Some notes on presenting for TV and Radio
Some notes on presenting for TV and Radio
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Date Created: 10/10/15
BM0669 View the following excerpts of presentations from TV programmes of difierent genres and discuss the styte dlitterences with reterence to 00000 presenter delivery style formalcasual singlemulti hosts interaction Language used styleimage of presenters settingcontext OOOOO Programme Genres News Current Affairs Spo s Gameshow Entertainment BM0669 WEEK 4 Writing for B roa d cast P rese n ta ti o n Radio Writing Radio is the Theatre f the mind your wrds and description Will create a picture im ur audience s miinds News Structures and Content NEWSCBSt planned and structured assemblage of news consist of a string of news stories including breaking news and features material Re ort deals with a single news on radio voice reports can include voice actualities like an interview Interview can form part of a report News Structures and Content Documenta aquot relatively long piece done in dramatic style focuses on one issue and has a plot line has conclusion and makes a point different from docudrama H a rd vs Soft News Hard immediate impact on listeners eg brea king news So not necessarily linked to time element or story of immediate impact I H a rd vs Soft News Hard News story on a re in progress Soft news fol low u p story on the affected victims who39ve become homeless Difference between writing for Print and Broadcast Writing for the ear is different from writing for the eye oucan reread an article in the newspapers if you don39t understand For Radio listener must be able to follow and understand news as you are presenting it e no second chance Radio is a p ersonal medium You have amillion audiences of one not one audience of arnllllon Need to capture audlence39s attention Writing for F TV requires even fewer words you are writing to t the g ictu res I Print Lead is usually longer compared to Radio or TV Can contain all the 5 W s Who What When Where Why Includes background of story Very descriptive includes diagrams etc Radio Lead is short and sharp for easy digestion by listeners May not contain the 5 W s Background limited due to time constraints Can be quite descriptive use words to paint pictures in the listener s mind TV Lead is short and sharp for easy digestion by viewers May not contain the 5 W s Background limited due to time constraints Less descriptive as the pictures speak for themselves and are used to tell the story How do you write for the ear Write as if you are s eakin e I to your audience Communicate as if you are talking to a friend Be sim a le and direct Use m and concise words that your audience can understand easily avoid cumbersome words that slow your audience down How do you write for the ear Listen to what you are writing Read it aloud Communicate accuratei and 39 getting facts in the right order Writing style depends on station39s format eg hiphop contemporary news Anal se your audience Radio News Writing Different from writing for commercials Requires facts objectivity the ve W39s Who What When Where Why and How Main point comes before details Introduction is succinct and to the point Also neecls attribution who said what and cross referencle ckin different sources Don39t sensationalise news Double check facts to avoid legal implications L L L L Writing Radio Commercials Commercial copywriting grab listener s attention eg use humour Tell your listeners what you want to sell Who are you selling to differentiate between your productservice and that of your competitors AIDA Principle 1 m 2 mt 3 w 4 m L L L Writing Radio Commercials Give details what number should listeners call for enquiries where do they go to purchase product etc Use sp oken not written language llisten to how people speak and write short and to the point m your script the client pays far airtime Principles of Writing for Radio amp1N 1 Be brief a Stronger emphasis on time constraint than print approx 1 min for news item 2 Reta i n informal tone Don39t write intellectuallysti m ulating39 articles Listener has to capture what is said as it is being said or the information will be lost Principles of Writing for Radio amp TV 3 Be 5 eci c Information numbers names etc needs to be precise general or vague information tends to confuse a Be simple and clear but don39t not oversimplistic may insult audience39s intelligence 4 Personalise e Considler your audience39s background before writing 5 natural avoid stiltecl Ian ua Principles oi Writing for Radio amp TV 51 Keep it simple and logical Use information that s concise active and downto earth Avoid clutter like former latter39 quotations ZGmmmm Use Present Tense because broadcast media report events as they happen give info an air of currency and immediacy 8 Use Active Voicenot Passive Voice For Active Voice the subject is placed in the rst pa rt of your sentence I m Last night another rebel village was destroyed by the Army and many women and children were killed M The Army destroyed another rebel village last night and killed many women and children MOT The new movie The Unmaking of a