Notes Rels 2216-001
Popular in History of the Modern Middle East
Popular in Religious Studies
This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Carina Soriano on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Bundle belongs to Rels 2216-001 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Kathryn V Johnson in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 53 views. For similar materials see History of the Modern Middle East in Religious Studies at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.
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Date Created: 10/08/15
Middle East 10115 For Syria The US can39t support alNusra because its connected to AlQa39ida but can39t support Assad because Russians The US has satellites but Russia is getting better intelligence If they give intelligence to Syria then we have a problem Afghanistan Iraq and Syria are stretching us thin WWIReporter Lowell Thomas captured the only lmed footage of the Arabian Revolt This was led by Prince Faisal and Lawrence of Arabia June 5 1916The Arabs declared war on the Ottomans and Husayn39s son Faisal took command of the Arab Legion forces along with Col TELawrence July 1917They took Aqaba which helped Allenby take Jerusalem that December October 1 1918 Damascus fell October 291918 The Turks surrender 1916SykesPicot Middle East Partition British French Balfour Declaration 1917 Britishsupports the idea of creating a Jewish homeland in Palestine creates buffer from French with friendly grateful Jews TransJordan created with dependence on Britain now America to be an outpost in the Middle East Last British general was Sir Glub Faisal goes to Damascus under the French and says that it will be the capital of the new Arab republic The French say hell no and shell Damascus and are exiled Faisal39s brother is pissed TransJordan Abudullah is asked to be king while Faisal is given Iraq which has come under British control Husayn was disturbed to learn of the text of the Balfour DeclarationIn order to calm his fears Britain sent commander Hogarth of the Arab Bureau to Cairo with assurances that Jewish settlement in Palestine would be permitted quotonly if it were compatible with the freedom of the existing population both economic and politicalquot A few days later a joint AngloFrench proclamation promised the Arabs a government quotfreely chosen by the populationquot Both King Husayn and Faisal accepted them as they had done in the case of the Sykes Picot Agreement At the close of the war three groups were competing for supremacy in all or part of the Fertile Crescent Britain and FranceFrance insisted on carrying out Sykes Picot They landed 20000 men in Lebanon and tried to get the British to leave Britain wanted to modify the agreement to gain control of the oil elds around Mosul and the internationalization of Palestine Zionistswanted the content of the Balfour Declaration to become part of the British policy in the region The Arabswanted independence that had been promised But their leaders fought amongst themselves Hence by the conclusion of the Paris Peace Conference which began in 1918 The mandate for Syria and modern Lebanon was awarded to France The mandate for Iraq and Palestine including modern Jordan created in 1921 was given to Britain Syria and Iraq were to be prepared for independence But Palestine was to protect British strategic goals in the region and accommodate Zionist goals 2 problems ArabPalestinian 1 The emergence of two economies One modern and the other traditional 2 Of far greater signi cance was the loss of the land 1919 Jews were 10 of population owned 456000 dunams DUNAM14 ACRE By 1939 they were 39 of population 4670000 out of 1528000 people of there 300000 were immigrants who arrived in 193039s They owned 13 million dunams of cultivable landa 185 increasemuch of this had been purchased from absentee landlords who held title to village communally owned lands musha39a and sold themthus leading to the displacement of the villagers History of the Modern Middle East 10615 Russians accidentally ew over Turkish space to test NATO and the Turks response Discussed papers and webguides Add more content if you did not get an A in that category Grading is done stylecontent Redo if you didn t get an A At this time the first census taken estimated the population of Palestine at about 744000 of which 83000 were Jews Between 19221930 the Arab population increased by 23 which the Jewish population increased by almost 100 From 19311940 the Arab population grew about 30000 while the Jewish population more than tripled In 1920 the Jews made up about 9 of the population by 1940 the ratio had increased to about 30 When the first major Palestinian action began in 1929 in Hebron the British were aware of the problemas the various studies prepared by their experts in the period reveal For example The Passfield White Paper issued by the British government blamed Palestine fears over immigration and land purchase The Commission in 1939 called for the creation of an Arab and Jewish state under mandate administration The White Paper of 1939 called for the establishment of a Jewish home in an independent Palestinian state with a cap on immigration that would produce a 13 Jewish minority On the eve of WWII neither side was satisfied Palestinian Arabs objected to the immigration and creation of a Jewish national home on their lands and the vague promise of a state would perhaps become independent in a decade or so Zionists objected to British efforts to control immigration Britain for her part needed the support of Arabs and Zionist in the war effortand attempted to win the support of both She as well realized that meant giving up the idea of partition and ultimately the loss of sovereignty in the territory could be avoided by giving up the idea of partition into two states The impact of WWII went far beyond that of the local military campaigns By 1945 6 million Jews had died 23 of European Jewry After 1942 there were urgent calls to permit emigration into Palestine and for the creation of a state to house them 1942 Biltmore Program 0 Supports the creation of a Jewish state 0 Unlimited immigration of Jews 0 Jewish Agency to be given powers to develop state land to be used by refugees Zionists had begun to look to US not Britain because Britain was caught up in the war effort Even after the war Britain had other problems India and oil field area The British government and Bevins would not budge on immigrationbut Truman did listenhe requested the admission of 100000 refugees immediately The plight of refugees in Central Europe was worsening In Palestine underground groups had begun to hit British targets in 1944 They realized that the only way to end British domination that prevented the gathering inof the refugees and the birth of a nation state was to make it too painful for the British to continue to hold Palestine King David hotel70 killed A commission on April 30 1946 recommended a multinational multi linguistic group dominated by neither side and the admission of 100000 refugees Truman rejected the report but called for the admission of 100000 Britain was in a dilemma On February 18 1947 they decided to turn the problem over to the UN The UN prepared a report backing partition into 2 states with Jerusalem to be under international control Palestine would be divided into 2 parts 56 of the area given to the Jews who made up 30 of the population 43 given to Arabs 1 Jerusalem and Bethlehem were to be under international control This position passed on November 29 1947 British announced the end of the mandate on May 15 1948 and that she would be out by August 1 Almost immediately the violence escalated Neither side is innocent Deir Yassin Irgun and Stern kill 254 men women and children Palestinians retaliate by ambush of Zionist convoy heading for Hadassah hospital killing 80 doctors nurses and students By May 15th end of the mandate 150000 Palestinians had ed their homes In the midst of the bloodshed the US proposed that in view of the difficulties in implementing the proposed partition plan the UN should take over the trusteeship of Palestine A special session of the General Assembly sat from April 16 to May 15 to consider the proposal While this was being debated Ben Gurion and members of National Council of the Jewish state gathered in Tel Aviv and on May 14th declared the establishment of the state of Israel It was recognized in a matter of minutes by US and USSR On the morning of May 15 1948 six Arab states Egypt Iraq Jordan Lebanon Saudi Arabia and Syria attacked Israel There are more notes however I was unable to capture them but they will be emailed out
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