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Notes for Test 1

by: Lindsey riera-gomez

Notes for Test 1 PPE3003

Lindsey riera-gomez
Psychology of Personality
J. Cascio

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About this Document

These are the notes from the beginning of the class in mid-august to the beginning of October! All included here ! It's perfect to refer back to for your first test or to review what's been going o...
Psychology of Personality
J. Cascio
75 ?




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This 6 page Bundle was uploaded by Lindsey riera-gomez on Wednesday October 7, 2015. The Bundle belongs to PPE3003 at Florida State University taught by J. Cascio in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 76 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Personality in Psychlogy at Florida State University.


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Date Created: 10/07/15
Personality psychology 94 Extraversion 1 4 reverse Agreeableness 2 reverse 7 Conscientiousness 3 8 reverse Neuroticism 4 9 reverse Openness to experience 5 10 reverse Extraversion talkative assertive forward outspoken social Extroverts compared to introverts talk more engage in more eye contact gambe moredrive faster more sexually active physicaly stronger ike studying in social places perform better under distraction focus more on speed than accuracy Introverts ess likely to take risks more likely to create innovation prefer to work alone better academic performance on critical thinking but not higher IQ deay grati cation selfcontrol or will power proactive subordinates isteners and let go where passion drives them better at problem solving silently and paying attention Extraverts feel better Good moods last longer Remember being in a good mood even if they weren39t Reward sensitivity more sensitive to dopamine It may just be positive emotionality except anger Anger felt when we don39t receive expected reward Motivates behavior to approach positive incentives Neuroticism Emotional stability low neuroticism Emotional instability high neuroticism Moody anxious insecure Negative emotionality but independent of positive and negative emotions LoneHer Likely to be depressed or anxious Report poorer quality of life More likely to divorce Have worse physical health Do neurotic people think thing are worse than they are or do worse things happen so they become neurotic after More people are neurotic now than they used to be Growing with generations 8039s more anxious than children in 505 People get less neurotic with age Agreeableness sympathetic warm kind understanding sincere Better lovers and friends Better ca regivers parents Less interpersonal con ict Conscientiousness organized neat orderly practical prompt meticulous Perform better at work and school Live longer Easier to adapt to change Openness to experience Willingness to engage in fantasy Try new things Entertain contradictory and new ideas Creative imaginative intellectual correlates 32 between IQ and openness signi cant correlation magical thinking astrology ghosts believe things not based in science more likely to daydream might get lost in it associated with depression 5 factor model empirical evidence Most widely accepted Researchers found by different samples Replicated over 50 years in many languages Replicated with different item formats Honestyhumility proposed 6th factor 5 factors don39t measure everything 91615 Types of continuity Mean level stability absolute continuity same over time Low level stability not same over time Rank order stability differential continuity maintenance of relative position within group Personality coherence maintaining position in group but associated behaviors change in manifestation of the trait Infancy Temperament assessed by Activity level Smiling and laughter Fear Distress to limitations Soothability Duration of orienting how much attention they can give Stable differences emerge early as 3 months Cthhood Activity eve children active at 3 are also active at 7 Aggression apparent by age 3 High rank order continuity into aduthooh Adulthood Personality gets more stable as you age Big ve traits have high rank order mean level stability Gradual changes in big 5 Openness to experience decreases Conscientiousness increases Extraversion decreases Agreeableness increases Neuroticism decrease Selfesteem men increase women decrease Ambition and autonomy Sensation seekingcurvilinear Cohort effects changes due to changes in social culture time Assertiveness in women Narcissism 92315 Computing heritability questions Neuroticism Dz twins correlated at 18 M2 twins 41 Heritability 2x difference in correlation Heritibality 24118 Heritability 223 46 Heritability 46 Heritability amount of personality trait that is due to genetics Selective breeding Family studies how similar traits are vs genes Twin studies Do they eliminate problem of family studies Equal enviro assumptions experience enviro no more similar than fraternal twins Adoption studies Correlation on traits between adopted children and adoptive parents environmental in uence Correlation of adopted children and genetic parents genetic in uence Potential problems Representativeness are parents that put children for adoption different than others answer Theyre not different Selective placement of adopted children may put with family that is similar to their own rare Ideal study Twins reared apart combines strengths of twin and adoption studies Twins vs adoption studies twins studies give higher heritability estimate than adoption studies Identical more alike than fraternal Adopted not much more like real siblings than adopted siblings Something special about sharing all genes with someone Nonadditive genetic variance change one gene different person Behavior geneteic ndins Extraversion 4060 heritable Neuroticism 3054 heritable All big 5 50 heritable Activity level and temperament 50 Aggressiveness 5172 Psychopathic moderately heritable Violent crimes 50 Traditionalism 59 Belief in god 0 heritable until middle age 40 Drinking related to Sensation seeking Extraversion Neuroticism 3656 Alcoholism 5071 Shared vs nonshared enviro Moderate heritability also hints at importance of environmental Personality 3050 heritable 5070 environment Shared environment siblings share In common Nonshared environment siblings not shared Romance classmates friends individual items Noonshared more important 93015 Evolution primer Evolution and natural selection Survive to reproduction age Reproduce Evolutionary perspective 3 major components 1 Heritability genes passed on Large percentage from parents 2 Variation genes vary 3 Natural selection bene cial variations get passed on Small percentage changes randomly Slightly bigger wing smaller eye extra toe etc then gets passed to offspring Ntural selection Variety within a species Some survive amp reproduce some don39t Some traits better enable an organism to survive amp reproduce More offspring Offspring inherit traits that led to success Survival of the fittest best equipped to survive to reproductive age and reproduce What helped our ancestors live that we have now Our brain is an adaption some traits seem to threaten survial Why Sexual selection helps reproduce even at cost of survival lntersexual selection Members of one sex choose a mate based on preference Birds of paradise lntrasexual competition compete with rivals for mate access


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