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KIN 512 Notes (1)

by: Kieron Notetaker

KIN 512 Notes (1) KIN 512

Kieron Notetaker
GPA 3.66

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About this Document

Qualitative Resesrch
Research Methods
Dr. Cole
75 ?




Popular in Research Methods

Popular in Physical Education

This 7 page Bundle was uploaded by Kieron Notetaker on Sunday March 20, 2016. The Bundle belongs to KIN 512 at Western Illinois University taught by Dr. Cole in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see Research Methods in Physical Education at Western Illinois University.


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Date Created: 03/20/16
Notes: Jan 25, 2016- Research Methods (KIN 512) NOTES: Research Methods Terminology Types (Quantitative vs Qualitative) Design Process 3 . Intro, Highlight methods and a little of lit. st 1 . Lit Review, Critical assessments 2ndMethods Here’s what approach I’m going to take when attacking your proposal. Where did you go to do you’re under grad work? Good or Quality research? -Research questions, significance? -Term that are Clearly defined - Research questions that Positioned-Participants vs your way of questions -Appropriate questions -Results -Revision Qualitative Textual data Generates Theory Explore phenomena *Broad Examine real-issue Describe, explore, discover Inductive (bottom up) Credible Smaller samples Flexible and Exploratory Quantitative Numerical data Isolates variables Objectives Create statistical models *Specific Describe, explain, predict Test Theory Deduction (top down) Next Week: Reflective Assignment 2page Reflective about your personal experience with research. May include? Address Fears Excitement Practical Concerns Utility Dropbox MONDAY. Register and complete HIH training PHRP & PHP Submit MONDAY as well! Jan 27, 2016 NOTES KIN 512 Ethical questions of Stem Cell Research: Geneva Conventions The Tuskegee Syphilis Project KIN 558 Sport Theory (W night class) Jan 27,2016 Organization Theory: The sociological study of formal social organization, such as business and bureaucracies, and their interrelationship with the environment in which they operate. *Often have validation, something we often use to idealize perception Theory: Is a contemplative and rational type of abstract or generalizing thinking, or the results of such thinking. Explanation framework for some observation Organizational decision making, power, and culture. Organizational Behavior: study that investigates the impact individuals’ groups, and structure have on behavior within organizations, for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an organization’s effectiveness. *Image or mentality an organization carries Organization: People who makes up an enterprise blend their collective Small number of people with complementary Performance goals, and approach for which they hold Sport: Physical activity that is govern by set of rules -Mockery; jest: An object of mockery, jest, or play treated our interests as sport A joking mood or attitude: -Informal Why are you into the sport, school, etc. that you’re in? Why? Pro and college teams,why? Steelers- Western Next week: Group f National Institutes of Health (NIH) – funded human subjects research. nvestigators’ research will be funded by NIH and is therefore subject to all U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) regulatory and NIH policy requirements. Human subjects are essential to the conduct of research intended to improve human health. As such, the relationship between investigators and human subjects is critical and should be based on honesty, trust, and respect Corrupted the ethics of the medical and scientific professions Repeatedly and deliberately violated the rights of the subjects The actions of these defendants were condemned as crimes against humanity. Sixteen of the twenty-three physicians/administrators were found guilty and imprisoned, and seven were sentenced to death. The Code provides ten Directives for Human Experimentation 1 Voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential 2 The experiment must yield generalizable knowledge that could not be obtained in any other way and is not random and unnecessary in nature 3 Animal experimentation should precede human experimentation 4 All unnecessary physical and mental suffering and injury should be avoided 5 No experiment should be conducted if there is reason to believe that death or disabling injury will occur 6 The degree of risk to subjects should never exceed the humanitarian importance of the problem 7 Risks to the subjects should be minimized through proper preparations 8 Experiments should only be conducted by scientifically qualified investigators 9 Subjects should always be at liberty to withdraw from experiments 10 Investigators must be ready to end the experiment at any stage if there is cause to believe that continuing the experiment is likely to result in injury, disability or death to the subject Outcomes included: 1 National Research Act of 1974 2 Basic HHS Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical  and Behavioral Research The Belmont Report identified three principles essential to the ethical  conduct of research with humans: 1 Respect for persons 2 Beneficence 3 Justice These three basic principles serve as the foundation of the current  HHS regulations and guidelines for the ethical conduct of human  subjects research supported by HHS. Subpart A, also called “The Common Rule”, describes the required protections for all human subjects. Subpart A defines a human subject as “a living individual about whom an investigator...conducting research obtains: 11 Data through intervention or interaction with the individual, or 12 Identifiable private information.” Subpart A defines research as “a systematic investigation...designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge.” This definition includes: ▪ Research development ▪ Testing Evaluation Subpart B Additional Protections for Pregnant Women, Human Fetuses and Neonates Involved in Research Hand grasping a jail cell bar. Subpart C Additional Protections Pertaining to Biomedical and Behavioral Research Involving Prisoners as Subjects Kneeling woman in a lab coat talking to a seated child. Subpart D Additional Protections for Children Involved as Subjects in Research The principle of respect for persons can be broken down into two basic  ideas: 1 Individuals should be treated as autonomous agents 2 Persons with diminished autonomy are entitled to additional  protections The HHS regulations require: 13 Preclinical studies be completed prior to the involvement of pregnant women 14 A consideration of risks and potential benefits for the fetus and pregnant woman The HHS regulations prohibit: ▪ Inducements of any kind to terminate a pregnancy ▪ Investigators from taking part in decisions about terminating a pregnancy ▪ Investigators from determining the viability of a neonate Investigators, IRBs, and funding agencies must comply with requirements described in Subpart B of the HHS regulations. A. Physical B. Psychological C. Social D. Legal E. Economic Undue inducements are troublesome because: 1 offers that are too attractive may blind prospective subjects to the  risks or impair their ability to exercise proper judgment; and 2 they may prompt subjects to lie or conceal information that, if known, would disqualify them from enrolling — or continuing — as participants in a  research project.” 5 Careful consideration of compensation is not only critical for beneficence,  but may be critical for sound research. Considerations should include, but  are not limited to, issues like participants’ “medical, employment, and  educational status, and their financial, emotional, and community  resources.”  5 Therapeutic misconception is the tendency for research participants to: “… downplay or ignore the risks posed to their own well-being by participation … [due to] the participants’ deeply held and nearly unshakeable conviction that every aspect of their participation in research has been designed for their own individual benefit.” 6 Investigators should discuss the risks and benefits of research as part of the informed consent process in order to minimize the possibility of therapeutic misconception.


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