HA 261, Hanson Unit 3 notes
HA 261, Hanson Unit 3 notes
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goals US compcontrast works of ab ex and minimalism infer how Greenberg might respond to Stella s Copper series define Judd s specific object amp explain the ways that Judd believed his work challenged trad notions of art describe hallmarks of Process art and compcontrast works of Process art and ab ex timeline I 195575 Vietnam War I 195468 Civil Rights movement I 1960s student protests minimalism hard edge painting I ab ex tenets o Pollock action painting 0 Newman color field visual experience 0 open ended and elicit an experience from viewer visual language 0 emphasis on individualism contra Communism I Ellsworth Kelly Red Blue Green 1963 Minimalism 0 optical response to medium itself 0 removal of artist 0 hallmarks o artist s use of industrial materials but use of abstraction to suggest machine made not interested in heroic individualism depersonalized no ref to objects in the natural world no content but painting itself unmodulated use of color hand is not visible 0 shapes w crisp edges 0 shadows of large forms influence 0 forms extend past picture plane 0 tension that animates the work w green foregroundbackground I Kenneth Noland Sarah s Reach 1964 Minimalism o acrylic nearly square canvas chevrons nested gt tension unclear how it s arranged placement 0 asymmetrically o expanding beyond composition 0 activate the surface OOOOO I Frank Stella o revert expectations of paintings by creating panels in geometric shapes 0 Stella Telluride 19601 Minimalism objective and mechanical from a far lines continue on past plane industrial materials slight irregularities uses diagrams to apply paint metallic paint reflective qualities as though impenetrable because of the metallic qualities 0 Telluride city in CO connection of metallic paint and city where copperish colored minerals are mined 000000 0 Minimalism I Donald Judd Untitled 1969 Minimalism St Louis Art Museum 0 specific objects concrete nonrepresentational object that is specific to the space in which it is installed 0 designed for the places in which they are installed 0 not a sculpture 0 using metallic surfaces eyes cannot penetrate the picture plane hard edges four perfect cubes equal distance from each other metal that won t rust transparent plexiglass 0 nothing hidden 0 optical experience w work using new technologies receiving natural light and change to the day win space and to year I Judd Untitled 1969 Minimalism o stacks stacks of boxes protruding from the wall 0 10iden calboxes o ceiling and floor objective limits 0 exactly 6 from ceiling and floor and btwn each other 0 no hierarchy of assemblage I Carl Andre Aluminum and Magnesium Plane 1969 Minimalism o meant to be walked on industrial materials assembling in checkerboard pattern anyone can it removing himself from the work hierarchy of senses o remember your sense of embodiment gravity 0 complicating assumptions of sculpture 0 process art response 0 Juan Capistran The Breaks 2000 postmod I using transient materials over time and as determining factors and response to high edge painting borrowing ab ex s unconventional methods I Eva Hesse Hang Up 1966 process art response to minimalism softening edges adding tactiity started as ab ex painter large scale using a stretcher and wrapped in bedsheets wire extends 10 out towards the viewer didn t want to be restricted win 2D usionism manifesto of all interests that time activating surrounding space subtle color dyed bedsheet gradients wire invoke the absurd interested in disorganization by viewer title ref to her mature style hallmarks o visible hand 0 content process to create the work 0 irregular materials 0 using gravity to change forms 0 messy practice chance and random occurrences and creating eccentric forms I Richard Serra Verb List 19678 process art graphite on pencil 2 sheets interested in steel and lead language based drawing objective instruction set for himself helps him arrive at his mature sculpture style I Serra Gutter Corner SplashNight Shift 19691995 process art splashed lead in the cornersjoint of the wall repetitively and remove the splashes in line Gutter Corner Splash orig title invited to recreate in 1995 Night Shift hallmarks 0 active engagement w materials 0 content process sitespecific works of the visual arts that are designed for specific locations especially those that exploit I Serra One Ton Prop House of Cards 1969 process artminimalism industrial materials lead alloy of some metal o 4 different plates of same size total wt is 1 ton 0 using physics to prop the work up responding to his verb list 0 goals conceptual art and explain how it relates to dada recreate a John Baldessari action installation cite an ex of conceptual art and role of the viewer in the completion of that work s meaning describe Smithson s Spiral Jetty 196970 and interpret the work s content using entropy o conceptual art 0 O O 0 starts as early as Magritte w Treachery of Images and Fountain 1965 Kosuth publishes Art and Philosophy conceptual art term that