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Ancient Greece

by: Ann Carter Herbert

Ancient Greece 82379 AAH 1010-001

Ann Carter Herbert
Survey of Art and Architectural History I
Beth Ann Lauritis

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Survey of Art and Architectural History I
Beth Ann Lauritis
Greece, Art History
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This 14 page Bundle was uploaded by Ann Carter Herbert on Monday October 12, 2015. The Bundle belongs to 82379 AAH 1010-001 at Clemson University taught by Beth Ann Lauritis in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Survey of Art and Architectural History I in Art History at Clemson University.


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Date Created: 10/12/15
Intro to Art History 101 Clemson University Greece 0 Temple of Hera I Basilica Paestum Italy ca 550 BCE O O O O O O Orderdecorative features to categorize columns Colony a series of columns Peristylecolumns all the way around This colony gives the building a sense of unity and harmony this was very important to the Greeks Fairly crude version of columns but still very advanced and rational Entasis the swelling actually occurs in the middle of the column as well this way if you look at them at a distance they won t look curvy optical correction A cult statue a deity usually stands inside Greek temple Plan and facade elements of Greek temple 0 The triglphs are meant to re ect the temples that used to be made with 0 wood three lines like wood grain pronaos porch or entrance to the cella which is shielded by columns 0 know the difference between doric and ionic DORIC ORDER IONIC ORDER Raking cornice Raking cornice Pediment V Cornice Entablature m E D N n Arch trave l Abacus l Capital I I r Volute Column gtlt Entablature Column O 0 West pediment from the Temple of Artemis Corfu Greece ca 600 580 BCE Limestone greatest height 9 4quot Archaeological Museum Corfu 0 Term pediment o Pedimental areatriangle area above the temple before the ceiling was destroyed o Lionspower and intimidation o Medusa pitured O 0 Temple of Aphaia Aegina Greece ca 500 490 BCE 0 Moving into a transitional period to the Classical period things start to look a little more advanced etc Columns are thinner and less bulky Doric column order More space between the columns Less cumbersome and blocky more airy Archaic period is ending during this time OOOOO o Transition to the Classical Period 0 Cohesion from interior to exterior GUILLAUMEABEL BLOUET S 1828 restored view of the facade right of the Temple of Aphaia Aegina Greece ca 500 490 BCE o Twostory columns on the interior L H 7 a 7 i 4 O quotquot7 0 Bottom West pedimenton the Temple of Aphaia Aegina Greece ca 500490 BCE Marble approx 5 8 high at center Glyptothek Munich I Sculpted in the round and then placed there o Dying warrior fr m the west pediment of the Temple of Aphaia Aegina Greece ca 500 490 BCE Marble approx 5 2 1 2 long Glyptothek Munich I This is a dying warriorwe have not yet reached the classical period because he has the Archaic smile I Looks very posednot realistic to dying o Dying warrior from the east pediment of the Temple of Aphaia Aegina Greece ca 480 BCE Marble approx 6 1 long Glyptothek Munich I The last dying warrior created 10 years after last image I On the very brink of early classical I Early classical is also called the severe stylequot the images look serene and like they aren t processing much I Facial features are more wincing than smiling I They are supposed to be presented as an ideal nude male figure I The people start to show a consciousness to pain in their facial expressions Early amp High Classical Period 480400 BCE Kritios Boy from the Acropolis Athens Greece ca 480 BCE Marble approx 2 10quot high Acropolis Museum Athens 0 TERM contrapposto o Contrapposto the weight is shifted on to one leg more realistic stance 0 His face is not really registering a lot severe early classical representation 0 His head is slightly turned this is different because its not so straight forward Left Kritios Boy from the Acropolis Athens Greece ca 480 BCE Marble approx 2 10quot high Acropolis Museum Athens Right Riace Warrior from sea off of Riace Italy ca 460450 BCE Bronze 6 6quot 0 A greater sense of a kind of realism 0 One is in bronze and one is marble o a lot of bronze originals were copied by romans in marbles o A lot of bronze sculptures were melted down and reused for weapons 0 Bronze doesn t break off and crack as easily when holding pressure 1 Charioteer from a group dedicated by Polyzalos of Gela in the Sanctuary of Apollo Delphi Greece ca 470 BCE Bronze approx 5 11 high Archaeological Museum Delphi 0 TERM lostwax method o This was found with the horses and chariot 0 Feet are turned as well as head so more realistic but not as much as the previous image 0 This commemorates a Victory 0 If you were to win three games you would be commemorated in art or sculpture l g l 39 39 i i 39 39 o l I e Zeus or Poseidon from the sea off Cape Artemision Greece ca 460 450 BCE Bronze approx 6 10quot high National Archaeological Museum Athens 0 You can have this extension of his arms with bronze that you couldn t have with marble 0 He is poised for battle MYRON Diskobolos Discus Thrower Roman marble copy after a bronze original of ca 450 BCE 5 1 high Museo Nazionale Romano Palazzo Massimo alle Terme 0 Now into the high classical era 0 Looks like he is actually in motion and not as frozen in time as other images before it 93 a l v POLYKLEITOS Doryphoros Spear Bearer Roman marble copy from Pompeii Italy after a bronze original of ca 450 440 BCE 6 11 high Museo Nazionale Naples 0 TERM canon of proportion o The ideal proportions are 17 0 Roman marble copy IKTINOS and KALLIKRATES Parthenon the Temple of Athena Parthenos View from the