Baroque and Classic Period of Music History, and composers.
Baroque and Classic Period of Music History, and composers. MUS 105
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This 9 page Bundle was uploaded by Alex Diaz on Tuesday October 6, 2015. The Bundle belongs to MUS 105 at Tri-County Technical College taught by Brown, Anita Jubin in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 65 views. For similar materials see Music Appreciation in Music at Tri-County Technical College.
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Date Created: 10/06/15
Dario A Diaz 100315 MUS105 11m week 5 W IWVf qfe l Baroque Broken Pearl Early Baroque 16001700 Late Baroque 17001750 Baroque Art People Rembrandt39s gtgt Storm on the Sea of Galilee amp The Abduction of Europa1632 Baroque Art point out these three things 0 Exaggerated notion 0 Clear Details 0 Creates Exuberance Grandeur Drama and Tension Musical Innovations 1 Rise of the Musical Instruments 2 1st Opera produce in 1607 by Monteverdi 3 Majorminor scale system 90 of Baroque music is polyphonic History World View Baroque 0 During the Baroque period Italy was enjoying a time of Peace Italy is isolated by mountains to rest of Europe 0 Protestant Reformation started a civil war in Germany 0 30 Year War between the Catholics and Protestants o 1A of Germany Died 0 England had no musical progress for 20 years 0 music was said to be an evil and supposedly barely a single note was played in that time o Puritan period in England People 0 Louis XIV of France p Photo of the King Sun King Versailles 0 Sir Isaac Newton math wizard Father of Physics and Calculus Philosophy Science has all the answers Art Rembrandt IMOI700 Early Baroque Composers gtgtgt Corelli Italian intellectual 16531713 Promoted the use of Musical Instruments 0 Wrote treatises on using Musical Instruments 0 Wrote Trio Sonatas for 2 violins and a cello gtgtgt Giovanna Gabrieli Italian Gaw Bree El ee 0 Alternating choir technique St Mark39s Cathedral in Venice Italy 0 His brother and him worked on music in St Marks gtgtgt Monteverdi Produced 1st Opera in 1607 called Orfeo Opera Drama set to music combines the arts 0 Music 0 Drama 0 Visual Arts Costumes and Scenery 0 Women sang in Operas although it was not a respectable profession gtgtgt Henry Purcell English 16591695 c 1660 Puritans of England were knocked from governmental power 0 Most outstanding English composer for the next 200 years o The Orchestra was born the Baroque orchestra mainly consisted of strings o operas and orchestra were written in English by Purcell o Purcells Rondeau see Listening Skills 4 Week 6 Baroque Orchestra 0 Group 1 Basic usually accompanied by a harpsichord a Violin b Viola c Cello d Bass 0 Group 2 Festive Basic instruments a Brass Trumpets b Winds Oboe and Bassoon c Percussion Timpani kettledrums 700750 gt Late Baroque was the Golden Age of Strings Late Baroque Composers gtgtgt Vivaldi ltalian 16781741 known as the Red Priest 0 Composed mainly for string orchestra precocious o Influenced Bach since Vivaldi was born 7 years before Bach 0 Major works include o The 4 Seasons Concerto focus on just these two I Spring I Winter 0 Hired as a musical director of a girls boarding school gtgtgt Scarlatti Sonatas for harpsichord in Binary Form Binary Form AABB 2 part form where the song is broken down like this A A B B introquot quotrepeat quotnew part quotrepeat new part gtgtgt Bach Wrote for Harpsichord see ten question on Bach in BB 1 Johann Sebastian Bach 16851750 2 Childhood His parents died and Johann was orphaned as a boy 3 Many of the Bach family played instruments and 2 notable uncles played professionally 4 Taught many students over the years and used his own major work Well Tempered Clavier for intermediate students 5 His personality intelligent uncompromising quicktempered passionate about music and religion 6 Church St thomas Church Leipzig He had many churches through the years a Denomination Lutheran 7 3 Major Works a 200 cantatas to sing p134 b Well Tempered Clavier we tuned keyboard Included 2 books of preludes and fugues c Brandenburg Concerto No 5 i Concerto Grosso work for orchestra and several soloists 1 Flute 2 Violin 3 Harpsichord ii Ritornello form returning musical idea d Wrote 6 French Suites i Suite set of dances Baroque suite has 4 major dances this music was not to dance to but the music sounds dancelike in sound 1 Allemande 8 2 Courante 3 Sarabande 4 Gigue Married a Maria Barbara a distant cousin b Ana Magdalena singer she earned 12 of Bach s salary a with Maria 13 kids and 2 died in childhood b with Ana 7 kids and 3 died in childhood c that makes 20 total and 10 survived to be adults 10 In 1820 Felix Mendelssohn revived Bach s work through knowing one of Bach s sons Bach in his old age heard of the piano and played it once he thought it was nice but did not write anything for it gtgtgt Handel George Frideric Handel 1 2 3 Dates of life 16851759 Nationality Germanborn and later became a British citizen Travels as young man studied in Germany sailed to Italy and met