came into use in the late 1960s to describe a wide range of types of art that elevated the concept or the idea behind the artwork over traditional aesthetic and material concerns what it looks like or how it s made Duchamp s influence opened up all possibilities Joesph Kosuth One and Three Chairs 1965 conceptual art I no visual aesthetic all about ideas and imagination I where does the meaning reside how do we construct meaning is one more a work of art than another I always asking what the definition of art is I concerned w language inscribed I challenging high institutions of art schools museums what should be done w art I attacking museums w chair definition a piece of art cannot be reduced simply to a museum label I is an actual chair in our space is more close than the photograph of a chair I challenging photography placed in a different setting does it matter if the photograph is the same chair physically shown w piece I essence of chair an idea in our mind lesser quality and imperfect I irony textbook ex shown in a museum Bruce Nauman SelfPortrait as a Fountain 196667 Conceptual art I response to Duchamp he himself is the readymade collapsing the difference btwn the artist and artworkreadymade dark sense of humor always borrowing would have to get up into the photograph and resulting in that looking like he s spitting in your face 0 history of mod art Duchamp series of 11 images I not working alone distancing himself w photographer I response to pop art tenets of minimalism geometric shapes and now subverting w this work o Nauman Double Poke in the Eye II 1985 conceptual art signs sillhouette gun shape returns to neon in 1980s plays on text language reduced figural elements title ref to better than a poke in the eye with a stick illusion of frantic motion challenging the viewer w furrowing our nerves comforting colors inviting and contrasting w violent action proliferation of advertising comment on our capacity to laugh and find humor at poor treatment 0 poking at art critics and at us dig at Greenberg poking you actually in the eye other than flat paintings 0 John Baldessari I Will Not Make Any More Boring Art 1971 conceptual art gathers everything s done and burns it in a crematorium actual work is the idea of creating the images who is the author repeatedly writing I will not make any more boring art until film ran out punishment for students learning experience as well surrogates students that carry out the artwork 0 Roland Barthes 191080 the death of the author rejects the idea that meaning is transmitted onetoone meaning resides in the viewer forget artist s true intentions o artist mythic genius 0 art masterpiece 0 viewer passive something Baldessari is wanting w his surrogates o Yoko Ono PAINTING TO BE CONSTRUCTED IN YOUR HEAD 1962 conceptual art Fluxus instruction set published in Grapefruit 1964 150 instruction sets like poems poems gifts to the reader bilingual Japanese and English 0 Felix GonzalezTorres postminimalist Untitled Portrait of Ross in LA 1991 conceptual art multicolored candies individually wrapped in cellophane ideal weight 175 lb when Ross was healthy installed dimensions variable pain and sweet of life and death aware of GonzalezTorres sexuality spotlight on AIDS related illness 1990s pile of candy hard and under cellophane and shimmering under the lights inviting replenish over time w museum infinitely interested in community interaction response to Judd or Serra interested in look feel and taste 0 goals 0 hallmarks of NeoExpressionism and interpret a work in relation to the socialhistorical context of postwar Germany 0 essentialism and make a claim about whether or not you believe Judy Chicago s The Dinner Party Birnbaum s use of appropriation importance of the gaze in the history of modern as it relates to depictions of the reclining nude figure 0 Germany 0 1980s NeoExpressionism in use return to easel painting and figuration look to Die Brucke and Blue Rider 0 Anselm Kiefer Heath of the Brandenburg March 1974 Neoex oil on burlap and hay 1982 1st used neoex term hallmarks o reject abstraction and originality as most important aspect and objectivity of pop art and reject the meaning of art is closed system return to traditional formats casts and easels traditional representation language allegory and gestural expression of paint very large scale mature style interested in verbal propaganda and Third Reich ideologies landscape history painting open ended o cultural trauma compressed scene high horizon line landscape is dead w color palette only trees blurred can t read landscape trees clear metacritique what can painting achieve now Markische Heide patriotic tune that Nazis adopted for their march Brandenburg gate in Berlin inaccessible after WWII w separation of West and East communist art has a role in historical events better received in US but Europe dangerous and possibly misinterpret it o Gerhard Richter Uncle Rudi 1965 Neoex enlarged photo and reproduced w paint using squeegee to smear it family photograph overlap of genres history and family painting Uncle Rudi died win first