President was completed last week by George Lucas BUT Last week George Lucas com pleted h is new Lmovie The Unma king of a President w Th e Rir g h 1r W0 rdJ When choosing words be aware of context Some words have more than one meaning 9 Use or numbers Convert precrse or r nvohecr numbers rnto simpre form 1572 almost 1600 357 percent almost 36 percent Marking Copy Recap WOrd Underline for emphasis Word Underline twice for heavy emphasis word words Slash for pause to be used for emphasis That39s a fixed rate mortgage at 11 percent and IMO POiI ItSHE ltwordgt Circle or Flag unfamiliar word for pronunciation Use brackets to identify a complete phrase Phrasing means grouping a string of words that fOrm a complete thought as a phrase Eg Explosion and resulting firequot shouid be read as a single phrase A Tips for News Reading Rate contrartabie anti conversational not too rast or too siovv Inflection avoici singsong monotone and repetitive patterns PitCh using the right pitch results in less vocal stress and better delivery Minimise mistakes rehearsal where possible Pronunciation k get it right as it re ects 1 our credibility Two people are dead Tour in ured in the wake of a violent ex Ision this morning at 433 lt Ma rsei Mesgt Mahrsay street The names of the victims are being withheld pending notification of next of kin The exlosion a n d resulting fi re I velled the twosto re hou se we a ti ators are currently on the scene One re of cial who does not want to be identi ed told Eyewitness News that arson is a possiility I r Ies Article Z1 Baghdad so e President Burs says he hope accused Bush I war planning at two sites outs The other produces c w not nished with their w 39 time to iook at other sites e W believe F onalquot39 when he I go to wan The paper onal criticism of US rs today looked fuel for missiles e rs say they re f ind need more 9 l g p 4 33 u of cial neWSpape he says he The paper a e internationa Meantime U 1 m believe rationalquot when k e I amp f 39 to go to war to cool planning r ay looked at m sites ontside e I for miLiles The other produ 39 e J inspectors say they re m nished w i g ons checks and I need more time to look es a Article 2 For the second straight day the economic news is better than expected The Commerce Department reports construction spending rose by threeetenths of one percent in November lnelped by record activity in the redhot housing market The Commerce epartment says building activiw totaled 843 billlion dollars at an annual rate in November There39s also word that October was revised to show a one percent gain instead of the threetenths increase indicated earlier Low interest rites have been credited for fueling continued dmancl for homes both new and existing The stock market rallied on the first session of the new year as investors racted t a report indicating an upturn in the manufacturing sector Polls indicate support for Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon s Likud party is slipping away amid allegations of bribery and corruption The polls show Li kud losing nearly a quarter of its support since last month But the surveys also show the party and its hardline allies will win enough seats to form a government and give Sharron another term in office in this month39s election Meantime Police say charges are being considered against four Likud activists who were allegedly involved in arranging bribes during the party primary u E c m m we E m m i u BEWH W C m mm Rm E 02 H mm m m 3 am my hat is a Master of Ceremonies MerriamWebster Dictionary s Definition A person who determines the forms to be observed on a public occasion A person who acts as host at a formal event A person who acts as host for a programme of entertainment as on television Great Emcees don t just happen they learn the skills that are necessary to get the job done Roles of an Emcee Not just an announcer of events Coordinate the proceedings of the event ensures that things run smoothly Sets the mood for the programme Introduces participants and announces items for the event eg speeches performance presentation of awards and provides transitions between items Events that require an Emcee Fo rm a eve nts Eg Product Launch MOU Signing Ceremony Graduation Ceremony Award Ceremony Of cial Opening Informal events Dinner amp Dance Family Day Orientation Carnivals Outdoor events Types of Emceei ng Formal More serious follow closely to proceedings a nd protocol Informal More spontaneous more impromptu requires you to think on the feet Proceedings of a n Event 4 Based closely on the programme 4 Ta ke note of p rotocol 4 More crucial for formal events 4 Be exceedingly polite A Use of standard phrases 4 Ladies amp Gentlemen J May I now invite J It is now my pleasure J Please sit back relax and enjoy Attire Be d ressed for the occasion better to be ove rd ressed tlna n you r audience but don t wear a suit for an outdoor event Avoid huge ch u n ky accessories that distract attention For ladies makeup is necessary for stage but don t overdo it Presentation Principles 1 Visual 4 Your physical appearance and body language eg Grooming Eye contact Posture Gestu res Facial Expressions 