Gangs and Crime Week 1-2 Notes
Gangs and Crime Week 1-2 Notes CJ3074
Popular in Gangs and Crime
Popular in Criminal Justice
This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Emily cox on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Bundle belongs to CJ3074 at University of Cincinnati taught by Stephanie Wyler in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Gangs and Crime in Criminal Justice at University of Cincinnati.
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Amazing. Wouldn't have passed this test without these notes. Hoping this notetaker will be around for the final!
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Date Created: 10/08/15
GANGS amp CRIME OBJECTIVES WHAT IS A GANG EARLY GANGS LOCATIONS THEORIES CRITERIAS WHAT IS A GANG GANG Group of persons working to unlawful or anti social ends or group of persons having informal and close relations Webster s dictionary definition Legal definition Criminal gang means an ongoing formal or informal organization or group of 3 or more persons to which all must apply Has one of its primary activities the commission of 1 or more following offences 0 any felony offense 0 Any offense of Violence 0 Has a common name or 1 or more common identifying signs symbols or colors 0 The persons individually or collectively engage in a pattern of criminal gang activity 2 felony offenses EARLY GANGS Chicago New York 0 Devil s Disciples I 0 Pstones 0 Forty Thieves 0 Vice Lords o Kerryonians o Gangster disciples D39ead Rabblts 0 Irish Bowery Boys Gangs in the south 0 No real presence until 1970 s in Miami and San Antonio Gangs can be found in any city With 100000 plus members FREDERICK THRASHER 192039s WHO Sociologist at the University of Chicago 0 He studied and analyzed gang Mexican Gangs LA MS13 Sleepy Lagoon murder caused groups to feel oppressed Zoot Suit riots Adopted in mexico California LA In the 1940 s those who wore quotZoot Suitsquot had negative connotation associated with them People thought they were troublemakers MexicanAmerican kids started getting bad names and labels Began to rebel They began riots with American navy sailors Zoot suitors were seemed to not have respect for society and defying it activity Thrasher specifically looked for ways urban settings affected and shaped gangs Thrashers definition of a Gang Gang is an antisocial group originally formed spontaneously and integrated through con ict The result of this collective behavior is the dev of tradition Etc DRS KLEIN AND MAXSON 1989 Klein amp Maxson s definition of a gang Gang is any denotable group Gangs are generally perceived as distinct aggregation by the community or known by name Involved in sufficient number of illegal incidents to get negative response from laW and community Street Gangs What they are Group that from allegiance for common purpose engage in criminal activity and conform to one or more of the following 0 Common name 0 Common symbols tattoos graffiti 0 Style of dress 0 Geographic location 0 Associate together Name class type dress territory association group meetings A NATIONAL SURVEY DONE BY DR WALTER MILLER FOUND 90 GANGS HAD 6 COMMON THEMES YOUTH GANG SELF FORMED ASSOCIATION MUTUAL INTERESTS IDENTIFIABLE LEADERSHIP SPECIFIC PURPOSE TERRITORIAL ENTERPRISE DEVELOPED AUTHORITY FIGURE SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION THEORY Based in Chicago Chicago 1920 30 s There were many changes in Chicago in the 20 s and 30 s So because of immigration and migration of people Industrialization and need to expand and create jobs became a big need This changed labor education and the youth Thrasher believed gangs offered a substitute for What society could not give them Provided relief from suppression Risk Factors of Gangs 0 Individual 0 Family 0 School 0 Peer group 0 Community Theories agree that 0 There is greater interest in and need for ganging during adolescence although there is disagreement as to Why this is so 0 If gang organization exists there Will be a leadership elite lay members and hangerson 0 There are more similarities than differences between social groups and antisocial gangs 0 Ganging fills strong emotional needs 0 Gang structure and cohesiveness increase With external threat or con ict 0 Better structured gangs last longer
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