days of WWII anonymous figure to viewer US I distances the viewer from content and call attention to many layers w blurring and reduced color palette and distancing himself I flattened out image 0 separation in time done in 1965 from 1939 I figure functions as historical figureobject I conflict btwn photography and painting Richter Betty 1988 Neoex I artist s daughter 0 using photograph I 1978made o lag time w time I wo face and discern her age I sharp focus on jacket and smooth on her face again w passage of time 1971 Linda Nochlin publishes Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists 1985 Guerrilla Girls collective formed Alice Neel Linda Nochlin and Daisy 1973 Feminism hallmarks of Feminism I historical condition of women I subject matter women related I expansive approach low and high art I narrative and autobiography I decorative and pop culture Judy Chicago The Dinner Party 19749 Feminism I tries to excavate the importance of women in history 39 settings craft and traditional practices that women did china and porcelain set on embroidered table runner collaboration of many other ppl white tile floor 0 999 important women that didn t make it to the table I triangle symbol of the feminist goal of equality and symbol of the feminine I Mary Wollstonecraft plate 0 sex malefemale biological char 0 gender masculinityfemininity o socially constructed behaviors attitudes activities Ana Mendieta Untitled from Tree of Life series 1977 Feminism born in Cuba lived in Iowa at 13 reconnect w the land while living in exile fascinated in preColumbian art in Mexico conceptual and performance and feminist artist interested in autobiography women s body is affiliated w nature Barbara Kruger We Won t Play Nature in Your Culture 1983 Feminism photostat w text and painted frame photostat Xerox photocopy 6 x4 Futura bold leaves on eyes Ancient Egypt gold on eyes and mouth passive object attacking Mendieta not all natural and connected w nature open ended saying 0 Dara Birnbaum TechnologyTransformation Wonder Woman 19789 Feminism video color sound duration 5 min 50 sec repitition turning deflection her powers provoking to ask questions good role model for girls her power sexuality wonder woman in discoland elevating status of women in society or she is sexualized one moment of dialogue o Sylvia Sleigh Philip Golub Reclining 1971 Feminism Welsh painter hallmarks 0 return to easel painting 0 naturalistic treatment of body 0 acquiantices and friends 0 recapturing old poses o reverses role of her and figure male artists treatment of figure genre self portrait nude figure of genre painting looking at both reflections of his face and body registers of white to offset and contrasting colors bluegrey gaze 0 looking at figure and himself and artist and everyone looks back atus o defnition act of looking at an object and the conditions that make the act of looking possible in the histroy of mod W art the bearer of the gaze is most often a heterosex white male viewer The object of the viewer s gaze is most often a passive nude female in uence 0 Velazquez The Toilet of Venus 164751 Spanish Baroque I complicating the gaze o Guerilla Girls Untitled from Guerilla Girls Talk Balk series 198590 Feminism I 2nd gen of feminists and more inclusive Grande Odalisque collective of 7 women and response to Met protest art goals 0 hallmarks of postmod o simulacrum definition 0 how appropriation is used to critique 0 use pastiche to raise issues of gender sexuality race and class high modernism closed system painting s content refers to itself 0 1961 Clement Greenberg s Modernist Painting I color flatness opticality cut off from modern art viewers artists simply the media is of importance selfreflexive postmodernism open system painting s content is polyvalent or multilayered 0 interested in institutional critique textbooks museums schools etc I suspicious of creating mean 0 Roland Barthes Death of the Author I the painting and viewers different social makeups ltgt meanings and constructed postmod appropriation the practice of borrowing preexisting o Sherrie Levine After Walker Evans 4 1981 Postmodernism I slight alterations to author s production I thematizing 0 call attention to reproduction 0 switch to photography I debunking the photography myth of reality 0 all images are borrowed I thinks of herself as an editor 0 Louise Lawler Pollock and Tureen Arranged by Mr and Mrs Burton Tremaine Connecticut 1984 Postmodernism I part of portfolio I Tremaine wealthy art collectors and let her photograph anything in their home calling them V out as curators editorial choices cropping Pollock s work creating horizon line photo lined in white edited narrative of how things are arranged formal play btwn Pollock and serving dish tureen o ornamentation and squid handle play w Pollock elements globs of paint 0 pronouncing 3D qualities of Pollock I calling out Greenberg o paired w highly ornate items w an object like Pollock s work 0 Yasumasa Morimura Portrait Futago Twins 1990 Postmodern I places himself in pieces as Olympia and slave I only taught about old W paintings