Popular in INTRODUCTION TO INTERIOR DESIGN
Popular in Interior Design
This 9 page Bundle was uploaded by Erika Lewis on Monday October 12, 2015. The Bundle belongs to 1160.0 at Bowling Green State University taught by Jamie Tscherne in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see INTRODUCTION TO INTERIOR DESIGN in Interior Design at Bowling Green State University.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
INTERIOR DESIGN 1160 826 831 What is ID 0 Preserve the health safety and welfare of the occupants History of ID 0 1St ID Candace Wheeler late 18005 0 2nCI ID Elise de Wolfe 1091 First professional ID actually paid for her services 0 20th Century the door opened for ID profession 0 1940505 Interior design term applied Professional Associations 0 lst AAID Gave credibility to the profession early 1930s 0 IIDA provides credibility o ASID provides credibility Registration and licensing o NISDAQ 0 Title act quotI can call myself an IDquot meets quali cationscerti ed registered licensed 0 Practice Act quotI can practice ID stamp own designs woquot De gn 0 Space planning 0 Follow codes 0 Work with allied professionals 0 Follow schedules and budgets 0 Write speci cations Decoration 0 Coordinate with designer 0 Selecting color patterns Residential design 0 Design the interior of private residences 0 Develop concepts that meet the family social and functional needs 0 Recognize and apply applicable building codes and address safety issues 0 Assist clients in making decisions necessary to move the project to conclusion 0 Adhere to budgetary guidelines 0 Create functional and aesthetically pleasing spaces 0 Residential specialties ex Condos Townhouses Model homes Apartments Senior housing 0 Commercial design 0 O O 0 Design the interior of public spaces Kitchen and bathroom de gn Home theaters Home of ce design Follow strict building re safety and accessibility codes Meet the needs of multiple groups owner employees customers guests ect while sticking to the direction of the property owner Adhere to budgetary guidelines Create functional and aesthetically pleasing spaces Commercial specialties ex Corporate and executive offices Professional offices Healthcare hospitals Hospitality hotels 0 Where do lD s work 0 000 Independent design rms Architectural of ces Furniture retailers Of ce furnishings dealer 0 Other lDrelated careers 0 0000000 Technical specialties Acoustics Tenant improvement Project management CAD specialist Product designer Model builder Marketing specialist Museum work 0 Entertainmentrecreation parks museums Transportation Institutional schools churches Facility planning amp design departments Sole practitioner work environment Lighting design Codespecialist Fu rnitureinterior products manufactures Teaching Journalism Allied professions Architect Engineer General contractor Graphic designer Landscape architect 0000000 99 0 0 Design as a business 0 Before starting a business 0 Consult with An attorney Accountant Insurance agent Tax advisor Business formations 0 Sole proprietorship Owned and operated by a single person Receives all the bene ts 0 Partnership Owned and operated by 2 or more people Owners must determine who will be responsible for what Must determine how pro ts and losses will be divided up 0 Limited liability company LLC Hybrid of sole proprietorshippartnership and corporation Owned and operated by one or more people Provides legal liability protection of a corporation but w a simpler structure 0 Owner has no personal liability o Corporation Considered a separate entity from the owners or originators Can be sold to new owner Provides legal protection 0 Marketing 0 Tools and strategies Create professional name Proper business location based on rms needs Company logo Letterhead business cards other stationary Company website Brochures Advertising Project photos and portfolio Newsletters Participating at industry convention open to the public 0 Business contracts 0 Written contracts or agreements that protects the ID and client in case of disagreement 0 Contract signed by the client is the only legal resource the designer has should the client not pay or otherwise try to get out of the project 0 If an ID begins design services wo a contract there is no way to ensure that the client will pay the invoices o 3 types Professional contract 0 Date identi cation of parties involved scope of services description of project location fee or price and payment schedule additional or reimbursement charges time frame for completion project schedule 0 Agreement for working with allied professionals 0 Permission to photograph The signature of both the client the party being charged and ID Letter of agreement 0 A simple contract written in the form of a letter 0 Legally binding 0 Typically used for smaller projects Purchase agreement 0 Used for the sale of goods as opposed to a contract for services Explains what being sold and the terms and conditions of the sale 0 Must be signed by client 0 Include description of what is being sold and the price 0 Include date the contract was offered to the client 0 Revenue and fee structures 0 ID revenue Two ways 0 Sale of goods to clients and design fees Residential sale of goods or combo of both Commercial typically through design fees 0 Fee methods Hourly xed or at fee cost plus fee of total project expenditure retail 0 Legal issues 0 Negligence When an ID doesn39t use appropriate care in executing the project for a client and lack of care leads to some sort of harm Breach of contract 0 One of the parties to the contract does not do something agreed to in the contract 0 91615 0 Social