet received modern identity in the 19th century pointe shoe invented tutu invented female dancers became more important than men ballet dancers floating more graceful association of female dancers with supernatural characters fairies ghosts etc wanted 180 degree turnout in feet 0 18301870 know for test Romantic period just for ballet yearning for the supernatural attraction to the colorful and exotic things of this world shown by folk dancing OOOO Romantic Ballet Pointe shoes o started as soft cloth shoe 0 started around 1820s 0 usually only done by women female art form Marie Taglioni o noted for pointe work ability to dance on toes o dancer for Paris Opera Ballet Filippo Taglioni o Marie s father 0 choreographer for Paris Opera Ballet Robert le Diable 1831 o choreographed by Filippo Taglioni The Ballet of the Nuns 0 first time we saw romantic art in ballet La Sylphide 1832 0 first fulllength romantic ballet choreographed by Filippo stared Marie human in love with an immortal being not accepted scarf wrapped around her wings killed her 0 first time we saw the tutu Romantic tutu 0 came about in romantic era 0 long bellshaped skirt that went to dancers ankles o tight bodice o skirt made of tule sort of see through Coppelia 1870 0 last romantic ballet 0 only comedy romantic ballet o czardas attraction to colorful things in this world type of folk dance 0000 Seven reasons for decline of ballet end of the 19th century men stopped dancing because they only got supporting roles didn t have many good female ballerinas left lost a lot of great choreographers each ballet was too long 0 3 or 4 acts 0 45 minute intermission back stories were boring using too much pantomime 0 very poor pantomime no great music very dull music Russian Ballet got there in 18th century St Petersburg Ballet Classical Ballet Pointe shoes o Marius Petipa 0 first person to teach ballet in Russia 0 started classical ballet and the characteristics 0 Petipa worked with Peter Tchaikovsky on many ballets The Nutcracker 1892 Sleeping Beauty 1890 Swan Lake 1895 o Divertissements 0 short dances 0 take place in 2nd or 3rd acts of ballet 0 don t relate to the ballet being performed 0 show off techniques of other dancers Grand Pas de Deux 0 step for two 0 done towards end of ballet c has four parts entree couple enter stage adagio slow dancing variations solos man always goes first coda means ending orfinale brightor uplifting Classical tutu 0 short 0 sticks outto side stiff and horizontal 0 still madeoftule Contemporary Ballet Michel Fokine o started contemporary ballet o trained at St Petersburg Ballet 0 greatly influenced by the freedom of Isadora Duncan The Mother of Modern Dance 0 greatest contributions to ballet oneact ballet male ballet dancer important again his ballets were of real adult passion and emotion many were about sex made ballet unified work of art all the designers worked together hired best workers hired George Balanchine Picasso o Abstract Ballet 0 no story Les Sylphides 1909 0 created by Michel Fokine 0 first of abstract ballet o done as a tribute to La Sylphide Sergei Diaghilev 0 russian theatrical producer 0 started Ballets Russe with Michel Fokine o Ballets Russe 0 french for Ballet Russia 0 never performed in Russia 0 performed in only Western Europe Anna Pavlova 0 one of best dancers of 20th century 0 not a good technical dancer 0 good dancer because of passion 0 performed The Dying Swan died in her swan costume Vaslav Nijinsky 0 one of best ballet dancers of 20th century 0 both aspect of great ballet dancer flexible high jumps passion 0 went crazy after The Rite of Spring died at 50 in insane asylum had schizophrenia The Afternoon of a Fawn 1912 o shocked by masturbating act 0 made Diaghilev lots of money a The Rite of Spring 1913 0 only ballet in history to cause a riot Njinsky s choreography modern the music Igor Stravinsky just starting out 0 only had six performances because people hated it so much 0 Igor Stravinsky 0 modern music choreographed Ballet Russe The Prodigal Son 0 choreographed in 1920s 0 Apollo o choreographed in 1920s 0 New York City Ballet O 0 one of the best in the world top two in America 1930s Neoclassical Contemporary Ballet Style 0 O O O O O 0 George Balanchine s own style of ballet used turn in position make designs with dancers bodies preferred female dancer ballet is woman married four of his ballerinas divorced one of his wives when she got polio and was paralyzed for the waist down Agon 1957 African American man dancing with a white woman false belief that African American body didn t move like white bodies half of the audience walked out American Ballet Theatre 19305 first company to present ballets with American stories different from New York Ballet Theater 0 use ballet from history Agnes de Mille Rodeo 1942 0 000 first to create ballets with American stories about Old West music by Aaron Copland did cowboy movements square dancing inspired the Broadway performance Oklahoma Jerome Robbins Fancy Free 1944 O O 0 first to create ballets with American stories sailors in Time Square WW2 inspired a Broadway performance
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'