and lmpress and Postlmpr o critique of his own art education problematizing gender blonde wig Monroe waving kitty good luck hello and goodbye kimono instead of marriage shawl race attention 0 manipulation done in dark room model and artist Morimura gt Manet gt Titian 0 chain of signifiers o no authentic work all the way back through history no originality o Morimura An lnner Dialogue with Frida Kahlo Dialogue with Myself 2 1990 postmod split subjects 2 different identities o postmod simulacrum o simulacrum a copy wo an original an image or an object that creates its own reality Jean Baudrillard o simulacrum gt representation gt real 0 hyperreality the postmod condition in which simulacra replace the real 0 Cindy Sherman Untitled Film Still 21 1978 postmod photographs herself in the piece no direct quoting no source appropriate visual signifiers 69 photographs starts at age 23 different guises drawing on from 50s and 60s films in bampw looking away below her eyes averted outside the picture plane 0 well dressed and women in trouble open narrative for the viewer to create deliberately challenging Greenberg s tenets drawing on low class movies o Sherman Untitled 2008 Postmodernism 7 x7 evoking stereotypes suggesting a high society woman cracks in facade plastic surgeon against traditional values of women s appearances using green screen w scene and blurred to draw attention to the phoniess of the image and her makeup comment on wealth status and youth ironic this type of woman would be the only type that could afford her work and supportive 0 Allan McCollum Collection of Forty Plaster Surrogates 198284 Postmod enamel on cast hydrostone forty panels difference btwn sculpture and painting replacements for paintings fake simulation of a copy that doesn t exist uses a team in assembly line fashion contradiction btwn an original piece and multiple I irony in a museum and exhibited postmod Pastiche works of art that incorporate sev different styles or are made up of parts drawn from a variety of sources 0 Christian Marclay Body Mix Series David Bowie 1991 postmod I album covers stitched together I mashups also interested w sound if mixed from the different albums I top album cover androgenous I middle SOLO I bottom electronic music 0 Marclay Body Mix Series Magnetic Fields 1991 postmod I visual genres and different music 0 Roger Shimomura Dinner Conversation with Nancy 1983 postmod I KU prof I fractured identity w Japanese and American outsider I pop culture I bittersweet never fitting in also in relocation camps o Kehinde Wiley Alexander the GreatVariation 2005 postmod Nerman museum of Contemporary Art in OP POWER gold and ornate frame and MASSIVE size coat of arms 19th c painting blood line dress black urban youth in a positive way scepter gold fleur de lis and finial white hand ofjustice 0 playing his clenched hand black fist of power w white hand 0 barrier defiance and resistance 0 bearer of justice I constellation of stars 0 gold sperm stereotypes w black urban youth all the way back from the Civil War hypersexual postmod commodity 0 Jeff Koons One Ball Total Equilibrium Tank and Two Ball 5050 Tank 1985 Postmod I uses studio assistants I equilibrium is aesthetic I wounds metaphor for pure ideal object commodity that satisfies desire 0 death deflation o evoking the new and shiny qualities to attract I unattainable because we are flawed not ends up being satisfactory I part of a solo show 0 along w oil painting ads untouchability 0 Pop Surrealism Graffiti art body art 0 goals I socialhistorical context of the E Village in the 80s I hallmarks of graffiti art I Charles Sanders Peirce s concepts icon index and symbol to interpret the visual elements of a painting I make a claim about the effectiveness of various artist s response to the HIVAIDS crisis 0 timeline I 1980s East Village NYC center of avantgarde art and home to various countercultures 0 Lower E Side bohemianism 50s60s 0 alternative spaces pop up 0 contemporaneous development of hiphop I 1980s AIDSHIV crisis I 1988 art collective Gran Fury forms 0 confrontational art propaganda 0 pop surrealism I Kenny Scharf SelfPortrait with Cadillac 1979 pop surrealism 0 he coined the term pop surrealism and deliberately putting himself on the fringes of pop art 0 hallmarks artist s return to figuration whacky sense of sensibility drawing on pop culture and old char high art bright colors mixing genres scifi and comics and Western films paint that suggests lowbro application airbrushing Cadillac 0 using verticals body cacti 0 highly stylized o chevrons on tank top playing w Cadillac and hair echoing the tail fins of car 0 androgenous 0 looks UV 0 horizontally grounded Cadillac playing w sleekness of lines retro scifi aspects I Frank Moore Freedom to Share 1994 Social Surrealism oil on glass beads mounted on wood 0 fraud unmodulated passages to suggest that the people are cardboard cutouts beads to canvas prestine white OOOOOO O o accessibility to healthcare equal access 0 discrimination comment on ppl that have AIDSHIV 0 looks to Rockwell s Freedom from Want 0 originated from