2 Vocal J The way you use your voice Avoid ums and ahs soft mumbling monotonous tone 3 Verbal J The words you say Use language appropriate to audience and purpose Use words to create pictures and stories to create involvement 1 Visual Eye contact with audience 3 5 secs each Z or W formation Avoid overreference to notes Posture Stand up straight and relaxed avoid leaning or slouching avoid shifting and pacing Don t play with pens pointers visuals hair sleeves buttons pants or collars Facial expressions smile 1 Visual Gestures vary using a range of gestures broad and flowing not fast and jerky Move arm and hand together avoid floppy wristselbows Keep hands and gestures above your waist large gestures for a large audience and small gestures for a smaller audience Don t put your hands behind your back or in your pockets Don t point your finger or your fist intimidating 2 Vocal Speak with enthusiasm Maintain a conversational tone not like reading Keep your speaking rate between 125 to 160 words per minute Vary your rate slow down at important or complex points speed up when conveying excitement Vary your pitch Use pauses 3 to 5 sec for impact Don t apologise for mistakes 3 Verbal Watch your Grammar Ada pt your wo rds to you r audience amp occasion formalIinformall Learn how to pronounce dlif cu t wordls beforehand Observe protoco if any Guidelines for effective performance Know what is expected of you NOT the star of the programme The one who brings it together and make it work Plan a good opener for programme Treat opening remarks like the intro of a major presentation Gain attention of the audience and prepare them for the programme Ensure mood of opener is consistent with the nature of the occasion Guidelines for effective performance 3 Be prepared to introduce participants speakers know who they are and how to pronounce their names ensure accuracy of introductions prepared check with participantsspeakers for emphasis 4 Know schedule and timetable keep on track ensure participantsspeakers know time allocation work out a way to cue them if they overrun Guidelines for effective performance 5 Keep prizes or awards near podium should not fumble around for a plaquetrophy at presentation time lay out awards in correct order 6 Plan comments ahead of time and practice prepare speech and rehearse at actual venue if other parties are involved eg ushers etc rehearse with them and stage helpers Guidelines for effective performance 7 Be ready for inevitable glitches be ready for problems eg malfunctioning microphones lights that go off etc respond to these events keeping cool and in good humour 8 End the event on a strong note end presentation by thanking those who made the programme possible leave audience with something positive to remember Emcee Script Introduction Greetind Good morningarternoon and address VIPs and attendees We t co m e to name or event Introduce yoursemf optionat Introduce llst item speechmulldmedlra resentation E m cee Script introduction Cont39ci it it s a speech incitide formai tities MrNirSMsDr designation Begin with i wouici now iike to invite lVirNirsNislDr a Enci with NirlVirsIVisDr piease E m cee Script Tra n stttons Thank you MrMrsMsDr a Introduce next item Conctuston Thank guests for attending name of event Wish attendees a good morntngatternooneventng ahead Sample Order of Proceedings of an event Activity Arrival of Guests Welcome by MC MC to introduce judges amp explain judging criteria Speech by 1st Contestant Sean Lai Speech by 239 I Contestant Eugene Tay Speech by 3ml Contestant Haripriya Speech by 4th Contestant Teo Xiu Ying Speech by 5th Contestant Rayson Tan Speech by 6th Contestant Syazanawati Speech by 7th Contestant Nabil Sample Order of Proceedings of an event Activity Speech by 8th Contestant Yue Yuan Ling MC to wrap up round 1 MC to introduce round 2 Speeches by contestants Comments by Chief Judge Invite DSBM to give awards to winners Tokens of appreciation to judges End of event 200PM 205PM Sample Emcee Script PROCEEDINGS FOR SO YOU THINK YOU CAN SPEAKquot Arrival of guests Emcee A very good afternoon to you ladies and gentlemen and welcome to the inaugural So You Think You Can Speak competition I am Derek Lim a first year student and I will be your emcee for today After the long battle in the heats today we have our 8 finalists from over 60 participants in the competition There are 2 rounds in the competition today In the first round students will present a prepared speech of their choice within 8 minutes After all 8 finalists have presented their prepared speech there will be a 20minute intermission where students will select and prepare their impromptu speeches which should last between 3 and 5 minutes 210PM 215PM Sample Emcee Script Before I tell you the judging criteria let us welcome our panel of distinguished judges Our chief judge Mr Viswa Sadasivan CEO of Strategic Moves Mr Andre Ahchak Deputy Director from Communications Division and Ms Angeline De Roza Deputy Manager from School of Engineering Communication Skills Let s give them a warm round of applause Our finalists will be judged by criteria such as visual vocal verbal structure