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Week 5/6 Notes

by: Colean Notetaker

Week 5/6 Notes 11762-002

Colean Notetaker
GPA 2.537
General Psychology
John Updegraff

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About this Document

These are the notes for weeks 5/6 of the semester. They are composed from listening to Updegraff's lecture, and my perspective of viewing his power point.
General Psychology
John Updegraff
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This 6 page Bundle was uploaded by Colean Notetaker on Monday October 5, 2015. The Bundle belongs to 11762-002 at Kent State University taught by John Updegraff in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at Kent State University.


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Date Created: 10/05/15
Psych 1 1762002 John A Updegraff Week FiveSix Notes Consciousness chapter 6 0 Consciousness is how we are aware of ourselves and what is going around us 0 Subconscious In uence People who can be in uenced or manipulated by other people through sub consciousness 0 William James American psychologist Identified four concepts of consciousness 1 EverChanging you can never reeXperience a moment 2 Very personal you are the only person who can understand your own consciousness 3 It is continuous it ows from one thing to the next 4 It is selective you can only focus on a few things at one period of time There is a lot of different ways that things can in uence our subconscious 0 Levels of Waking Consciousness Conscious controlled processing This involves conscious awareness attention awareness of things to guide your behavior that is often involved when engaged in novel tasks like learning a new language how to drive self control and when something captures our attention It takes a lot of brainpower to learn something new Limits of conscious selfcontrol 1 There are many things going on at any moment in time It is impossible to consciously control everything 2 Conscious control isare things that we NEED to focus on rather than Nonconscious control which are easy things and habits that are put into auto control for us 3 Conscious selfcontrol is a limited resource We use it to control one thing and it may not be available to control something else Nonconscious automatic processing This occurs outside of our conscious awareness It takes over wellleamed tasks like driving a car speaking your native language Environments can nonconsciously in uence our behavior 0 Taste Perception Study example of selfcontrol use All participants were asked not to eat anything prior They walked in to a room where fresh baked cookies were provided There are also radishes Some participants were asked to only think about eating the cookies to use no selfcontrol Other participants were asked to only think about eating the radishes to use selfcontrol They then had to engage in trying to solve impossible puzzles with the idea that using their selfcontrol from eating cookies that they would have no more selfcontrol to keep up with the puzzles 0 Nonconsciously controlled behaviors Most of our perceptions judgments and actions are under nonconscious control 0 Do subconscious stimuli affect us Research says yes They can affect the likelihood that an idea will come to mind and that they can in uence our behaviors in a way that is consistent with an idea The question is how much in uence does it have Researchers say they can affect the likelihood that an idea will come to mind and that they can in uence our behaviors in a way that is consistent with an idea They have certain limitations though The effects are not long lasting and they will not cause us to do things that we ordinarily wouldn t do Subconscious stimuli are one of many in uences on our behaVior Example of nonconsciously controlled behaVior A study was conducted where students from NYU were randomly assigned to solve 1 of 2 word searches People who completed 1 walked faster down a fixed length hallway and people who completed 2 walked slower down a fixed length hallway Word search 1 had words like thirsty and clean which word search 2 had words like old grey and retired 2 is said to non consciously make participants walk slower Priming the concept of elderly people makes people walk slower 0 Randy Gardner Experiment 1964 Randy Gardner went without sleeping for 11 days Day Log 23 Trouble focusing 4 Hallucinations 6 Specific hallucinations 9 Paranoia sets in 11 Cant think straight forgetting instructions 0 Stages of sleep NonREM Stage 1 5min Senses shut down brain emits slow alpha and theta waves Person is usually easy to arouse NonREM Stage 2 20min occasional bursts of rapid brain activity sleep spindles breathing and pulse slow down muscles relax NonREM Stage 3 amp 4 30min Brain emits slower delta waves Often where sleep walking and sleep talking occurs Hard to arouse Most release of growth hormone occurs here 0 REM Sleep Rapid brain waves Genitals become aroused Motor cortex is active but messages are blocked Eyes dart around When DREAMING OCCURS As sleep progresses we spend more and more of our time in REM sleep 0 The world according to Freud We are consciously aware of only a very small proportion of our true motivations feelings and psychological issues The Id the unconscious source of our basic motivations In waking life defense mechanisms keep us unaware of motivations that are socially inappropriate Dreams fulfill our unconscious wishes and desires Freud thought dreams are royal road to the unconscious To interpret dreams Freud would distinguish between Manifest content the storyline of a dream Latent content the underlying meaning of a dream Manifest Content Latent Content Mountains rocks sticks umbrellas poles trees weapons knives daggers guns ri es pipes watering pots fountains pens cigars reptiles snakes fish Male genitalia Shafts pits caves bottles boxes suitcases pockets closets stoves ships doors snails Female genitalia Apples peaches and other fruits Breasts Playing playing musical instruments sliding slipping breaking things Masturbation Dancing riding climbing things threatening someone with a weapon Sexual IIItCI39COIlI39SG Falling into water crossing water Birth Houses Flatfaced houses Male bodies Human Body House with balconies awnings Female Parents bodies Kings queens emperors empresses Parents Kings queens emperors empresses Parents Little Animals Siblings Journeys and travels Dying Free Association What does blank mean to you and Why Dreams re ect current conscious concerns Dreams are interpretations of random activity originating in the brainstem Activation synthesis theory Dreams help us integrate complex information


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