response to FDR s speech about America s entry to WWII encouraged ppl to buy war bonds chose this image that all Americans have freedom from want an equity in healthcare graffiti art Kwong Chi Tseng Keith Haring in New York Subway Car 1984 graffiti art 0 developed his own vocab 0 died in 1990 from AIDS counterculture w productions w markers and spray cans higher art institutions accept this art 0 resurgence in figurative painting Keith Haring Bowery Mural Houston Street 1982 graffiti art 0 palpitating 0 commercial paints and media lifesized along w people walking by seem to be also dancing 0 going outside the institutions for all the public to enjoy Keith Haring Ignorance Fear Silence Death 1989 graffiti print 0 Dayglo color palette o radiating moving about 0 anonymous any possibility of humanistic char 0 see no evil hear no evil speak no evil don t be willfully ignorant JeanMichel Basquiat Untitled For the SoCalled AvantGarde l nd graffiti o no formal artistic training 0 later alines himself w Warhol o SAMO copyright 0 char from children s book using racist imagery o eventually a racial slur Iittle black samo o or same old shit 0 copyright claim the idea of his graffiti undermining o dies from heroin OD o questioning who are the avantgarde JeanMichel Basquiat Horn Players 1983 graffiti triptych o hallmarks o vivid surface w expressive line work 0 text and image 0 multimedia oil sticks and paint 0 crossing out text spontaneity of graffiti often treats AfAm subject matter center African mask Charlie Bird Parker playing w ornithology has chosen to misspell words political keeping certain people illiterate whitewashing out the text slaves black support w white text chalkboard o attempt to giving us a lesson school 0 soap box 0 he dropped out of high school think about all the possibilities and decisions to put things on the canvaslayering different components I Charles Sanders Peirce 0 body art semiotics the study of signs and symbols and how they re used triangle theory 0 sign word or image 0 interpretant surveillance camera someone is watching me 0 object image of surveillance camera three categories of signs 0 icon signs that signify by resemblance I train looks like a train 0 index signs that signify by physical trace I smoke fire footprints in snow someone was there 0 symbol signs that signify by convention I no direct resemblance must be a part of the group Japanese characters language I Robert Mapplethorpe Young Man with Arm Extended 1975 body art 1986 diagnosed wAle and died in 1989 placeless place playing w tension w hiding and revealing his body 0 the viewer s responsible for what s he s not showing 0 offering his body tension open yet cropping the majority of his body I Mapplethorpe SelfPortrait 1988 body art blocked off his body wearing a black turtleneck so it looks like he s cut off seated and creating a barrier w his arm and body suggestive of death w skull finial he s out of focus fading away from life I Robert Gober Double Sink 1984 body art handcrafts ordinary objects 0 no pipes or faucets 0 functional to nonutilitarian 0 not a readymade not perfect smooth has the aura of the artist that made the work anthropomorphic described or thought as having a human form or human attributes he was an openly gay man and aware of HIVAIDS crisis feeling of helplessness o no piping helplessness unable to wash hands 0 bare can t fight off other illnesses I Kiki Smith Untitled 1988 body art selftaught working w paper trained as an emergency responder well aware of human body gampi very thin tissue paper permeable qualities of skin suggests a deflated balloon visceral like meaty damaged and fragmented how she displays the body psychological beliefs imperfections of the body that we re messy and not luminescent 0 England Young British Artists YBA Japan Superflat International street art 0 0 goals I I memento mori Damien Hirst hallmarks of Superflat and w traditional and contemprorary Japanese aesthetics effectiveness of street art England Damien Hirst The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living 1992 YBA tiger sharks often uses animals w genetic anomalies submerged in formaldehyde provocative and demands high prices on the market 0 commercially geared YBA o loose group began in 1988 o organized by Charles Saatchi wealthy gallery owner 0 exhibit multiple times 0 Michael Chorus first to coin the term YBA YBA hallmarks o openness to materials and processes food dead animals 0 artists are entrepreneurial o a type of brand commercially weighs about 23 tons had to find a replacement shark 0 about death and change over time 0 interest in art s attempt to transcend life 0 achieving immortality commissioning portraits commissioned by Saatchi 0 sold for 8 million in 2000 0 actual dollar value is 12 million Hirst For the Love of God 2007 YBA actual human skull pressed w platinum and covered in diamonds 0 worth 100 million only using 25 million s worth of materials he commissioned someone to do the work for him in uences o vanitas still life with skull o Mixtec mask Mosaic Mask of Tezcatlipoca Smoking Mirror God 15th16th