Chapter 3 Outline
Chapter 3 Outline Dance 101
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This 7 page Bundle was uploaded by Mackenzie Shapiro on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Bundle belongs to Dance 101 at University of South Carolina taught by Diane Valle in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 58 views. For similar materials see Dance Appreciation in Dance at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
1Japan Dance 101 Chapter 3 A See japan a section lower down a quotPerm 9106 Special stage built slightly above the oor so audience is looking Up Some dances depict battles Dancers are wearing lavish costumes with masks Masks appear grotesque to frighten bad spirits away Dancers arranged in a square Honoring the four directions Choreographed for 48 dances Aesthetic how we perceive beauty Repetition is important in the imperial courts B W o is doing the dancing a b c Professionals Sons Nobles and emperors C Religion a b c d e Some in uence from Korea and china Dance for the Gds Introduction of Buddhism and family shrines and family belief systems and Shintoism Honoring the forces of nature Japanese emperors are spiritual leaders 2 Java Courts A Well rehearsed B See Indonesia C Badoyo court dance a Tradition rooted 300 years ago b Human married a Gd of the seas c 9 identical dancers 9 is number of perfection d emperor is present members will bow to saltant and keep heads lower always e gestural movements and eye movements f balanced in equilibrium g dancers portray no emotion h hero is in control 3 Ghana a Professor Albert Mawere Opoku A Founded Ghana s national dance ensemble B Taught at universities in Ghana and the US b Ko Nimo A Musician and composer e B Comes from an Ansante Clan C Drums and dancing are all but synonymous Largest and best drums are called fontomfrom A Can be played for more than 100 years B Hollowed out from a tree trunk and is 5 feet tall with carvings C One side has a stretched out elephant ear D Drumsticks are from tree branches E Used for warrior or heroic dance Asa nte See Ko Nimo King of Asante is expected to dance Dances to remind his people of the victories Sword in right hand musket in left A dancer who fails to live up to expectations may fall victim to drum censorship Drummers stop playing completelyquot Courts have been a center of power communities were organized as a pyramid of power courtier was always on duty most courts have vanished or lost power see asante achieved independence in 1957 E11909 7lt Imrn France on cm 1692 king was Louis XIV the dance was the minuet structured his court around the dance oor Catherine de Medicis A Brought the taste for elaborate court spectacles B Daughter of Lorenzo duke of Urbino C Married Henry II ruled france 15471559 in 1533 D After he died she remained in power for 30 years bc of her 3 sons Baets de cour production of court spectacles quotBallet Comique de la Reinequot was staged for a royal wedding at the Louvre in 1581 courtiers rehearsed for 2 weeks under the eye of the kings dancing master 2 equilateral triangles within a circle signi ed supreme power theatrical effects made my mechanical devices A three tiered gold and silver fountain on wheels lit by candles and spouting perfumed water B carried the queen and 11 adies around the dance oor 10000 people came to see the shows and stayed until after 2am Louis X throne in 1610 undertook roles noble and comic male and female in baets de cour that he helped write His son was and loved to dance 5 N Eraccinmmpnwgt 4 years old when his dad died portrayed Apollo the sun king enshrined himself as an object of worship drew the lords of the realm to Versailles see Versailles rst danced in public at age 7 last dance was at 41 favorite dance was courante danced the role of the sun king in 1653 Cardinal Richelieu was the prime minister and his mentor Drew the rst line between amateur and professional dancer Established a royal academy of dance in 1661 kings dancing master stressed the ve feet positions Dies in 1712 m prime minister took power Cardinal Jules Mazarin A B medal minted at his birth proclaimed him quotOrbis Solis Galliciquot or quotThe risen sun or Gualquot appeared in Le Ballet de la Nuit n Versailles quotquotU 09 F Aristocrats fought for positions during war Louis hosted 2 or 3 balls a week when no wars Balls opened with double le dance called circling the oor one couple after another Followed by danses a deux or couple dances Both dances ranked order or society Louis favorite dance was courante o French for small step replaced the courante A B C D Minuet is a danse a deux in which facing partners went through a kind of ritualized courtship Taught by dancing master who also teaches fencing Torso kept upright Grew slower as time went on p Paris opera opened in 1671 under direction of Beauchamps and Jean Baptiste Lully q r portrayed heroes or Gds 1681 female dancers made their debut in opera 5 revolution in 1789 Italy a Use of mythical creatures b Balli spectacles performed at the courts of Italian princes A B C Needed set designers costumes musicians librettists and dancing masters May never be repeated after a single performance Participation was a public display of status an Ballare Italian word for dance To succeed at court a man had to be accomplished in dance as well as riding fencing and speech Dance evolved under the stimulus of the new humanistic scholarship Dance manuals appear as early as 1444 6 Asa nte V 39 393enrbenw 3 U V W See asante under ghana Gained control of the region around Kumase Emblem