northwest Acropolis Athens Greece 447 438 BCE O O O read article on Parthenon Inside contradicts the outside There is another layer of columns inside that is the ionic order PHIDIAS Athena Parthenos in the cella of the Parthenon Acropolis Athens Greece ca 438 BCE Model of the lost chryselephantine statue Royal Ontario Museum Toronto 0 O O Centaurom Not actually surviving today hauled away and destroyed He had to ee Athens because people were so upset about his use of funds gold of the sculpture This image is just a model of a written description A symbol of the civic community of Athens A syml dotion r i 39 39 1 l I W i quot 39 quot39 l M k fr 1 1 391quot 39F l ll nix e from the south side of the Parthenon Acropolis achy meto Athens Greece ca 447438 BCE Marble 4 8 high British Museum London 0 0 Extremely high relief The centaur represents a symbol of power the idea of a human being able to dominate Power struggle invasion and raping of women These panels tell a story that is significant to understanding what Athens is about Symbolic of Athens overcoming barbaric invaders Naturalism in a very staged way O Helios and his horses and Dionysos Herakles from the east pediment of the Parthenon Acropolis Athens Greece ca 438 432 BCE Marble greatest height 4 3 British Museum London 0 O O 0 Three goddesses Hestia Dione and Aphrodite from the east pediment Important to the idea of a monument to Athena Pediment representing the birth of Athena Birthed from the head of Zeus represents masculine and feminine attributes The story is he had a headache and his head was split in half and Athena came from his head The sun god Helios rising from the sea also pictured u of the Parthenon Acropolis Athens Greece ca 438 432 BCE Marble greatest height 4 5 British Museum London 0 O O O The other side of the last image This figures are unaware of the birth of Athena Aphrodite is very sensualized Wet drapery technique to give you a sense of her form you can kind of see through to her body 0 significant at this time you do not typically see goddesses represented in the nude suggests low character o 1 quotx w r 39 in Details of the Panathenaic Festival procession frieze f om the P rthenon Acropolis Athens Greece ca 447 438 BCE Marble approx 3 6 high Horsemen of north frieze top British Museum London Acropolis Museum Athens and elders and maidens of east frieze bottom Louvre Paris 0 Re ects a festival that would happen every four years in Athens 0 warriors on horseback significant becausemostly men 192 the same number of men that died at the battle of Marathon scholars speculate as to if this battle is represented here Representative of a community instead of specific individuals A monument to Athena An interest in civic pride Very few women represented Certain details like weapons would be casted in metal on the sculpture toadsirealism n V 00000 MNESIKLES Propylaia looking southwest Acropolis Athens Greece 437 432 BCE Another doric structure monumental gateway to the Acropolis Actually one of the very first instances of a museum one of first places to house art 0 O O Caryatid from h ot prchof the Erecthion Acopols Athens Greece ca 421 405 BCE Marble 7 7 high British Museum London Erechtheion looking northwest Acropolis Athens Greece ca 421 405 BCE 0 000000000 0 TERM caryatid Caryatid A column that is formed in the human form This is a rebuilt version the original version is not in existence Created during a lull in the Peloponnesian war There is a sense of a little bit of a different order There is an ionic capital Columns a little more decorative and refined more feminine Most sacred of precious relics were housed here Re ect the Greek order of the ionic as feminized The shift of weight is more classical the realistic counter pose contrapposto The drapery is almost like the uting of the column Re ects the idea of women as pillars of strength LATE CLASSICAL PERIOD 0 PRAXITELES Aphrodite of Knidos Roman marble copy of an original of ca 350 340 BCE 6 8 high Musei Vaticani Rome 0 000 000000 000000000 0 Certain changes brought on by the P war Athens is no longer the most powerful The Greeks consider the Macedonians to be more barbaric Phillip the 2nd would higher people to tutor his son Alexander using this philosophy to produce the great figure of Alexander the Great He overthrows the Persian empire Establishes Alexandria in Egypt Defeated many different peoples including the Egyptians Establishes Greek colonies in places as far as India Staging a more cosmopolitan culture expanded Greater sense of emotional depth and anxiety in art new cannon of proportions Greater sense of the individual and emotion She s nude Naked implies shame nude just means unclothed Semi modesty because she is covering herself The water jug represents the woman s womb Seeing a goddess in the nude is a major no The idea is that she s startled If a moral saw a goddess naked they would be killed This brings the goddesses down to earth and gives them some vulnerability She also has a provocative welcoming look This piece put art on the map many people came to see it O PRAXITELES Hermes and the infant Dionysos from the Temple of Hera Olympia Greece Copy of a statue by Praxiteles of ca 340 BCE or an original work of ca 330 270 BCE by a son or grandson Marble 7 1 high Archaeological Museum Olympia o This is the only version of itself don t know if this is the original or a copy O v 7 21 KRESILAS Pericles Roman marble herm copy after a bronze original of ca 429 BCE approx 6 high Vatican Museums Rome Herm another term for a bust Being depicted here as a warrior Strangely really long head Uses public funds to rebuild the acropolis even past his death This shows he is a good leader to get people to follow him OOOOO o Acropolis means high cityquot


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