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Notes 10/5-10/14

by: Hanna Markezich

Notes 10/5-10/14 History 110

Hanna Markezich
Western Civilization to 1500

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Western Civilization to 1500
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This 6 page Bundle was uploaded by Hanna Markezich on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Bundle belongs to History 110 at Northern Illinois University taught by Fernandez in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 55 views. For similar materials see Western Civilization to 1500 in History at Northern Illinois University.


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Date Created: 10/18/15
Archaic Greece 800500 BCE 0 8th century revolution 0 demographic growth 0 economic and commercial expansion 0 change in conversation o Sicily and Italy France North Africa Greek colonies new foundations not dependenD o Greeks brought their institutions 0 Rome starts to learn and copy the Greeks o Phoenicians o sailors and other colonies o perhaps navigate Africa 0 Birth at the polls stasis o kings relatively weak figures replace by wealthy influential men free men head of households oligarchies ruled by the few social clash of oligarchs and peasants peasants wanted a say Demosthe people rules to give people different access to power 0 rules were defined 0 Cultural transformation 55 Temple of Apollo Corinth 6th century temples differ than the Near East buildings that celebrate the community whole and the gods not the center of the economy age that the Greek alphabet appears 0 includes vowels poetry need to know the sounds to recite the poetry 0 quantity of the word 0 not related to Linear A or Linear B The Classical Polls 0 Classical 500323 BCE o Archaic is during the time of Assyrian and Babylonian Empire Plus the rise of the Persians 0 Classical is during the time of the Persian Empire 0 government in Greek cities monarchy monarchy was almost abandoned by Classical 0000 O o tyranny O 0000 Sparta 2 kings symbolic role oligarchy rule of the few aristocracy develop rules for the groups important gt Rome oligarchy could be positive during Greek time popular poorer citizens supported tyrants military leaders put an end to social hierarchy o democracy rule of the Demos OOOOOOOO free people landless peasants different from our democracy the people participated US representatives Greeks involved paid to participants Greeks modern view of US democracy is oligarchy no slaves women foreigners were vast majority and also excluded different from the US view o Citizenship in Archaic 00000 0 military service hoplites phalanx land ownership mountain archers introduced at this time from Asia heavy infantry introduced serve in the army during the summer those who could afford armour served Also made the decisions 0 ln Classical the idea of citizenship changed law and freedom political freedom to governor themselves law respected freedom vast groups excluded from freedom vast majority were foreigners non citizens Aristotle Politics Ill 1275 Shares in the administration ofjustice and in offices is a citizen Polites word for citizens Political participation citizenship Who decides The people 0 common decisions 0 one can be born a residents and gain the title of citizenship o a person can lose citizenship example Polyneices not many expenses so taxes were not collected citizens serve in the army wealthy citizens donated money for public buildings Athens was wealthy because of silver mines Sparta is special Almost everyone was a citizen political culture and philosophy sophis 0 intelligence is changing age of sophists abandon early Greek philosophy teach people to persuade others no good or evil training to persuade to participate in life 0 no such thing as absolute truth polis means city city state citizen body were all the same Antigone 0 She lost the state 00000 Notes 104 Exam moved to November 2 Guidelines should be posted this week Rome on Monday Fall of Athenian Empire Peloponnesian War 431404 BCE quality of citizens and institutions made Athens great Bland description of Empire Athens origin of international relations all states are equal Sparta vs allies Athenians vs allies Peloponnesian War cost of war end of seasonal war brutality PanMediterranean conflict Athens defeated by Sparta large scale war 0 no longer a war between 2 cities cost drastically increased seasonal war no longer possible kill all male citizens surprises anything Greeks seen before 0000 o Milos neutral destroyed 0 Sparta oligarchy 0 Athens democratic 0 involves those in the Mediterranean Greece in 4th century 0 political thought 0 war 0 nances o 90 of sources come from Athens Plato39s republic 0 living in cave light behind you waiting for shadows 0 those who leave have more experience to reality 0 if they go back those inside do not believe them 0 related to polites Sophists o persuasion light knowledge shadow distorted knowledge of reality attacking them with truth absolute truth anti demos approached not everyone is equal Plato disappointed with fall of Athena empire those who attain truth should be obeyed and in charge represents the crisis of democracy democracy and empire went together problem with radical democracy War light infantry reducing importance polis depended on citizens for survival 0 political life in the city declines Finances 0 cheap wars no longer possible 0 turn to wealthy citizens for resources 0 ask something in exchange 0 euergetes benefactors o more political influence Classical Rise and fall of the Athenians Hellenistic Period 32330 BCE history of the kingdoms successors of Alexander 0 Macedon ethne kingship and aristocracy 0 buffer state backwards kingdom Philip r 359336 BCE 0 military projects dominion over Greece Conference of Corinth 337 get influence over Greeks when they could no longer pay for wars proposes peace in Greece wealthy they help him conquer the Persian Empire killed before the meeting 336 Alexander 336323 BCE o avenger of Greek cities against Persian Empire 0 conquered all 0 first stage lssus Tyre Egypt 0 2nd stage Gaugamela death of Darius lll Babylonia Eastern campaign Consequences o Persian boundaries undamaged daily life 0 war casualties o myth of Alexander 0 displacement of the Greek world s center 0 associated with Eastern monarchies Middle Ages 0 center mainland Greece 0 main Greek cities were no longer on Greece Egypt and Syria Hellenistic o Becoming Greek 0 Greek art after Alexander 0 3 main kingdoms Egypt Syria Asia and Macedonia 0 main rivals of Rome 0 there were other minor kingdoms 0 4th kingdom Pergamon King gave the Greek the country in the will First province Hellenization o cultural change adoption of Greek culture elites became influenced by Greek culture and customs Jewish were debating on how much Greek They started to accept 0 Greek language not Hebrew Catholic Bible scattered Greek populations from soldiers royal foundations Alexandria Egypt model of Greek polis under authority of Greek but independent free cities 0 defended the freedom of Greek cities euergetes Inscription of King Ashoka r 269232 0 allowed Buddhism in his kingdom 0 language Greek and Arabic Letter of Antiochus to Erythrai 0 relationship friendly respect 0 diplomatic relationship city not a province of kingdom independent gold in exchange for protection tribute benefactors not calling them subject like the Persian did Romans followed Greek example in reality they were subjects They could not lead the kingdom without hierarchy threat The Rosetta Stone Trilingual inscription 0 Greek Egyptian hieroglyphics and demitic 0 Ancient Near East monarch 0 compare to Horus 0 traditional pharaoh o Persians were presented the same way in Egypt


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