CE Mexico Memento mori Latin remembering you must die an artwork designed to remind the viewer of their mortality and of the shortness and fragility of human life how we value art for the love of money rather than God I Jenny Saville Hyphen 2008 YBA O 0 Japan extremely large scale 0 sponsored by Saatchi she often paints gory bodies transgender plastic surgery women selfportrait with her sister disturbing unstable wobbling heads connection why the title hyphen o paint is a connective tissue adding physical applications 0 stark geometry w light and shadow 0 multiple layers of paint has watched a plastic surgeon watched and interested in why people get plastic surgery the actual changes 0 cultural issues abject death School of London painting school where Bacon went nude female form I Takashi Murakami entrepreneur models himself after Warhol 2000 his Superflat exhibition 0 coined this term 2002 Coloriage exhibition 2005 Little Boy exhibition pop up Louis Vuitton store 2008 ccopyright Murakami o overcommericialization I Murakami Eye Love Superflat 2003 superflat one of series same motifs his assistants produce the work hallmarks o canvases are emphatically flat I super reflective white 0 borrows from manga and anime 0 uses bright happy colors 0 smooth hidden hand and repeating motifs cropping side components to suggest as a background rather than a canvas manga comic books produced in Japan anime collective term for any and all the types of animation produced in Japan by Japanese animation artists 0 using jellyfish eyes his superflat hallmarks 0 all Jap art is flat 0 invested in calligraphic brushwork 0 artists use line criticizing popular culture animethat they re superflat w content and images accessing images through digital media flat surfaces cell phones TVs computers 0 always consuming images floating everywhere Mr DOB hybrid of Mickey sonic the hedgehog and Japanese character or a stand in for him himself I Mr Stationed at the convenience Store 2013 superflat otaku 0 International used to work for Murakami and broke off lots of layers otaku member of geek culture obsessed w manga anime and video games o kinda creepy he likes sexy schoolgirls screenshots of computer screens I Krzysztof Wodiczko The Homeless Projection 2 198687 street art The Soldiers and Sailors Civil War Memorial Boston MA huge projections of a homeless man onto memorials in public space highly politically charged I Banksy Art Attack 2005 street art West Bank barrier between Israel and Palestine 0 constructed in 2002 part of series of 9 highly contentious not found in art books I Banksy Ziggy Queen 2012 street art London attacking the British system for graffiti Diamond Jubilee sticking it to the British government from David Bowie as Ziggy Stardust w Aladdin Zane face paint in uence 0 Chris Levine Lightness of Being 2004 pigment print eyes closed I lshknits Go See the Art 2011 street art Rocky Balboa Sculpture Philadelphia Museum of Art 0 yarn bombing use of yarn to knit or crochet a sitespecific object for public display bridge between high and low art 9Contemporary art globalization and hybridity O 0 goals I importance of cultural memory I globalization and responses I hybridity and application I construct an image in ethnic and gender roles figurative painting Eric Fischl Frailty is a Moment of SelfReflection 1996 contemporary large scale highlighting frailty and rigidity of figure staircase looms over him threatening void instability treatment of bricklike carpet harsh light as though his body is evaporating before our eyes painted shortly after his own father s death biographical 0 also possibly selfportrait viewer is sharing the same space as the figure play w passage of time implication of figure caretaker relative of the figure so he can make it to the end possible lens of Memento mori Kerry James Marshall Souvenir Ill 1998 contemporary acrylic glitter screen print no frame lined w grommets transparency of being a physical object not illusionistic but all physical o memorial banner actual canvas African sculpture and paintings on wall photo albums familial imagery personal unmodulated treatment of the black figure grays whites lavendars blacks o invoking photography memento o solemnity and seriousness o captures effectiveness of glitter btwn afterlife and everyday life angel figure 0 angel of annunciation o caregivertaker in the cultural memories in the room 0 everyday clothes approximating w viewer o stark contrast of eyes piercing playing off medieval manuscripts angels and scroll o angels in clouds famous singers I and scroll meditation on cultural memory 0 carving out space to remember these people 0 all responsible to remember them 0 body art Janine Antoni Lick and Lather 19934 contemporary processed artist using her body to shape her work 0 everyday activities as subjects title exact process to make the work darker bust using chocolate white bust athering w her hands defaced soap placed on high pedestals eye level w viewers medium fugitive and can change over time as well deteriorating o ironic older busts meant to last forever selfimage