Notes weeks 2-5
Notes weeks 2-5 A HTG 100
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A HTG 100
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This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Hänel Watkins on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Bundle belongs to A HTG 100 at Brigham Young University taught by Christopher Karpowitz in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see American Heritage in Social Sciences at Brigham Young University.
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Date Created: 10/11/15
A HTG review know last names of authors freedom virtue welfare l Puritans leader John Winthrop ltfreedomgt civil liberty freedom to do that which was just and good magnify calling Cotton Mather live God s law glorify him through their calling ltwelfaregt service is welfare for everyone focus on community put aside personal desires for betterment of community May ower Compact is where they made this covenant Virtue most emphasized Greek approach Aristotle ltfreedomgt freedom to participate in civic duties but didn t allow all people to vote only property holding males not slaves ltvirtuegt when people use their freedoms to participate in politics ltwelfaregt time and means to participate in community Libertarian all about individualism purpose of govt is to provide minimal order so people could do whatever ltvirtuegt morality indiv Should choose what to do ltwelfaregt minimal goal isn t betterment of community Utilitarianism ltfreedomgt freedom to calculate all pleasure and pain to bene t the society ltvirtuegt ability to maximize welfare we hope to do virtuous things to maximize the happiness of the community but if you can t do what will bene t the community most emphasized Jeremy Bentham more short term greater good for greater people right now all pleasure is the same easier for calculation minimize total pain John Stuart Mill more long run respected indiv rights because it bene ts the community in the long run not all pleasures are equal Readings EJ Dione Intro to quotOur Divided Political Heartquot 0 Main focus balance between individuals and community fear of decline Americans have so used to American exceptionalism Obama s campaign addressed this fear of decline Political unease due to intense polarization in DC Tea party was so successful because they fed on the fear of decHne What form of govt should we have connect to readings o eg may ower compact focus on community Body of Christ Model of Christian Charity May ower Compact First signing of a government structure in America rst social document binding people in America Pilgrims arrive North Virginia Idea of a huge to each other focus on community A Christian at his Calling Cotton Mather Each person has a signi cant calling from God must magnify God through doing your best at this calling Puritan work ethichad a lasting impact on people today No modern political mobility starting at the bottom and working Ulo John Calvin in uenced the Puritan ideology came up with the idea of callings l Cotton Mather wrote the essay A Model of Christian Charity John Winthrop Dealt with why god made some men rich and some men poor inequality lnterdependent relationship rich needed poor for opportunities of generosity poor needed rich to 39show their good works All people have trials All people have a moral obligation to help others Focus on community family rst community Combines Christian at his Calling and May ower Compact A City upon a hill America as a city upon a hill A Little Speech on Liberty Introduction on Freedom to do whatever natural libertarianLocke s state of nature Vs freedom to do what is right civil liberty How does the liberty of the people relate to the authority of the magistrates Selfexamine before criticizing leaders Sandel s quotJumping the Queuequot Emphasized Q How should we allocate our resources prices may not be the best way to do this 0 Some institutions may have been meant to be free purpose diminished Are markets the best way to allocate every single good What do we use if we don t use markets Are some goods 39sacred can t put a price to them 0 What are the limits to the market connect to Econ American Crises Thomas Paine 0 Thomas Paine 39pep talk 0 Freedom is worth ghting for keep ghting to overthrow the tyrant Market Economy Opp Cost cost of the next best thing you give up as prices go up from diff perspectives demandsupply goes up or down Scarcity idea that there is a limited amount of resources and an unlimited amount of wants Surplus and shortage Coincidence of wants idea of free market people are willing to trade money for a good or service wants always changing Comparative advantage idea that every individualcompany has the lowest opp cost in some good or service they should specialize in that how we allocate resources Key People John Winthrop civil liberty wrote the all have natural rights govt can t give it to us govt s only job is to protect our rights If they don t it s our responsibility to revolt mirrored by the D of l makes ve points state of nature men create social contract govt comes about through consent of the governed duty to revolt govt duty to protect our rights Adam Smith market economy other countries had command systems mercantilism invisible hand regulates the economy Patrick Henry Give me liberty or give me death Thomas Paine English patriot George Washington reason we were able to break out of human predicament cycle re ected American ideals stepped down from power Thomas Jefferson wrote D of John Adams after Boston massacre applied rule of law and wanted equal justice for all defended the British troops James Madison father of the constitution favored strong national govt 4 Types of govt Classical rep eg us Liberalism eg today s democratic party we need a govt to make us better promote welfare programs gay marriage some govt intervention Autocracy lot of govt humans are bad eg North Korea childlike view of humans Classical republicanis liberalism m Human nature govt authority libertarianis m autocracy Freedom Welfare Virtue most emphasized Utilitarians Freedom to do Good but if it what you want to hinders the maximize greatest good happiness don t emphasized Pur ans To do that which is right Libertarians Believed that virtuous lives increased welfare most emphasized egprostitution laws are ok no parent laws most emphasized No welfare Earn your own money If you choose not to be virtuous it s your decision
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