content and persuasion More specifically the judging criteria for the prepared speech are as follows CONTENT 40 points DELIVERY 35 points LANGUAGE 25 points adding up to a total of 100 points And now we shall officially begin our contest Would you please join me in inviting our first contestant Sean Lai Maoqin from BM0836 Sample Emcee Script ltSpeech by 1St Contestant Sean Laigt Thank you Sean Next let us invite Eugene Tay from BM0821 to present his views ltSpeech by 2quot I Contestant Eugene Taygt Thank you Eugene Now the third contestant comes from BM0836 Let us join our hands to welcome Haripriya ltSpeech by 3rcl Contestant Haripriyagt Thank you Priya Our next contestant is Teo Xiu Ying from MK0801 ltSpeech by 4th Contestant Teo Xiu Yinggt Thank you Xiu Ying I would now like to invite our 5th contestant Rayson Tan from AF0701 to make his presentation Sample Emcee Script ltSpeech by 5th Contestant Rayson Tangt Thank you Rayson Our next contestant is also from the Diploma in Accountancy and Finance Let us now welcome Syazanawati Bte Abdul Malik from AF0803 ltSpeech by 6th Contestant Syazanawatigt Thanks Wati May we now invite Nabil from BMO731 who is our 7th contestant to share with us his views ltSpeech by 7th Contestant Nabilgt Thank you Nabil Now let s welcome our last contestant Yue Yuan Ling from M50801 to present her speech ltSpeech by 8th Contestant Yue Yuan Linggt 255PM 320PM Sample Emcee Script We have now heard from all 8 finalists in the prepared speech round Thank you to all contestants for such interesting and insightful presentations Ladies And Gentlemen we shall now take a 20minute break During this period our contestants would be drawing their topics for the second round which is the impromptu speech See you soon ltIntermissiongt Ladies and Gentlemen welcome back to the second round of the So You Think You Can Speak competition Our first round of the competition has been immensely exciting and now be prepared to be dazzled by the eloquence of our contestants once again Sample Emcee Script Before inviting our contestants to make their presentation let me first tell you the judging criteria for the impromptu speech They are CONTENT 30 points DELIVERY 20 points adding up to a total of 50 points And now the impromptu round will officially begin Would you please join me once again in inviting our first contestant Sean Lai Maoqin from BM0836 Thank you Sean Next let us invite Eugene Tay from BM0821 Thank you Eugene Let us join our hands to welcome Haripriya again from BM0836 Thank you Priya Our next contestant is Teo Xiu Ying from MK0801 Sample Emcee Script Thank you Xiu ying Let us now invite our 5th contestant Rayson Tan from AF0701 Thank you Rayson Our next contestant is Syazanawati Bte Abdul Malik from AF0803 Thank you Wati May we now invite Nabil from BM0731 to make his impromptu speech Thank you Nabil Now let us welcome our final contestant Yue Yuan Ling from M50801 Ladies and gentlemen we have now heard from all 8 finalists who have presented both their prepared and impromptu speeches May we take a short break now in order to allow our judges to deliberate on the results of the competition 355PM 400m Sample Emcee Script Ladies and gentlemen we have the results But before we announce the winners let us welcome our chief judge Mr Viswa Sadasivan CEO of Strategic Moves to comment on the competition on behalf of the judges Mr Sadasivan please ltComments by Mr Viswa Sadasivangt Thank you Mr Viswa Sadasivan We have come to the most exciting moment which all of you have been waiting for Let me now invite Mr K K Chiang Director School of Business Management to give away the prizes Mr K K Chiang please The cash prizes for today s event is sponsored by the Singapore Accountancy Academy while the special challenge shield is sponsored by the School of Business Management Sample Emcee Script Now we will present the consolation prize of 50 to the following two contestants They are We now move on to the TOP three places The prize for the 23910I runner up is 100 The winner is The second prize winner of the competition is She He will be taking home 200 Now who do you think the winner of the inaugural So You Think You Can Speak Contest Is The winner is Congratulations to for being the winner of the inaugural So You Think You Can Speak Contest She He wins the grand prize of 300 cash and a challenge shield 415PM Sample Emcee Script We will like now like to present a token of appreciation to the judges Mr Viswa Sadasivan Ms Angeline De Roza and Mr Andre Ahchak Thank you judges and thank you Mr K K Chiang for giving out the prizes Ladies and gentlemen we have now come to the end of the competition On behalf of the organising committee I would like to thank our distinguished judges our chief judge Mr Viswa Sadasivan Ms Angeline De Roza and Mr Andre Ahchak who have taken precious time off their busy schedules to be with us at this event May I also congratulate all participants who have made this a successful event Until the next So You think you can speak contest thank you for coming to this event and may you have a good day ahead
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