Intro to International Relations Note Bundle #1
Intro to International Relations Note Bundle #1 POL 114 100
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This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Caroline Lyons on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Bundle belongs to POL 114 100 at Pace University taught by Dr. Meghana Nayak in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.
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Date Created: 10/04/15
INTRO TO INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Note Bundle 1 International Relations is a subcategory of political science a small child is the best philosopher not jaded by social norms ask questions and demand answers dialectics different parts of conversation Hegel 1 thesis 2 antithesis 3 synthesis look for the paradox for what is and what should be quotHow come so many have been told for so long by so fewquot assumption of knowledge in the land of ignorance can accept knowledge because there was no other answers the danger then comes with challenging the assumed wisdom US vs THEM allowing for there to be blame and to place blame empiricism trial and error comes from the Age of Enlightenment where people were able to dare and experiment knowledge how to get it and how to keep it In the Name of the Rose Ambition to reach a law tying our observations to something formal working with models and forms trying to bring reality into the office and work with numbers and simulations interpretational observation indepth case study participatory observation Not interested in comparing or building an Iron Law Focusing in on a particular topic qualitative vs quantitative politics making decisions for the collective in regards to resources both tangible and intangible IR constant struggle for resources between us vs them International Relations believe that nations are the major actors on the scene Global politics There are different actors that coordinate political actions International Interactions only relationship and interaction reflects what is happening in the world today there must be interactions for things to happen International Politics believes that quotpoliticsquot is the major event of all actions every title represents a different school of thought within this discipline Self vs Other and the relationship between them Levels of Analvsis 1 The system level global or world system the structure of the international arena Hegemony no single entity that rules everything Everyone can do whatever they wish Costa Rica and Iceland do not have armies FUN FACTS Security Dilemma fear and paranoia of attack from others which leads to the building of an army Opportunity and willingness sovereignty is the right of a specific government to have authority to govern a specific territory 2 The state level narrowing down the perspective running on selfinterest that dictates behaviors externally 3 The individual level the policy maker leader or even just regular person those that are capable of changing behavioral states POWER VS FORCE Two Types of Authority 1 100 follow law and 100 give consent to leaders POWER 2 0 follows law and 0 give consent to leaders FORCE these are in the extreme cases and will never exist so we must consider the combination of force and power to look at what the leaders have done to a certain region HEGEMONY IS THE HIGHEST FORM OF POWER People put the most in and get the most out of these situations Advertising is the closest aspect of our lives that represents hegemony Anarchy one of the first examples of this and why we associate anarchy with violence was with the 19th overthrow of the tzar in Russia raised questioned about how could so few rule so many and the alternatives to the few The Congo 1 The System Level conflict minerals perpetuating the conflict diverse Belgium leaving Congo behind UN 2 The State Level Rwandan Genocide Countries that are put in assistance UN 3 The Individual Level corruption amongst different rebel groups child soldiers rape as a weapon of war PLAYERS Hutus fleeing Rwanda after their defeat against the Tutsi UN Belgium United States Mobutu39s government Mr Kabila former president that changed name to DR Congo Zimbabwe Namibia and Angola THEME Self vs Other identity sense of belonging one of the most prominent human need every female student mentions gender every male student does not mention gender Identity is fluid the attempt of people to adjust themselves to shifting circumstances habitually classifying us and others to gage where we stand in our circumstances Racism and other prejudices stems from an inability of categorizing a person or group of people cannot praise your own people without there being an other to compare to they must not only be different but inferior as well Thandie Newton quotthe self is a distraction in the context of the egoquot and it disconnects us from other Race and self is a fabrication Different approaches to International Relations Realism emphasizes nationstates as the main actors Liberalism corporations and international organizations Constructivism works with perspective main poweractors are people PostColonialism see the motivations of upholding nationalism colonialism actors colonialist vs peripheries Marxism social classes Feminism perspective based on gender Enloe The personal is international Nothing is confined by national boarders violence towards women encouraged through behaviors that perpetuate these actions The international is personal What does it take to make alliances or wars Foreign affairs depend on private conduct bringing spouses to build credibility amongst others The personal is political Every private relationship is an example of power wielding in regards to feminism what is the quotproperquot social roles for men and women all created by several different factors crossing over to all different countries The political is personal Policies agendas priorities are set and upheld by how decision makers behave at home Familiarity is projected onto their political lives Diamond39s Way to Measure International Relations looks at patterns in History through moments of equality with the agricultural revolution and general quotadvancementsquot made in society affected how relationships were formed natural growth gt complex societies gt food production coordination collaboration decision making specialization expertise and hence more complex more stratified society amalgamation of small units into bigger units happen merging into the face of a common threat or economic COMMUNITIES lnstrumental the community is a means to something else outside threat etc then split off Substantial they find communitybuilding as the ultimate goal uniting and staying united lmagined comes from the shift from instrumental to substantial community restricted by small circumstances to make it the most successful what brings people together and what keeps us together culture comes from quotcultivationquot being able to provide for oneself meant that they had culture Definition changed with the Roman Empire in order for the quotelitequot class to distinguish themselves between themselves and others cultured vs not cultured allowed them to justify invading other areas POST MODERN definition returns us to the original meaning everyone who resides and interacts with one an other belong to a culture egalitarianism gt kleptocracy kleptocracy a government or state in which those in power exploit national resources and steal rule by a thief or thieves ACTIVISM a common cause and awareness of grievances a uniting driving force being hope a sincere belief in the ability to make change mechanism of freeing yourself Threshold Model percentage of threshold 100 people who go out and stand when 100 of people are quottherequot 0 threshold people will stand there even when no one is there Melian Dialogue and Lysistrata two examples of the actions of communities Justice depends on the ability to enforce it Might makes Right Lewis Carrol39s Alice in Wonderland Part land II is a commentary on the VictorianEra English government quotWhat is Justicequot The Most Socratic Question that can be presented
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