Corelli and Scarlatti Scarlatti and Handel had a competition and supposedly Scarlatti won Moved to England Musical family was nonexistent but one day a Duke came in a church while Handel was playing the organ and asked his father to allow him to take music lessons Yes he was more so a businessman than other composers but still gained and lost all his money several times Celebrated during lifetime Yes he was celebrated well during his life Buried in Westminster Abbey 8 3 Significant Works a Water Music performed on water in the quotTin39s Riverquot b Royal Fireworks Music c The Messiah 9 Most famous work is quotThe Messiahquot i Listening skills 1 And the Glory of the Lord 2 And Unto Us a Child is Given 3 Hallelujah Chorus gt 90 of all Baroque music is Polyphonic Week 7 CLASSIC Period 17501825 World View Classic Period 0 History 0 American Revolution 0 French Revolution 0 People 0 George Washington 0 Thomas Jefferson 0 Ben Franklin 0 Joseph 11 Emperor of Austria I quotAge of Enlightenmentquot 0 Philosophy 0 Social awareness saw social injustice and wanted to x it 0 Art 0 David da veed 0 Art of the Classic period had three things I Clarity I Balance I Symmetry Classic Period Composers gtgtgt Mozart 1 9 10 11 12 Full Name and Dates Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Voolffgang Armadayoos Moatzart 17 5617 91 died at age 35 Nationality Austrian Born in Salzburg Austria Musical family Father Leopold was a renowned teacher and played the violin very well Father taught him till Mozart was in his teens Catholic Religion from his family roots First Composition at 5 years old mastered pianoviolin at 13 by 16 years old he played for most of the queens and aristocrats of the time Mozart at 19 wrote Violin Concertos Traumatic events started once he left for Paris France at 20 years old He stayed there for a year and during that time he experienced heartbreak from a girl at 21 that wasn39t very interested later he married her sister His mother became ill and died while he was still in France 1st major job was in Austria under the Emperor Joseph 11 Also associated with the Freemasons Married Constanze and she had 2 sons that never married or had kids Later life he was visited by a 16 year old Beethoven Also his apartment that he stayed with his wife was where Mozart created many Symphonies Died at 35 from a supposed kidney failure Mozart was actually concerned that he may have been poisoned 3 Major Works a Ein Kline Nacht Music b Symphony No 40 c Piano concerto No 23 d Overture Marriage of Figaro Instrumental music in Classic Period 3 Genres a Symphony a work for orchestra I Typically has 4 movements b Sonata a work for 23 instruments only 2 violins and a cello I Either can have 34 movements c Concerto orchestra soloist I Always 3 movements gtgtgt Haydn hiden 17 32 1 809 1 2 Born into a poor family Father could play a string instrument 3 Had amazing soprano voice as a boy but was kicked out when his voice changed 4 Employed by Esterhazy Palace outside Vienna Austria a For 30 years and at 60 Haydn retired and his 39pension39 payed for a trip to England Wrote 104 Symphonies The Prince of Esterhazy was his benefactor for his system of patronage quotFather of the Symphonyquot amp string quartet 99 89 Sonata form not the same as a sonata it means a way to organize a movement of a symphony or a sonata 10 Used Mainly used in the 1st movement for a symphony and sonatas 11 Sonata Form Has 3 parts a Exposition eXpose melodys to be used in movement i Repeated again shone in musical score with two dots b Development develops melody through quotthemesquot and modulation c Recapitulation 39recap39 of exposition in the original key with some new material Test 3 study help 13 Dso Kids 46 Maj or works by whom and name of work 710 Solo concertos name the instrument 1115 Time Period MA Renaissance Baroque Classic 1618 decide if it s a Symphony Sonata or a Concerto 1920 Who Wrote it 2150 are various multiple choice on the Baroque and Classic periods Extra Credit out of possible 5 points I Exaggerated notion I Clear Details I Creates Exuberance Grandeur Drama and Tension Baroque Classic 0 History 0 History 0 Germany30 years war between 0 American Revolution Protestants and Catholics 0 French Revolution 0 EnglandPuritans in control They People d1d not believe 1n mus1c George Washington 0 FranceLouis XIV divine right of kings Palace at Versailles outside 0 Thomas Jefferson Paris 0 Ben Franklin 0 ItalyPlace where music thrived in 0 Joseph 119 Emperor OfAuStria the Early Baroque quotAge of Enlightenmentquot 0 People 0 Philosophy 0 ng LOUiS XIV OfFrance 0 Social awareness saw social 0 selence injustice and wanted to x it I S1r Isaac Newton discovered Art gravity invented calculus Philosophy Dav1d da veed I 0 Man has faith in science to explain Art Of the Class penOd had three all things things 0 Baroque Art I Clarity O Rembrandt39s gtgt Storm on the Sea of I Balance Galilee amp The Abduction of I Symmetry Europa l 632 O Baroque Art point out these 3 things
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