gt fractured and 0 chocolate desirous o soap pristine and virginal o ongoing body functions Bill Viola The Crossing 1996 contemporary videosound installation on doublesided screen approx 10 min figure is impassive engaging w viewer either purge or purify the soul 0 one side fire 0 one side water 0 media has access to the soul title transformation of figure before the viewer this life gt afterlife 0 physical or spiritual each video is separate filmed in airplane hangar 0 used a stuntman o globalization and hybridity o lranian timeline 1935 Shah figure secular appointed by US installed lran adapted as the country s official name attacked for being a puppet for westernization 1963 White Revolution program to modernize and westernize lran 1979 Islamic Revolution Shah exiled Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns and Islamic Republic formed he s very religious against capitalism and West and communism 198088 IranIraq War 1989 Khomeini dies 0 Shirin Neshat Turbulent 1998 contemporary video and sound installation 2 simultaneous black and white projections on 9 x 12 screens 10 mins I currently in exile I singer Shahram Nazeri actor Shoja Azari her husband lip syncs o singing w his back against audience Persian song 0 all audience is dressed the same 0 stationary camera fixed patriarchal way of doing things I woman performs to an empty audience nontraditional music 0 the actual singer Sussan Deyhim 0 east and west male and female contrasts 0 women not allowed to sing or perform music in public 0 roving camera representative of all women voices o Marjane Satrapi Persepolis 200003 contemporary graphic novel globalization set of social processes that create multiply stretch and intensify worldwide social interdependencies and exchanges while the same time fostering in people a growing awareness of deepening connections btwn the local and the distant lranian born French citizen autobiographical novel grew up in a liberal amp middle class household and witnessed the revolution tension btwn her own culture in Iran and culture clash in Switzerland and Iran 0 Hayv Kahraman Corporeal Mappings 2011 contemporary lraqi lives and works in US working w conditions w women in Iraq beauty body modifications and plastic surgery oil paint on a grid 24 mobile squares sliding puzzle influence 0 goal complete an image 0 kaleidoscope like soft organic shapes contrasting rigid geometric blocks fragmented subject unrealistic standards of beauty Ultracontemporary art final review globalization and hybridity 0 1800s colonization by Dutch and British 188486 discovery of diamonds and gold 1960s apartheid 1961 S AFrica wdraws from commonwealth 1986 S Africa government abolished 199394 new constitution and allrace election apartheid apartness policy that governed relations btwn S Africa s white minority and non white majority and sanctioned racial segregation and political and economic discrimination against nonwhites Wllliam Kentridge m 1991 contemporary film 35mm shown as video projection black and white and sound mono 5 min 50 sec 0 palimpsest something that has changed over time and shows evidence of that change 0 overlays aesthetic building and not entirely erasing o Soho Eckstein S African property owner fictional Pieter Hugo Naasra Yeti Agbogbloshie Market Accra Ghana from Permanent Error 201011 contemporary 0 high horizon line trapped there sharp focus her shoes and terrain no sense of sky evokes post apocalypse and people melting metal medieval bowl on her head halo title breakdown in system computer social justice question our own ownership of technology hybridity a person whose background is a blend of two diverse cultures or traditions o Homi K Bhabha o postcolonial theory postcolonial theory looks at issues of power economics politics religion and culture and how these elements work in relation to colonial hegemony western colonizers controlling the colonized Yinka Shonibare Victorian Coupte 1999 contemporary wax printed cotton textile on mannequins life size 0 batik textile art made using resist dyeing in which wax is used as the resist o no heads no hands denying access to skin color eye color hair unidentifiable eliminating identification of someone wo skin color late 19th c clothing conflicting whether historical or contemporary o earthwork o indigenous to ndonesia Holland adopts because they had ndonesiagt British printstextiles sold in West Africa still worn today giant world market 0 problematizing two figures whether they re African white and wearing that who and what kind of people they are I Europe v Africa 0 no gaze hybrid I inhabit a space btwn African and Euro traditionpower I textiles all the way back I Robert Smithson Spiral Jetty 196970 conceptual black rock salt crystal and earth spiral length 1500 Great Salt Lake returns art to land the earth sitespecific designed for that area could not be installed else where earthwork using materials from the surrounding area of the ground produced communally shape multiple meanings legends w the area whirlpool connects to the Pacific Ocean early life forms galaxies DNA all