CM WEK 9 AND 10
CM WEK 9 AND 10 1060
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This 9 page Bundle was uploaded by Taylor Martin on Sunday November 1, 2015. The Bundle belongs to 1060 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Joseph Kidd in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Classical Mythology in Classical Studies at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 11/01/15
The Royal House of Mycenae Pelopswith the help of lover poseidon has become king of Pisa Laius adducts Pelops son said to be born from a nymph who was Pelops favorite child To make up for this lose Pelops seeks to marry He hears of a contest where he can win a royal bride He will commit a sin in the process bringing down a curse on his descendants the kings of Mycenae Contest At the contest Pelops must race the neighbouring King for the hand of his daughter The losers are beheaded and their head is put on stick The King had his charioteer Myrtilus race in his stead because it had been predicted that the King39s son in law will overthrow him Nervous about losing Pelop asked poseidon to help him and poseidon gives him a horse and chariot However Pelops is still unsure and bribes the the King39s charioteer sasking him to rig the King39s chariot so the a wheel falls off and promises him he will the first to have sex with the princes money and protection The plan goes as planned but the king falls of the chariot is dragged by the horses and dies Pelops is declared the winner and The princess Pelops and charioteer leave On a stop the charioteer tries to get his in of the bargain but Pelops backs out The charioteer tries to rape the princess and Pelops throws him of the balcony and as he39s going down he curses Pelops descendants Pelops family tree and history The Royal House of Mycenae Sons of Pelops Atreus becomes king of Mycenae Thyestes Menelaus becomes king of Sparta Married Helen Thyestes son Aegisthus Atreus son Agamemnon succeeds Atreus as king Agamemnon Married Clytemnestra Orestes Son lphigenia and Electra Daughter39s The story of this family is told by Sophocles Electra Aeschylus ORESTEIA Agamemnon Libation Bearers Eumenides Euripides Iphigenia and Electra When Atreus becomes king he makes a vow to sacrifice his best lamb to Artemis But when he looks at his flock he finds a golden lamb and hides it away with the help of his wife Thyestes schemes to get the throne He makes a deal with his brother that whoever is in possession of the golden lamb will be king and Atreus agrees Thyestes seduced Atreus wife and steals the lamb from her Arteus sees his brother with the lamb and he gives him the throne Atreus realizes this wasn39t a fair deal ask he brother to return his throne Thyestes says that he will return his brother39s throne when the sun moved backwards in the sky Zeus hears this and decides to be funny and makes it happen Atreus retakes the throne and banished Thyestes Thyestes is humiliated and to matters worse Atreus had ordered the murder of his sons He goes to the Pythia and she tells him he will only rule again if he has a son To get a son he rapes his daughter and that leads to his son Aegisthus Agamemnon becomes king succeeding his father Atreus War in Troy is brewing one day Agamemnon kills a sacred deer of Artemis When war states brewing in Troy the Greeks go to sail there but Artemis steals the winds and so they can39t sail They ask the prophets why the gods are not on their side and they tell them that the only way Artemis will forgive him for killing her deer is by killing his daughter lphigenia and he does so Meanwhile back in Greece Aegisthus stays in Greece and seduces his cousin39s wife Clytemnestra 15 years pass and Clytemnestra and Aegisthus take the throne and exile Agamemnon39s son Orestes Agamemnon comes back unknowing of what has happened and that Clytemnestra and Aegisthus plan to murder him Clytemnestra wrapped him in a cloth after he gets out the bath and trapped him in it After she murders she described that she She and Aegisthus continue ruling Orestes is a grown man still in exile and the only person of Agamemnon descent still in Mycenae is Electra who is mistreated by her own mother She Is unmarried still mourning the death of her father and exile of her brotherElectra goes to her father grave and finds hers brothers hair and in turn finds him She ask her brother for help He kills Aegisthus first and goes to kill his mother Before he had killed his mother The Pythia had told he had to kill her Thought he was ordered by Apollo to kill his mother the furies come anyway and get him for the crime of blood guilt The furies torture him chase him invisible and scream and crying his mother39s blood He heads to Delphi to the Pythia to understand why the furies are attacking him When he reaches the Temple Apollo puts the furies asleep and ask Zeus to call of the furies Zeus makes Orestes stand trial to figure out if he was protecting his father by killing his mother Apollo is his defense and the furies wish to prosecute him It is a hung jury and Athena steps in as judge and rules in Orestes favor saying a son39s duty is to his father first Blood guilt is known as miasma The Iliad Greece vs Troy Ilion o Ilion is the Greek word for Troy which is Latin Key Players on the Trojan Side 0 Priam and Hekabe HecubaKing and Queen of Troy 0 Paris and HectorTheir sons CassandraTheir daughter 0 Blessed by Apollo to be a prophet and cursed by Apollo so now one will ever believe her visions