Week Three & Week Four Notes
Week Three & Week Four Notes CMN 101
Popular in Intro to Human Communication
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This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Gloria Rodriguez on Monday October 5, 2015. The Bundle belongs to CMN 101 at DePaul University taught by Adriane Stoner in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see Intro to Human Communication in Communication Studies at DePaul University.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
Tuesday September 22 2015 CMN 101 Introduction to Communication The two common barriers to perception Stereotypes Attributions Stereotypes are associated with negative things Our brain is going to automatically want to put things into categories To prevent this from happening we go into a mindful process It wasn t till the year 1920 that stereotypes was a actual thing It was a researcher named Cippman who came out with this idea and said stereotyping is actually a schema It was until the 1950 s where stereotypes was actually associated with the affects with being a prejudice The actual stereotype definition A predictive generalization about a person or situation It was also a part of uncertainly reduction which is a communication theory It is being uncertain about situations so we just assume the outcome Characteristics of stereotypes Overgeneralization You basically take one big generalization and put it on five or more people Rigid When you can t change your mind about a idea about something or someone Containing negative content Basically putting a certain group down because of your rude generalization But wait There are also positive stereotypes Kernel Of Truth theory It s the idea that stereotypes have a positive generalization Self confirming theory When a person person is born with a stereotype but fulfills the stereotype Attributions A personal characteristic that is used to explain behavior Assessment of a cause of a certain behavior such as making sense to things Why did it happen to me Two different types of attributions Behavior of our own behavior You take a midterm and you do bad on it The first thing you assume is that your teacher didn t do a good job expaining the midterm and lectures This is a external example because you believe that the test was something out of your control so you couldn t have done good because it was all your teachers fault Lets talk about a internal example which is the case that you didn t go to any lectures and didn t take notes in class thats why you did horrible on the test Fundamental Attribution Error When you blame something on a certain person because of a particular reason that YOU don t like them so it had to been their fault that everything failed Thursday September 24 2015 Language amp Interpersonal Communication Ritual Exchanging messages with another person LanguageMeaning The linguistic of words such as the denotative meaning of words the dictionary definition of a word or we could put it as a cognitive meaning which is a feeling that we associate on a cultural individual and relational level Cultural Level words that have a culture meaning today Individual Level you associate the meaning of a word with a subject of some kind and Relational Level words that have a meaning with the same group as you Sapir Word Hypothesis a theory that influences our thoughts and therefore it influences our culture Linguistic determinism how a idea influences a word around us Linguistic relativism speakers of different language have different views on the word Nonverbal Communication There is 6090 ways of nonverbal communication and it is very significant We use body and space to communicate Gestures amp Body Movement How we move our bodies Emblems which is a logo for body movement Ex Waving or winking Illustrator The best way to define a illustrator is to give a example and its when you say your this tall or point at something when your talking with your hands Regulators Nonverbal actions that mange verbal communication Adaptors Something we do that satisfies our physical needs Affect Display Emotions that take over nonverbal communications Ex Rolling your eyes Facial Expressions There was seven different facial expressions You can tell how something thinks by their interpretations 3 Masking You feel one way but you look a different way Eye behavior oculus How our eyes are being expressive Eye contact is a great example because it helps us establish trust Voice The way that we sound such as our tone pitch and volume or even how fast we talk Ex You may not be having the best day so your trying really hard to hide it but your voice gives how your really feeling away Physical Appearance is another aspect The way we present ourselves is important Tuesday September 29 2015 Codes of Nonverbal Communication Continued Going back to physical appearance how we look physically is going to establish if we are good or bad people but we know for a fact that is not most of the times Space amp Environment Proxemics How you space to communication how physically close you to a person which links to personal space Territoriality The idea that we are defensive about our space for example when someone puts their book bag on the chair next to them on the bus you know not to sit there Environment The comfort you feel around yourself Touch haptic A better definition of this word is to give a example which is the handshake of a person you could tell if their confident by a firm hand shake Time chromatics How we communication through time a example is if you come early or late to a meeting Synchrony It is a affect display which can display emotions Nonverbals How you attract people to you how much you asset yourself Listening This a very important aspect to communication There is a 5 step process of listening Select When you can t really listen to everything at once so you only listen to one thing at a time This is a similar process as perception Attend Select a sound and focus on that sound Understand Taking meaning and interpreting that sound Respond Nonverbal or verbal to reaction You let the person know you understood the sound There are 4 types of listening Information listening Take information and understanding it For example following duec ons Critical Listening To explore and critic the thoughts of listening The messages we are listening to For example watching debate and being able to critic what the person says Empathetic Listening When we are listening to someone and understanding their feelings For example you put yourself in another persons shoes Appreciate Listeners When your listening to enjoy what your listening to such as music Having a good time
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