of their legendary army was the porcupine One of the founders was a priest names Anokye Ruled without an indigenous written language Official currency was gold dust Established dominance over most of Ghana British ended their power in the late 19th century Most was rain forest Built their capital Kumase on a hill overlooking the river Eearly 19th century held 20000 people Council meetings took place in Great Court Unity of the nation was symbolized by a golden stool which decended from heaven in 1700 No one has sat on the stool Was never an absolute monarch When the office fell vacant a new asantehene was named by a council of subordinate chiefs A place of honor was reserved for a quotqueen motherquot who often served as power behind the chief On certain occasions everyone would gather in their nest clothing to ratify the ties of political and religious authority that held the community together Big Adae ritual day taking place at the hilltop palace complex in the center of Kumase Public display of the golden stool is to reassure the assembled nation that their treasures are in good hands Public ceremonies held adjacent to palace complex red brown earth with two rostrums at one end a circle of white washed concrete Other than that and a few tents no decoration Dwo inner peace or spiritual coolness 7lndone a a See Java Courts b Java C d Mt Merapi erupts every 5 years causing major destruction and also laying fertile ash for crops Eruption of Krakotoa blew up between Java and Sumatra in 1883 e f 033 2 royal courts were established in Yogyakarta and Surakarta java court dance Performed to proclaim the glory of the ruler to af rm the courts ancestral ties to a divine source of power and to embody clear teachings about the Javanese way of life 9 identically dressed women nine is considered a perfect number each dancer wears a velvet bodice scarf around the waist leather armlets breast plaque stripped batik around the legs bare feet move silently orchestra has gong cymbals xylophone drums utes and lute balance or equilibrium transition from asymmetrical to symmetrical represents a change of inner state may depict scenes from the history of the dynasty or from the classic hindu epics J display no emotion K Until 1918 the bedoyo at Yogakarta was performed only by female relatives of the sultan L Lowest rank wore black and sat nearest to palace kitchen M Highest rank wore white and sat nearest to the ruler A POP Imrnrn Dance commemorates a tradition muslim ruler was ritually married to the Queen of the southern sea Gd Kings developed a blend of Buddhism and Hinduism and built the islands two greatest monuments Rulers of Mataram adopted islam A focal point ofJavanese palace is a place built for dance open sided rectangular pavilion A High peaked roof B In yogakarta both men and women perform A Two styles of male dancing B Abrupt forceful expansive movements to portray warriors C Smooth owing re ned gestures for heroes D Most heroes are re ned such as Arjuna and rama Competition allowed in the Pusaka heirlooms Two views of power power is connected to possession or power is invisible Javanese courts competed over this Until 1918 the bedoyo at Yogakarta was performed only by female relatives of the sultan Forbidden to teach dance outside the palace walls During the reign of l court dances were open to the people A new dance school was opened Most accomplished performers because full time servants of the court The next sultan worried that traditions like court dances would weaken his peoples allegiance to the government A He suspended all performances at the palace Present sultan has revived performances A He believes such dances represent a tool of legitimacy and continue to color the life and customs ofJavanese society Romo Sas choreographer and dance master A Palace servent 8Japan a b rhme D39LQ 33 Seejapan Tadamaro Ono A Plays gagku B Servent for imperial court of japan stately dances Since the end of WW2 performances have opened up to the public More than 15000 people apply for admission each year The performance hall only holds 700 and there are about 30 shows a year so a lottery is held to determine who gets tickets Japan adopted Buddhism while keeping up the rights of shinto Shinto continuity A No founder and no set scripts Imperial family A Claims descent from Amaterasu the sun goddess who helps with rice harvest Imperial palace theatre and Bugaku Dances held on a square platform covered in green borcade A red railing runs all along the square Orchestra sits in the alcove behind the stage Some bugaku dances depict battles and mythical beasts Costumes include robes gold leggings breastplates helmets swords and masks F Move geometrically and strike poses G 2 to 8 dancers the tale of gengi worlds rst novel from end of 12th to middle of 19th century imperial court at Kyoto served as a symbol of union W909 power was wielded by military leaders known as Onin Rebellion A Kyoto got attacked and dancers scattered The Tokugawa Shogunate consolidated its power in the 17th century p The third Shogun organized a festival in 1626 to impress the emperor q In 1661 the Shogunate organized an examination every three years to maintain a pool of talented performers r Shogunate lost power in middle of 19th century 5 Emperors resident was moved to Edo which was later named tokyo t In 1955 court musicians and dancers were declared important intangible government property or quotliving national treasuresquot Important video note Tadamoro Oro is a Japanese instructor
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