Andromache Wife of Hector Astyanax Infant son of Hector and Andromache Aeneas warrior son of Aphrodite and Anchises Sarpedon Trojan ally son of Zeus killed by Patroclus Gods on Trojan side 0 Aphrodite mother of Aeneas chosen by Paris as the most beautiful 0 Apollo offended by the Greeks desecration of his temple and capture of his priestesses 0 Artemis abandons the Greeks and fight with her brother Key Players on the Greek Side Agamemnon King of Mycenae Menelaus King of Sparta Helen Queen of Sparta Nestor King of Pylos Diomedes King of Argos 0 known for his military skill wounds Ares and Aphrodite Odysseus King of Ithaca known for his craftiness and adventures after the war told by Homer in the Odyssey 0 Ajax the greater and the IesserTwo different warriors o The greater commits suicide 0 The lesser captures and rapes Cassandra and is then killed by Athena o Achilles greatest of Greek warriors killed by Paris 0 Patroclus warrior companionlover of Achilles killed by Hector Gods on the Greek side 0 Zeus Hera Athena and Poseidon Zeus and Leda the Spartan queen He pretends to be a swan to seduce her Leda lays to eggs in which are two sets of twins The children of Leda o Clytemnestra amp Helen o Castor amp Polydeuces Helen 0 Known as the face that launched a thousand ships She became queen of Sparta Wife of menelaus Thetis Nereid Married a mortal king Peleus o The gods tell him if he can catch her he can marry her for a year Mother of Achilles Her wedding is the cause of the Trojan war when the goddess of discord Eris is uninvited Eris gets revenge by throwing a golden apple out with as note saying it39s for the most beautiful Aphrodite Athena and Hera believe one of them is the most beautiful and fight over it To resolve this Hermes is told to give the apple to Paris a Trojan prince for him to judge He makes the goddesses to undress to judge fully The goddess not ashamed to cheat also all offer him a bribe o Hera offers him to be the king of all Asia 0 Athena offers to make him the best warrior39s o Aphrodite offers to let him have sex with the most beautiful woman in the world Helen He takes Aphrodite39s bribeHera and Athena are angry and vow revengeParis goes to Sparta Helen falls for him and they run of together This starts the war Achilles flawed hero 0 Son of Thetis and Peleus 0 Greatest of the warriors o Passionate in love and emotion deeply sensitive and doesn39t take insult easily When he is just a baby Thetis is said to dunk him in the River Styx holding him by his hill leaving it his only vulnerable spot She is very protective and doesn39t want him to go to warThetis takes him to Chiron to be taught Later while he is still a boy he is joined by Patroclus Chiron Instructs them in weaponry survival and the Lyre When he finished his training Thetis hides him away again in Skyros and disguises him as a girl Odysseus goes to Skyros since the Greeks the need Achilles because he is said to be a great warrior Odysseus has a plan to find him he knows if sounds the trumpet the women will be scared and Achilles will react differently He blows it and Achilles jumps up with his weapon revealing himself They convince him to leave with them with the best promise he will marry lphigenia Achilles goes with them and is insulted to find out lphigenia was killed before he can marry her The City of Troy Was it real yes but the story of the Trojan War was embellished War facts Earliest source is Homer s lliad written some 500 years after the war took place take 10 years to unfold Homer39s account makes the first 9 years much less important than the last up until the 10th year the Greeks suffer terrible losses War finally won by a trick Arrival to Asia More strikes against the Greeks Agamennone desecrates Apollo s Temple and take his priestess as a slave Apollo in revenge kills the livestock of the Greeks and sides with Troy The Greek priest tell him he must give up the priestess and Agamemnon does but he wants Achilles slave girl who was also taken from Apollo39s temple but was not a priestess He tells his messenger to get her and Achilles is angry but gives her up He is embarrassed and also angry because he39s in love with her He goes to fight Agamemnon and Athena has to go to stop him She stops him but this is the last straw for him and he quits the wars Thetis goes to Zeus for help She wants him to help the Trojans and after the Greece suffered many tragedies he would help the Greeks Helen and Paris Helen begins to regret running away with Paris because he has no strength or honor She also feels like a home wrecker and ashamed because her in Paris are not married Hector who is the opposite of Paris argues with Paris trying to get him to man up However Paris doesn39t listen Menelaus calls a truce and he wants to meet Paris alone on the battlefield The fight and Menelaus is getting ready to kill Paris when Aphrodite picks him up and puts him back in Helen39s bed Helen is angry and tells him to fight Menelaus but Paris only wants to make love She asks Aphrodite could she at least marry her and Paris and she says no Helen complains to hector but he can39t really do anything and leaves her by herself Hector in the War Hector bid farewell to his wife Andromache who begs him not to go after a series of nightmares she had of his death Hector tells he has to go and he will fight to the death if he has to before she becomes a slave Pauodus The Greeks are suffering and they try to bribe Achilles to reenter the war but he refuses Patroclus begs to