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This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Ajané Notetaker on Saturday March 26, 2016. The Bundle belongs to PHL 100 at Central Michigan University taught by Katz, Matthew in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 03/26/16
Craig 1 Ajane, Craig Professor Katz PHL 100 3/25/16 Week 10 & 11 of PHL notes What is the relationship between the mind and body? Body parts Hands Legs Ears Arms Feet Hand Liver Heart Lungs Brain Mind Parts Thughts – ideas, memories, beliefs Perceptions visual experiences, auditory experiences, Olfactory, taste, touch, Sensations internal physical experiences (pain, hunger, thirst, itch etc) Emotions fear, joy, anger, sad, hope etc. Mental state = any state of thought, emotion, perception, and sensation Can cause bodily states and vice versa Pain = mental state! Two kinds of answers Dualism: Bodies and minds are different kinds of things; bodies are physical minds are non physical. Vs. Monism: There is only 1 kind of thing Which splits into: Idealism Physicalism There are only nonphysical There are only physical things: Things: Minds are really parts of bodies, Bodies are really just parts of minds which are physical! Which are non physical! Gertler’s theory Argument that the mind cannot be part of the body, so physicalism is false, so dualism is true 1.) If it can conceive (imagine) Something, then its logically possible Logically possible but physically impossible Ex: Flapping your arms to fly Logically impossible: Ex: round square 2.) I can imagine my mind without my body 3.) So, its logically possible for my mind to exist without my body 4.) It’s not logically possible for my body to exist without my body 5.) So, my mind has a feature my body doesn’t have Craig 3 Ajane, Craig Professor Katz PHL 100 3/25/16 6.) So, my mind is not identical to (any part) of my body So physicalism is false/ dualism is true Leibnies law If “A” and “B” do not have all the same features (properties), than “A” and “B” are not identical (are not the same object) Ex. “Earth” or “3 rd planet from the sun” “Clarke Kent” or “Superman” Corruthers: What’s wrong with Gertler’s argument? Sometimes we think we can imagine things that in fact are not logically possible. This happens when we lack important information. The mind is the brain so, it’s actually not logically possible for the mind to exist without the body Mental state types = brain state types, akin to chemical identities Water = H2O so any and every token of water is a token of H2O Pain = CFiber activity so any and every token of pain is a token of CFiber activity Different tokens of the same mental state type are identical to different tokens of the same brain state type The mind brain identity theory The mind is part of the brain Type identity theory mental state types are brain state types Different tokens of the same mental state type are indicated to different tokens of the same brain state type Ex. Mat’s pain in his toe on . (same mental state) Mat’s pain in his toe on 3/25/17 3/25/16 is cf fiber activity (same brain state) is cf fiber in his toes on 3/25/17 in his toe on 3/25/16 One result: Creatures without brains Like ours, don’t have the same mental state types as us. Do you think octipi feel pain? Yes? Ex: Octipi doesn’t feel pain Theory doesn’t fit with common sense, therefore is false! Tokens Identity Theory mental state tokens are brain state tokens Mats theory about the statue of liberty Vs. Beyoncé’s thought about the statue of liberty Is specific activity in Mat’s brain is specific activity in Beyoncé’s brain Craig 5 Ajane, Craig Professor Katz PHL 100 3/25/16 Not necessarily the same brain type Problem? What makes different tokens of the same mental type, tokens of the same type? Answer = they serve the same purporse = functionalism
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