Responsibility and Environmental Issues 0 Goals for Interior Design 0 Function and human factor First goal and intended function of an interior is to satisfy the needs of the people whom its designed for Meet physical needs and scaled to meet the proportions of the user Environment should be safe to live in Space needs to be used ef ciently o Aesthetics Second goal is to create a pleasant and appealing interior environment Good aesthetics judgment is not the same of personal preference it requires a high level of discernment that is acquired through years of experience and observations Knowledge of what constitutes good design enables designers to guide their clients toward wise design decisions 0 0 Economics The third goal is to work within the proposed budget If the project is exceeding the original budget the designer has an ethical obligation to inform the client Value is an important factor when designing and selecting interior components 0 Ecology Economics also relate to ecological and environmental concerns including sustainable design Designers must not compromise their client39s health by specifying potentially harmful materials to save on costs Effective environmental design decisions produce interiors that utilize materials and products that ensure environmental sustainability for future generations 0 Health Safety and Welfare 0 Health and Safety The speci cation of materials that react with indoor air quality IAQ Adequate lighting that does not produce glare Appropriate clearances for safe passageways Material surface selection that meet codes and help prevent falls Accurate applications of life and re safety codes 0 Welfare De ned as health happiness and general well being Describes the physical and psychological wellbeing of the client An ID must not only meet the functional needs of a client but also meet the needs of comfort and security and create a quotsense of placequot 0 Universal Design 0 The design of products and environments to be usable by all people to the greatest extent possible 0 Principal of universal design Equitable Low physical effort Flexibility Size and space Simple 0 Beyond universal design Other things to consider in design is economic engineering culture gender environmental concern 0 Designing for special populations 0 Americans With Disabilities Act ADA Civil rights act passed in 1990 Requires government buildings contract design facilities public accommodations and transportation systems to provide equal accessibility to all people regardless of disability 0 Elderly and Special User Groups Users with mental challenges Physically immobility Hearing impairments Visual impairments 0 Children Designers must be aware of children39s everchanging psychological development Designers should keep in mind Designers must meet the physical size of the user Spaces must meet their physical abilities Places to accommodate children39s activities safely Durability and cleanbilty are extremely important Meet the scale of the user Spaces must be adaptable 0 Environmental Sustainable Design 0 O O O O 0 Reduce Reuse Recycle foundations of all sustainable design Life Cycle Assessment LEED designing green buildings multiple rating systems with multiple categories to accommodate more EXAM 1 10715 Space Planning 0 Key Philosophies O O 0 Design to meet the functions of the spacewithin customers budget Allow for ample traf c lanes and clearances Scale the furniture to match the scale of the room or the desired feel of the room 0 Space Planning Furnishing to rooms 0 The requirements for SP vary with the physical psychological and O cultural background of the client Designers must be able to apply anthropometric and ergonomic data in a given situation ADA universal design age and ability considerations are addressed not only to meet federal regulations but also provide the best solution to meet client39s needs Once the functions have been determined and human needs of each occupant the designer determines how much space is required to meet the client39s needs First the designer determines the furniture needed and space required to accommodate it positive space Second the designer analyzes the clearances required for major and minor traf c lanes negative space 0 SP For Speci c Areas 0 Conversation area Conversation groups should be designed out of the line of traf c and planned so that people can hear and be heard There must be adequate space to access or walk into groupings The ideal distance is 6839 with and 1039 max 6 basic conversation area 0 Straight line grouping Lshaped grouping Ushaped grouping Box grouping Parallel grouping Circular grouping 0 Dining and conferencing Designers must know how many individuals are to be accommodated Goal is to plan a space that accommodates all the guests but doesn39t feel austere when used by a lesser number Conference and dining tables may be rounds square rectangular oval or boat shaped and in a very large conference rooms may form a ushaped Each occupant requires approx 243039 of space on the table in front of their chair 0 Media viewing and presentation TV39s are best viewed at a distance of 61239 Viewer should be able to look directly at the screen If the TV is not meant to be the focal point it should be concealed ln offices TV should be concealed Lobbies break rooms or waiting rooms TV39s should be in areas separate from conversation areas 0 Clerical studyingcomputing Most areas of commercial design require workspaces to complete daily tasks Most ef cient use of workspace is combo of desk return and a credenza to create a ushaped workspace
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