fight in his stead o Patroclus is Achilles lover and the only person who could deal with him Achilles keeps him out of the war but relents and allows him to fight Patroclus enters the war wearing Achilles armor and he is a great fighter He kills Sarpedon Zeus son Before he killed Zeus was going to save Sarpedon but Hera stops him telling him he helped the Trojans enoughApollo comes down and slaps Patroclus and knocks him to the ground and Hector kills him Achilles reenters the War Achilles mourns Patroclus intensely and his men are afraid he will kill himself Thetis hears his cries of despair and goes to comfort him Achilles wants to kill Hector and his mother tells him that if Hector dies he dies but he joins the fight anyway Thetis gives him new armor and Achilles enters the war motivated by revenge and becomes a killing mission Achilles vs Scamandros He kills so many the Scamander river becomes red with blood The river God Scamandros challenges him to a fight They fight and it seems as though Achilles will be drowned when Athena and Hera step in Athena makes it so Achilles can run fast and Hera order Hephaestus to drain the river causing Scamandros to relent Achilles chases Hector Achilles keeps chasing Hector and tries to reason with Achilles but he doesn39t relent Athena comes to Hector disguised as his brother to make him think he has help Achilles corners Hector and kills him the Greeks strip and Desecrated Hector39s body Achilles also takes back his armor and ties Hector39s body on the back of his chariot The Funeral of Patroclus A big funeral is held for him Achilles also holds a series of competitions in Patroclus s honor Marvelous prizes are offered and both the commanders and the soldiers compete The events include boxing wrestling archery and a chariot races 0 Before Patroclus had died he asked to never be apart from Achilles in death Achilles continues to abuse Hector s body dragging it around Apollo protects Hector s corpse from rotting Zeus puts a stop of the desecration of Hector39s body and tells Thetis her son must ransom the body Achilles agrees but before he can Hector39s father king Priam begs Achilles to give him his son Achilles is moved and instead of ransoming Hector39s body he gives him back to his father The Funeral of Hector Andromache mourns Hector and Homer39s story ends here The Fight continues The Amazons warrior women enter the fight as allies to the Trojans After Hector39s funeral Achilles continues to fight and kills the Amazon queen He catches her before she dies and he feels great pity 0 Amazon mean without a breast because the women were said to cut of one their breast to hold their bow The Death of Achilles Paris catches Achilles off guard and shoots him in the heel Greeks bid him farewell o 17 days of mourning contest games in his honor o Nereids come along with the muses 0 And Achilles and Patroclus ashes or mixed together 0 Alexander the Great is said to even visit the temple There are many events that are held at the funeral One of the events that happen is a contest of bravery and the prize is his Achilles armor The winner is Odysseus and the second place winner is Ajax the greater Ajax is so ashamed at taking second place he plants his sword in the ground and plunges himself upon it committing suicide Fighting continues The Greeks capture a Trojan prophet and deserter he tells them how to advance in the war 0 Bring Neoptolemus into the war 0 Bring Philoctetes into the war 0 Steal the Palladium Neoptolemus The son of Achilles who he fathered when he was disguised as a girl Philtolelemus was abandoned on Lemnos 0 Bit by snake and it wound stunks so the greeks left him there He is brought back into the war and kills many trojans wit his poisoned arrows o Pointed arrows dipped with hydra blood Philoctetes kills Paris and Neoptolemus kills Priam Odysseus and Diomedes steal the Palladium the statue of Pallas made by Athena The prophet tells them they must take it back to Greece The Trojan Horse Odysseus comes up with trick to fool the Trojans into believing the Greeks have given up The fill it with their best fighters and the rest of the Greeks Laocoon and his sons are killed by the sea serpents after warning the Trojans The Trojans think Laocoon is just cursed and don39t believe him The Greeks take it inside and have a big festival thinking they won The Greeks even throw Hector39s son Astyanax is thrown from the walls of Troy so the line will be wiped out Cassandra the Prophet no one believes take refuge at altar of Athena and Ajax the lesser finds her ties her up and rapes Ajax is punished for raping Cassandra in her temple She steals one of Zeus thunderbolt and tries to kill him on but he escapes and defies her so she makes Poseidon drown him Trojan War wrap up Trojans Of the Trojan man only AeneasSon of Aphrodite and Anchises human lover of Aphrodite escape o Aeneas who fought with Trojans escapes carrying the aging Anchises to safety with the help of Aphrodite and Troy is burned down The women are enslaved Cassandra is killed upon her arrival to Greece Greeks o Achilles Patroclus and the two Ajaxes are killed 0 Agamemnon murdered upon return 0 Nestor Menelaus Neoptolemus Diomedes return safely 0 Odysseus 10 year trip home forms the basis of Homer39s Odyssey What happened to Helen All the women want Helen killed and Helen begs Menelaus for her life He decides to spare her and keep her as his wife and they rule in Sparta
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