organic spiral shaping 0 working at same time as Minimalists astaire geometry response to Judd entropy the degradation of the matter and energy in the universe to an ultimate state of inert uniformity b a process of degradation or running down or a trend to disorder 0 aware that his work will be rundown o ultracontemporary 201 Os I Robert Morris Glass Labyrinth 2014 contemporary Nelson Atkins labyrinth structures of any material having a plan consisting fo a number of intercommunicating passages arranged in bewildering complexity through which it is difficult or impossible 0 glass blends in w its environment I doesn t want it to be a spectacle I working against Hirst tactics I changes over time who s walking through it I environment I Doug Rickard 82948842 Detroit MI 2009 A New American Picture series 2010 contemporary sampling wide lens distortion anonymous stand ins for universal figures they all line up w street and planes shine a light on areas of the US w few opportunities title American Dream equal opportunities who actually has this surveillance the act of carefully watching someone or something especially in order to prevent or detect a crime 0 samples from Google Street View and rephotographs Jackson Pollock Male and Female 1942 Surrealism Jackson Pollock Autumn Rhythm Number 30 1950 Abstract expressionism 18 x 17 Krasner The Seasons 1957 17 x 18 Ab Ex Willem de Kooning Woman 195052 6x4 Ab Ex Mark Rothko No 61 Brown Blue Brown on Blue 1953 Ab Ex Barnett Newman Vir Heroicus Sublimis Man Hero and Sublime 195051 18 x7 Ad Reinhardt Abstract Painting Blue 1953 Ab Ex Francis Bacon Painting 1946 London School Jasper Johns Target with Four Faces 1955 NeoDada Robert Rauschenberg Canyon 1959 NeoDada Richard Hamilton Just What is it That Makes Today s Homes So Different So Appealing 1955Pop Andy Warhol 32 Campbell s Soup Cans 1962 Pop art Warhol Marilyn Diptych 1962 Pop Warhol Bob Dylan Screen Test 1965 Pop James Rosenquist Volunteer 19634 Pop Ellsworth Kelly Red Blue Green 1963 Minimalism Kenneth Noland Sarah s Reach 1964 Minimalism Stella Telluride 19601 Minimalism Donald Judd Untitled 1969 Minimalism St Louis Art Museum Judd Untitled 1969 Minimalism Carl Andre Aluminum and Magnesium Plane 1969 Minimalism Eva Hesse Hang Up 1966 process art Richard Serra Verb List 19678 process art graphite on pencil 2 sheets Serra Gutter Corner SplashNight Shift 19691995 process art Joesph Kosuth One and Three Chairs 1965 conceptual art Bruce Nauman SelfPortrait as a Fountain 196667 Conceptual art Nauman Double Poke in the Eye II 1985 conceptual art John Baldessari I Will Not Make Any More Boring Art 1971 conceptual art Anselm Kiefer Heath of the Brandenburg March 1974 Neoex Gerhard Richter Uncle Rudi 1965 Neoex Judy Chicago The Dinner Party 19749 Feminism Dara Birnbaum TechnologyTransformation Wonder Woman 19789 Sylvia Sleigh Philip Golub Reclining 1971 Feminism Guerilla Girls Untitled from Guerilla Girls Talk Balk series 198590 Feminism Louise Lawler Pollock and Tureen Arranged by Mr and Mrs Burton Tremaine Connecticut 1984 Postmodernism Yasumasa Morimura Portrait Futago Twins 1990 Postmodern Cindy Sherman Untitled Film Still 21 1978 postmod Allan McCollum Collection of Forty Plaster Surrogates 198284 Postmod Christian Marclay Body Mix Series David Bowie 1991 postmod Kehinde Wiley Alexander the GreatVariation 2005 postmod Jeff Koons One Ball Total Equilibrium Tank and Two Ball 5050 Tank 1985 Postmod Kenny Scharf SelfPortrait with Cadillac 1979 pop surrealism Frank Moore Freedom to Share 1994 Social Surrealism oil on glass beads mounted on wood Keith Haring Ignorance Fear Silence Death 1989 graffiti print JeanMichel Basquiat Horn Players 1983 graffiti triptych Robert Mapplethorpe Young Man with Arm Extended 1975 body art Robert Gober Double Sink 1984 body art Kiki Smith Untitled 1988 body art Damien Hirst The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living 1992 YBA Hirst For the Love of God 2007 YBA Jenny Saville Hyphen 2008 YBA Murakami Eye Love Superflat 2003 superflat Banksy Art Attack 2005 street art Banksy Ziggy Queen 2012 street art London Eric Fischl Frailty is a Moment of SelfReflection 1996 contemporary Kerry James Marshall Souvenir Ill 1998 contemporary Janine Antoni Lick and Lather 19934 contemporary Bill Viola The Crossing 1996 contemporary videosound installation on doublesided screen approx 10 min Shirin Neshat Turbulent 1998 contemporary video and sound installation 2 simultaneous black and white projections on 9 x 12 screens 10 mins Hayv Kahraman Corporeal Mappings 2011 contemporary Wllliam Kentridge m 1991 contemporary film 35mm shown as video projection black and white and sound mono 5 min 50 sec Yinka Shonibare Victorian Coupte 1999 contemporary wax printed cotton textile on mannequins life size Robert Smithson Spiral Jetty 196970 conceptual black rock salt crystal and earth spiral length 1500 Great Salt Lake Robert Morris Glass Labyrinth 2014 contemporary Nelson Atkins Doug Rickard 82948842 Detroit MI 2009 A New American Picture series 2010 contemporary
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