overview of things to know for exam 2
overview of things to know for exam 2 PHI 1123
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This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Candace Turner on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Bundle belongs to PHI 1123 at Mississippi State University taught by Dr. Hall in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Intro to Ethics in Culture at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 10/18/15
Exam 2 overview Kant 0 Will why only the the will matters not the consequences of an action or anything else 0 Maxim O Duty 0 Imperatives Hypothetical Categorical Moral praiseworthiness to count as good a person can t just have a tendency to do the right thing Impermissible acts 0 two ways a maxim can fail to be universalizable Contradiction in conception Contradiction in the will Important things to understand Elements of utilitarianism Standard of right action for utilitarianism Greatest happiness principle Subordinate rules Why happiness is the only thing that matters in itself Rule utilitarianism vs act utilitarianism 0 Meaning of Utility Mill Quantitative and qualitative differences 0 Irrelevance of motives O Utilitarian calculus John Stuart Mill Utilitarianism some types of utilitarianism O Welfare utilitarianism 0 Preference utilitarianism O Eudaimonistic Mill Rule Act Does any pleasure count Higher and lower pleasures Jeremy Benthum o The principle of utility Recognizes the fundamental role of pain and pleasure in human life Approves or disapproves of an action on the basis of pleasure and pain Equates the good With the pleasurable and evil With the pain Asserts that pleasure and pain are capable of quanti cation and hence of measure Why happiness According to mill happiness is the only thing that s desirable in itself Pojman Strengths and weaknesses of utilitarianism 0 Advantages of utilitarianism 1 Single principle yields potential answer for every situation 2 Substantive rather than merely formal doctrine Five objections to utilitarianism l Norest objection how can i rest or enjoy life by sacri cing i can make others happier 2Integrity objection utilitarianism can require us to violate our most deeply held principles 3 Absurd implications utilitarianism can lead to morally counterintuitive conclusions 4 Justice objection utilitarianism can require unjust actions 5 Publicity objection it is not prudent to recommend that everyone acts as a utilitarian What makes action good Aristotle Right action Done for the right reasons With the right feeling Kant Right action Done for the right reasons Utilitarianism Right action
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